Tutorial : Emotion also involves pupils
Pupils as the shape of eyebrows, mouth are vectors of emotions. This can be very convenient to bring a bit of subtlety and increase non-verbal emotions of your characters.
The pupil has three states: idle, dilated (Mydriasis) or contracted (Myosis). It spends its time to open and close due to brightness variations. This influences the autonomic muscle of the iris nervous system. In a dark place, the pupil dilates; in a lighted area, it contracts.
However, emotions can influence this! The mood, whether negative or positive, makes it possible to know the state of mind of a person. Put simply, the mydriasis sends a positive message (the pupil can reach 4 times its normal size) and myosis, a negative message. But the meaning depends on the situation (and the change of light). Clear eyes may seem more attractive because it is easier to see the expansion.
The pupil dilates:
*During an intense thinking, but not extreme.
*in a moment of joy, love, pleasure, jubilation.
*when you have an interest: love, desire (sexual or not …), listening to a pleasant song, a good book, short something that gives pleasure.
*to seduce: dilated pupils attract romantic partners. Babies and young children have larger pupils than adults because they constantly expand in order to get the attention of the latter becoming more attractive.
*when we suffer.
*with certain drugs (amphetamines, cocaine, LSD, mescaline …).
You show that pupils dilate when you are happy and when we suffer… such as philosophers, … said : we suffer with love, we suffer in love, we love suffering…
The pupil contracts:
*in disgust - rejection.
*with certain drugs (opiates …).
*when doing extreme mental effort.
*when we are angry.
*when we are scared.
*when we hate.
In most fictions (movies, comics…), respect the reality makes tedious the artistic work, difficult, or a source of confusion for the public. Thus, through commonly accepted codes the authors play, change some details for a better understanding of the delivered message .
Some infringements accepted:
+ + Lack of pupil and iris
Storm from X-Men
The eyes are usually white, like cataracts. Prophets, blind people with a gift of premonitions, the protagonists whose blindness is connected to a power are represented with their entire milky eyeballs. The characters in a trance, those who focus intensely may also have an opaque look. This is a psychic blindness related to the supernatural. In some movies or TV shows, the eyes may be blue or red, but they are still without iris or pupils.
Highschool of the dead
Zombies and other undead have even blank eyes showing that their soul has left the body (the eyes are the windows to the soul …).
Remove the iris and the pupil can emphasize blindness; humans instinctively follow the movement of the eyes, as well as changes in facial expressions … To ignore one of the most important information, the cataracted character is given a terrifying mysterious, inscrutable nature.
When a character is strongly shocked, mentally or physically, or surprised, the eyes can be briefly replaced by milky globes.
In the darkness, the night, the eyes can also be totally devoid of iris and pupils. They are terrifying, because the look pierces the darkness (monsters, like vampires, are sometimes represented like that). It also works with one eye!
+ + Lack of pupils
Very common in manga, this graphic code indicates that the character is shocked, disappointed, most often at the time of a revelation …
+ + The dull eyes
Normally, the eyes of happy people shine and reflect their environment through continuous humidification which prevents the eyes from drying out.
When people are sad, upset or tired, they tend to slightly lower the head, which causes the darkening of the upper part of the eyeballs which usually reflects light. In some fictions, when a character is sad, very tired, depressed, or on the verge of breaking down, his eyes lose their natural shine and appears to be lifeless.
Depending on the style of the artist, it may be a lack of reflections or a lack of reflections + pupils or a lack of reflections + pupils + duller color.
+ + The crazy eye
If a character is disturbed, one of his eyes will see its iris and / or its pupil become much smaller than the other. His gaze will be terrifying for his interlocutor.
+ + The retractable iris
The pupil is sometimes too small to draw, shoot … it is easier to expand and contract it with the iris. When the iris are contracted, the artist indicates that his character is very angry or he is shocked (mostly mentally), terrified, suffering. The silent character screams through his eyes. On the contrary, if an artist wants to move his audience, he has an interest in highly dilate the pupils and irises of his character, even give it a puppy dog eyes.
Of course, it is not forbidden to combine all that is described above for punchy effects!
Joker from Batman
Yami No Matsuei, Yoko Matsushita
Yami No Matsuei, Yoko Matsushita