The Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO), established in 1978, is responsible to the President for overseeing the Government-wide security classification program, and receives policy and program guidance from the National Security Council. ISOO has been part of the National Archives and Records Administration since 1995. You can learn more about ISOO at www.archives.gov/isoo
This morning, President Donald J. Trump presented
Argentine President Mauricio Macri with a disk containing 932 declassified
documents totaling approximately 3,300 pages related to human rights abuses
committed in Argentina during the 1976-1983 military dictatorship. These documents serve as another demonstration
of the importance the United States places on its bilateral relations with
The release today is the largest to date. The U.S. Government previously released 1,057
pages in August 2016 and 550 pages in December 2016. Today’s release comes in two parts. The first being a re-review of 813 State
Department documents previously withheld in their entirety or in part from the first
Argentina Declassification Project carried out by the Department of State in
2002. The Department of State led and
coordinated the interagency re-review of these documents to determine if
additional information could be declassified.
They were reviewed in accordance with Executive Order 13526, “Classified
National Security Information,” and public access procedures agreed to by departments
and agencies for this project. As a
result, the Department of State determined that the majority of documents could
be released without redactions or with precise word-by-word redactions. These documents, totaling approximately 2,700
pages, primarily consist of cables to and from its Embassies, but they also
include newly declassified reports and assessments, as well as internal State Department
memoranda. They are available at https://foia.state.gov/search/collections.aspx
. This site includes an updated introduction
to the document collection, a comprehensive searchable database, and all the
documents declassified and released today and in 2002.
second part consists of 119 documents selected by Department of State historians
for inclusion in the Argentina and Latin American Region chapters of the Foreign Relations of the United States volume
on South America, 1977-1981. Historians
conducted research in several archival repositories, including the National
Archives and Records Administration, the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library, the
Central Intelligence Agency, and the Departments of Defense and State, and
selected those evaluated as the most illustrative in developing and
implementing U.S. policies. The
Historian’s Office created an informational summary of the documents released
today as part of this project. The
summary and the documents, totaling 574 pages, are available at http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/270391.pdf.
The Argentina Declassification Project is led by the
Office of the Director of National Intelligence with support from the White
House. This release is part of an
18-month comprehensive project involving 14 Executive branch departments and
agencies. This project is on-going as they
continue their searches and conduct a word-by-word review of relevant
documents. Additional documents will be
released in the Fall and Winter of 2017, including documents from intelligence
and law enforcement archives, as well as archival repositories at the Departments
of Defense and State.
When do you think they actually released Steve's name to the public? Surely not during the war (in the medal scene they're giving it to "Captain America" not Captain Rogers), but how long after until his name was declassified? How long after until all their names were declassified?
That’s a really good question, Anon!
I don’t know for sure when Steve’s name was released to the public, but in Captain America: The Winter Soldier, the announcement of his disappearance appears in a newspaper on March 5, 1945, with the headline, “ROGERS DISAPPEARS.” This tells us that his name, at least, was released to the public sometime between his receipt of the serum and the plane crash. (Best guess is that his name was revealed to the public during the media frenzy around USO tour, as he was probably billed by his real name in the propaganda films.) That doesn’t mean that information regarding his whereabouts or work between the USO tour and the plane crash was readily available, nor does it mean that the rest of the Howling Commandos were publicly known.
The FOIA basically allows members of the public to request declassification of specific documents. However, the requester must be able to specify which documents they seek with reasonable certainty (you can’t try to request “any documents about X,” you have to be able to say “I’d like the documents about X from Y time period” or similar), and the government can still refuse to release them. It’s been used to request everything from documents on J. Edgar Hoover to the White House’s home-brewed beer recipe.
It’s almost guaranteed that the contributions of the Howling Commandos in the War were heavily classified (almost definitely Secret, and quite possibly Top Secret). It’s more difficult to say for certain when these things were declassified, though. (And much of it has certainly been declassified, because there wouldn’t be a Smithsonian exhibit featuring the Commandos without that happening.)
