damaged kidneys

Magic Armpit

My Goliath Barbarian, Thak, was bleeding profusely out both of his sides, with a damaged kidney, and was woozy from low hit points. He was deep in a melee with orcs. Our human rogue, Randal, was behind Thak and 100 feet away. Randal rolled a 20 and his arrow passed under Thak’s raised arm, into the eye of the orc Thak was fighting, killing him. Thak shouted, “I HAVE MAGIC ARMPITS”

“We have a job as Black women to support whatever is right and to bring in justice where we’ve had so much injustice.” – Fannie Lou Hamer

HERStory Matters: Civil and voting rights activist Fannie Lou Hamer was born on October 6, 1917.

Born Fannie Lou Townsend in rural Montgomery County, MS, she was the youngest of 20 children born to Jim and Ella Townsend, poor sharecroppers, who found it hard to provide proper food and clothing for their children. When she was six years old she joined her family in the fields picking cotton and dropped out of school by the time she was in the third grade.

When she was 16, she caught polio which made it hard for her to work in the fields. When Marlow (her boss) found out that Fannie Lou could read and write, he made her the time and record keeper for the plantation in addition to cooking and cleaning his house.

In 1945, at the age of 27, Fannie Lou married Perry “Pap” Hamer who was a tractor driver on the Marlow farm. They had no children of their own. Fannie Lou went to the hospital to find out why she could not conceive and was told she had a tumor. She wasn’t told that they performed a hysterectomy on her that day but was later told by the doctor that it was done out of kindness. Fannie Lou was outraged. As a result, the Hamers adopted 4 children, 2 girls and 2 boys who were all from very poor families.

On one fateful day, while walking by the Ruleville, Mississippi town center, Fannie Lou saw a sign posted by the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and decided to investigate. She was 37 years old at the time and was ripe for expressing her outrage over the conditions she and other blacks were subjected to in this rural community. She joined the SNCC and worked as a field worker on the voter registration committee. The committee worked on preparing blacks to read and write so they could register to vote.

Seventeen people tried to register and were turned back one day. When Marlow was informed of the drive to register, he threatened Fannie Lou and her family with expulsion from the plantation on which they worked. She left that night and stayed with friends but it wasn’t long before her location was discovered and she and her friends were shot at that night by the KKK.

She strongly believed that blacks could change their conditions, both political and economic, if they could vote for the candidates who would best serve them. Fannie Lou studied with the Southern Free School along with other potential voters and passed the voter registration test on her third try.

In 1963, the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) was formed because no help from the Federal Government regarding the right to vote was apparently coming. The party registered
60,000 new black voters across the state of Mississippi. Delegates from the party were sent to the 1964 Democratic Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey where they challenged the seating of the Mississippi delegation.

Fannie Lou took the opportunity to describe to the convention, and to the world, the horrific way she was treated after they left the voter registration workshop in Charleston, South Carolina in June 1963. She said that on the way home, they were hungry and wanted to stop at a Trailways bus terminal in Winona, Mississippi for food. Fannie Lou decided to stay on the bus while the others went into the terminal. They were not served but were arrested. She was also arrested. She was taken out of her jail cell and taken to another cell and there, under the orders of a State Highway Patrol officer, was battered by two Negro prisoners with a police blackjack. The first prisoner beat her until he was exhausted. The law enforcement officer then ordered the second prisoner to beat her. It was three days before members of SNCC were allowed to take her to the hospital.

Fannie Lou told the convention that as a result of this beating, she suffered permanent kidney damage, a blood clot in the artery of her left eye, and a limp when she walked. Her riveting testimony to the convention, which was interrupted by a hastily called speech by President Johnson, informed the country about the treatment blacks were receiving at the hands of whites in the state of Mississippi and the rest of the south.

Fannie Lou’s involvement widened as she ran for Congress in the Mississippi state Democratic primary in 1964. She was unsuccessful in that run but she went on to appear at rallies and visit colleges and universities around the country to speak to students. She led the cotton pickers resistance movement in 1965 and was instrumental in helping to bring a Head Start program to her hometown of Ruleville, MS. Mrs. Hamer was also famous for her rich singing voice which she used often to soothe tensions and to fortify herself spiritually. She sang “This Little Light of Mine” and other spirituals to calm others during marches and critical events.

Fannie Lou was a Democratic National Committee Representative from 1968-1971. She ran for the Mississippi State Senate in 1971 and was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1972.

In 1972, a unanimous resolution praising Fannie Lou’s statewide and national contribution to civil rights was passed by the Mississippi House of Representatives. Other awards came her way as the courageous work she undertook was recognized. She received honorary PhDs from several universities including Howard University.

Fannie Lou Hamer died in the hospital at Mound Bayou, Mississippi on March 14, 1977, of heart problems, hypertension, and breast cancer.

