deformities of the bone


Couple of neat pathological skulls I just bought recently. Both were found in woods by the people I got them from.

The squirrel skull has a pretty horrifying case of malocclusion. I can’t imagine how painful it had to have been to have your teeth grow up through the bone in the roof of your mouth and up into your sinuses. Rodents must continuously gnaw to wear down their front incisors and this skull shows you what happens if they don’t.

The cat skull looks like it might have had a tumor on its forehead. That entire area of bone has a strange texture to it and then of course there are those gnarly holes! The bone around them has no clean breaks which shows that they were formed while the animal was still alive.

Looking forward to getting these two beauties cleaned up!

This perfectly preserved real raccoon skull is stained with a mixture of various teas and adorned with quartz crystals. It does come with lower jaws, but is missing two front teeth. (There are no spaces for teeth to go into those spaces, so I’m not sure if it is a deformity or they fell out in old age and the bone healed.

This crystalline skull is available on my Etsy shop now! 

Fat Shaming is Horrible

But please, can we use our brains and establish what fat shaming actually is and what it isn’t?

Fat Shaming is…

- Making vicious remarks about someone because of their appearance
- Saying people deserve death because of a physical abnormality
- Using derogatory names and labels to belittle another person

What it is not…

- Doctors with 12+ years of high level medical training saying “Obesity is bad for you
- Diets existing
- Non-obese models  appearing on magazine covers and in movies
- People talking about how they enjoy exercise
- Using science and statistics to convey that heart disease, type two diabetes, bone deformities, respiratory issues, high blood pressure, sleep apnea,  Metabolic syndrome, depression, and cancer are effects of being grossly overweight
- salads

This has been a public service announcement.  

Rickets and Osteomalacia are two forms of the same disease that result from inadequate calcification of the extracellular bone matrix, usually caused by a vitamin D deficiency. Rickets is a disease of children in which the growing bones became ‘soft’ or rubbery and are easily deformed. Because new bone formed at the epiphyseal plates fails to ossify, bowed legs and deformities of the skull, rib cage and pelvis are common. Osteomalacia is the adult counterpart of rickets, sometimes called adult rickets. New bone formed during remodeling fails to calcify and the person experiences varying degrees of pain and tenderness bones, especially the hip and legs. Bone fractures also result from minor trauma. Prevention and treatment for rickets and osteomalacia consist of the administration of adequate doses of vitamin D. 

So, this is how my legs look when I’m relaxed.

This is not a normal posture for a leopard gecko–though it’s normal for me.

A more normal posture would be to have my legs tucked up a bit with my feet flat on the ground, and not resting on my elbows, and my legs should be a lot more muscular; you can see mine are still pretty thin and not toned looking. That’s okay though, I have a LOT of weight I need to gain, and I guess I’m just going to get it in my legs later.

I’m hoping with weight gain and moving around more that I build up some leg muscle, but even that probably won’t fix the position of my legs much, because that is due to bone deformities from my MBD.

At some point, while I was being starved by my first keepers, my bones started to get soft due to lack of calcium and, eventually, they fractured. My first keepers never took me to a vet and, when they dumped me at the pet store, their vet said there wasn’t much we could do but let them heal and hope it was okay because of the condition that I was in and due to how many small breaks there were.
When they got me, my spine was also kinked pretty severely and I had a bad underbite as well, both of those things have healed up now though. My spine is straight again and my jaws line up!

Obviously, that was all pretty painful (broken bones always are), but my legs healed, and this is how they healed.

I can still walk and I can move pretty fast–not as fast as other leopard geckos, but still pretty fast. I do look a little funny when I walk; a lot of times, I walk on my front elbows instead of my feet because of how weak my front legs still are and because of how my elbow joints healed. My feet are on the ground, but I put my weight on my elbows as my ankle joints are still really weak. They may always be that way, my keeper isn’t sure yet.
Someone on Reddit said I do a very cute army crawl!

