diplomat records

Happy Birthday, Cam'ron!

Cameron Ezike Giles (born February 4, 1976), better known by his stage name Cam'ron (formerly Killa Cam), is an American rapper and actor from Harlem, New York City, NY. He is the de facto leader of East Coast Hip-hop groups The Diplomats (also known as Dipset), and The U.N. (Us Now).

Cameron Giles was born and raised in Harlem, New York. He went to school at Manhattan Center for Science and Mathematics, where he would meet his long time friends Mase and Jim Jones. He was a promising basketball player alongside Mase, however, he was unable to take advantage of scholarship offers due to his poor academic standing. He instead enrolled in a college in Texas, even without graduating from high school, but soon dropped out and returned to Harlem where he began selling drugs before starting his rap career. He began his musical career in the mid 1990s, rapping alongside Big L, Mase and his cousin Bloodshed in a group called Children of the Corn. However, after Bloodshed’s death in a car accident in 1997, the group disbanded and the remaining members continued solo careers.

Two years before Big L’s murder in 1999, Cam'ron was introduced to The Notorious B.I.G. by Mase who was signed to Bad Boy Records at the time. Biggie was so impressed by Cam'ron that he introduced him to his partner Lance “Un” Rivera who signed Cam'ron to his Untertainment label, distributed by Epic Records. His debut album, Confessions of Fire, was released in a year later, July 1998 and included singles such as “3-5-7” (which was also featured in the movie Woo), and “Horse and Carriage” featuring Mase which reached the R&B Top Ten and just missed out on reaching the pop Top 40. The album achieved gold status and made the Top 10 of both the pop and R&B charts.

In 2000, Cam'ron was working with music executive Tommy Mottola and released his second album S.D.E. (Sports Drugs & Entertainment) on Sony/Epic Records. With features from Destiny’s ChildJuelz SantanaJim JonesN.O.R.E., and producer Digga, it included the relatively successful singles, “Let Me Know” and “What Means The World To You”. The album reached Number 2 on the R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, and Number 14 on the Billboard 200.

After demanding a release from Sony/Epic Records, Cam'ron signed with his childhood friend and new manager Damon Dash to Roc-A-Fella Records in 2001, alongside artists such as Jay-ZBeanie SigelFreeway and Memphis Bleek. A reported $4.5 million record deal was agreed upon with and Damon Dash and his Roc-A-Fella partners Kareem Biggs and Jay-Z in the form of a record advance.[3] His third and most successful album Come Home With Me was released in 2002 featuring guests such as Jay-ZBeanie Sigel, andMemphis Bleek, and production from Just BlazeKanye West and The Heatmakerz. It included the hit singles “Oh Boy” and “Hey Ma”, which both featured The Diplomats newest member and protégé, Juelz Santana. The album achieved platinum status and served as a stepping stone for Cam'ron’s group The Diplomats to sign with Roc-A-Fella.

In 2003 Cam'ron teamed up with his fellow Diplomats Members Jim JonesJuelz Santana, and Freekey Zeeky to release the Diplomats’ debut double disc album, Diplomatic Immunity, in 2003 under Roc-A-Fella/Diplomat Records, which was quickly certified gold by the RIAA. The album featured the lead single “Dipset Anthem,” a remix to Cam'rons hit “Hey Ma” and the (street anthem) single “I Really Mean It,” as well as boasting production from Kanye WestJust Blaze, and The Heatmakerz. A year later, the Diplomats released their second album, Diplomatic Immunity 2. Although not as successful as their debut, it still was boosted to gold status. Around this time in the height of his mainstream fame, Cam'ron was known for popularizing the color pink. During this period, Cam'ron was always seen wearing pink clothing and even bought an all pink Range Rover which can be seen in his video for “Killa Cam”. Cam'ron’s fourth studio album, Purple Haze, was released on December 7, 2004 on Def Jam/Roc-A-Fella Records. It featured collaborations withKanye WestJaheimTwistaJuelz Santana, and various other artists and ultimately reached gold status. The album was also a critical success, being ranked 114th on Pitchfork Media’s Top 200 Albums of the first decade of the 21st century List, and 10th on Rhapsody’s Hip Hop’s Best Albums Of The Decade List. However, after feeling that the album was poorly promoted and that his projects were not receiving the attention they deserved, Cam'ron requested his release from Roc-A-Fella Records.