Learn more about Fannie Lou Hamer through several books and recordings, available athttp://amzn.to/2dPfWWE. Watch a trailer for an upcoming documentary about her life, “Fannie Lou Hamer’s America,” at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4SzxJuCs_nU.

Why I Drink Lemon Water Every Morning

Every morning I start the same way!

I groggily crawl out of bed and wonder why I bother bounce out of bed and start my day off with a positive thought and think about all the awesome things I’m going to do that day!!

When you start your day on a positive note it sets the tone for the remainder of your day!! Tomorrow morning try saying “Good morning Beautiful, today is going to be fucking swell!” Instead of fuuuuucccckkk liiighhhhttt arrrrrgggggh *scary moaning noses”

Once I’m up I begin every morning with the juice from half a lemon, 1 Tb of Apple cider vinegar and half a cup of warm water!



Seriously! I try and squeeze some lemon into all my water, and I often slice up some pieces to put in my water bottle! 

Benefits of Lemon Water 

  1. Helps You Lose Weight - Lemon juice contains the soluble fiber, pectin, which has been shown to aid weight loss and prevent hunger
  2. Balances the immune system - Lemon water has been shown to stimulate the brain and nerve functions, which is something I really need in the mornings
  3. Lowers Stress - Vitamin C is the first thing in the body that is lowered when your under pressure! Drink Lemon water to keep those Vit C levels up!!!
  4. Helps prevent pimples
  5. Helps Prevent Cancer - Some studies have shown that the activity of  citrus liminoids, compounds that protect cells from damage, can prevent cancer
  6. Prevents Kidney stones - Drinking lemon water raises citrate levels in the urine which can protect against calcium stones in the kidneys
  7. Buh-Bye Bloat - Lemon water is the.best diuretic which helps get rid of bloating, and helps with constipation and digestions by flushing out toxins in your pee pee
  8. Balance pH Levels - Drinking lemon water reduces your body’s overall acidity, which is weird because even though lemons are acidic it is still one of the most alkalizing foods!!
  9. Gets rid of bad breath
  10. Helps a cold - Lemon water can bring down a fever and soothe a sore throat 

Ok so I think that is plenty of reasons for you to start this morning ritual!! So drink up!!!

Do you already drink lemon water in the morning? What is your morning ritual like?

xxx Jordana

Here’s a thing: If you suspect your vet is ripping you off, they just might be ripping you off

You know the thing where people either don’t have health insurance or do but mistakenly get sent an itemized medical bill and they see hospitals charging like $80 for an aspirin and $150 for a blanket and $5000 for a paper gown*? That shit goes on in veterinary medicine both with procedures and drugs prices. Only difference is, almost nobody on the planet has pet insurance so almost all vet bills come out of pocket. And there’s an added layer of mystery because much of the time your animal can’t (or doesn’t) indicate if something is wrong. Even more so than with with human medicine, people are entirely at the mercy of what their veterinarian tells them is necessary.

I won’t go so far as to say vets deliberately mislead people to make money. I will say that I’ve seen prices for pretty standard procedures cost as much as 100% more depending on which clinic you go to. And I don’t mean ‘normal vet office in suburban neighborhood vs mobile vet bus in downtrodden area’. I mean like, down the street. Sometimes things cost what they cost though. That’s why I say the biggest problem I see with vets ripping people off is in their policy on expensive, invasive procedures. In my time I have seen vet’s offices recommend annual full dental cleanings (anesthesia, x-ray, and all, every single year), and whole hip replacements for 12 year old dogs with like the normal joint/skeletal degeneration you’d expect from a 12 year old dog–while not telling owners that said replacement will mean the animal may also need to be on blood thinners, pain killers, and anti inflammatory meds for the rest of its life. 

And I know this shit is bad practice because I’ve seen good, responsible, pragmatic veterinarians who sit down with owners and explain that having a tumor removed from their 4 year old guinea pig is probably a waste of money, and there’s a higher-than-normal chance that such a small animal could die under anesthesia. I’ve known good vets who will tell you their whole office policy is to try to not do invasive surgery on dogs over 10, because it’s super stressful and carries higher risk. I’ve known responsible vets who just straight up say yes your dog has epilepsy, but the meds to help that are expensive and will damage its kidneys, so unless it’s having a seizure a month I don’t recommend it. I’ve known pragmatic vets who straight up tell people, “Your pet is old. It’s going to slowly degenerate. When it gets to be too much you can have it put down, but burning money to make it act like it did when it was young is fighting a losing battle that will ultimately decrease its quality of life and bankrupt you.”

