denaturation

Humans and Fire

So I’ve read a few humans are weird posts and it got me thinking, what if humans are the only species to evolve to use fire. Like, most intelligent species will instinctively flee in panic the moment they catch sight of an open flame, yet show a human infant a fire and if they don’t know better, they will try to grab it.

Humans will burn everything. Most of us won’t eat anything unless it has been “Cooked” first. (A human word meaning to heat food until it has begun to denature but not yet started to carbonize.)

Start a small fire and instead of fleeing, humans will gather around it and start socializing.

We get intoxicated by setting specific plants on fire and inhaling the smoke, often with the burning embers mere inches from our sensitive face.

We use it to clear land for agriculture and hunting. We use it to punish criminals. We even use it for purely aesthetic purposes. (Think fireworks.)

Heck, we we discovered hydrocarbons, the first thing we did was burn them. In fact, humans were burning so much hydrocarbons they were literally altering the atmosphere of their planet.

Heck, humans have died because they literally did not have enough materials to burn.

Now imagine hostile aliens want to invade earth. They don’t use fire except for carefully controlled and heavily guarded industrial purposes. They also don’t know much about earth other than it is definitely inhabited and the people haven’t developed intergalactic travel.

They’re expecting to face primitive forces armed with the local equivalent of clubs and bows. What they get is, to them, a strange anachronistic jumble of expected primative technologies and highly advanced technologies that they definitely shouldn’t have.

They’re not expecting guns. (Projectile weapons that consist of a narrow tube with projectile and a chemical propellent stuffed into one end. Instead of an electromagnetic pulse, the propellant is ignited and the expanding gases shoot the projectile out of the tube.)

They’re not expecting powered vehicles. Instead of electric motors, humans have what they call the internal combustion engine. (A motor that works by sucking flammable gas into an enclosed chamber, igniting the gas under pressure, and using the resulting force from the detonation to move a piston. Because of that, humans have heavy machinery, self-propelled vehicles, and powered air-craft before they even really understood bio electricity.

They’re not expecting bombs, or incendiary weapons. (It was also how it was discovered that their bio-polymer armor, while excellent against projectiles, can actually burn at surprisingly low temperatures.

They’re not even expecting smelted metal. Steel to them is a high tech material that can only be produced under specialized conditions of extreme heat, and requires very specialized facilities to produce. They are shocked to discover that humans have been smelting copper before they developed writing.

And they are definitely not expecting nuclear weapons. (Which are basically “bombs” that instead of using combustable chemicals use an uncontrolled nuclear fission reaction. They are also aghast to discover that not only was this apparently the first thing we thought to do when we discovered fission, but that competing human faction have “how many of these weapons stockpiled!?”

After retreating in disgrace, the task force sent to monitor the plant is horrified to report that humans are rapidly expanding into space. They aren’t using gravitic lifters or electromagnetic mass drivers. They are apparently simply loading equipment and personnel into special “missiles” and using a shit ton of highly combustable fuel to simply launch themselves into space.

Out of Context Quotes from My Physics Teacher
  • “I wanna do this fast. It’s not fun going slow, it’s not sex.”
  • “Scalar quantities: They just have a number with no… (mutters to self) rhymes with erection… direction!
  • “It’s like herpes: If you don’t need it, give it back.”
  • “I know you’re asking: Where do I get all my energy? And the answer is: Meds.”
  • “I’m glad Hermione is getting older. I’ve always had a thing for her since she was like (laughs)…six.”
  • “You were lucky enough to see my balls dropping. And if you didn’t, it was pretty cool.”
  • “I actually dressed up as a woman to go to a bachelorette party.”
  • “Gravity goes up and down, bitches.”
  • (My favorite) “Bro-child.”
  • “Oh, and when I say disturbing shit like that, you’re not going home and telling your parents that, right?”
  • He also will give out Jamba Juice gift cards for completion of extra credit problems.
  • “Is this alcohol?” he asks as he brings out a spray bottle with the taped on label ‘denatured alcohol’. Bringing a lighter out of his pocket, he lights it and holds it out of the nozzle before spraying the flame. The flame flares up and burns his hand. “Ow.”
I googled science pick-up lines and I was not disappointed
  • You’re so hot, you denature my proteins. 
  • Do you have 11 protons? ‘Cause you’re Sodium fine!  
  • You make my anoxic sediments want to increase their redox potential. 
  • I’m more attracted to you than F is attracted to an electron. 
  • We fit together like the sticky ends of recombinant DNA. 
  • You’re hotter than a bunsen burner set to full power. 
  • If I were a neurotransmitter, I would be dopamine so I could activate your reward pathway. 
  • According to the second law of thermodynamics, you’re supposed to share your hotness with me. 
  • How about me and you go back to my place and form a covalent bond?
  • I wish I were Adenine because then I could get paired with U.
  • If you were C6, and I were H12, all we would need is the air we breathe to be sweeter than sugar.
  • I want to stick to u like glue-cose.
  • You must be the one for me, since my selectively permeable membrane let you through. 

