In 1989, Brazilian TV broadcast a startling sight: a topless women in warpaint running a machete blade across the face of a terrified engineer.
Photo credit: Paulo Jares/Interfoto (1989)
This was Tuira, a warrior woman of the indigenous Kayapó people. The setting was a conference discussing the building of a dam that would flood her ancestral lands. She ran her blade across his cheeks three times, close enough to shave his facial hair, and told him, in her native tongue: “You are a liar – We do not need electricity. Electricity is not going to give us our food. We need our rivers to flow freely: our future depends on it. We need our jungles for hunting and gathering. We do not need your dam.”
Shortly thereafter, the World Bank cancelled a $500 million loan to Brazil, and the plan to dam the Xingu river was shelved.
However, the government came back around. As of 2008, José Antônio Muniz Lopes, the engineer who was threatened in 1989, had become president of the state electric holding company (ElectroBras), and was once again moving forward with the plans for a dam. Tuira showed up once more to scold the industrialists, but in the end, she and her people lost the appeal.
Despite massive protests from the indigenous people living there, the government went ahead with building the Belo Monte dam. As of December 2014, it was scheduled to stop up the river this month, and in so doing, flood much of the area in which the Kayapó and others live.
Antonio Melo, of the Xingu Vivo anti-dam campaign, said this of the indigenous tribes: “Belo Monte is gradually weakening them. It’s very sad to see. We’ve been fighting together for 30 years, but now they are succumbing to drugs, drinking and prostitution… the dams produce cheap electricity, but the cost is paid here in the destruction of the environment and the destruction of people’s lives.”
So after it was made canon that Hal has Jewish heritage, I’ve began making a few headcanons. One of which is that he learned Hebrew and Yiddish when he was younger, and sometimes gives his nieces and nephews Yiddish terms of endearment. I also like the idea of using this headcanon to make some Batlantern goodness involving Hal crashing at Bruce’s manor after a long mission and in his tired state, accidentally mistaking Damian as one of his nephews or actually referring to Damian as his own kid.
At first I was gonna use Motek, but then I dug around and realized the the majority of the Jewish community in the US speak Yiddish and thought that would fit better for Hal… However if I got the word wrong please tell me, I’d rather fix it than let it remain a mistake.
CASAECHIESA is a small marble bookshelf where to put the book you’re reading and storing your next readings.
It is a tribute to the Italy’s history, always divided between temporal and spiritual power, Guelphs and Ghibellines, Communist Party and Christian Democracy, Peppone and Don Camillo. The books define its shape: one for the roof, the others for the bell tower.
CASAECHIESA is going to be presented today, at the 2014 Turin International Book Fair opening, with Holy See as Guest Country. You can find the minibokshelf at Codice Edizioni Stand.
Alessandro Damin, graduated in Eco-Design at the Polytechnic of Turin, is currently running his own studio in Turin , Italy, working on graphic and product design.To know more about CASAECHIESA and Alessandro Damin, please write to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.