On April 28, 2005, Cam'Ron officially joined the Warner Music Group under the Asylum Records imprint. He began work on what would be his first project for the new label. Cam'ron’s fifth studio album, entitled Killa Season, was released on May 16, 2006 featuring production from long term collaborators The Heatmakerz, Charlmagne and Ty Fyffe, as well as others such as Alchemist and I.N.F.O.. Along with the album, Cam'ron released his first film, in which he wrote, directed and starred in, also titled “Killa Season”. Despite selling 112,000 units in the first week and debuting at #2 on the charts, Killa Season failed to have the same sales strength as his two previous releases and failed to reach gold or platinum status quickly, Eventually, Killa Season became certified gold.

After the release of Killa Season and his feud with 50 Cent in 2007, Cam'ron took a three year hiatus from music after his mother suffered three strokes which left her paralyzed on her left side. He moved to Florida with her to set up her rehabilitation and therapy, and stayed there until she had fully recovered. Cam'ron’s 2009 album, Crime Pays was released on Asylum/Diplomat Records, featuring the majority of the production handled by Skitzo and AraabMuzik. Although none of the singles managed to chart, the album still reached Number 3 on the Billboard 200 but only sold 150,000 units, making this the lowest selling album of his career. In 2009 Cam'ron formed a new label, Dipset West, and new group, The U.N..

In late 2009/early 2010, Cam'ron released a series of mixtapes hosted by DJ Drama called “Boss of All Boses” which featured his new upcoming artist Vado. He has also released an album with Vado entitled Cam'ron & The U.N. Presents: “Heat in Here Vol 1; the first single off the album was "Speaking Tongues” which peaked at number 82 on the U.S. R&B charts. Cam'ron announced that he would be releasing a joint album with his new group The U.N.. called “Gunz n’ Butta”. After 3 years Cam'ron & Jim Jones have decided to start working on a third installment of the Diplomatic Immunity album along with other Diplomat artists such as Juelz Santana & Freekey Zekey. Cam'ron announced that the Diplomat album’s release will take place around Christmas 2010. The first single featuring the reunited Diplomat members is called “Salute”. Produced by upcoming Diplomat producer AraabMuzik, the track was rumored to appear on Jim Jones next album Capo. He was featured on the song “The Bluff” off Wiz Khalifa’s second studio album ONIFC. His next studio album Killa Season 2 will be released in 2013. The album will feature guest appearances from Dipset, T.I., Nicki Minaj, and Wiz Khalifa. Prior to that he released a mixtape titled, Ghetto Heaven Vol 1 on October 1, 2013.

In 2003, Cam'ron went on to appear in the Damon Dash produced film, Paid in Full, in which he played one of three main characters alongside Mehki Phifer and Wood Harris. In 2006 started shooting his movie for his album entitled Killa Season, the film would mark both Cam'ron’s screenwriting and directorial debuts, as well as his return to acting. Killa Season was released to DVD on April 25, 2006, after a special two-day theatrical release.

Although there had been rumors of a beef between the two emcees, Cam'ron went public first with a track on “Killa Season” called “You Gotta Love It (Jay-Z Diss)” featuring ex-Dipset member Max B. In the song, Cam'ron takes jabs at Jay-Z’s age, his alleged “biting” (stealing) of lyrics, and his current girlfriend. He references Jay-Z using The Notorious B.I.G.’s rhymes, rapping “You ain’t the only one with big wallets got it my shit’s brolick but ya publishing should go to Miss Wallace.” He then released another song “Swagger Jacker (Biter Not a Writer)” to highlight the many songs Jay-Z has borrowed lines from. In the next issue of XXL, Cam'ron explained the beef originated when Jay-Z became CEO and President of Roc A Fella Records. In 2010 Cam'ron stated he does not have any issues with Jay-Z anymore.