Supposed Secret weapon of the CIA- The Heart Attack Gun

In 1975, the CIA declassified this formally secret weapon at a conference dealing with rogue activities of the secret service.  A poison-coated dart is shot at close-range which then penetrates clothing, skin, and finally a major organ, leaving nothing but a tiny red dot on the skin. On penetration of the deadly dart, the individual targeted for assassination may feel as if bitten by a mosquito, or they may not feel anything at all. Supposedly, this dart then disintegrates upon entering the target, all while the lethal poison rapidly enters the bloodstream and causes a heart attack. Once the damage is done, the poison denatures quickly, so that an autopsy is very unlikely to detect that the heart attack resulted from anything other than natural causes.

Conspiracy theorists have connected many deaths to this weapon, including those of Antonin Scalia, an associate judge of the US Supreme Courts, and businessman Andrew Breitbart. 

MCU Civil War Fic Recs | Stony Edition

FINALLY i’ve decided to post my first fic rec list. Caught up with my feels after watching CA:CW. THE PAIN, THE ANGST, THE HEARTBREAK </3 Anyway I’ve been reading lots of MCU Post-Civil War fics and I thought it’s time for me to contribute to our lovely fandom. Here are some of my favorites to share with y’all. Don’t be shy, feel free to share any fic recs with me (●♡∀♡) I’d love to read more!


last updated 17/7/2017.

new fics added on top :) will be updated from time to time if there are new recs.


Tony gets the phone, but he never uses it and he never intends to. Or, he doesn’t until Steve starts texting him, asking strange questions about medication and mental health, which is when Tony gets worried.

(A texting fix-it that grew beyond all proportion. Deals with depression and anxiety quite a lot. There is even some plot in there somewhere.)

Tony and Steve fall through a portal just after defeating Thanos and his army. Stranded in another dimension, the two have to finally face what happened—and what could have been.

“Tony is missing.”

Steve hears the words over Natasha and Clint’s bickering, over Sam’s snorts, over the erratic beat of his heart.

The Avengers are in the aftermath of the Civil War, trying to keep their heads above water when an unexpected portal opens up and drops a few familiar faces on their doorstep for the upcoming battles.

Never let it be said that fate doesn’t have a sense of humor.

Steve doesn’t think about having sex with Tony Stark. He certainly doesn’t plan for it. It happens anyway.

They fight Thanos—and they’re losing. And before Tony knows what’s happening, he’s standing with Doctor Strange in front of the Eye of Agamotto and gets send back in time. Can he find a way to fix things this time around, or are they doomed to fall apart all over again?

“So was I,” his soulmate would tell him one day, and what it would mean was that they loved him. 

Post-Civil War. A mission at a power plant goes south and the ensuing explosion triggers the denaturation of the serum. In which Steve insists that he’s feeling fine, Natasha gets Tony involved and pieces start being put back together. 

Tony bypasses into the mailbox every time. It drives Steve absolutely nuts. 

Tony can’t even recognize himself nowadays.

Tony misses Steve very badly after the Accords. Some days he deals with it better than other days.(a fic featuring the booty call flip phone, minor kidnappings, and time jumps between chapters because the election has been happening and my brain has been too mush to make a proper plot)

Steve and Tony love each other—that would undoubtedly always be true. However, there might just be things that don’t care for love, that don’t care what it means for the two to take different sides. Things that none of them could’ve foreseen. Things that might just rip everything apart.When the United Nations attempt to put restrictions on the Avengers, Tony has to admit that the pawns had been in place for a long time, he just hadn’t dared to admit it to himself. And now, it is simply a matter of who will move first—and more importantly: in which direction.

Tony struggles with the day-to-day of leading a UN-sanctioned team of superheroes, Steve goes on a listening tour across America, and Natasha would like to remind everyone that (unlike Sam Wilson) she is not a licensed therapist.(55/200) page fancomic

When we do things, we always have a good reason. It’s other people we see as defective.

