depleted chemicals

anonymous asked:

You're fucking ignorant if you think the average poor person can afford to be vegan.

You say this to someone who was the average poor person when he went vegan, how many times do I have to explain this? This is such a bullshit excuse and ignoring the lived experiences of those of us who have actually done what you keep insisting is impossible is utterly ludicrous. Every time someone sends me this bullshit (which is weekly) and I reply, the notes are always filled with vegans living in poverty asking you to stop telling them that they don’t exist.

Let’s talk about who this “average poor person” actually is, shall we? Worldwide, an estimated 2 billion people live primarily on a meat-based diet, while an estimated 4 billion live primarily on a plant-based diet. Most people in absolute poverty throughout the world subsist on a  primarily vegetarian diet. Because guess what? Meat is a luxury. It always has been, the only reason it isn’t seen as a luxury here is because we subsidise the hell out of it. Do you know how cheap fruits and vegetables would be if we subsidised them to same extent? Do you realise that every poor family in most western countries would be able to eat healthy if we did that, but we can’t, because you don’t want your burger to cost $25? A full 62% of your average American farmer’s earnings come from the United States government,  meaning you pay for less than half of the real terms cost of your meat. If full ecological costs -including fossil fuel use, groundwater depletion and agricultural-chemical pollution were factored in the price of meat would double or triple. The rest is paid for in tax dollars, and this is the case in most western countries. How much more privileged can you be than expecting someone else to pick up the tab for your meal? 

Since we’re discussing poverty here, let’s discuss what poverty actually is. 795 million people in the world do not have enough food to lead a healthy active life. That’s about one in nine people on earth. Meanwhile, most of the crops we raise goes straight to farmed animals, not humans.  It takes 16 pounds of grain to make one pound of beef. That’s 94% more land. And 94% more pesticides. All told, livestock eat 70% of all the grain we produce.  Farmed animals consume significantly more calories to get them to slaughter weight than they will ever produce in meat, meaning that they are literally detracting from the global food supply. If the world went vegan, we would add an addition 70% to the world’s global food supply, enough to comfortably feed everyone if it were equally distributed. Even considering the fact that global market forces and capitalism means that distribution would never be equal, and veganism consequently probably wouldn’t solve world hunger, 70% more food in the world means significantly less people hungry. 

Vegan food is cheaper. No arguments, no ifs or buts, it just is. That’s why the two top feed the world organisations both feed vegetarian food, not because they care about animals, but because they can feed 10-12 the amount of people than they could have if they served meat. If you’d stopped to actually think about this, you’d realise you already know why vegetables are cheap. The lower on the food chain you eat, the less work went into the final product, and thus the less expensive it is. This is basic economics and frankly common sense. Pastas, rice, tinned vegetables, noodles, grains, beans and canned fruits remain the cheapest food option in any supermarket. These are the nuts and bolts of veganism, you don’t have to buy expensive fake meat (which is still comparable in price to actual meat) to be vegan. You can buy plant products in bulk, as I do. I went vegan as a poor student, and I cut my food bill by a full third. I live with two carnists who spend significantly more on groceries than I do. Don’t tell me how impossible it is to do something you have never even tried. But if this isn’t just a blatant excuse to not change your behaviour and you’d like to actually give it a go, here is an article on going vegan on a budget, here is list of recipes for $5 dollars a day and here is how to eat vegan on food stamps. Accusing the vegan diet of being expensive because faux meats exist is like measuring the cost of an omnivorous diet by looking only at foie gras and caviar. 

I know many poor vegans, they do exist, so stop using the poverty of other people as an excuse for why you eat animals. It is not just a frustrating cop-out, it is highly offensive. I know vegans on benefits, vegans living on disability allowance. I know poor rural vegans, student vegans, vegans living in council houses, vegans raising kids on minimum wage. Stop fucking erasing and ignoring us when we tell you about our own experiences and don’t you dare use someone else’s poverty as an excuse for why you eat bacon. 


A new study has revealed similarities and relationships between certain types of chemicals found on 30 different comets, which vary widely in their overall composition compared to one another. The research is part of ongoing investigations into these primordial bodies, which contain material largely unchanged from the birth of the solar system some 4.6 billion years ago.

By studying the composition of hazy comas and tails of these comets, researchers found that certain chemical ices on the comets would regularly appear in concert with other chemicals in a correlated way, while certain other chemicals appeared or were absent independently from others. “This relates to how the chemicals are stored together or sequestered in the nucleus, or body of the comet,” said the paper’s lead author, Neil Dello Russo, a space scientist at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, Maryland.