Those are the sorts of vets you look for, because those people know that animals are animals, and people have budgets. PLEASE don’t internalize messages that the amount of money you’re willing to spend is evidence of how much you love your pet. Sometimes shit is extremely expensive, and it’s just not responsible to spend thousands of dollars on a pet. IME I’ve noticed a difference in the kind of clientele certain offices get? Like, ‘upper-middle class people who can afford dog chemo and will shell out a mortgage payment so Fluffy can live 1 more year’ vs ‘everyone else’. You can tell quickly which kind of client your vet is used to servicing based on what kind of shit they recommend. It’s tough to draw a firm line on that, because young animals need rounds of vaccinations like young humans, and some animals do have health problems, or special concerns. But if you have a healthy 5 year old cat and they have you coming in every 6 months for blood work, and they’re trying to sell you on pet insurance**, I’d say that’s a red flag. Some vets are pretty down to earth, and will work with you, or offer alternatives to expensive procedures. Some live in a beverley hills bubble and look down on owners who won’t sell all their possessions to have their dog’s brain transplanted into a rocket-powered cyborg body.

So if you have doubts about either the cost of a procedure or a diagnosis, shop around/get a second opinion. I just had to do that for my dog. She needs her teeth cleaned and her regular vet was charging $600 for it before the x-ray. I called around one afternoon and found a great place who will do it for $240, x-ray included! So we now we have a new vet!

*for those not familiar with the widespread phenomenon of outrageous hospital markups and soaring drug prices:

**Lots of people have good things to say about pet insurance. I’m not one of them. I think it’s a scam. It maybe comes in handy in the first year of your pet’s life when they need all their shots, and to get spayed/neutered. And maybe at the end of its life, depending on how much money you’re willing to spend to delay the inevitable. But most of the time, your average mongrel dog or cat won’t need any serious medical intervention, ever (barring getting in a fight with a porcupine or car).

Betta Generalization

For lack of a better title.

Before I found Fishblr, I used to be apart of a fish forum that was FULL of know-it-alls, agism, and decade’s old info.

A lot of it actually pissed me off, and I thought I’d post some of the nonsense here, and see what you all think?

-I was told that aquarium salt is one of the worst things you can use for a betta, and if water changes don’t suffice, you should skip right to antibiotics. Salt does nothing for your betta, except damage it’s liver and kidneys.

*I honestly think this is utter bullshit. I was totally taken aback when I read this. Salt does have healing properties, and has been shown to be beneficial in fin and gill health. I’ve personally had great results with salt, and would never skip right to antibiotics. As a matter of fact, if kidney damage is as much a concern as it is with salt, I wouldn’t use antibiotics either!

-Bettas can’t recognize their keepers by action or gesture. All humans are humans to them.

*My bettas know me, they know my hands, and the way I move. If you get anyone else poking around their tanks, they go wild and hide. With me, they actually come up to my hands and try nibbling on them.

-The only reason bettas greet you at the side of the tank, is because they felt the vibrations of your feet, walking towards their tank.

*Bullshit. I weigh 100 lbs soaking wet, and my house is built on a solid concrete foundation. I could be wearing lead boots and stomp around, and I bet my fish wouldn’t feel these said “vibrations”. I could see them becoming accustomed to the sound, and your arrival, given you didn’t have a concrete foundation, but it’s not essential, and not the only way they know of your presents.

-Bettas have terrible eyesite, and cannot see more than a foot or two in front of them.

*I am currently about 12 ft from my furthest tank, and Peaches is doing her food wiggles for me. The closest tank is about 8 ft, and Nanners is staring at me. :p

-They are incapable of feeling pain and fear.

*The amount of bull with this one, makes me want to scream! The person who posted this said that betta/fish in general, are incapable of experiencing pain as humans do. I.e., they only “react” to uncomfortable situations, because they’re prey animals, and don’t want to be eaten. (Idk how the hell they came up with that). A fish will swim away from pain, because that’s all they can do. Humans will pull their hands back from a burning flame. It’s the same thing! Not to mention, fish don’t always swim away from these annoyances, they’ll actively try to dislodge parasites, such as the Ich! They do feel sensations, and they know when they don’t like something.

I’m sure there were more, but these are some that stood out in my mind. All these people were super rude and condescending, it was ridiculous. I’m so glad I found fishblr. UwU

anonymous asked:

If someone were to be poisoned with arsenic for a long period, how might this affect them? What symptoms might they show, and what long-term effects might it have on them?

Hey there nonny! There’s an excellent chapter in Deborah Blum’s book [The Poisoner’s Handbook], which is a phenomenal history of poisoning and the development of forensic pathology as a whole, devoted to arsenic poisoning. 

Arsenic is a great mimic of other diseases, which means that it’s fairly easy to hide. In chronic poisoning like the one you describe, it causes skin lesions – either hyper or hypopigmentation, skin scaling. Hypertension. Kidney damage is very common. Fingernails develop whitish lines. 

Arsenic survivors have an increased tendency to develop cancer of the lungs, the bladder, the liver and the skin. 

