On this day in music history: August 15, 1979 - “In Through The Out Door”, the eighth studio album by Led Zeppelin is released. Produced by Jimmy Page, it is recorded at Polar Studios in Stockholm, Sweden in November - December 1978. Recorded at ABBA’s recording studio while the band are tax exiles from the UK, it features a stronger musical presence from lead singer Robert Plant and bassist/keyboardist John Paul Jones. At the time, guitarist Jimmy Page and drummer John Bonham are having their own struggles with alcohol and substance abuse. This results in less group collaboration than on previous albums, with Plant and Jones often working together during the day, while Page and Bonham overdubbing their parts at night. The album cover art (designed by Hipgnosis) is issued with six different variations, and inserted into a brown paper bag with the band name and title rubber stamped on the front, with no indication which cover you are purchasing. On the original press run, the album jackets are coated with a dark finish that can be wiped off with a damp cloth or sponge to reveal the full color image underneath. In July of 2015, the album is remastered and reissued on CD and vinyl, including a boxed Super Deluxe edition with previously unreleased rough mixes of the songs as works in progress. “In Through The Out Door” spends seven weeks at number one on the Billboard Top 200, and is certified 6x Platinum in the US by the RIAA.
Bundy’s first motion for the Caryn Campbell trial was to have his handcuffs removed. Sergeant Ron Davies explained to the judge that his deputies had failed to screen the spectators.
“No!” Bundy screamed when they denied his motion. Bundy began slamming his hands on a table. Davis and a pair of deputies wrestled him to a basement cell. Hysterical, Bundy slipped his shackles around a door jam and snapped the chain.
“That’s when I saw another Ted Bundy,” Davis said later. “He’s strong-willed, good at keeping his emotion in, but when he met something unexpected, he became a little closer to the real Ted Bundy. He tried to bludgeon his way through.”
That afternoon, Bundy returned to the courtroom to face Carol DaRonch.
“I’ve had to listen to this woman four times and keep my mouth shut,” Bundy told Kevin O’Reilly, one of the lawyers appointed to assist him. “I’ve been waiting years for this. I want DaRonch.”
“If you hassle her for two hours, it could adversely affect an appeal in Utah,” O’Reilly warned. “You don’t have any cross-examination experience. It’s just personal with you.”
“You’re damn right it’s personal,” Bundy said. “This may be the last time I see Carol DaRonch.” Bundy strode up to DaRonch like Clarence Darrow.
“Is it possible that the lineup pictures you were shown before had some effect?” Bundy asked.
“No,” DaRonch answered.
“Are you positive that I was your abductor?” he asked. “You’re not really sure I’m the man, are you?”
“Yes,” DaRonch said. “I’m sure. You can’t change your face.”
Bundy fell back to the defense table.
“You had to ask that one last question, didn’t you?” O’Reilly asked Bundy. - Rolling Stone, December 14, 1978
William Grant Still (May 11, 1895 – December 3, 1978) was an American composer, who composed more than 150 works, including five symphonies and eight operas.
Often referred to as “the Dean” of African-American composers, Still was the first American composer to have an opera produced by the New York City Opera. Still is known most for his first symphony, which was until the 1950s the most widely performed symphony composed by an American.
Born in Mississippi, he grew up in Little Rock, Arkansas, attended Wilberforce University and Oberlin Conservatory of Music, and was a student of George Whitefield Chadwick and later Edgard Varèse.
Of note, Still was the first African American to conduct a major American symphony orchestra, the first to have a symphony (his 1st Symphony) performed by a leading orchestra, the first to have an opera performed by a major opera company, and the first to have an opera performed on national television.
Due to his close association and collaboration with prominent Afro-American literary and cultural figures such as Alain Locke and Langston Hughes, William Grant Still is considered to be part of the Harlem Renaissance movement.
In 1918, Still joined the United States Navy to serve in World War I. Between 1919 and 1921, he worked as an arranger for W. C. Handy’s band. In 1921 he recorded with Fletcher Henderson’s Dance Orchestra, and later played in the pit orchestra for Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake’s musical, Shuffle Along. Later in the 1920s, Still served as the arranger of Yamekraw, a “Negro Rhapsody” composed by the noted Harlem stride pianist, James P. Johnson. His initial hiring by Paul Whiteman took place in early November 1929.
In the 1930s, Still worked as an arranger of popular music, writing for Willard Robison’s Deep River Hour and Paul Whiteman’s Old Gold Show, both popular NBC Radio broadcasts. In 1936, Still conducted the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra ; he was the first African American to conduct a major American orchestra.
In 1934, Still received his first Guggenheim Fellowship; he started work on the first of his eight operas, Blue Steel. In 1949 his opera Troubled Island, originally completed in 1939, about Jean Jacques Dessalines and Haiti, was performed by the New York City Opera. It was the first opera by an African American to be performed by a major company.
Still moved to Los Angeles in the 1930s, where he arranged music for films. These included Pennies from Heaven (the 1936 film starring Bing Crosby and Madge Evans) and Lost Horizon (the 1937 film starring Ronald Colman, Jane Wyatt and Sam Jaffe). For Lost Horizon, he arranged the music of Dimitri Tiomkin. Still was also hired to arrange the music for the 1943 film Stormy Weather, but left the assignment after a few weeks due to artistic disagreements.
In 1955, he conducted the New Orleans Philharmonic Orchestra; he was the first African American to conduct a major orchestra in the Deep South. Still’s works were performed internationally by the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, the London Symphony Orchestra, the Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra, and the BBC Orchestra.