Learning to look a little harder than that will be a long journey, but it might just be worth the struggle to change.

After the civil war, everyone is left living in the new reality they’ve created — and now they have to figure out if they are willing (and able) to try again at being a real team.

If you think of life and death on a continuum, finding the point where it tips is complicated. It cuts across all political lines and gets to the root of our humanity. It requires faith informed by years of intimacy that you’re doing what’s right for your loved one.

But Tony is just a man. And there’s only so much he can do.

(Or that time when Tony does what is necessary to survive just so that he can continue to fix things and makes extremely rash decisions; because even if Steve may have left him behind, doesn’t mean Tony would do the same. Kind of.)

Everything seems to be in working order; except one day, after hoping and hoping for a chance to set things right, to prove what he had meant in his letter, that he’d be there for Tony when Tony needs him, Steve is given the opportunity to. It just isn’t what he had expected it to be. Not by a long damn shot. Sequel to Rebirth.

Strangely, or not so strangely, Steve is the one to call first.“Tony,” is all he says, low and throaty and oh so raspy.Tony says nothing. Not because he has nothing to say, but because he has too much. And maybe, for once, Steve should be the one talking.

After the Civli War, the Avengers were back together.

How is everything going, Tony? Pepper had asked in her email.
It’s fine (Tony had written back). I’m fighting with Steve all the time. Everything is going to hell. I’m okay (you know I’m always okay).

(Or: How Tony and Steve learned to be a bit gentler with each other)

It’s a mistake destroying Steve’s gesture of goodwill, Tony thinks, even as he takes an unholy amount of glee smashing that stupid phone to bits down in his lab and DUM-E waits eagerly with a fire extinguisher for the last of the letter to burn down. But it’s a mistake Tony is happy to make.

How to say ‘wish you were here’ without actually saying so, as done by Captain Steve Rogers.

One moment they’re fighting, yelling scathing insults and ugly accusations at each other, and the next they’re kissing, all teeth and anger-fuelled desperation. Steve backs him up until Tony’s shoulders hit the closest wall, and hoists him up, giving Tony no choice but to wrap his legs around Steve’s waist for support. Tony bites Steve’s bottom lip, hard enough to draw blood, and Steve growls, and grips both of Tony’s wrists in one big hand, his hold bruisingly tight.

‘Dear baby,’ he thought hysterically while dodging an arrow, ‘One day your daddy and I fought and almost blew up an airport. I hope you’re better at communication than we are.’

Tony blinked up at the face staring down at him. This was impossible. This was definitely 100% not possible, he had not just started giving a good morning handy to -

“Steve?”

After the events of Civil War, Tony and Steve wake up in bed next to each other in an alternate universe. It goes about as well as you’d expect it to.

Before Afghanistan, before New York, and long before Siberia, Tony was given the gift of Peggy Carter as his godmother.It was maybe one of the best gifts he ever received, one that kept on giving even forty years later. Because even when the Avengers are scattered, the team and his trust torn apart, there’s still one thing Tony has that no one, not Steve, not Ross, not Stane, had ever managed to take from him.A family.In the aftermath of the Civil War, Tony will need them more than ever if he’s to pick up the broken pieces of himself again. And save the world. Of course.

It was the first time they’d seen each other since Siberia. It was probably one of the worst possible ways to have an unscheduled reunion. It was also about to get worse. A lot worse. 

 Steve writes letters to Tony that he never sends. By the time he hands them to their rightful owner, Tony has had a brush with death, has retired as a superhero, and now has a small town workshop of his very own. But it’s okay, Steve has gone into retirement too.

An alternate universe where Steve wins the Civil War.

It doesn’t go well for Tony.

A deep emotional state of nostalgic or profound melancholic longing for an absent something or someone that one loves. Moreover, it often carries a repressed knowledge that the object of longing might never return.

Steve and Tony before, during, and after.

“But as a guy who’s never been good at anything but killing- lemme tell you this. Wars can come to us, and we can fight to end them.”

“But nothing’s ever worth starting one. Nothing at all.”

As the dust of Civil War starts to settle- Steve begins to see a couple of things.

“Humans are machines. Fascinating ones, but fatally flawed- because we feel too much. We try our hardest to be objective; but whenever two sides are too close, we ‘follow our heart’, which means fall prey to whatever our emotions think best and fuck all that logic might have had to say about it.”