On February 1, 2007, Cam'ron and 50 Cent had a live argument on The Angie Martinez Show on Hot 9 radio. 50 Cent commented that Koch Entertainment was a “graveyard”, meaning major record labels would not work with their artists. Cam'ron then ridiculed the record sales of G-Unit members Lloyd Banks and Mobb Deep by stating that Jim Jones outsold their albums despite being signed to an independent label and that his group, The Diplomats, had a distribution deal from several labels. Both rappers released “diss” songs with videos on YouTube. 50 Cent suggested in “Funeral Music” that Cam'ron is no longer able to lead The Diplomats and that Jim Jones should take his place. Cam'ron responded with “Curtis” and “Curtis Pt. II”, in which he makes fun of 50 Cent’s appearance, calling him “a gorilla, with rabbit teeth”. 50 Cent responded by releasing “Hold On” with Young Buck. Since 2009, the feud between the two has seemed to calm down.

During this time Cam'ron was not speaking to his fellow Diplomat members Juelz Santana and Jim Jones, leading to speculation that the group had broken up. However, despite admitting that he did not want to contact Jim Jones, he said that he had no hard feelings towards him. In an interview with Miss Info, Cam'ron said: “I still haven’t spoken to Jim. But Jim ran with me for over 10 years, he worked hard, and I wish him the best of luck. Everybody thinks I’m mad at Jim. Why am I mad? I told people for years that Jimmy was gonna be a star. So its better on my resume. I wish him the best.” But After three years of not speaking, Cam'ron and Jim Jones mended their differences in April 2010. In late 2011, both appeared together on Wolfgang Gartner’s album Weekend in America, on the track “Circus Freaks.”

After it was evident to the fans that The Diplomats had separated and were no longer on speaking terms, Cam'ron explained in an interview that he was scared for Juelz Santana stating he was “addicted to the drink Sizzurp” and even talked to his mother about his possible “addiction”. Juelz Santana responded back by asking why Cam'ron would say false accusations. Additionally, with The Diplomats seeming to be broken up and diminished, Cam'ron decided to sell Juelz Santana’s contract from Diplomat Records to Def Jam Records for $2,000,000. However, Juelz Santana said there were no hard feelings between the two and that they have since reconciled.

Both Cam'ron and Jim Jones took out their frustrations on former label-mate Kanye West in defense of former CEO Dame Dash by releasing a song entitled “Toast” rhyming over Kanye West’s song “Runaway”. Saying “And Kanye, you a sucker nigga / Dissed Dame, so my attitude is "fuck a nigga” / Sucka Jigga how you gone live with that / Took ya beat now come get it back". Despite this diss-track, when asked in an interview on Hot 97 with Funkmaster Flex of his take on the subject, Kanye responded by saying “Man, you don’t understand how much I love Dipset. But it’s so necessary; Dipset is so necessary. ”Additionally, Kanye said he understands that people do not agree with the way he does certain things and he, himself, does not even agree with some of the stuff he’s done. Currently, neither Cam'ron nor Jim Jones have responded back. The feud has later ended, since Cam'ron, Jim Jones, and Kanye West collaborated on a song called “Christmas in Harlem”.

On October 23, 2005, Cam'ron was leaving a nightclub in Washington D.C., having performed the day before at Howard University. While stopped at a traffic light at the intersection of New York and New Jersey Avenue shortly after midnight, a passenger of a nearby car threatened Cam'ron to “give up” his 2006 Lamborghini. Cam'ron resisted, and the man then shot him. Cam'ron was struck at least once as he was holding the steering wheel, but he was able to drive, going the wrong way on streets and flashing his lights, until a fan drove him to Howard University Hospital. The gunman and passenger fled and crashed into a parked car and fled the scene. D.C. Metro Police recovered a cell phone from the scene of the crash, which they tried to use to trace the suspects. He stated that he does not know who shot him.