The amounts and relationships of the chemicals observed in comets can help researchers understand more about the formation of our solar system. “We want to study the abundances of these chemicals because comets are a window into the distant past, and they can tell us what the chemical characteristics and conditions were like in the early solar system,” said Dello Russo. The team studied various types of simple but abundant chemicals, including volatiles such as water, methane, carbon monoxide and ammonia. Observations from Earth cannot directly detect these chemicals on the nucleus of comets, but gases, ices and grains released from the comet leave a chemical trail that can be observed in the hazy comas and tails of comets.

Researchers studied data gathered from 1997 to 2013, and included both short-period comets (those that are stored around the Kuiper belt beyond the gas giant planets) and long-period comets (which formed among the gas giants before they were ejected to the far more distant Oort cloud). The study compared the chemical makeup of the comets measured after they were released from these reservoirs and found that while each comet has a unique chemical signature, short-period comets are on average more depleted in certain chemicals than long-period comets from the Oort cloud.

The findings were published in the November issue of Icarus.

The study utilized Earth-based high-resolution infrared spectrometers, which can observe minute differences in color that reveal diagnostic fingerprints of the chemicals present in comet tails. Data from the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRSPEC) at the Keck 2 Telescope of the W. M. Keck Observatory on Maunakea, Hawaii; the Cryogenic Echelle Spectrometer (CSHELL) at the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility on Maunakea; the Infrared Camera and Spectrograph at the Subaru telescope, also on Maunakea; and the CRyogenic high-resolution InfraRed Echelle Spectrograph (CRIRES) spectrometer at the VLT Telescope at Cerro Paranal, Chile, were used.

Dello Russo explained that this research was only made possible due to recent breakthroughs in infrared spectrometers: “In the past 20 years, technological advances have really made it possible to accurately detect volatile chemicals in comets, and to do so for comets that are fainter and farther away than previously possible. That allowed us to study a large enough group of comets to note and examine significant trends.”

Dello Russo said that studies such as these are needed to expand what scientists know about the nature and history of comets, how cometary ices are related, and how they are stored in and released from the nucleus. “Comets are very diverse,” he said. “When NASA or ESA sends a mission to a comet, we can learn a tremendous amount of detail on that specific comet. What our research does is put those findings into the larger chemical context of the overall comet population. We can help answer where an individual comet fits into the population of comets.”

IMAGE….This NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image of comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 disintegrating in 2006 shows the tails and comas of the individual pieces of the comet; new research on comet composition included infrared spectrography of this comet during its breakup.
Image credit: NASA, ESA, H. Weaver (APL), M. Mutchler and Z. Levay (STScI)


Weather War Update - This Afternoon’s Assault

We were hit hard by a heavy chemical attack today in LA.  This was looking like it would be comparable to last Saturday, July 19.  A huge amount of aerosol material was bombed in from the southwest and the chemclouds were very thick.  The chemtrail spraying was also relentless and some HAARP influence could be seen in the aerosols.  This wave, according to the schedule on Weather.con was meant to begin last night.  We have been able to postpone these attacks using orgonite, and this one didn’t reach us until about 1pm, more than 12 hours after it was supposed to.  Since this involved a seemingly endless supply of aerosols, it could not be destroyed completely, but we did put a good dent in it.

Row 1 shows the first toxins seeping into our sky in early afternoon.  Row 2 is a side by side of the worst of it and how it was thinned out a little as the afternoon wore on.  Row 3 is right above my workplace where by late afternoon, much of the pollution had been cleared by the orgonite.  I recharged the rooftop orgonite pieces today by washing them off and giving them my intention to have them clean the sky and save LA from sickness and California from drought and destruction.

But since there is no rest for the wicked, the remaining photos show the craziness that came with the next wave of geoengineering in the evening as the sun was setting.  To the west was a massive chembomb, and over my house was the brightest and most colorful chembow I’ve ever seen.  It was a real show stopper.  Wow, the geoengineers sure are psychopathic!  We’re currently covered in fake clouds tonight, not total chemcover, but a very ugly sky.


Every September and October, a “hole” of varying size emerges in Earth’s ozone layer over Antarctica, an effect of a buildup of ozone-depleting human-made chemicals high in the atmosphere. Now that levels of these chemicals are declining as a result of international agreements put in place decades ago, scientists predict that the annual ozone hole is poised to begin a shrinking trend.

Learn more about this Science Bulletin.