Sequel to ‘And In The Silence That Follows’. Three months after the 'truce’, AIM is on the move again, and Norman Osborn seems increasingly determined to seize power in the void that the Avengers left behind. Logic dictates that Tony should cooperate with the runaway superheroes, led by one Steve Rogers to get ahead of the situation. Too bad his trust issues don’t agree with him. Too bad humans aren’t actually machines who can turn emotions off at the flick of a butto-Oh. Hello Extremis.

Steve splays his fingers on Tony’s chest, over his heart, and Tony whimpers. “You should take better care of that, Tony,” Steve says, digging his fingers in briefly.

Tony closes his eyes. “Don’t.”

Steve laughs, and it’s cold. He trails his fingers lower. “I could hurt you,” he says, almost conversationally. “I’m a criminal now, remember.”

“He hid some things from me,” Tony says, then shrugs. “It’s fine. I hid some things from him, too. Don’t you know this story?”

616 Steve meets MCU Tony.

“You were supposed to say thank you,” Tony said after a moment, covering his eyes with his forearm. It wasn’t as if Steve could see him. “It’s only polite, you know. Happy birthday, Steve—Thank you, Tony.”

It was raining when Tony exited his car. In front of him was a church.

He wasn’t sure why it always rained nowadays, but it wasn’t like he could do anything about it. Tony knew this weather kind of suited his mood, and his current mental state.

Attending funeral after funeral after you’ve been beaten up by the father of the embryo in your womb in Siberia before he left you in the cold, was beyond hard and painful. Tony had cried himself to sleep more than once. However, he couldn’t let anybody know, except Vision who had figured it out by himself.

“I sense a lifeform in you,” the android had mentioned to him once. “Is it… Steve’s?”

Tony remembered breaking down in front of him, after that Vision never mentioned the relationship between Steve and the lifeform in Tony’s womb again. He felt guilty, yet grateful. It had been barely a week after the incident in Siberia. Tony wasn’t ready for something that would remind him of that event, and he doubted he would ever be.

Steve never lets go of the phone. Sam thinks that it’s time for him to use it.

The written letter and cellphone never made it to Tony.

Tony never made it home.

Everything about them happened in seconds. Their first meeting was quick, with Tony landing next to the Captain, each man giving a curt nod and name in greeting. Their argument on the hellicarrier took mere seconds to escalate. Until Steve was goading Tony into putting on the suit and going a few rounds and Tony not so subtly reminding Steve that he wasn’t afraid to hit an old man.
It was only seconds of staring at Tony on that New York City Street, his arc reactor dark, no rise and fall of his chest, for Steve to know that inside the tin can, was a good man.
Then Ultron happened, and it took seconds for their world to change, seconds for Steve to throw his shield at Tony and for the billionaire to send a repulsor blast back. They went from laughing and relaxing to standing on an edge thousands of feet above solid ground.
And now…now everything’s changed. And all it took was a combination of seconds; of decisions made, actions performed and words spoken that they couldn’t get back.
Just a few ticks of the clock for their world to shatter.

It took two months and fourteen days.Well, two months and sixteen days if you wanted to be nitpicky and count the two days it had taken Tony to actually accept that yes, the phone was still lying on his desk, and no, it wouldn’t magically disappear just because he wished it so.The phone, and beneath it, that goddamn letter. If you need me, I’ll be there.

After the hell that was Ultron and the Sokovia Accords, Tony doesn’t blame the team for wanting nothing to do with him. To make up for past mistakes, Tony disappears into his lab and focuses on using his money and brains to provide the Avengers with more fancy tech than they’ll ever need. By doing this, he also doesn’t have to worry about Steve’s grim frown, Bucky’s hateful gaze, or everyone else’s cold annoyance.For six long months, this formula worked, but then fate decided to be a Loki-like dick and Tony wasn’t sure how it happened, but in the span of one week, he’d somehow acquired a kid.

He’s sitting there on the carpeted floor with blood dripping down the back of his head, holding the battered red notebook with trembling hands. He looks up from the page and tries to blink away the scribbled words that won’t seem to disappear from his eyesight. He can’t breathe, can’t get his throat to work properly because it feels like he’s being strangled by the sheer truth of what he realizes now.

They knew. Oh god, they knew.

When Tony discovers a devastating secret, it will threaten to tear apart everything they hold dear.

Steve is going to realise in the worst possible way what happens when you let pride, rage and fear cloud your judgment. What happens when you don’t listen.