On April 22, 2007, Cam'ron was interviewed on 60 Minutes as part of a piece on the Stop Snitchin' movement. He also stated that he would “not help the police” try to locate the shooter saying he is “not a snitch” and helping the police would probably hurt his record sales. He stated in the interview, “Because with the type of business I’m in, it would definitely hurt my business. And the way that I was raised, I just don’t do that. I was raised differently, not to tell…It’s about business but it’s still also a code of ethics”“ When asked by Anderson Cooper if he would tell the police if a serial killer was living next to him, Cam'ron replied "I would probably move,” but would not inform the police.

After the 60 Minutes interview aired, Cam'ron received a lot of media criticism for his statements.

Cam'ron later issued an apology for his comments, calling it an “error in judgement”: "Where I come from, once word gets out that you’ve cooperated with the police that only makes you a bigger target of criminal violence. That is a dark reality in so many neighborhoods like mine across America. I’m not saying its right, but its reality. And it’s not unfounded. There’s a harsh reality around violence and criminal justice in our inner cities.“ Cam'ron has had contact with the police in the past. According to The Smoking Gun, New York Police Department records indicate that Giles filed a police report with police after he was assaulted at a park in Harlem in 1999.

Humans are space orcs, eh?

I’m new to this, but I love what I’m reading in the feed lately, so, trying my hand!

Some ideas:

What if the greatest diplomacy problem in dealing with humans is that they seem to lie about past events constantly, even to someone who witnessed the same events?  Then it’s discovered that humans have recording devices of all kinds– security cameras, diaries, mp3– and the problem becomes clear.  Humans lie, but not that badly.  The poor, fretful creatures just have a species-wide brain defect.  Kindly aliens take to recording every event and encounter they can, then preface every diplomatic meeting with a record swap so the humans can brush up on what actually happened and the aliens can get some insight into what the humans have been falsely thinking happened.  Ambassadors to Earth get supplementary training in how to handle people with memory impairments, and human ambassadors to other worlds start hiring aliens– ANY aliens– to be their assistants.  Everything smooths out after that.

Religion.  Aliens intellectually understand how religion works and that there are different kinds, but they don’t really “get” it.  The biggest confusion regards whether the humans, who do seem to have some sort of empathic abilities at least, are actually communing with incorporeal beings/forces… and if so, why some humans seem able to commune with more than one, while other humans not at all.  Notable scholars have decided that the rituals and paraphernalia have nothing to do with the beings or forces being communed with, but muddied the matter by suggesting that the rituals may be important for a human’s ability to commune.  Alien non-scholars, eager to accommodate this new species and prove that space is nothing to be afraid of– nobody wants a repeat of the H’j’g’rcxin Xenophobia disaster– simply treat any and all religious requests as vital necessities for their human guests and crewmen.  Accommodation becomes so ordinary that when the first religious argument erupts between an engineer and a navigator, the biggest shock is that one of them objects to the other wearing a turban, something which does not affect work performance in any way.

Styling.  Alien species each have their own primary sense that they rely on, and when they find out that humans primarily rely on sight, well.  Reliant on sight means that surface patterns and colorings are particularly important to them, right?  They will have evolved to be individually distinctive in appearance?  New human crew are automatically assigned a mentor from another vision-reliant species, so someone will be able to tell them apart until the auditory and pheromone labels are attached to their uniforms.  Then Abby comes to mess with a new haircut and sparkly chapstick one day, and the mentor has no idea who she is or how she got aboard.

Word of Stabby the Space Roomba spreads, and soon every ship with a human captain or sufficiently high number of human crew has a Stabby.  Names vary, but most of them are Stabby.  One ship becomes low-key known for sending out broadcasts of Stabby McStabberson, son of Stabberson, son of Stabber, and its adventures stabbing juice boxes in zero-G.