Agencies are required to declassify their documents after 25 years, unless they fall under one of the exemptions in the FOIA. Anything classified for 50 years or more must contain information on human intelligence sources, weapons of mass destruction, or have special permission. Anything older than 75 years must have special permission.
Given that the interview with Peggy from the Smithsonian exhibit took place in 1953, I think it’s reasonably safe to say that the Commandos’ names were released either during or just after the war. The specifics of their service, however, may not have been released until the 1990s, when the 50-year mark had passed. It’s also possible that some of their activities could still be classified, especially since they’ve not yet hit the 75-year mark (that will be in 2018) and since Steve is still alive and well.
The USS Utah (AG-16), which served as an anti-aircraft gunnery training vessel at the time of the attack, had sustained damaging hits from torpedoes and a bomb. The Utah quickly took in water, formed a serious list and it became evident that the ship would capsize.
After the attack an attempt at salvage was made, but was unsuccessful and no further attempts were made. The Utah, along with the USS Arizona (BB-39) were the only two ships not to be refloated and salvaged.
A report written by Commander John F. Warris, Executive Officer of the Utah on January 7, 1942 highlights the damage the ship sustained during the attack and the issues it faced with flooding and capsizing.
Two enclosures are included. One from T. H. Thompson, “B” Division Officer regarding the distribution of fuel in the tanks and the other from Lieutenant (Jr. Gr.) P. F. Hauck regarding efforts made to close hatches when the flooding began.
Document: NAID 1105681 (Records of the Bureau of Ships, RG 19) Declassification number NND 960035.
While past presidents and presidential candidates have joked about UFOs, Hillary Clinton is one of the first mainstream candidates to promise disclosure of classified Area 51 & UFOs should she be elected president.
“I want to open the files as much as we can,” Clinton said in a recent radio interview. President Barack Obama’s White House was asked to respond. The answer, from President Obama’s press secretary Josh Earnest, will disappoint UFO enthusiasts still hoping for disclosure. “I’m not aware of any plans the President has to make public any information about this.”
Hillary Clinton’s openness on the issue could prompt the Obama administration to disclose classified extraterrestrial information. “Clinton’s presidential campaign and her connection to the ET issue may offer the best chance to end the truth fiasco, ”Steve Bassett, executive director of The Citizen Hearing on Disclosure said , “Obama will be the Disclosure president hopefully well before the November election.”
Clinton has shown a past interest in extraterrestrials in 1995 she was photographed carrying Are We Alone?: Philosophical Implications of the Discovery of Extraterrestrial Life by Paul Davies (above) but she’ll also have the backing of campaign chairman John Podesta, who has crusaded for the release of government information on area 51 for decades.
While previous presidential administrations, including Obama’s have treated declassification of Area 51 files as a joke, a Clinton presidency might at least take the demand seriously
It may be a first in the annals of government secrecy: Declassifying documents to mark the anniversary of their leak to the press. But that is what will happen Monday, when the federal government plans to finally release the secret government study of the Vietnam War known as the Pentagon Papers 40 years after it was first published by The New York Times.
Nanjing is carrying on transformation of the wired digital television, I order one set of and pay the channel, but other two set-boxes can only watch 60 multiple free programs. If what let other two set-boxes watch to me and order paid the channel, mean I want to pay charging the visual fee of triple! How often does it fiddle with, study CA to be little to have achievement, bring, come out, give, share, down.
Jane Foster refuses to be photographed with the Avengers until after her first article on the Einstein-Rosen Bridge is published (after the fall of SHIELD and its declassification by default). She wants the article published on its academic merits, not part of a rush to claim some part of the Avengers. She would also rather be the scientist that connected Earth and Asgard, instead of “Thor’s rumored girlfriend.”
The Public Interest Declassification Board (PIDB) at the National Archives has been hard at work this year developing recommendations to the President of the United States to transform the national security classification system.