But in acute poisonings – even those not severe enough to be lethal – arsenic produces gastrointestinal symptoms first, including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain. Garlicky odor on the breath. Bloody vomit. Severe, watery diarrhea. Hepatitis. Arrhythmia, shock, hypotension. 

If the initial poisoning is survived, neurological problems are common and onset about 1-3 weeks after the poisoning. These include weakness, tingling, and sensory loss in the limbs which is rapidly ascending. It’s a form of bilateral neuropathy. 

One interesting thing about arsenic poisoning is that it tends to leave surprisingly well-preserved corpses. The arsenic prevents decomposition of the bodies by being toxic to the bacteria that typically break down the body. Bodies buried a year after dying of arsenic poisoning “did not differ from a living person” in appearance, according to a quote in Blum’s book. 

I hope this helped!! 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty


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rrrawrf  asked:

how long could a healthy man, late 20s, hold a planking position as a stress position? (feet on block of wood little bit lower than his hands, on another platform) the setting is roughly equivalent to medieval times in europe, but i only have a question about this one position.

Well the absolute maximum if you don’t want the character to die is 48 hours.

Holding a stress position longer than 48 hours really increases the chance of death from kidney failure. (I know you probably know that but it’s worth repeating for people who are new to the blog).

I’m a little bit confused about the position, so you’re getting some Terrible Illustrations:

I’m interpreting this as either having the character bent forward like this

Or in a straight, push-up like position like this:

The first position can be held for longer without physical collapse but would still be incredibly painful. It’s essentially similar to the murgha position used in India. It’s not a position that a man in that period would be likely to regularly adopt but the semi-seated nature of it means he’s less likely to fall over or faint. I think that the character you describe could probably hold this position for up to 48 hours.

Afterwards he’d be unable to walk or use his arms and would need to rest, drink and eat in order to recover physically which could take up to a week.

The second position is much more prone to physical collapse and I’d expect him to collapse much earlier in that position.

Part of the problem is that with either position the character is likely going to be watched by guards who would beat him if he moves out of the position or collapses. That’s generally how stress positions work if the victim isn’t tied in place.

In the second position the victim could collapse multiple times and be hauled up by the guards, hit and forced to adopt the position again. This is only likely to stop when the victim physically can not use his arms any more.

What I’m saying is that with this position there’s likely to be a difference between the time of the first collapse and when the torture would actually stop.

As an absolute maximum I’d suggest 24 hours for when the torture actually stops, with multiple collapses and beatings in between. 12-18 hours is probably more reasonable as the point when the torture would stop.

I know that seems like a big variation but a lot depends on the character’s physical strength and there would be a lot of natural variation based on that.

I’d expect him to collapse for the first time well before that though. Probably somewhere around 4-6 hours.

The character would definitely not be able to use their arms and hands afterwards though he might be able to walk with assistance.

The usual effects of stress positions apply whichever position. Think about where in his body fluid would pool, where he might get sores from the blocks and which parts of his body would have less circulation (making them cold, ashen and extremely painful afterwards).

I hope that helps- and I hope one of these is the right position. :)


Sherlock HLV-S4 (aka EMP) vs House M.D.

First of all, it’s worth mentioning that House MD was inspired by ACD stories therefore it wouldn’t be odd for Mofftiss to take inspiration from the series. Also, it’s the only modern Sherlock series except for their own.

Gregory House - Sherlock Holmes, James Wilson - John Watson, Amber (aka Wilson’s dead gf) - Mary (aka Watson’s dead wife). 

Ok let’s start with S4E15 ‘’House’s head’’

Summary: House has a short disjointed vision and presumes that “somebody’s going to die”. Back at Princeton-Plainsboro Teaching Hospital, House is diagnosed with a concussion and post-traumatic retrograde amnesia. Chase performs a medical hypnosis on House to stimulate his memory. While the team investigates several pathologies to fit the bus driver’s condition, House overdoses on his Vicodin and starts to hallucinate. In a renewed attempt to retrieve his memory, House has his team reenact the bus crash. House overdoses on physostigmine, a medication against Alzheimer’s disease, and his mind flashes back to the bus scene before the accident. “The answer” reminds House that since he values reason above everything else, there must be one for her presence in his mind. She keeps asking House what her necklace is made from, until House realizes that it’s made of amber. “The answer” transforms into Amber Volakis, and when Wilson and Cuddy manage to resuscitate House from his overdose-induced cardiac arrest, House immediately informs Wilson that Amber’s life is in danger as he now remembers the crash.

This one is going to be pretty messy because this episode parallels HLV, TAB, and T6T. The most important thing is that Sherlock/House overdoses to solve a case in his mind, turns out it has to do with James’/John’s wife.