“And you think you could take me, do you, Stark?”“I’d give it a good fucking try. I’d like to shove you into the nearest wall and wrap my hands around your damn neck.”“Oh yeah? And then what?”Post-CACW, a series of phone calls between Tony and Steve. 

Total: 38 fics

SKINCARE TIPS

Things that I wish I had learned long ago so my skin wouldn’t be as much of a mess as it is

1.) Jar packaging is a big no. Any beneficial ingredients will break down with prolonged exposure to oxygen. Plus, unless you have a small plastic beauty spatula, it’s flat out unhygienic. Products with pumps are the best and are way less messy, too!

2.) If a product contains alcohol (labeled as alcohol denatured or SD-40 alcohol) DO NOT USE IT. Alcohol is a major irritant and will destroy your skin and dry it out terribly! If it’s cetearyl alcohol, it’s fine and will not cause irritation. It’s just there as a thickener to make sure your product doesn’t separate

3.) Try and avoid fragranced products the best you can. Even though we all love using shit that smells good, fragrance is also an irritant. If it’s really low on the ingredient list and the product doesn’t smell like much, it should be fine but still has a chance of causing damage to the skin

4.) A product making your skin tingle isn’t actually a good thing, even though it makes it feel like the product is doing something!! Tingling is irritation to the skin and is still causing damage in the long run, even if it doesn’t look like it’s causing damage. 

5.) Opaque packaging is best!!! Not only are most beneficial ingredients air-sensitive, they’re also light-sensitive and will cause them to degrade and become useless!

6.) When buying a moisturizer, look for beneficial ingredients like ceramides and niacindamides! They help rebuild and repair the skin!

7.) DO NOT USE PRODUCTS WITH LEMON ANYTHING IN THEM ON YOUR FACE!! It will cause damage to your skin and make your skin more sensitive!

Peter Parker Using Pick Up Lines:

‘I’m so happy your requests are open again!! you mentioned last night that peter might use the pickup line that I sent in and it really made me think that a peter parker using pickup lines headcanon would be vv cute!!’

'Could you do Peter imagine where the reader is Michelles best friend ae’s in debate with her and stuff??’ + Partially this.

My Ask Box / Masterlist


  • Before Peter built up the courage to ask you out, he’d stick anonymous post it notes in your locker with pick up lines on them.
  • Things like ‘are you copper telluride?? Because you’re CuTe ;)’
  • ‘Hey, you can’t spell “Calculus” without “us’
  • ‘I don’t mean to sound obtuse, but if you were a triangle you’d be acute’
  • ‘You’re so hot, you denature my proteins’
  • They always managed to make you smile like mad and admittedly, you kept every single one of the notes
  • Peter overheard you and Michelle discussing the notes in a debate meeting one day and had to excuse himself while he had a mini heart attack because you were loving the notes
  • The next day he leaves a note saying ‘If Internet Explorer is brave enough to ask you to be your default browser, I’m brave enough to ask you out!’
  • When you turn around, a giant smile on your face, he’s standing there holding a single rose with light pink cheeks and a hopeful look in his eyes
  • “So, what do you say?”
  • As your relationship progresses, the pick up lines don’t stop

  • Michelle knew it was Peter the whole time and makes sure to tease him about it

  • ‘Do you have 11 protons? ‘Cause you’re Sodium fine! ‘

  • Seriously it’ll be at the weirdest times too, you could be mid lesson or just chilling in his room and he’ll blurt one out

  • Eventually he takes it to the next level

  • ‘If I were an enzyme, I’d be a DNA helicase, so i could unzip your genes’

  • ‘"My spidey sense isn’t the only thing tingling.“

  • “What the heck Peter”

  • Peter finding the collection of post it notes you’d collected and it makes him so happy that you appreciate them so much

  • Sometimes he calls you at early hours of the morning just to tell you the newest pick up line he’s thought up

  • You listen to them no matter what time of day though because he’s just so cute and it makes him so happy.

Originally posted by miraculousfinn

3

Snap, crackle, pop!

This technique has been a fun test in timing. First you put your base paint layer down (dark brown), then when that’s dry, apply a layer of clear shellac. While the shellac is still tacky (and there’s a very fine line between too dry and everything is a sloppy sticky mess!) brush on a mix of 1:1 Paint and Sodium Silicate and wait. You can use a wire brush or comb to tease the cracks in the right direction and spray on denatured alcohol on top to make the cracks more dramatic. Not sure yet if I’m going to seal it all.

