Librarians, curators, researchers, bloggers, writers-we all have opportunities every day to create massive change in our respective universes. We’re all making a difference. And that is why I always take the opportunity to challenge rather than just assuming there’s a good reason for these lacks. Most of my benefits of the doubt have already been exhausted, and if you don’t challenge, nothing changes.
They die in hospitals in Torrance, in nursing homes in Long Beach, on the street in L.A.
If relatives of the deceased can be found, they are notified that their loved one’s body is available for pickup. Some families can’t afford it, others simply don’t want to pick up their relatives. Sometimes, no relatives can be found.
In a Wikimedia blog post this week, Steven Walling shared news of an exciting partnership. JSTOR, that non-profit consortium-based database, beloved by high school and college students everywhere for its scholarly, authoritative content, will now provide the 100 most active Wikipedia editors with
free access to the complete archive collections on JSTOR, including more than 1,600 academic journals, primary source documents and other works. The authors who will receive accounts have collectively written more than 100,000 Wikipedia articles to date. Access to JSTOR, which is one of the most popular sources on English Wikipedia, will allow these editors to further fill in the gaps in the sum of all human knowledge.
ELI5: How do hackers find/gain 'backdoor' access to websites, databases etc.?
Gunna try doing this like ELI10. Back door access is just a way of saying “not-expected"access. Sometimes its still done through the front door, and sometimes its through a window.
Something like the front door would be if your Mom told you you could have one glass of coke, and you went and got the big glass flower vase, and poured 6 cokes into it. By following the rules in an unexpected way, you’ve tricked the machine. When mom asks you later how many glasses of coke you had, (of course with her trusty polygraph), you can truthfully answer, "One”. This might be like an SQL injection. Instead of answering 5+8=__ with “14”, you might answer with “14&OUTPUT_FINAL_ANSWER_LIST”. Since it has no spaces and starts with numbers, it might satisfy the rules.
Another way would be if your Mom said you could invite some friends over to play. After the 5th friend walks in, your Mom declares, “That’s it, not another kid walks through that door!” If you open a window and let Johnny climb in with his crayons, technically you didn’t break the rules (for the eventual polygraph) AND when you and your 5 friends go downstairs for homework, Johnny can color all over the walls without someone suspecting he’s there. This is as though you made new login names and used one of the names to give another person administrative, or Mommy, rights. Sometimes you need to make a new login screen, or just knock open a hole in the wall and cover it with a poster, but the idea is still to break the intention of the rules while following them to the letter.
What’s also important to remember is this goes very smoothly when someone lives in the house already, but becomes much harder when you’re trying to get into a stranger’s house. You might have to try to sell them cookies or magazines and then write down where the windows are. Or you might have to offer to clean their whole house for only $5, and then leave a window unlocked for your friend to come back later. Getting inside is a major step.
I’ve been updating the Static Resources page here with even more free, public domain, and open source tools for anyone remotely interested in Digital Humanities. For anyone who has been seized by the spirit of inquiry, whether it’s for an academic project, personal enlightenment, or because you want to fact check something you saw here. It’s my hope that everyone who reads this will at least check out these sites and learn something new today!
TL;DR: If you wanted to make your own MedievalPoC, this is how you get started!
The scientific community keeps many databases that can provide a huge amount of information but may not show up in searches through an ordinary search engine. Check these out to see if you can find what you need to know.
Science.gov. This search engine offers specific categories including agriculture and food, biology and nature, Earth and ocean sciences, health and medicine, and more.
WorldWideScience.org. Search for science information with this connection to international science databases and portals.
CiteSeer.IST. This search engine and digital library will help you find information within scientific literature.
Scirus has a pure scientific focus. It is a far reaching research engine that can scour journals, scientists’ homepages, courseware, pre-print server material, patents and institutional intranets.
Scopus. Find academic information among science, technology, medicine, and social science categories.
GoPubMed. Search for biomedical texts with this search engine that accesses PubMed articles.
the Gene Ontology. Search the Gene Ontology database for genes, proteins, or Gene Ontology terms.
PubFocus. This search engine searches Medline and PubMed for information on articles, authors, and publishing trends.