S4E16  “Wilson’s Heart

Summary/highlights:  In an attempt to remember exactly what he saw that caused his initial concern and help definitively diagnosis her (Amber), House decides to undergo deep brain stimulation with Wilson’s urging. The crash caused such extensive anatomical and physiological trauma to Amber that she ended up suffering acute renal failure. This damage to her kidneys made them unable to adequately filter out the amantadine, causing her to overdose, and thus causing all her unexplained symptoms. Wilson suggests dialysis as a treatment, however House tells him during the memory of the moments leading up to the bus crash that when unfiltered, amantadine binds to proteins in the kidneys, and therefore dialysis is unable to clear it from the blood, and ultimately there is no treatment for Amber. House and Wilson begin to cry, and House goes into a seizure while still connected to the Deep Brain Stimulation equipment. The seizure causes the equipment to shift, thus causing House’s brain to bleed, leading to him falling into a coma. An unconscious House has a vision of Amber who persuades him not to give up on life and die, telling him that he “can’t always get what he wants”. Wilson returns home and finds the note Amber left him in their bedroom saying she went to pick up House and would return home soon, causing him to breakdown in tears.

S5E01  “Dying Changes Everything

Highlights:  House then enters Wilson’s office and offers an apology in a final attempt to make him stay. Wilson tells House that he does not blame him for Amber’s death, as much as he wanted to, and tried hard to. However, when House starts to assume that everything is fine, Wilson tells House that Amber was never the real reason why he was leaving. Wilson says that he has realized that House is rude and malicious to everybody he knows, including him, and throughout their entire friendship, he’s been enabling his behavior. Wilson claims that as long as the two remain friends, he will always continue this negative atmosphere. He then begins to say that he should have been on the bus that crashed, but then pauses and says that House should have been on it alone. “We’re not friends any more, House; I’m not sure we ever were,” Wilson says as he leaves his office and leaves House in the room alone.

(cont. Wilson: I don’t blame you. I wanted to-)

S5E23  “Under My Skin

Summary: […] House must solve this daunting puzzle, even while going to extreme measures to rid himself of his continuing hallucinations of Amber.  House confides in Wilson about his problem, and they create a list of potential diagnoses, ranging from MS to schizophrenia. While House tests for and eliminates diagnosis after diagnosis, Wilson consults on House’s case, serving as a monitor to make sure House does nothing that goes beyond “House-radical” to “House-out-of-his-head-radical”. Meanwhile, House eliminates all possible diagnoses but severe mental illness and Vicodin addiction—both prognoses bleak, as House would be unable to practice medicine if taking anti-psychotics, or if in continuous pain after detox. In desperation, House gives himself insulin shock as an alternative to anti-psych drugs or ECT. After recovering from the insulin-induced coma, House finds himself free of his hallucination and eagerly returns to the diagnosis of his patient. Returning to the case, House finds Penelope’s boyfriend’s devotion suspicious, and believing it to be guilt-induced, tells his team to test him for gonorrhea. The test returns positive, but it becomes evident that the boyfriend was shocked by this, and that Penelope had been cheating on him, not the other way around. As House realizes that he reached the correct conclusion by accident rather than through accurate observation, he once again starts to have hallucinations of Amber.This leaves House’s Vicodin addiction as the final diagnosis for his hallucinations. Rather than go to a clinic or check into the hospital under a pseudonym, House reveals his situation to Cuddy and asks her to personally help him. Cuddy spends the night at House’s home, destroying any caches of Vicodin and monitoring him as he detoxes, with Amber eventually disappearing. The episode ends with House and Cuddy kissing passionately and disrobing.

S5E24  “Both Sides Now

I’d rec reading the summary, i know it’s long but it’ll make you realise how similar to TLD the ep is. And if i’d have to rec you one episode of house to watch from this list, it’d be this one. 