(The plexi has film over it, don’t mind the mess. Also wear gloves and goggles and be well ventilated. Or else.)

only a little human

TFC-NET’S 2017 Spooky Creation Event: .

↳  monster!neil

(read it on ao3)

Neil Josten was a monster. That’s what everyone told him at least, and he started to believe it.

Blood didn’t taste good. He needed it less often as a hybrid, but he ran the risk of starving if he lost track. Most of the time, he remembered. Flesh was trickier; he could avoid the gore for a while if he drank enough and didn’t get hurt.

Neil Josten was a scoundrel, a mutt, the unwanted bastard of right and wrong but much more wrong. That’s what he told himself, at least.

Keep reading

10

How would the Universe change if we grew an extra dimension?

“Imagine what would happen if all-of-a-sudden, the forces binding electrons to nuclei became weaker. If there was a change in how strong that interaction was. You don’t think about it, but at a molecular level, the only thing holding you together is the relatively weak bonds between electrons and nuclei. If you change that force, you change the configurations of everything. Enzymes would denature; proteins would change shape; ligand-gated neurons wouldn’t fit together anymore; DNA wouldn’t encode the molecules it was designed to encode.”

If we take a look at a two-dimensional surface, it’s pretty apparent that we’re pretty omnipotent in comparison. We can draw or erase anything in that dimension, add or remove objects, rearrange their internal structures without leaving them any defense, etc. All of that might lead you to wonder whether there’s the possibility of a fourth spatial dimension out there, and whether that could be part of our Universe? Geometrically, it’s certainly possible. From a historical perspective, there’s no reason a dimension needs to stay the same size over time, either. In 1980, Alan Chodos and Steve Detweiler showed that a Universe that began with four spatial dimensions could have easily evolved into a Universe very much like the one we see today. Building on that, it would be possible for a very small extra dimension to grow large over time. If it did, the consequences would be devastating, but fascinating.

Come find out the full story of what it would mean if the Universe grew an extra dimension!

Despre copilăria noastră și multe alte sechele

‘’Prea multe fete am trecut prin asta, mă crezi?  
Batjocorite de “skinny bitches” și prințese răsfățate de mici, de părinții lor care n-au fost în stare să își educe copiii destul de bine și în loc să le învețe că toată lumea e egală, le-au spus “ești cea mai bună, draga mea”. Fetele astea au crescut și acum vor să fie prietenele noastre, tipele care erau grase, și în cazul meu pe atunci nu aveam o stare economică bună, având încă 3 frați pe lângă ea, cu doi părinți ce s-au căsătorit prea devreme doar din a scăpa din familiile lor agresive și denaturate. Noi am crescut, am rămas pe treaba noastră, am devenit femei independente, deschise la minte, ce ajută și alți oameni ce trec prin aceleași momente ca noi. Băieții ce râdeau de noi și ne trăgeau de păr sau ne scuipau, ne scriu noaptea și ne spun cât de mult ne-am schimbat fizic… “hai, nu mai spune”.  
Totuși, chiar dacă au trecut ani de atunci, noi încă vedem în tipele de 18 ani acele râzgâiate de 13 ani ce râdeau de hainele și aspectul nostru. Chiar dacă au trecut ani, încă ne mai gândim la momentele alea când plângeam după școală în baie și speram ca copiii noștrii sau frații noștrii să nu treacă prin același lucru.
Acum e momentul să avem puțină demnitate, și prin puțină mă refer la cât de multă încape, să ne ridicăm și să avem grijă de noi, pentru că societatea n-a făcut-o. Și-a bătut joc de noi până am ajuns mai jos de pământ și a trebuit să ne vindecăm singure. Dar noi oricum ne ridicăm.
N-o să mai lăsăm pe nimeni să ne spună ce nu suntem, ce nu putem, ce ar trebui să fim.
“Asa sunt copiii” e replica tipică și tristă care ni se dădea când plângeam după ore. Din cauză că “asa sunt copiii”, am rămas ani întregi cu sechele în spatele nostru.
Viitori părinți… sper să vă educați copiii altfel.’’

anonymous asked:

What are ingredients that you think everyone should avoid, especially if its listed as the first few ingredients?

