Now we know about active and descriptive verbs it’s time to play with them a little. As I also said we’re gonna be looking at adjectives.
Grammar and especially Korean grammar is like math, but the really simple part like subtraction and addition. With verbs you always wanna subtract the stem 하다 and 다 and you add something to replace it and change it’s meaning, and verbs are your building blocks for a lot of other word forms - like adjectives.
Korean adjectives are always followed by your noun, you cannot put a verb immediately after an adjective nor can you put the adjective behind it as your verb is the sentence stopper.
When we want to make adjectives you have to be aware of whether your verb is active (av) or descriptive (dv) because it changes how you change it into an adjective.
Active verbs are as we’ve covered are active/actions. We make the verb into an adjective like this:
Av - verb stem + 는 = Adjective
Here goes the examples!
먹다 - 다 + 는 = 먹는
우린 먹는 것을 없어요.
We don’t have edibles (anything/something to eat).
사다 - 다 + 는 = 사는
오늘 사는 사과예요.
It’s the appel I bought today.
Descriptive verbs are as you know verbs that describes something, probably you already know them as adjectives in the English language.
Dv - verb stem + (으)ㄴ = adjective
The 으 is used when the verb ends in a consonant and then it becomes 은. Let’s look at some examples, shall we?
좋다 - 다 + 은 = 좋은
It’s a good book.
바쁘다 - 다 + ㄴ = 바쁜
It’s a busy time.
Notice that these 은/는s are not topic markers! Also beware of irregular verbs (mainly ㄹ) message me if you have questions and just have fun making descriptive sentences!