Summary:  House wakes up at his apartment after spending the night with Cuddy. He discovers that she has left her lipstick on his bathroom counter, as well as on his cheek. House pockets the lipstick, and goes to work in a cheerful mood and a remarkable lack of pain.  Meanwhile, Cuddy tells House that their relationship must be that of employer and employee. House tells Wilson that he kicked his drug habit and had sex with Cuddy; Wilson advises that he talk to her, advice which House ignores. Instead he begins a campaign to annoy and provoke her, an attempt to break through her composure. In a final attempt to provoke Cuddy into examining her true feelings for him, House announces to everyone in the main lobby of the hospital that he had sexual relations with Cuddy. Cuddy responds by confronting him in a hallway, and then firing him after he suggests that they move in together. Cuddy storms off but before House can do anything else. House then goes to talk to Cuddy in her office, and asks her if she could possibly be overreacting to the previous night. She finally admits that maybe she is, since he’s “said plenty of lousy things to [her] before.” House seems confused, as he assumed that she was overreacting to her and House having sex and what it could mean to their employer-employee relationship.  But he realizes that Cuddy’s reactions all day have been consistent, and in fact it is his own memory of the situation that is faulty. He turns his attention to the lipstick Cuddy let at his apartment, which he has been playing with all day, and is troubled that Cuddy’s coffee cup shows no lipstick smears; his memory of the prior evening included smears of lipstick on his face from kissing Cuddy, so he expects her lipstick is the sort that smears. He asks Cuddy whether she has another type of lipstick, one with a “sealing agent”, that might explain the discrepancy between his memory of the smeared kiss and the reality that now confronts him of the unsmeared coffee cup. House then has a flashback to the night (from the episode “Under My Skin”) before when he thought he told Cuddy that he needed her help with his addiction. He suddenly sees the reality of what has happened: he never told Cuddy he was having hallucinations that night. His final words of the evening were: “you can go suckle the little bastard child if that makes you feel good about yourself.” Upset by this remark, she left the office and went home, never accompanying him to his apartment.House snaps back to reality and tries to explain to Cuddy that that’s not what actually happened, saying “I told you I needed you, and you helped me.” He reaches into his pocket to remove the lipstick, but, to his shock, he discovers that it is actually a bottle of Oxycodone which states ‘not to exceed’. He drops the bottle on the floor and gingerly backs away from it. Cuddy, now realizing House is not joking, rushes to him and asks if he is okay. He doesn’t respond, but then has another flashback, and realizes what happened. The whole previous night was a complete hallucination, beginning from him telling Cuddy that he needed her to help him detox and her accompanying him home. His memory of Cuddy staying by his side at his apartment was not real, and, in fact, he spent the night popping pills by himself. Hallucinations of Amber and Kutner then appear and tell House that while the story he invented about himself is nice, it’s not true. House finally looks at Cuddy and is able to fearfully tell her that he is not okay.

S6E2  “Broken

Highlights:  House awakens in the Mayfield Psychiatric Hospital after suffering through the painful effects of Vicodin withdrawal. Dr. Nolan tells House he cannot possibly treat someone so uncooperative. As Nolan leaves, however, House softly calls him back and says, “I need help.” He begins therapy with Nolan and House says, “I want to get better.” House apologizes to Steve, and as he wheels him away, Steve breaks his silence and gives the silent Annie the music box he was holding. For the first time, she speaks to say 'thank you’. Lydia arrives and House takes her in to see the group watching her sister-in-law playing “Bach’s Cello Suite No. 1” on the cello.

Ah, I’ve forgotten to add this. It’s from the beginning of season six. House finds out that Lisa didn’t break up with her bf. = Sherlock didn’t ‘’break up’’ with the woman. Parallels the 221B scene in TLD.

(House: they didnt break up. Wilson: and youre ok with that? House: it is what it is)

Odin update! It’s been 11 days since I found her starving and dehydrated in a window well

She’s alert, her appetite’s healthy and she’s gaining weight, and the missing eye seems clear of infection. Keeping an eye on her in case of potential kidney damage from being dehydrated for what might’ve been a long time, but she’s currently looking pretty good

anonymous asked:

I know you probably have a lot on your plate so I'm sorry in advance, but I was wondering about vaccines as I was reading your vaccine tag as well as reading this other blog/webpage on cat vaccinations. I trust your opinion more so I was wondering how serious are adjuvants wrt sarcomas? You mentioned that feline Leuk vaccine is more strongly associated with ISS. I was also wondering if there was actually a correlation between vaccinations and nephritis?

I practice veterinary medicine in Australia, and our vaccination protocols are a bit different to the USA and most of the rest of the world. In particular, we don’t have rabies.

The vaccines for cats that are in common use here are:

  • F3 (calicivirus, herpesvirus and panleukopenia)
  • F4 (same as F3 plus chlamydia)
  • FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus)
  • FeLV (Feline Leukemia Virus)

With rabies vaccines only being used for export.

Most cats get at least an F3 or an F4, and annual vaccination is recommended most of the time, because the herpesvirus component doesn’t seem to grant immunity for much more than 12 months. Outdoor or indoor/outdoor cats often, but not always because humans are slack, get FIV vaccinations. FeLV vaccines are not in common use, and are mostly used in high stress situations (eg breeding catteries) or in the face of an outbreak.

So most of our feline vaccinations are F3, F4 and FIV.

I’ve seen one Injection Site Sarcoma (ISS) in seven years of practice. It was in a 3 year old purebred cat, so he hadn’t had that many cumulative injections in his life, but he did get FIV vaccines. I suspect he was unlucky.

It’s also worth noting that in Australia, the general public is a bit on the slack side with bringing their cats in for annual vaccinations. Most cats get their kitten doses, and maybe an adult booster for the first two or three years, and then are ‘forgotten’ to bring in to he vet unless there is a problem or they’re dying.