Aesthetics.  Humans have a bewildering tendency to open starmaps or sneak into the scientific observation module at odd times, including with a mate or offspring, and just stare at open space.  Not even particular stars, although they like to study and talk about particular stars and clusters at times, but just, the whole of space.  Why do they do it?  Nobody knows.  Humans behave as though intoxicated during these times, but productivity lowers dramatically if they are barred access– if barring access even works in the first place, given humans’ seemingly endless ability to get into places where they aren’t supposed to be.

Fire.  Due to different atmospheric content, inability to heal from burns, or just plain never needing to cook their food, no alien species has ever utilized fire as a tool.  When humans say that learning to use fire may have been the start of their civilization, everybody believes that the humans are just talking a tough game to make up for their lower technology level, or– once they learn about human hierarchies– to compensate for a perceived lack of political status.  Then a human sees a catastrophic explosion on a hostile planet and laughs.  Then another shushes panicking engineers and smothers an accidental fire with some garments.  Then another builds a bonfire out of dead plantlife and a shredded religious document to warm an injured alien crewman after xir endothermic suit is punctured and the planet rotates away from its sun.  Humans– soft, cuddly, pack-bonds-even-with-inanimate-objects humans– are comfortably in control of the most terrifying force of disaster the galaxy has ever known.  Aliens stop being surprised that we nearly made ourselves extinct so many times in history.

“Why does your larval stage look so similar to your mature stage?  How do you know when a human is old enough to leave the Pit of Offspring?  Or to mate?”

2

15th SEPTEMBER 2017: Tam sorts out Brexit.

20th OCTOBER 2017: Tam deals with the Middle East peace process by barging into the UN Security Council shouting “Haw, whit’s the fucken Hampden Roar here by the way?”

30th NOVEMBER 2017: North Korea’s latest missile launch condemned in strong terms by Tam, who declares leader Kim Jong-un “a total fanny”.

JANUARY 5th 2018: World Peace declared as Tam takes everyone up the dancin’ and gets chips & cheese.

JANUARY 6th 2018: Crisis as Tam drops the nut on a cheeky bastard acting the big man. Old Firm game looms.

2019 - 2076: Irn Bru wars.

tiny-robespierre  asked:

What was James Monroe's opinion of William Short? Was he jealous that he wasn't Jefferson's only adopted son?

James Monroe never left exactly a written account of his opinions of William Short. For Monroe, however, it took a lot of Monroe to even hold a grudge against another person let alone hate them. 

William Short and James Monroe’s first encounter can be pin-pointed to sometime in the summer or fall of 1775. Monroe was sixteen years old and just beginning his freshman year of College of William & Mary. William Short was fifteen and he was also entering the freshman class. It seems highly unlikely that there was not a single meeting or conversation between considering the small class of only about twenty to forty students. By February of 1775, Monroe had dropped out of the College and enlisted in the army at the age of only seventeen, Short, on the other hand, never had many military duty of any sort and remained at the College until 1779 when he finally graduated. 

By 1780 when Monroe’s military career winded down and he remained by as Thomas Jefferson’s secretary, he began re-taking courses at the college. Jefferson took Monroe on as one of his few pupils in studying law, along with his life-long friend John Mercer and William Short who had just graduated the year prior. Both men became rather intimate with Jefferson, so much so Jefferson became a father figure to both of them (Jefferson once even called William Short his “adopted son). After passing the BAR, both young men became lawyers in Virginia. Like Monroe, Short also took frequent trips to Monticello and became close with Martha Jefferson (Monroe once said to Patsy Jefferson, he thought of Martha as a mother to him). By 1784, Monroe was serving in the Continental Congress and apparently received a few visits from William Short:

“The Subject had been hinted to me [William Short] the Week before by a Friend in Annapolis. He told me he should bring on the Question, that he was anxious about it on Account of its Moment to the Southern Interest, which he was convinced could be by no Body so well consulted for as by you. He added as his Success in this Scheme was yet doubtful, he should not have mentioned it (and desired me to be silent), but that he thought he owed it to me to give me timely Information, as he was sure if any Body went it would be you, if you could be prevailed on.”