Scitation. Find over one million scientific papers from journals, conferences, magazines, and other sources with this tool.
I am not a huge expert, but within my company, I am considered the MS Access guru. Our IT department doesn’t support software (they’re just network folks), so if someone asks them an Access question, they always refer them to me.
I often get phone calls that ask “Is um…Sally…there?”. I’ll answer yes, that’s me. They’ll often hang up right then, wait a few minutes, and then call me back. When they get me the second time, they’ll explain “Well, when I called, a LADY answered, so I had to call IT to make sure they’d given me the right number! Ha ha ha.” Despite the obviously female name, they were still expecting a man, maybe a foreign one to explain the “odd” name.
The hanger-uppers then go on to say, “Well, IT said you could maybe help me. You see, I’m working in Access, that’s a DATABASE program - I’m not sure if you know about databases”. I’ll answer that yes, I do, and in fact, that is why IT refers people to me. The worst ones STILL won’t get it and will start by explaining that there are these FORMS, and god forbid, CODE… I just say “I’m sorry, but I’m going to put you on hold while you explain Access 101 to yourself. I’ll check back with you in 10 minutes to see if you’ve gotten around to an actual question.”
I’ve had a few actually wait the 10 minutes and apologize.
The archive is open access, which means that all information is available to to everyone. All postings are accompanied by searchable metadata that identify the researchers, the languages and linguistic phenomena involved, the statistical methods applied, and scholarly publications based on the data (where relevant).
Linguists worldwide are invited to post datasets and statistical models used in linguistic research.
Tumblr is one of the largest users of MySQL on the web. At present, our data set consists of over 60 billion relational rows, adding up to 21 terabytes of unique relational data. Managing over 200 dedicated database servers can be a bit of a handful, so naturally we engineered some creative solutions to help automate our common processes.
Today, we’re happy to announce the open source release of Jetpants, Tumblr’s in-house toolchain for managing huge MySQL database topologies. Jetpants offers a command suite for easily cloning replicas, rebalancing shards, and performing master promotions. It’s also a full Ruby library for use in developing custom billion-row migration scripts, automating database manipulations, and copying huge files quickly to multiple remote destinations.
Dynamically resizable range-based sharding allows you to scale MySQL horizontally in a robust manner, without any need for a central lookup service or massive pre-allocation of tiny shards. Jetpants supports this range-based model by providing a fast way to split shards that are approaching capacity or I/O limitations. On our hardware, we can split a 750GB, billion-row pool in half in under six hours.
One of the oldest forms of information dissemination is word-of-mouth, and the Internet is no different. With the popularity of bookmarking and other collaborative sites, obscure blogs and websites can gain plenty of attention. Follow these sites to see what others are reading.
Del.icio.us. As readers find interesting articles or blog posts, they can tag, save, and share them so that others can enjoy the content as well.
Digg. As people read blogs or websites, they can “digg” the ones they like, thus creating a network of user-selected sites on the Internet.
Technorati. Not only is this site a blog search engine, but it is also a place for members to vote and share, thus increasing the visibility for blogs.
StumbleUpon. As you read information on the Internet, you can Stumble it and give it a thumbs up or down. The more you Stumble, the more closely aligned to your taste will the content become.
Reddit. Working similarly to StumbleUpon, Reddit asks you to vote on articles, then customizes content based on your preferences.
Twine. With Twine you can search for information as well as share with others and get recommendations from Twine.
Kreeo.com. This collaborative site offers shared knowledge from its members through forums, blogs, and shared websites.
Today I got to a question in my inbox that asked the following:
“Is there anything that we can do to help you answer questions easier? Do you have a routine when you look up items for us?”
And it brought up that there is something I’ve been wanting to share and that’s how to make the most of Lolibrary.
A lot of people seem to think the only way to find things there is to use the search bar and scroll endlessly through the results but there are a lot of ways to narrow it down to find more specific things.
Let’s say you want to buy a black JSK with roses on it and you want to see what your options might be for second hand dresses when you make your WTB post. The first thing to do is to put your mouse over the “Search” text (not the button next to the search box, the other one) and click where it says “Apparel search” in the drop-down.
That will take you to a lovely page that looks like this
From this page you can start to narrow down your search. Let’s start by telling it that we want to look at JSKs.
It has now given us a list of every JSK it has in the database. But we still want to narrow it down. Above the list you’ll have the same options as before to choose from, minus the option of item type.
So now we’re going to tell it that we want to look at things that are black. It’s now looking for JSKs that come in black. But we need to narrow this down farther and find black JSKs that have roses so we’re going to use the keyword search under the list of links, making sure that we have the “search within results” button checked, to search for “roses.”
We now should have 290 results for black JSKs that include roses. If you wanted to get even more specific you can also include a search by brand, year, and other features like shirring and detachable waist ties.
This is the method that I use to search for a lot of things I’m asked about when I can’t think of something off the top of my head so if you’re like the anon who asked this question and you want to see what you can find on your own before asking, this is a great way to do it.
Lolibrary also has other great ways of searching for things like their shoe search and their tagging system which you can utilize for farther searching needs.
Valency Patterns Leipzig (ValPaL) is an incredibly useful online database containing the results of a large-scale cross-linguistic comparison of valency classes, i.e. ways that verbs can vary in whether they have subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, or other arguments.
With respect to their valency properties, verbs fall into different classes in all languages. The project was inspired by Levin (1993), a classical study of syntactic classes of verbs in English, which argued that a semantic classification of verbs can be achieved through applying syntactic diagnostics. Yet, this study, as well as an earlier study by Apresjan (1967) on Russian, was not followed up cross-linguistically, which leaves open the question of which aspects of these classifications are universal and which are language-particular. Similarly, valency dictionaries are few in number and mostly deal with European languages, thus they cannot fill the gap.
To make progress in the cross-linguistic study of valency classes, the members of the Valency Classes Project (Andrej Malchukov, Bernard Comrie, Iren Hartmann, Martin Haspelmath, Bradley Taylor & Søren Wichmann) assembled a group of contributors, who collaborated on providing a consistent set of cross-linguistic data.
But since different verbs are reciprocal, transitive, etc. in different languages, ValPaL lets you look up common verbs by their valency in 36 languages, from a wide variety of language families, for example, if you’re trying to create stimuli for an experiment.
I have often thought about creating an archive of POC images from the Early Modern Era, for teaching purposes. You've done something similar, but so much cooler. So my question is this: how do you deal with copyright issues? This was the biggest hurdle for me. I looked into the costs of obtaining images, along with the reproduction rights to post them online, at it was extremely expensive. So, are you only posting license-free unrestricted images? Or does this fall under fair use somehow?
??? Weird! Almost all of these images are Public Domain for certain uses. Educational purposes absolutely fall under that category.
Now, if I wanted to use them in a book, (which I am/do), there are some that require specific licensing, it’s true. I plan to see if there is interest sufficient enough for crowdfunding a project like that; i have reason to believe there is. As for educational use, do you not have access to databases that are for educators?
There have been a few times where people have preferred that I not use their personal photos or blog photos, in cases where that ended up happening, through various mistakes of attribution that were my own, I have removed the images and replaced them with links.
In addition, I don’t know if you are in the U.S., but copyright cases over the use of photos of an artwork to which the copyright expired or never existed, there is no reasonable assumption that you can own copyright to a photograph of an artwork intended to show the artwork. Does that make sense?
It’s like….there’s a reason you can do this:
Although it’s possible they paid someone who took the photo. YMMV. Also, many, many many museums offer these works, downloadable at very high resolution, for free.
I could go on, but I just wanted you to know that if your project is respectful and for the purposes of education, there is no reason to assume you’d have any restrictions. Anything that’s behind a paywall might have additional considerations, and anything that says it is explicitly copyrighted should be used cautiously or not at all.
All in all, what I’m doing here is much more copyright-friendly than your average, run of the mill Star Trek slashfic. XD Overall, most of these museums and institutions are much more interested in getting people to give a crap and hopefully pay for tickets to go see the silly thing in person than they are about slapping random online academics with cease-and-desist orders.
I owe everyone who submits a great debt, as do my readers. Anyhow, you should definitely go ahead with your project. One of my biggest motivations with this project is to encourage others to enjoy and share their research as well!