Rabies vaccine seems to have a stronger association with ISS. Whether this is because people are more diligent about their rabies vaccine, or whether it’s an adjuvant issue, I’m not in a position to speculate.

There is also a stronger association between the retroviral vaccines (FIV and FeLV) and ISS. Whether it’s because these killed vaccines have different adjuvants, or whether it’s an intrinsic property of the retroviruses, I don’t know. But the association is there.

But it is worth noting that Injection Site Sarcomas can result from any injection, as they all cause some tissue trauma.

So how much of a risk is it? Well, the last conference I went to presented data that put the odds of a cat developing ISS with annual vaccination at around 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 100,000.

Now, that’s not a huge risk, though the consequences of developing ISS are severe. However it’s relative risk that we consider.

The Relative Risk of my cats, in Australia, developing rabies infection is zero. The risk of them developing ISS from rabies vaccination is very small, but it is higher than zero, and so we do not vaccinate for rabies. If we were in a rabies endemic country then you can bet your happy little backside that we would vaccinate for rabies, because the risks of potential rabies infection far exceed the risk of ISS.

The Relative Risk of my cat Wonka contracting FIV through a bite or a fight was extremely small when he was an only cat with a strictly indoor lifestyle.

Once we had Bael living with us, who was lovely but FIV positive, the Relative Risk of Wonka contracting FIV became much higher, certainly higher than a 1 in 10,000 chance, and so he was vaccinated for FIV.

I am aware of this risk, but I choose to do it anyway in this context.

I do routinely administer FIV vaccines over the right scapula though. My reasoning being that if a patient does develop an ISS, then at least there’s a solid barrier in the scapula to hopefully prevent it going deeper, which improves the odds of removing it in only one surgery without removing ribs.

I know an immunologist that vaccinated his cats in the tail tip, so that if they do develop an ISS he will just amputate the tail. He knows this is probably excessively paranoid, but when you’re exposed to all that data all the time, it makes you worry. I haven’t figured out how to do this easily yet.

I don’t think there’s a particular increase with nephritis and regular vaccinations. Excessive immune complexes can damage kidneys, but that’s generally fairly severe and shouldn’t be happening with a vaccination, more likely a bacterial or immune mediated condition. And skipping twelve years of vaccines certainly doesn’t protect cats from kidney disease.

anonymous asked:

In my story, I have a substance that fatally raises your metabolism. How would this kill you, exactly? What would be the thing that actually got you---heart failure/hyperthermia/multiple organ failure, etc.?

Exactly. Literally the things you just said. 

Raising the metabolism would cause hyperthermia, which starts to nuke the brain after about 105*F in body temperature. 

It also stresses the heart (which has to pump more blood to meet the demand), lungs (which need oxygen to meet the demands), kidneys (which have to deal with the waste byproducts of metabolism etc). The energy demand for this kind of thing is enormous, and the body may run out of glucose and glycogen and revert to anaerobic metabolism and start burning fat and muscle, which is grossly inefficient. Blood vessels would dilate to try to give off heat, which might produce hypotension (and damage the kidneys). 

Oh! Above a certain point the brain would  start to seize. 

Cause of death would likely be heart failure, hypoxia, neural damage, and/or kidney failure. The heart failure might actually be considered a Type II MI (heart attack), whose early stage is known as demand ischemia: The heart is working so hard it can’t feed itself. 

You’re essentially chemically inducing heatstroke. 

One other thought that I’m a little too muzzy to think through: arrhythmia. The whole thing could wind up triggering a lethal arrhythmia like V-tach or V-fib, likely from a potassium surge, but I can’t think of why right now. 

Hope this helps! 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty


D&D Homebrew Poisons

So, im working on a mini series for badassdanddpics and was wondering if you guys had any ideas. im calling the mini series “Bewildering Botany and Perilous Poisons” that will basically showcase magical plant homebrew that will aid adventures and villains alike. for the poison section of it, i put together some basic information from D&D about the rules as well as how they are applied and used against others as well as common symptoms from plants in the real world.

different poisons are applied to victims by

  • contact
  • ingested
  • inhaled
  • injury
  • smoke from being burned

common rules (for 5th edition D&D regarding poison)

  • A weapon coated with poison will dry out in one minute.
  • When you are poisoned, you will usually suffer from the poisoned condition.
  • Poison can be bought or crafted using the downtime rules and a poisoner’s kit.
  • Cures for poison include low level spells or anti-toxin.
  • Truth Serum is listed under poisons, and is something I think could be useful in your campaign in many different ways.
  • Poisoned: A poisoned creature has disadvantage on attack rolls and ability checks.
  • each round until you make a saving throw.