My back legs swing out in big circles when I walk due to how they healed and, when I rest, I rest with them splayed out like this because that’s just naturally how they want to go due to how those bones healed. 

I’m resilient though, I can still run and walk and I’m working on climbing. Some day, my front legs will be strong enough to let me climb up onto the big cork bark piece in my enclosure.


Not the best pictures, but here is another poor little kitty that I found hit, this one on the side of the highway; he was an intact male and seemed to be fairly young, probably born this year. I find his colouring really beautiful with the brown tones from the sun bleaching his fur and that precious white tail tip.

 I skinned him out a few days ago and noticed something that I hadn’t seen when I picked him up- a weird tiny deformed toe! All of the bones in that toe are shortened and connect lower on his foot than normal, and the nail is thick and warped (I doubt it could retract.) His name is klavier, and his spirit seems to be calmed by music.

I might always need help with shedding.

I shed pretty well.

I can get all the skin off of my body and tail and legs all right but, even with a humid hide (it has live moss in it!) I still have a hard time getting the old skin off of my toes because I can’t bend my legs, feet, and ankles as well as other leopard geckos due to my MBD and bone deformities that resulted from it.

My keeper helps me by putting me in a shallow, warm bowl of water and slowly working the old skin off of my toes.

I let him, but I hate it so much!  

I don’t like being in the water at ALL, we’re from arid areas and don’t usually go into water at all, and I don’t like it! 
It makes me wiggly and nervous and I don’t like it when my keeper has to hold me still to roll the old skin off an it’s just ugh. I don’t like being wet. :(

But, I have to let him do it; if he left the old skin where it was, it could cause my toes to fall off. :(

Bone and skeleton distorted by osteomalacia

Literally translated, osteomalacia means “soft bones”, and in modern times very rarely leads to such extreme deformities as these.

There are many diseases and situations that lead to osteomalacia, but ultimately only one cause - defective bone mineralization leading to decreased or ceased deposition of new calcium or phosphorus in the bones. The condition itself is usually treated by administering high doses of vitamin D, while attempting to treat the underlying cause.

In children, osteomalacia is often called rickets. The adult form of the condition is often much milder than in children, but can still lead to bone weakness and bowing. In all ages, the most common cause is vitamin D deficiency, due to malabsorption by the intestines (as in Coeliac disease) , lack of sunlight, or very poor diet.

Deformities, Including Diseases of the Joints and Bones. A. H. Tubby, 1912.

The Possibility with Opentoonz

If I told you that there was a piece of animation software that had the power of some of the best software but it came free of charge, you would jump at it right?
Last spring opentoonz was released opensource to the world. The software that had been used by Studio Ghibili was now free to the world. The people that immediately downloaded it were probably a little baffled at first, it felt like a complex mess. People couldn’t figure out how to do the simplest things like draw or add keyframes.

I closed the program and mostly forgot about it until a couple months later when I opened it up to show a friend at work. I downloaded the update, opened it up and we were a little stunned. It was much more stable than before. What hit me the most was just how feature-filled this program was. This program isn’t just a drawing window with an x-sheet. It has node based compositing, mesh deformers, bones, effects, and even a render farm window. I’m not joking when I say that this program has the power in it to be an alternative to Toon Boom Harmony (Harmony currently retails for over $2000).

There’s a major caveat, it’s hard to make things in opentoonz. There’s almost no help documentation to navigate the massive software and the drawing tools are close to unusable, or at least I haven’t got them to work. I’m sure there are a number of bugs that i haven’t had a chance to deal with as well but there’s so much potential too. This is a free software, not that it’s free of charge, but free to grow. Anything that is wrong today can be fixed and improved upon tomorrow. This software can create new and innovative solutions. Most importantly, it can be a tool that can let anyone create animation anywhere. 

I believe that every animator should download and install Opentoonz. We need to engage with this software. Try to make something with it. Get frustrated with it. Write a feature request on the forum. Fix a bug. Make a tutorial. Contribute. Right now it’s nothing but possibility.