PIDB is an advisory committee established by Congress to advise and provide recommendations to the President and other executive branch officials on the identification, collection, review for declassification, and release of declassified records of archival value. In addition, PIDB advises the President on policies regarding classification and declassification of national security information.
On Thursday, December 6th, the Public Interest Declassification Board will host an open meeting to discuss its recommendations to the President on Transforming the Security Classification System. The full Report to the President will be published online on December 6th . The meeting will focus on the Board’s fourteen recommendations, centering on the need for new policies for classifying information, new processes for declassifying information, and the imperative for using and integrating technology into these processes.
When: December 6, 2012 from 9:00 a.m. – 10:30 a.m. DoorsOpen: 8:45 a.m. Where: The Archivist’s Reception Room, Room 105 in the National Archives Building Address: 700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC (Note: Attendees must enter through the Pennsylvania Avenue entrance.) RSVP: email@example.com
The meeting is open to all, including press and media. Space is limited and attendees must register via firstname.lastname@example.org. Please note that one form of Government-issued photo identification (e.g. driver’s license) is required to gain admittance.
We’re excited to participate in #AskAnArchivist on October 30! Archivists from our locations across the nation are ready to answer your questions at @usnatarchives on Twitter tomorrow.
We have archivists that concentrate on the history of the National Archives, work with audiovisual materials, declassify documents, textual reference, Presidential materials and more.
This is your chance to find out how archivists came to have these jobs, what they like or dislike, and what they do! No question is too serious or too silly–so find out about FOIA or learn about the invention of the Beach Cart.
The schedule is below, but feel free to tweet us questions ahead of time!
8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. ET
Got a question for our Presidential libraries? Tweet a question to
Schedule for @usnatarchives
8:30-9 am EDT, Steve Greene
Steve Greene is an Archivist and the Special Media Holdings Coordinator for the Office of Presidential Libraries since 2010. Before that, Steve was the AV Archivist for the Nixon Presidential Library. Steve has worked with the Preservation, Processing and Reference Service on Stills, Sound Recordings and Moving Images at the Presidential Libraries for over 15 years.
9-9:30 am EDT, Amber Forrester
Amber Forrester is an Archivist in NARA’s National Declassification Center, where she has worked for four years. She spends her days working with NARA’s classified holdings and living the NDC motto: “Releasing all we can, protecting what we must.” Amber holds an MLS in Archives & Records Management from the University of Maryland and a BA in American Studies and History from Case Western Reserve University.
9:30-10 am EDT, Rebecca Collier
Rebecca Collier is a Supervisory Archivist of the Textual Reference Archives II Branch at the National Archives in College Park, MD. She has worked in reference at NARA for over 29 years. Her unit assists the public daily and responds to requests concerning many topics including diplomatic, labor, commerce, treasury, National Park Service, American Red Cross records as well as military unit records during the 20th Century (especially WWII, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War) and various intelligence agencies. She has a Master of Arts in History from Bowling Green State University in Ohio and a Bachelor of Arts in History from Ohio Northern University.
10-10:30 am EDT, Jessie Kratz
As Historian of the National Archives, Jessie promotes the history and importance of the agency. She regularly writes articles and blog posts, and gives talks on Archives history. Before becoming Historian, Jessie worked at the Center for LegislativeArchives from 2000 to 2013 where she created publications and exhibits that highlighted Congress’s role in American history. Jessie has an M.A. from the George Washington University in Washington, DC.
11-11:30 am EDT, Joseph Keefe
Joseph P. Keefe is an Archives Specialist and Reference Team Lead and Social Media co-coordinator with the National Archives Northeast Region-Boston and has worked for the National Archives for over 10 years. He began his National Archives career in the Federal Records Center where he worked in both research and the transfer of records into the facility. He moved to the archives in 2006 in his current position as an Archives Specialist. Joseph has a bachelor’s degree in History from Framingham State University in Framingham, Massachusetts, and a MA in American History from the University of Massachusetts, Boston.
