deen dayal

Palace of Zebunnissa

Aurangabad, British Raj, 1880

Photograph by Deen Dayal

Photograph of a palace in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, taken by Deen Dayal in the 1880s, Curzon Collection: ‘Views of HH the Nizam’s Dominions, Hyderabad, Deccan, 1892’. Aurangabad is situated on the Khan river in the Dudhana valley between the Lakenvara Hills to the north and the Sathara range to the south. Originally known as Khadke, Aurangabad city was founded in the early 17th century by Malik Amber, minister of the Nizam Shah Kings of Ahmadnagar. However, in 1637 the city was incorporated in the Mughal empire. In 1681-2 the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (r.1658-1707) moved his court to Aurangabad and used it as the base for his military campaigns in the Deccan. After Aurangzeb’s death in 1707 the city was renamed in his honour. The building is this view is the Palace of Zeb-un-Nissa, daughter of Aurangzeb.

Learn more about Zebunnissa and read some of her poetry here.

Photograph of the Rameshvara Cave at Ellora, from the Curzon Collection: ‘Views of Caves of Ellora and Dowlatabad Fort in H.H. the Nizam’s Dominions’ taken by Deen Dayal in the 1890s. The spectacular site of Ellora, in Maharashtra, is famous for its series of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a cliff of basalt. The works were done under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the sixth and the ninth centuries. The Hindu cave of Rameshvara was excavated in the late 6th century and is famous for the beauty of its sculptures. A courtyard with Nandi seated on a plinth precedes a verandah. This view shows the sensuously carved female figures that adorn the brackets on either side of the verandah pillars. On the left of the verandah there is a sculptured figure of the goddess Ganga standing on her vehicle, the makara, an aquatic monster.

The British Library