Terpsichore, Muse of Dance (1620). Giovanni Baglione (Italian, 1566-1643). Oil on canvas. Musée des Beaux-Arts d'Arras.
Terpsichore was one of the nine Mousai (Muses), the goddesses of music, song and dance. In the classical era, when the Mousai were assigned specific literary and artistic spheres, Terpsikhore was named Muse of choral song and dancing, and depicted with a lyre and plectrum.