What you should avoid:

Alcohol/ethanol/denatured alcohol (can be used in small amounts for preservation, which is ok)

Fragrance/parfum

Dyes

Oxybenzone and octinoxate UV filters

Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) / Sodium laureth sulfate (SLES)

(^ these are just what immediately come to mind)

Much of the scare for certain ingredients comes from clinical trials on animals/petri dishes that use a percentage of ingredient far higher than what’s in your skin care. They’re also often injected into or fed to these test subjects, not used topically like the consumer would use them. Obviously, the results will not be the same. For the most part, you need not worry.

What’s ok, despite the myths on the internet:

Formaldehyde

Formaldehyde and other chemicals that release formaldehyde are sometimes used in low concentrations in cosmetics and other personal care products like lotions, shampoo, conditioner, shower gel, and some fingernail polishes. These may raise the concentration of formaldehyde in the air inside the room for a short time, but the levels reached are far below what is considered to be hazardous. (x)

Parabens

Ironically, parabens are naturally occurring chemicals. It’s ironic because many natural skin-care brands claim ingredients like parabens are dangerous, when in fact parabens have exhaustive safety data AND are naturally produced by vegetables and fruits. Foods such as soy, beans, flax, cherries, blueberries, carrots, and cucumbers produce parabens and other chemicals that mimic estrogen—to a much greater degree than the miniscule amounts of parabens used in skin care, hair care, and makeup. (x)

Mineral oil

The claims that mineral oil is unsafe to use are unfounded and are perpetuated by cosmetics companies and people who use information about non-purified, industrial-grade mineral oil (which isn’t used in skin care) as a scare tactic. The truth is that the mineral oil you find in skincare products is perfectly safe, and even better – very good for your skin, especially if it’s dry or sensitive! (x)

Propylene Glycol and Butylene Glycol

Another instance of the studies being about large quantities of the chemicals being ingested or making direct contact with the skin. There is no evidence to link the small percentages of these topically applied ingredients to cancer or any other disease. (x)(x)

Chemical sunscreen filters

Yes, sunscreen is safe to use. No published studies show that sunscreen is toxic to humans or hazardous to human health. Scientific studies actually support using sunscreen. (x)

PEGs/Polyethylene Glycol

“Overall, it is concluded, that the PEGs covered in this review are safe for use in cosmetics under the present conditions of intended use… Taking into account all the information available, it can be assumed that these compounds as presently used in cosmetic preparations will not present a risk for human health.” (x)

Acids and Vitamin A derivatives (including Retinyl Palmitate)

These products do increase photosensitivity. Retinyl palmitate is especially disliked because it rapidly produces free radicals when exposed to UV rays. HOWEVER, if you regularly wear sunscreen (as you should), these ingredients should pose no risk to you.

Originally posted by welcometoyouredoom

anonymous asked:

I have a question about high temperatures. I know some people tend to run higher temperatures than others. Would it be plausible for a character to run a 104 temperature without having to go to a hospital? Also, what would the procedure be if the temperature rose over 105? Ive done some reading that 105 is in the danger zone for permanent brain damage and febrile seizures (ie your body is basically cooking itself), but i see conflicting information about safe ways to lower the body temperature.

Part 2-Continuing the high temperature question- some say you can put a patient in a cold shower, others say put ice packs around the patients body, but others say this lowers body temperature too quick and sends the patient into shock. Ive even seen a suggestion to pour ethanol over the patient due to the quick evaporative cooling. How do you cool a hot patient down and bring it safely back to a lower body temperature? Thank you and sorry I forgot to put part 1 on the first, its my first ask

Hey nonny! Welcome and congrats on the first ask! 

Temperature variance in human is indeed A Thing, but not to the extent you’re talking about without the presence of a disease state. Basically, something has to be wrong for the body to set the thermostat that high. Most humans run between 96.5 and 99.0*F, with temps over 99 being unusually high. The definition of a “high” fever starts at 103*F, or 39.5*C. 

The “thermostat” I referred to is the hypothalamus, which is essentially how the brain talks to the endocrine system. It’s also how the body sets the temperature. 

A few things can drive the body temperature north, particularly Graves disease and a rockin’ good fever, but there are definitely consequences to the body running hot. For one, the body uses a lot of energy to ramp up the temperature that high. For another, proteins start to work less efficiently. For a third, the body dehydrates pretty quickly at that temperature. The brain also has difficulty functioning – if you’ve ever had the flu you know that you can get very tired, very groggy, have a difficult time understanding words or speaking your mind clearly, and will tend to sleep an awful lot. Mostly, your energy is going straight to your metabolism. 