The same year, on a separate ships, Short accompanied Jefferson to Paris to serve as his secretary to the new Ambassador of France. Before Jefferson had left, Monroe and Madison created a set of codes used in their correspondence in case it fell into the wrong hands, in Paris, Jefferson gave the responsibility of cracking these coded messages from Monroe to William Short. In all of his letter to Jefferson at the time, Monroe refers to Short as “My friend short” and always wished for Jefferson to relay messages to Short, mostly begging him to write to him and pardoning his own sloth at not writing. 

“Pray apologize for me to Short. Tell him I will write a letter which shall have retrospect to what I should have said in this and shall also [add?] whatever shall intervene.”

However, something that would gather smoke later in life was that Jefferson never let Short know of Monroe’s urgent wish for him to write to him, hence why Short did not write to his college friend. Such as this written on July 27th, 1787:

“Where is Short? How is he. Remember me to him.”

In every letter it is seen of Monroe’s to Jefferson around the time in France it always end with “Send my regards to Mr. Short”. In a more brought up letter of Jefferson’s he wrote of how his dream was to have Madison and Monroe’s land border his, in that letter thought it is never mentioned in biographies: Jefferson said Monroe, Madison and Short, not just Monroe and Madison. To this Monroe replied:

“I rejoice to hear that Short is to be our neighbour.”

After Jefferson returned to the United States in 1789, Short stayed on in Europe serving as the chargé d'affaires. In 1794, James Monroe was appointed Ambassador to France and arrived in the first days of August. Besides his family, with him with a Skipwith, one of William Short’s cousins who was to serve as his secretary. Short was a frequent visitor and it had been exactly ten years since that had last set eyes on one another. Short in a letter wrote that he considered Monroe to be “honest” and “kind”. However, both men shared different views on the French Revolution, Monroe was a little more liberal to the issue while Short was conservative and deeply disturbed by the blood shed he witnessed around him. By 1797 when Monroe was set to return, Short entrusted him with letters he wrote to Thomas Jefferson:

“If I resume my pen once more to address you from this side of the Atlantic it is more that I may not let Colo. Monroe go without carrying some sign of life from me, than from any hope I retain of being able to add by it either to your instruction or amusement.”

It was not long before Monroe was back in Europe in 1802 to serve once again as Ambassador to France but even before, Short would direct his messages to Monroe, for he knew how busy and lost Jefferson’s correspondence once and knew Monroe saw him frequently enough to hand him the letters

“Jas. Monroe’s best respects to Mr. Jefferson. He has the pleasure to send him a letter from Mr. Short with two pamphlets.”

After arriving in Paris, after only about two years, Monroe was then appointed Ambassador to Spain and he chalked that up to a terrible experience. Short would let Jefferson know of the current situations. "Monroe I suppose is now at Madrid or on his way…” Short said of Monroe “he is the person to aim at, if success is desired…” however, Short mentioned that Monroe was a tiny bit impulsive “to those who know [Monroe] well presents a lever by which he may be acted on as completely as…a child”. Regarding Monroe’s humiliating recall from France in 1797, “He has once had the appearance of being in disgrace—but it was in fact only a pouting fit & all on his side” he believes Monroe was a bit petty, “& he was then so completely the master that he could have done whatever he should have thought worth his while, although there were some things done against his will by surprize”, in aspects he thought Monroe had been deceived. “Whilst I was in that Country [Short had visited Virginia briefly in 1802] he held the Department of Foreign affairs, but I know that he has been as influential since; as then when he governed absolutely all the Departments” through it all, Short still believed Monroe was the most capable of his position and that he was a hard worker:

“I had from peculiar circumstances which were related at the time…He has strong passions & easily acted on…he was brought to confide himself to me as much perhaps as any man could do in the delicate case of negotiating a peace with France without the participation of England, where all his fears of discovery were alive, but where his irritation against England was worked up still higher…& he may be assured that whatever he consents to he will either persuade or force the Court to subscribe—I state this from a supposition that there has been no revolution in the real situation of the P. of P. whatever the apparent one may be…“

A few items gathered is that Monroe brought himself to confide in Short over certain issues and submitted his impulsion to the anxiety of negotiating with England and France without letting the other country know. “I think Monroe may obtain a great deal of him by getting the right side of him” Through it all, Short finished his report on Monroe with "Monroe will be able to judge on the spot” and confirmed he was a man of strong judgement. 

