For the first time ever, stygiomedusa gigantea, a gigantic jellyfish was caught on video by scientists in the Gulf of Mexico. There have only been 115 sightings of this deep sea jellyfish in the past 110 years.
Take The Plunge With These Deep, Dark Photos Of The Abyss
Thalassophobia, from the Greek, means “fear of the ocean”. But in reality, the phobia is closer to a fear of the abyss. You know the chill you get when you hear the sound of metal creaking underwater, or when you drop a rock into a deep lake and watch a it sink into nothingness? That’s Thalassophobia.
The siphonophore appears to be a single large organism, but is actually a colony of individual zooids. These zooids function together as a single unit and some of them can’t survive without the others. This video captured a deep sea siphonophore that is also bioluminescent.
Amphipods are small crustacean that inhabits all acuatic environments, from ocean depths to groundwater, in freshwater systems, also found in caves and sea ice. Their feeding strategies are various: detrital feeders, herbivores, scavengers and suspension feeder, over 800 Species of amphipods are know worldwide. These amphipods of the families Epimeriidae and Iphimediidae are among the prettiest, these living gems are predominantly red, and fades quicly with increasing depth. They are foud in the Southern Ocean and are tiny, just 2-4cm long. At 1950 m Epimeria larsi, aka the pink gem holds the deepest known species record for the genus, and was collected from the northern Ross Sea slope.
Photo: Top left: Epimeria rimicarinata; Top right: E.larsi; Middle row: E. schiaparelli (named after the photographer); Bottom right: Epimeria robusta. The bottom left image is of a closely related genus, Echiniphimedia, aptly named the ‘prickly’ amphipod. Credit: Stefano Schiaparelli (University of Genoa) and David Bowden (NIWA)/ IPY CAML voyage TAN0802.
The name translates to “Vampire squid from hell.” It is not a vampire or a squid, it is actually an octopus. The vampire squid releases bio-luminescent ‘ink’ when defending it self to confuse other animals. It also turns itself inside out when in danger.
Suspended from the squid’s arms by hooks, the female squid carries her
brood of roughly 3,000 eggs with her to keep them safe at depths of
5,000 to 7,000 feet (1,500 to 2,500 meters). She uses her tentacles to
push water through the egg cases, providing them with oxygen.