105*F is a dangerous point. The brain is basically just a sack of proteins, and proteins are temperature-sensitive. Above 105*F they start to lose their shape, a process known as denaturing. Since shape is basically everything, this can get catastrophic fast. But it’s also a demonstration that something is not right with the endocrine system. 

Generally, fevers (ie hyperthermia due to infection) don’t go up to 105. That might happen with meningitis – an infection in the lining of the brain – but it’s much more likely to happen with some kind of toxidrome such as cocaine or amphetamine overdose, or just regular old heat stroke. Thyroid storm can also cause it. 

Neuro symptoms of temperature > 105*F are ataxia (inability to control muscle movements), delirium, coma, seizures, etc. Muscle tissue can also break down and cause renal failure (rhabdomyolosis). 

That temperature needs to get managed, and quickly. 

The goal is to keep the body temp from dropping so far and so fast that the character starts to shiver, but the goal is also to keep them from cooking their brain. There are a few ways to do this. 

An ice water bath is actually a Brilliant Fucking Idea. It’s hard to do in hospital, but it IS doable with $20 of ice, a 7-11, and a bathtub; I’ve heard lectures about a famous NYC hospital that does this for amphetamine overdoses. I believe it’s known as the Bellevue Bath. If they start shivering, it can be controlled with benzodiazepines, particularly midazolam (Versed). 

Other methods: 

  • Cool water on the skin, blow over them with a fan
  • Ice packs in the neck, groin, and armpits (protected by a thin layer of cloth)
  • Infusion of  ice-cold (34*F / 1*C) saline. (Not a common method.) 
  • Gastric lavage: placing an NG tube and pouring cold water in. 
  • Peritoneal lavage: Placing a needle into the peritoneum (abdomen) and infusing cold saline there too. 

These techniques are all appropriate for characters with body temps 105* or greater and any neurological sign, but particularly altered mental status such as drowsiness or coma. 

Hyperthermia below 105*F can be managed with other means, or at least less severe versions of the same means. Cool cloth and evaporation will make someone feel better, but below 105*F, the danger isn’t nearly as severe.

Oh, by the way, fever reducers only reduce body temperature if it’s because of an infection; acetaminophen is ineffective for other causes of hyperthermia. 

I wouldn’t recommend ethanol, as it can be a respiratory irritant for everyone involved. 

I hope this helped! 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

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2

Botanical name : Morchella Esculenta

Common names : Morel, True Morel, Sponge Morel, Common Morel

Physical appearance : The morel features a distinctive cap which resembles a cross-section of a honeycomb. The deep pitting is a distinguishing feature which differentiates true morels from false ones. The stem is white to pale yellow whilst the cap is pale brownish cream and can include grey tones. The cap and stem form one continuous chamber.

Edible parts : Stem and cap.

Best places to find : Favours sandy soils, usually under broad leaved, hard woods. Can be found in pasture land, old orchards, woodland clearings and recently burnt arable or forest land.

Time of year : Best harvested in early Spring.

Serving suggestions : The pitted nature of the morel’s surface tends to accumulate a lot of debris and/or insects. Be sure to clean thoroughly before consumption. NB! - The morel should not be consumed in its raw state, as it contains a gastrointestinal irritant (hydrazine). Parboiling or blanching these mushrooms will denature this irritant, making it safe for human consumption.

Sliced and gently fried in butter with a hint of crushed garlic, salt and pepper. Also good for stews, soups and omelettes.

Other uses : These mushrooms are ideal for freezing and drying and can be stored for a long time in these states. Morels have also been used in Chinese medicine to help treat digestive problems and to control phlegm. Modern scientific research is being carried out, into the anti viral, anti fatigue and anti tumour properties of the Morel.

NB - Please be sure you know what you are picking. Many plants look similar to one another and many can be poisonous! Please seek professional instruction if you are unsure! This is all the more important whilst dealing with mushrooms. Don’t risk your life!!!

anonymous asked:

Why do pineapples make me sweat and itch and why do I like them anyway?

WAIT I THOUGHT THIS WAS JUST ME

So i’ve done a little digging and it’s actually down to an enzyme contained in pineapples called bromelain. Bromelain is a protease, which means it breaks down protien including the muscle tissue on your tongue-resulting in the prickly sensation.

Like all enzymes, bromelain is denatured and no longer functional at high temperatures so if you love pineapples but find it hard to deal with the associated toungue itching, I’d recommend boiling before eating.