He was the first African American to have an opera performed on national United States television when A Bayou Legend, completed in 1941, premiered on PBS in June 1981. Additionally, he was the recording manager of the Black Swan Phonograph Company.
On May 11, 1977, Bundy filed a motion demanding better food, more exercise and a regular haircut.
“Mrs. Hatfield is an excellent cook and her meals are of fine quality,” Bundy wrote. “But, using my nutrition book charts, I find that the daily calorie intake here averages between 1000 and 1500 calories [not] the required daily allowance of calories established by the National Academy of Sciences for an adult male of 154 pounds… I also walk three miles per day. That’s 1200 trips from one end of the cell to the other.” Judge Lohr granted Bundy’s requests, ordering him transferred to the Garfield County Jail in Glenwood Springs. - Rolling Stone, December 14, 1978
On this day in music history: August 10, 1979 - “Off The Wall”, the fifth solo album by Michael Jackson is released. Produced by Quincy Jones, it is recorded at Allen Zentz Recording, Westlake Audio and Cherokee Studios in Los Angeles, CA from December 1978 - June 1979. Following their work together on the film and soundtrack for “The Wiz”, Jones and Jackson begin work on his first solo album for Epic Records. From the outset, the ultimate goal they have in mind is to craft an album that move the singer away his past childhood success, and be regarded as a mature, adult performer. The album features musical support from the cream of L.A. studio talent including Larry Carlton, David Williams, Marlo Henderson, Wah Wah Watson, Phil Upchurch (guitars), Louis Johnson, Bobby Watson (bass), John Robinson (drums), Greg Phillinganes, George Duke, David Foster, Michael Boddicker, Steve Porcaro, David “Hawk” Wolinski (keyboards), Paulinho DaCosta (percussion) and The Seawind Horns (brass & woodwinds). Recorded over a period of six and a half months, Jones cuts the basic tracks in Los Angeles, while Jackson is on the road with his brothers, touring in support of “Destiny”. He comes in off the road during breaks in the tour to record his vocals and oversee the sessions in progress. Buoyed by Jones’ flawless production and Jackson’s outstanding and spirited vocals throughout, it is released to universal praise, surprising the public who are taken aback at Michael Jackson’s stunning musical transformation. A huge commercial success as well, it becomes one of the biggest selling albums of the era, during a time when the music industry is experiencing a major downturn in sales. It spins off four top 10 singles including “Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough” (#1 Pop and R&B), “Rock With You” (#1 Pop and R&B), “Off The Wall” (#10 Pop, #3 R&B), and “She’s Out Of My Life” (#10 Pop, #46 R&B). “Don’t Stop 'Til You Get Enough” wins Jackson his first Grammy Award for Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male in 1980, with the album being inducted into the Grammy Hall Of Fame in 2008. The first CD release includes earlier mixes of “Rock With You” and “Get On The Floor” featured on the first pressing of the album, using the LP gatefold artwork with Jackson’s full body shown. It is remastered and reissued in 2001, featuring interview excerpts with Quincy Jones and Rod Temperton, and the demos of “Don’t Stop” and “Working”. The reissue features amended cover art showing only the lower half of the gatefold with the singers legs and feet. It is remastered and reissued again in 2016 on CD and vinyl, restoring the original artwork, with the CD being released with a DVD or Blu-ray disc with the Spike Lee directed documentary on the making of the album. “Off The Wall” spends sixteen weeks at number one on the Billboard R&B album chart, peaking at number three on the Top 200, and is certified 8x Platinum in the US by the RIAA.
Two of John Wayne Gacy’s police mugshots. The top picture was taken in 1968 when Gacy was convicted of sodomy. The bottom picture was taken in December 1978 after police officers discovered the remains of over thirty young men and boys in the crawl space of his suburban home.
Creepypasta #1118: What Happened To Lucie Drummond?
For a few years, I’ve been running a
“Post a Secret” type art project in my small town in Utah. For me, it
serves two purposes - to keep me feeling like I’m still attached to the art
community but also as a way to advertise my coffee shop, where I hang them.
It’s been pretty popular and I think the locals have a lot of fun contributing
to it. Many of the secrets I get are cute and fluffy, like the little girl who
sent me one about being the person who took the last cookie. Some are a bit
more serious, like one-night stands and the like. But, about a month ago, I got
the most unsettling one I’d ever gotten.
the Saturday mail came in at the shop, I had one regular postcard about peeing
behind a tree at the sled hill and then a second one in a greetings card
envelope. I looked at the envelope and saw it was addressed to me in a typed
letters with no return address and had been postmarked in my town. Inside there
was a postcard.
Thinking it was odd that someone would pay the extra postage to
send it inside an envelope, I began examining it. On the front of the card was
a vintage-type image with a little girl with bright rosy cheeks and curly brown
hair looking up in awe at Santa, who was grinning wildly and putting presents
under the Christmas tree. I remember thinking it was kind of a cute card until
I turned it over and saw, typed along the place where the message usually is was
“I stole Lucie Drummond from her yard. December 4, 1978.”
been times in the past where I’ve questioned what to do with a secret - should
I hang the one about an affair or the one about wishing he or she had never
wanted kids? But, I’ve never, ever been in a situation in which I felt I needed
to contact the police until this one. I called over and an officer stopped by
within half an hour.
the card, he asked me about what I knew about it. I told him the story briefly
and left it at that.
you know who Lucie Drummond is?” I asked. I hadn’t even been born when
this would have allegedly occurred.