1-2 pm EDT, Alan Walker
Alan is an archivist in Textual Processing at Archives II. He works with records of civilian Federal agencies, including those of the National Archives itself. He loves photography and worked with our photographic holdings in the Still Pictures unit here at the Archives for many years. Alan received his M.A. in History from George Mason University.
2-3 pm EDT, Christina Jones and Ketina Taylor
Ketina Taylor started with the National Archives in 2000 in the Still Picture Unit in College Park, Maryland. In 2005, she was promoted to archivist and moved to the State Department Reference Team and eventually the Civilian Records Processing Team. In 2007, Ketina accepted a position for the future George W. Bush Library, and in 2012, she was transferred to the National Archives at Fort Worth.
3 pm EDT, Gerald Ford Presidential Library
Elizabeth Druga and Stacy Davis will be available to answer questions. Elizabeth Druga is an archives technician at the Ford Presidential Library in Ann Arbor, Michigan. She works with textual and AV collections.
3:30 pm EDT, Richard M. Nixon Presidential Library
Jason Schulz, supervisory archivist; Meghan Lee-Parker, archivist; and Carla Braswell, archives technician, will be available to answer questions.
4:30 pm EDT (1:30 pm PDT) Sue Karren
Sue has been with the National Archives for 28 years and is now the director of the National Archives at Seattle. Previously she also worked in the Chicago and Washington, DC, offices and often says, “Come see what we’re saving for you!” Sue has a Master’s degree in 20th-century military history but after 25 years in Seattle thinks of herself as a Western history generalist.
@FDRLibrary, 10-11 a.m. EDT
Bob Clark, the FDR Library’s Deputy Director and Supervisory Archivist will answer your questions.
@IkeLibrary, 10-11 a.m. CDT
Tim Rives, Deputy Director of the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, will be on hand with archivist Chris Abraham.
@LBJLibrary, noon to 5 pm EDT
Liza Talbot is a digital archivist at the LBJ Presidential Library in Austin, TX, where her reference responsibilities include questions about President Johnson and politics, speeches, and science. She also works to make the LBJ Library’s holdings–especially the spectacular photo, audio, and video collections–available on the web for everyone to use. Liza has a BA in History and English from Oberlin College and an MSIS in Archives and Digital Libraries and from the University of Texas, and she is very interested these days in Public History on the web; she created the LBJ Time Machine blog (http://lbjlibrary.tumblr.com/) to experiment with telling stories in new ways.
@CarterLibrary, 8:30-10:30 am, 1:30-3 pm EDT
8:30-10:30 a.m. Ryan Rutkowski is an archivist at the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library. At the Carter Library, he processes records, responds to research requests, and assists the AV Archivist with her projects. In his eight years as an archivist (3 years with Carter), Ryan have developed skills in the areas of archives and records management, exhibit design, policy creation, and historical research and writing. Ryan received his MA in Public History from Loyola University Chicago.
11:30-12:30 Amanda Pellerin is an archivist at the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library working mainly with the foreign relations materials in the collections. Amanda also has responsibilities in digital projects at the Carter Library including the ongoing processing of oral history collections. She has worked in the archival profession for 10 years (4 years with Carter) gaining experience in processing sensitive collections, donor relations, outreach initiatives, and policy development. She has a Masters in Heritage Preservation from Georgia State University and Masters in Library and Information Sciences from Valdosta State University.
@WJCLibrary, 9 am-noon CDT
A group of archivists from the William J. Clinton Presidential Library will be available to answer questions: Brittany Gerke, Racheal Carter-Ragan, Jamie Metrailer, Kara Ellis, Kim Coryat, and Whitney Ross.
@bush41library, 10-11 am CDT
Michelle Bogart is a certified archivist with an MSIS in archives. She has worked in collecting and administrative archives and has been at the Bush Library for five years.
Image: An Archives staff member in the 1930sshows off the cellulose acetate used for the lamination of documents. (64-NA-464; National Archives Identifier 3493252)