“I have postponed from day to day answering your kind & friendly letter of the 15th. because I expected every day would fix the point of Monroes return or stay. The papers now tell us he has really taken leave—of course his return certain.—This would in some degree diminish my original sin of Virginianism—which I suppose would, if necessary, be objected, by those who are fearful or not friendly; notwithstanding my present domicil &c. that I might state as washing it off.”

Short, growing impatient over his tame and perfect diplomatic record not being utilized, was angry over not received the foreign positions he wished to achieve. Knowing James Madison wouldn’t be any better than Thomas Jefferson in regards to appointed into into these positions, when Short heard that Monroe was nominated a candidate against Madison for disagreements in foreign affairs and policy (which Monroe had never consented to and soon dropped out, embarrassed his name had been put in), Short immediately jumped at the chance to support Monroe over Madison:

“…it is believed at Paris that Mr Monroe is to be your successor…a hope that from his knowlege of the present situation of that Country, & of me, he will take a different view of the advantages I should have there, from what has been hitherto done.”

Above he presents his opinions of why he supported Monroe over Madison after inquiry from Jefferson in a letter of 1807. “I should add that this is a person who is particularly partial to me, but who has much at heart a good understanding between the two countries.” Monroe was not too close to him, however, he admitted his sound soul and wish to do what is right for the benefit of others. “I am unacquainted…with the present relative situation of this country & France; but of this I am certain, & I think you will agree with me, that from the character of Bonaparte—his power—his multifarious & gigantic views, there never was a moment when it could be more important for the U.S. to have near him a vidette acquainted with all the byepaths, who would thus, if he could not avert an impending danger, be able to discover it sooner & give the earliest information of the necessity of preparing for it.” Short also cites Napoleon’s friendship and acquaintance with Monroe as an important factor, “I speak of this in our general relations with him, & without regard to the particular affair of Florida”, Short did not care about Monroe not gaining Florida in the Louisiana Purchase. ”…his most partial friends can wish, & surely I am not disposed to depreciate them, yet he must be there morally sound & muet and moreover…to a certain degree; so as that he cannot possibly but by chance see any thing until it shall have burst out to light & become visible to all—of course when the danger is more pressing & the remedy more difficult.“

In summary, William Short heard James Monroe might be the next president of the United States and welcomed him for the fact that he might gain the diplomatic positions that James Madison took from him. He spoke of Monroe’s in depth diplomatic experience and his knowledge of Monroe’s extensive knowledge of both England and France. Short added later:

“This circumstance & the return of Monroe, which does away the objection of Virginianism, tell me that this is the most favorable, if not the only moment for my wishes. If I had not the prospect of public advantage as well as my own gratification in view, I really would not ask this of you—but as my gratification would be real, so my gratitude would be sincere.”

He professed a sort of wish that Monroe would in fact become president upon his return and asked Jefferson to throw his support behind Monroe instead of Madison for the fourth president of the United States. He then added farther:

“Mr Monroe I see is at Washington. I shall write to congratulate him & enquire how long he will remain there, as I shall have no other opportunity of seeing him. The reception he has met with at Richmond gives pleasure here to those whom I have heard speak of it—as they think it will increase his chance for the chair of government—It is said the Federal interest will be for him throughout the Union—If this be well established, I should suppose it would injure him with the great majority of the country.”

