darrin zammit lupi

Mediterranean Sea. April 14, 2017. Migrants try to stay afloat after falling off their rubber raft during a rescue operation by the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station ship in in international waters. All 134 sub-Saharan migrants survived and were rescued by MOAS.

Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

St Julian’s, Malta

A competitor falls off the gostra, a pole covered in lard, during the celebrations for the religious feast of St Julian

Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

Shadows of history in Malta’s war tunnels

In a vast network of tunnels carved into the rocks under Valletta, the capital of Malta, faded maps of the Mediterranean hint at the place’s role in directing key battles in World War II.

Malta is now restoring the 28,000 square meters (300,000 square feet) of tunnels, planning to open a huge section to the public.

The compound, hidden under the picturesque port city perched on cliffs above the sea, was built by the British and served as the staging ground for major naval operations. The British military withdrew from the island in 1979 and the compound was abandoned for almost 40 years.

German and Italian forces bombarded Malta intensively between 1940 and 1942 as part of their attempt to gain control of the Mediterranean, but did not manage to force the British out. During the Cold War, the tunnels were involved in tracking Soviet submarines.

Over the years, water and humidity have let rust and mold spread. Some rooms have been vandalized, but traces of the military apparatus that once occupied the complex still remain. Military cot beds, tangled cables and dust-covered rotary phones litter the rooms.

The Malta Heritage Trust, a nongovernmental preservation group, began the multi-million-dollar restoration of the site in 2009. (Reuters)

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A rotary dial telephone set and clock are seen in the NATO tunnels dating back to the Cold War in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 28, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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Details on a door leading to the map room at the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, are seen in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, Jan. 23, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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A bathroom sink is seen in the War Headquarters tunnels, parts of which date back to World War II, beneath Valletta, Malta, Jan. 26, 2009. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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The NATO tunnels, dating back to the Cold War, are seen in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 28, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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A rust-covered electric socket is seen at the NATO tunnels dating back to the Cold War in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 28, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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A staircase leads upwards at the NATO tunnels, dating back to the Cold War, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 28, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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A detail of a map of the Mediterranean is seen in the map room at the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, Jan. 23, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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An electricity fuse board is seen in the NATO tunnels dating back to the Cold War, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 28, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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Labelled map fragments are seen in the map room at the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 24, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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Bed cots are seen in a corridor at the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, Jan. 26, 2009. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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A reel of cine film is seen in the NATO tunnels dating back to the Cold War in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 28, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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A lantern is seen in the NATO tunnels, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 28, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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Bed cots are seen in a restored area of the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, Jan. 24, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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A detail on a map is seen in the map room at the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 24, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

Source: Yahoo News Photo Staff

Pigeon feathers lie on broken pieces of a wall map in the Briefing Room at the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 24, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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Part of a map showing the central Mediterranean is seen in the map room at the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 24, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

Source: Yahoo News Photo Staff

Electricity conduits and cables are plied onto a chair in the Filter Room at the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, Jan. 24, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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Graffiti left by vandals covers the walls in the Briefing Room at the Combined Operations Centre, dating back to World War II, in the War Headquarters tunnels beneath Valletta, Malta, March 24, 2017. (Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters)

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10

International Women’s Day 2014: 20 portraits of mothers and daughters around the world.

Lucia Mayta, 43, and her daughter Luz Cecilia, 12, pose for a photograph inside their bodega in La Paz, Bolivia. Lucia studied until the fourth grade of primary school, and knows how to read and write and do basic maths. She runs a bodega, and the family live in a back room. She hopes to build a house in the future. Luz Cecilia is in seventh grade and wants to be a singer. Photograph: David Mercado/Reuters

Saciido Sheik Yacquub, 34, poses for a picture with her daughter Faadumo Subeer Mohamed, 13, at their home in Hodan district IDP camp in Mogadishu. Saciido, who runs a small business, wanted to be a businesswoman when she was a child. She studied until she was 20. She hopes that Faadumo will become a doctor. Faadumo will finish school in 2017 and hopes to be a doctor when she grows up. Photograph: Feisal Omar/Reuters

