deficiency

Unfortunately for these little, complicated birds they’ve become this year’s newest trend. Thousands of people worldwide have begun purchasing these adorable little birds due to trending videos which usually display a regurgitating or aggressive parrotlet. Sadly, very little people who bring them home actually know what it takes to care for them properly to allow them to thrive. Since there’s no way I could possibly stop everyone from impulse buying these birds the least I can do is explain the reality behind owning one in the hopes that someone will either think twice or be a little more prepared for avian ownership.

Parrotlets

Lifespan: 25+/- years

Behaviour problems: Attention Screaming, Possessive Aggression, Territorial Aggression, One-person Aggression, Feather Picking

Health concerns: Overgrown beaks, Fatty Liver Disease, Nutritional Deficiencies, Kidney Failure, Calcium Deficiencies, Scale Deformities, Foot Lesions, Excessive regurgitation, Increased Stress Levels

Common Owner Mistakes

  • Seed only diets, feeding excessive human foods or unhealthy foods
  • Allowing them to eat food they’ve eaten, chew their teeth, share drinks
  • Interacting the bird with another pet
  • Not seeing an avian vet for checkups
  • Encouraging aggression
  • Taking them outdoors unrestrained
  • Small cage sizes, inadequate stimuli
  • Encouraging regurgitation
  • Being dominant/ forceful, Ignoring body language
  • Dowel perches, Sand perches
  • Cohabitating

Proper Care

Nutrition

Aggression/ Mishandling

Housing/ Stimuli

Medical

caticind asked:

Hi! I live not too far from you and saw a lovely bird I was hoping you might help me identify. It looked almost exactly like a yellow-bellied flycatcher (squarish head, buff body, pale yellow belly, double wing bars), except that it was a bit longer-bodied and I'm doubting my ID because this address isn't in its range. Have you seen a bird like this?

Oh dear! You have run afoul of the dreaded Empidonax!

This family of flycatchers all look exactly alike. You can tell them apart by call, if you’re the sort of person who can tell birds apart by call. (I’m not.)

However! If you are indeed in my vicinity–North Carolina–and (this is critical) NOT in the mountains, AND it is summer, you probably have an Acadian Flycatcher.

The Southeast is one of the few areas sufficiently deficient in Empidonax that you can do it by process of elimination. A couple species, including Willow and your Yellow-bellied, come far enough down along the mountains that it gets dicey, but if you are in the Piedmont, south of Virginia, NOT during migration, Acadian is the uncontroversial bet.

runningwithem asked:

Hey Ronnie, how's it going? Couple sorta running related questions for you: How did you train when you had low iron? And how did you get your iron back up? I know the basics like eat lots of iron rich foods and vitamin c and supplements etc, but just wondering if you have any quick tips? Hope you're doing awesome! X

hey! so while the “eat lots of iron and vitamin c” solution is pretty well known, I found that what got my levels up were some of the weirder, lesser known things I was doing wrong. I’m gonna present these in a kinda non-scientific way.

first, if you’re too skinny your iron is more likely to be lower. I have always had low iron when I’ve been a little too thin and decent iron when I’m normal or on the fuller side.

second, running on pavement every day increases your risk for iron deficiency. higher impact = less red blood cells = less iron (not that simple but more or less)

third, CAFFEINE. I’m a caffeine addict. keep the caffeine to one half of the day. doing an all-day-coffee-sip basically means there’s no point in the day when your body is able to absorb iron. I try to keep the coffee before noon and eat the meat after noon.

fourth, miles. If your training load is too heavy for you, scale back. do more quality and less quantity. running a lot puts you at a higher risk for iron deficiency, plain and simple.

fifth, period. It’s gross but true. if they’re really heavy and long you’re probably losing a lot of iron that way, and some doctors will put you on birth control or hormones to lighten the periods and allow your body to retain some of that iron.

anonymous asked:

Hi Hannah :) I've been vegan for 6 month and the past two weeks I've had a lot of hair falling out! Every time I shower I have about a handful :/ I don't want to tell my parents because they will want me to eat meat... do you know of anything that could possibly help? Love you xo

If your hair is rapidly falling out it is most likely due to a thyroid issue, or an iron deficiency. Eat more greens, as many as you can and dont go too low fat or it can cause issues with hormonal balance. Ive seen where people lose hair on their head and develop languo (hair on their arms and body) because they try and eat 5% fat in a day. MOST HCLF vegans I see dont eat enough greens or fats because they are SO focused on carbs carbs carbs. You need to eat nutrient dense foods as well. Carbs are great but eat them with vegetables, greens and a little fat like avocado, coconut, hemp seeds and so on. No oils. Only WFPB fats. That should help a ton. 

Clear The Air


This is all going to make sense now. I was born sick. I spent the first half of my life, almost 9 years straight with barely any days off, dealing with a migraine headache brought upon mainly by a severe water retention deficiency. (In other words, I was constantly dehydrated.) I grew up on intravenous units and fluid treatments, because I could not physically eat or drink anything. Thus, you have my weight disorder. I am currently 5'10" and barely scratching 120lbs, and that’s an improvement. Add to my skin disorder, as you can imagine isn’t the most pleasant thing to see. Truthfully (and I hate to have to bring this up but it’s important.) I missed so much school in my early years due to my health, that it was just difficult to make friends or acquaintances. I developed social anxiety. I struggle to speak to people. People didn’t bother to speak with me. I dealt with it. Add costrochondritis and some other consistent problems. That covers most of my minor disorders. I was actually diagnosed with insomnia. I have a switch in my brain that I do not control, and upon reaching the brink of REM sleep, the switch resets and I’m awake again. and that is the type of thing you call insomnia, a neurological dysfunction. A hyper-elevated sleeping requisite. Needless to say, with all this, it’s quite easy to develop self confidence issues, self loathing, self hatred. Depression. I have attempted suicides legally accounted for, suicidal behaviors medically documented. Honestly, when some of you say things about suicide or not wanting to live, I can very easily tell which of you are pining for attention and which of you are really going through it. I hate to sound cynical, but this is nothing. I’ve had a really close brush with death, against my own will this time. November 2013, Veterans Day. I “wake up” in a hospital bed. So many wires inside my body, in my throat, in my arm, on my chest, through my nose. The doctor says, “If you had got here 15 minutes later, you would’ve suffered permanent brain damage. Any more than that, and we may not have been able to bring you back.”