Since Monroe had moved homes, Short never got the chance to write to him and wrote to Jefferson years later with “Where does Monroe live?” 1808, President Jefferson nominated Short to become the first minister to Russia, During the presidency of Madison, who won, much to Short’s dismay, just after Short arrived in France to engage in talks with the Russian ambassador to France, the Senate refused to send anybody to Russia because Madison went back on that Jefferson as applied. Owing to Monroe’s friendship with Madison, Short began to darken his view of Monroe, whom did not have anything to do with the issue. 

Something would occur by 1813 which would apply a damper on their relationship for a few years. A land dispute occurred in which Monroe accidentally sold land Short did not wish to acquire to him. Short wished to have his money back but Monroe was busy in the capital serving as both Secretary of State and Secretary of War to send him the money (he was already in debt from Congress not paying him what he had earned in many years of service). Short grew a little angrier at him because Short was also in debt with a man who Monroe needed to pay but as said before, he was caught up at the moment which delayed the set of payments. 

Jefferson confronted the issue in an attempt to discontinue the discontent between the two men. Unlike Short, Monroe never uttered or wrote a single ill word of Short and even during the darker part of their friendship considered them both to “have a sincere friendship”. Monroe was “happy” that Jefferson was trying “to settle [the] affair between us, since it would have given content to all parties.” Monroe soon found time to leave the money with another person in Virginia to delivered it to Short. During 

During when Monroe was serving as both Secretaries under Madison, Short found Monroe too speedy and thought he needed to slow down his work and quit one of the secretary positions. By 1815 with James Monroe’s almost certain election to the presidency, Short, still holding a bit of disdain towards the entirety of the Madison Administration wrote of the possible Monroe presidency to Jefferson:

“For my part I hope now our destiny will be a happy one, whoever may be the President, & feeling myself personally dead as to all such matters I take very little interest in them.”

During the first months of 1817 when Monroe was elected, Short wrote that "Monroe seems to have now his hands full of other matters.” Illustrating that Monroe’s “voyage…is producing a favorable effect as to himself & is doing away the virulence of party spirit.” He compliments “His kind & unassuming demeanor, with those who make the first advances to him” even those who were against the Madison Administration “And so prone are men, even the fullest blooded Republicans, to idolatry” he spoke that Monroe would “meet with crowds every where not only disposed to make the first advances, but to worship if he pleases, as long as he shall present himself clothed with the purple.” He was headed to Boston where he did not doubt the largest celebrations would be made, seeing as the state of Massachusetts voted primarily for Monroe, even both John and John Quincy Adams. He continued on:

“I am pleased with the cordial manner in which he has been recieved every where—first because I am glad to see a base party spirit subsiding, & secondly because I have great good will towards Monroe.”

Short had revived his friendship and good will for James Monroe. 

“…I did not see him here; & I was sorry for it. When I went to wait on him at his lodgings he was out; & I left my card.“

William Short and his college friend would collaborate on two more things in their lives. Until the 1800s, Short was a strong abolitionist and freed all of the slaves he got from his father. Later he favored colonization as the best way to help blacks, protect slave owners, and thwarted the proponents of a hasty abolition. He gave $10,000 to the American Colonization Society in his will, and frequently made donations of which Monroe was one of the heads.

The second was their work on the University of Virginia, a little before Monroe’s election. 

The last thing Short wrote ever of Monroe celebrates “The long experience of public affairs which Monroe has had” believing he had grown as a person since their meetings in Paris in the early 1800s, that it “must have matured his judgment” and said Monroe’s “heart was always good” he was ready to support that Monroe Administration through it all, thinking Monroe began “his administration under most favorable auspices”. Finally:

“I hope therefore that both his country & himself will derive advantage & satisfaction from his Presidency—”

This Sunday is the anniversary of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, which occurred in 79 A.D. While this was the most catastrophic and notorious eruption, smaller eruptions have occurred since, one of which in 1766. Sir William Hamilton (1731-1803), Scottish diplomat and volcanologist, recorded its activity for the Royal Society of London and later published his letters to the society in this book, “Observations on Mount Vesuvius, Mount Etna, and other Volcanoes,” published in 1772.