Oumou Ndiaye, 30, and her daughter Aissata Golfa, 9, pose for a picture in their house in Bamako, Mali. Oumou, who is a housewife, did not go to school. As a child she hoped to marry a local businessman. She hopes her daughter will marry someone from their ethnic group when she grows up, and that she will stay in education until she is 20 years old. Aissata says that she will finish school when she is 18, and hopes to be a schoolteacher when she grows up. Photograph: Joe Penney/Reuters

Lucia Mayta, 43, and her daughter Luz Cecilia, 12, pose for a photograph inside their bodega in La Paz, Bolivia. Lucia studied until the fourth grade of primary school, and knows how to read and write and do basic maths. She runs a bodega, and the family live in a back room. She hopes to build a house in the future. Luz Cecilia is in seventh grade and wants to be a singer. Photograph: David Mercado/Reuters

Bidaa Mhem Thabet al-Hasan (Um Suleiman), 39, poses with her daughter Mariam Khaled Masto, 9, outside their home in Deir al-Zor, Syria. Bidaa is the director of a school founded by a group of teachers and volunteers. Her ambition was to become a gynaecologist. She hopes her daughter will join the pharmacy school, but says that she will let her follow her own ambitions and that her success will make her happy. Mariam will finish her education in 13 years, and would like to become an Arabic teacher in Deir al-Zor. Photograph: Khalil Ashawi/Reuters

Sulochna Mohan Sawant, 23, poses with her five-year-old daughter Shamika Sawant inside their home in Mumbai, India. Sulochna, who works as a maid, wanted to become a doctor when she was a child., but could only study until the age of 14. Sulochna wants her daughter to become a teacher. Shamika also wants to become a teacher. Photograph: Mansi Thapliyal/Reuters

Denise Arthur, 52, and her daughter Linnaea Thibedeau, 13, stand together at home near Blackhawk, Colorado. Denise Arthur is a restoration ecologist. She has a PhD and finished her education at 34. Her ambition as a child was to be an animal behaviorist. Denise hopes her daughter Linnaea will become a biologist when she grows up. Linnaea would like to get a PhD and become a marine biologist. Photograph: Rick Walking/Reuters

Charlotte Stafarce, 49, and her daughter Scarlett, 9, pose in the living room of their home in Zebbug, outside Valletta, Malta. Charlotte is an actress and freelance drama teacher who finished her education at 17. Charlotte hopes her daughter will be a scientist when she grows up. Scarlett says she would like to be a vet. Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi//Reuters

Manami Miyazak, 39, and her daughter Nanaha, 13, pose at their home in Tokyo. Manami, who is a housewife, studied until she was 20. Her ambition was to work somewhere where she could meet lots of people. She hopes that her daughter will build a loving home with a happy marriage. She says it would be great if her daughter could find work that makes use of her abilities and interests. Nanaha wants to be either a designer, musician or a nurse. Photograph: Toru Hanai/Reuters

Vered, 43, poses with her daughter Alma, 13, in their home in Kibbutz Hukuk near the Sea of Galilee in northern Israel. Vered got a degree in design at the age of 27 and currently runs educational art projects in local communities. Vered hopes her daughter Alma will find a profession that brings her happiness and satisfaction. Alma will graduate from high school in five years, at the age of 18, and says she would like to be a part of the film industry as a director, camerawoman, editor or actor. Photograph: Nir Elias/Reute

  • Full story and gallery via The Guardian
  • You may also find this interesting - “International Women’s Day 2014: What kind of world do YOU want to build?“ via CNN

Migrants’ belongings, including a child’s buoyancy ring, litter the deck of a wooden boat from which migrants were rescued 10.5 miles (16 km) off the coast of Libya, August 6, 2015. An estimated 600 migrants were rescued on the boat by the international non-governmental organizations Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF) and the Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) without loss of life on Thursday afternoon, according to MSF and MOAS. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi