New DNA analysis has revealed what Ötzi the Iceman’s clothing was made from when he died over 5,000 years ago in the Italian Alps, and scientists are saying he was “pretty picky” when it came to his choice of attire.
With skins from sheep, goats, cows, plus a deerskin quiver and a bearskin hat, Ötzi’s outfit suggests that he was a skilled hunter and scavenger, who had access to an array of wild and domestic animals before he ended up murdered in the snow.
5,300-Year-Old Otzi the Iceman Was Wearing Clothing from Five Separate Animal Species
Ötzi the Iceman, slain on a mountain in the Alps about 5,300 years ago, was wearing a bearskin cap, goatskin leggings, sheepskin coat, cow skin shoes and a deerskin quiver, some of which survived and became mummified along with his remains. New DNA analysis has revealed the taxonomy of the hunter-farmer’s clothing, says a study released this week.
oh my go d you're roadhog cosplay is the shIT. i'm gonna scream, ho w'd you get the mask literally perfe ct????
basically what I did was use my wig head (modded to be abt my head-size) and made a prototype out of new paper I taped over it. and I drew onto the new paper the various details/placements to get an idea of where things sat and how it looked
I took the half I felt looked best and cut it up to make the pattern pieces and then traced them onto some cardstock for the Final Pattern™
then it was just transferring onto craft foam, mirroring the pattern, gluing pieces together, lots of woodglue for reinforcement and painting on top (which, imo is a big part of the overall outcome of it!!)
the laces were just some deerskin lace from joann’s that I painted grey and threaded through some slots I cut in the mask
and the lenses were harvested and cut into shape from a cheapo pair of sunglasses from Target :B
Known as the Codex Selden, the mysterious book dates to about 1560. Other Mexican codices recovered from this period contained colorful pictographs — images that represent words or phrases — which have been translated as descriptions of alliances, wars, rituals and genealogies, according to the study authors.
But Codex Selden was blank — or so it seemed. Made from a strip of deerskin measuring about 16 feet (5 meters) long, the hide was folded accordion-style into pages, which were layered with a white paint mixture known as gesso. In the 1950s, experts suspected that there might be more to this codex than its empty pages suggested, when cracks in the gesso revealed tantalizing glimpses of colorful images lurking underneath the chalky outer layer, which was likely added so that the book could be reused.
In the years that followed, scientists carefully removed some of the gesso in several areas of the codex, but the images were still mostly obscured. Infrared imaging provided general shapes of the pictographs under the gesso, but not much detail. And X-ray scanning — commonly used with art objects or historical artifacts to explore unseen layers — failed to reveal these hidden pictures because they were created with organic paints and don’t absorb X-rays.
But a newer technique called hyperspectral imaging was able to penetrate the layers of gesso by collecting information from all frequencies and wavelengths across the electromagnetic spectrum. The researchers were finally able to view the underlying images without damaging the pages, and discovered a collection of images, inked in red, yellow and orange. [Image Gallery: Ancient Texts Go Online]
They analyzed seven pages of the codex, describing parades of figures that represented men and women, with 27 people on one page of the codex alone. The figures were seated and standing. Two figures were identified as siblings, as they were connected by a red umbilical cord. Some of the figures were walking with sticks or spears, and several of the women had red hair or headdresses.
The researchers also recognized a recurring combination of glyphs — a flint or knife and a twisted cord — as a personal name. That name, they said, might belong to a character who appears in other codices — an important ancestral figure in two known lineages. However, further investigation would be required before they could confirm whether this is the same person, the study authors said, and novel imaging technology will likely play an important role in filling in the missing pieces of this centuries-old puzzle.
Hyperspectral imaging showed “great promise” for this reconstruction of the hidden codex, according to David Howell, study co-author and head of heritage science at the Bodleian Libraries, where the codex is housed.
“This is very much a new technique,” Howell said in a statement. “We’ve learned valuable lessons about how to use hyperspectral imaging in the future both for this very fragile manuscript and for countless others like it.”