It’s been a difficult road to recovery. I developed schizophrenic and dementia-related behaviors to where I wouldn’t respond to “Rene,” I wouldn’t even know where I was half the time, and I would wake up from a trance in the middle of the day, wondering how I got here. My memory had decayed immensely, I would forget a lot. I had anxiety about death every single night, to the point of which my entire body twitches. The depression came back, and drove me into an almost psychotic state. Waking up, chanting prayers to God. Scraping away at my skin until I bled all over my body. Waking up each day to a depression that made me physically numb, to the point where I don’t feel the cut of a blade or the sting of a burn. I’d take showers at the hottest degree, to the point where my skin would get black burn marks all over, and I wouldn’t feel a damn thing. The only thing I had to treat my brain was the prescription Quetiapine, known also as Seroquel. (Treats schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, etc.) I didn’t use it like I should of. I was a zombie. Seroquel does not treat schizophrenia, it numbs it. It makes you sleep 18 hours a day and leaves you so dead inside that you don’t have the energy to be schizophrenic. But it was all I had. So I used it. I abused it. Staying out of rehab was not a fight, it was a war. But I love who I am, and I’m content if nobody else will. I mean, I’m crazy. Literally. Legally. I’m on crazy-people medication. I try to be normal. I’m not good at it. I’ve tried to hide it. There’s no hiding who I am though, because I write about everything. In books, poetry, etc. Usually when people learn of what I am, they leave. They say they won’t, but they always do. I’ve adapted to that. I hurt the people in my life. I don’t know how to deal with people. I have a social impairment. I’ve hurt my family. I’ve hurt my friends. I left people before they left me. I pushed them before they pulled. I relapse. Sometimes I drop off the face of the Earth. Sometimes I need a moment. I’m not writing this as a sad story. I’m not here for your pity. I’m better now. I’m writing this because so many of you all try to pitch your lives as problematic. I know it would be rude and insensitive to tell you all to shut the fuck up, but really, shut the fuck up. Open your fucking eyes and count your blessings. If I can still stand here after all my obstacles, anyone can. You are all capable of moving mountains. Stay humble for the people you’ve lost and stay strong for those that you still have. Praise whatever God you believe in. I am not angry that I had to grow up with the health that I had, I’m glad that it’s made me what I am today. Alive. You have to appreciate the things in life for what they are, and not what you want them to be.

Mnemonics on nutrition

We’ll keep updating this section.
Please, please, please feel free to add your mnemonics as well ^__^

Deficiency of vitamin B1:
Thiamine deficiency causes Ber1 Ber1 (B1).

Deficiency of vitamin B2:
“A2 B2 C2”
A2 - 2 ATPs (FAD and FMN are derived from riboFlavin)
B2 - Vitamin B2
C2 - Cheilosis, Corneal vascularization
Let’s call it ri-two-bo-flavin!

Deficiency of vitamin B3:
“B3 causes D3”
Dermatitis, Dementia, Death.
Random fact: P3llagra also tends to occur in areas where people eat maize (or corn, the only grain low in digestible niacin) as a staple food.
Mnemonic: Corny people can’t be nice. (Corn can’t have niacin)

Protein deficiency diseases: Kwashiorkor & Marasmus mnemonic.
Kwashiorkor has a lot of O’s
O is a fat alphabet.
That should remind you of fatty liver.
No proteins to send lipids out of liver.
Only protein deficient.
Marasmus has a lot of A’s
A is for appetite.
Ready to eat - which should tell you calories and proteins are deficient in Marasmus.

Dietary sources of essential fatty acids:
“Flowers and nuts contain linoleic acid.
GreeNs and beaNs have an extra N for linolenic acid.”
Sources of linoleic acid are -
Flowers: Safflower oil, sunflower oil
Nuts: Groundnut, coconut.
Sources of linolenic acid are -
Greens: Green leafy vegetables
Beans: Soyabean oil.

Limiting aminoacids:
Cereal proteins (corn, wheat) are deficient in Lysine & Threonine.
I remember the word “CuLT” for this
Random fact: Significant proportions of lysine are found in soyabeans.
Pulse proteins are deficient in Methionine.
Mnemonic: PM

The identification of Vitamin D Deficiency in Adults from Post-Medieval Sites.
Source: http://bit.ly/1u4fCCw

(image)Image of pseudofractures occurring at the scapula spinous process. Image taken from Ives & Brickley (2014) p. 49. I haven’t been around to do a post on a particular pathology for a while but as I was looking through the International Journal of Paleopathology I came across an article looking at osteomalacia. During my pathology course at Uni we touched on this and therefore thought it would be a good article to focus on. Osteomalacia is a softening of the bones due to a vitamin D deficiency. This is commonly known as rickets children. It is often identified in juveniles by the………. Read More


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