Common symptoms of poisoning include nausea, vomiting, convulsions, liver failure, disables nerves, lowers blood pressure, and can stop the heart, muscle twitches, and sometimes paralysis, irritation of skin throat and mouth, swelling, burning pain, breathing difficulties and stomach upset. dilated pupils, sensitivity to light, blurred vision, tachycardia, loss of balance, staggering, headache, rash, flushing, dry mouth and throat, slurred speech, urinary retention, constipation, confusion, hallucinations, delirium, convulsions and photo-toxicity

underneath the “keep reading” i have included some actual plants that could help with creating realistic homebrew.

Keep reading


Herb: Larrea tridentata, sometimes called Larrea mexicana

Common names: Chaparral, creosote bush, la gobernadora, hedionillo, medicine chest

Called creosote because it smells like the tar derivative also called creosote.

Family: Zygophyllaceae, also called caltrops. It is related to Guaiacum and Tribulus terrestris (also called puncturevine)

Warnings and Cautions: Rare reports of serious liver disease have been associated with internal use and ingestion of creosote. Seek advice from a professional health care practitioner before use and, in doing so, inform them if you have had or are at risk for liver disease, kidney disease, or if you frequently imbibe alcoholic beverages, or are using any medications. Discontinue use and seek a physician if vomiting, fever, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, or jaundice (e.g. dark urine, pale stools, yellow discoloration of the eyes) occur. This is herb is NOT safe to be used during pregnancy.

Interesting facts: There is a creosote colony in the Mojave Desert called the “King Clone” that is 11,700 years old. Creosote is one of the oldest living organisms on Earth (as far as measuring this type of thing goes).

Creosote grows in colonies – rings of plants that sprout up from an underground root system that are genetically identical clones of the original plants.

Botanical Description: Larrea tridentata is a variably sized shrub with tiny evergreen dark green leaves. The resinous leaves are compound and opposite, with two leaflets attached to each other at the base. The flowers are shiny yellow with five petals, many to a branch. The fruit is a capsule densely covered in white hairs, which look like fluffy puff balls.

Wildcrafting Tips: Creosote is often one of the dominant plant where it grows. There are often huge colonies of it scattered through an area. Look for plants that have more young growth, which is a brighter green color and has a strong resinous smell. Cut areas of the plant where the stem is flexible, not hard and woody, and where the leaves are waxy or oily to the touch, preferably those which leave a faint residue on your fingertips if you rub the small leaves between the pads of your fingers. The best creosote to harvest is found in washes between the mesas of the desert, where water runs down into stream beds which quickly dry up. Do not pick plants alongside roads, as these are not safe for use.

Collect the bundles by either snapping off the flexible stems where they join the woody branches or using pruning shears. Creosote is not so woody as to require heavy duty loppers. Gather onto a laid out flat breathable cloth, such as cotton broadcloth or burlap or muslin, and roll up to transport. You will lose some leaves, but these can be gathered from the cloth.

Once to your bundling location, unroll and leave the plant flat on the breathable cloth for a day or so, flipping over occasionally, then bundle.

Creosote can mold, so please dry a little before bundling, to prevent the inner part of the bundle from moldering and the entire bundle from becoming unusable.

Caution: the smell of creosote as is it drying or being bundled is intense and will easily fill a small room. Some persons I have wildcrafted with have reported feeling dizzy, lightheaded, or nauseated from the aromatic oils in the air, so please keep that in mind.

Parts Used: The fresh green leaves or the green leaves once dried, the waxy yellow flowers, and the greener stems are all used for magickal and medicinal purposes. The woody stems are used for ceremonial fires, but caution, as creosote is mildly psychoactive and the fires may cause reactions varying from dizziness, nausea, lightheadedness, a feeling of floating, or even mild hallucinations. Of course, allergic reactions may also occur from breathing in the smoke, so start with small amounts and watch for difficulty breathing and itching of the skin, mouth, nose, and throat.

Medicinal Uses: Larrea tridentata is poisonous in larger doses. Please be cautious. There are multiple reports of serious poisoning, acute hepatitis, kidney and liver damage, up to kidney and liver failure, many of which were the result of using creosote preparations that were not properly diluted or which were taken too often. Do not take at the same time as hepatotoxic drugs or alongside large amounts of pain killers such as aspirin.

Creosote can cause severe stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea, weight loss, and fever. Putting creosote on the skin can cause skin reactions, including photo-sensitivity, rash, and itching.

An important consideration with creosote is that the plant is very bitter and the taste and smell are quite potent. So when deciding whether to use this as an herbal remedy, make sure the person it is being prepared for can tolerate the smell and taste. I do not recommend you attempt to improve the taste with large amounts of honey, agave, or sugar, as this just makes the strong taste saccharine with an intensely bitter aftertaste.

First Nations peoples of the Southwestern deserts of the United States have used this plant in teas, tinctures, and salves, as a poultice to retard bacterial growth, as an emetic, expectorant, and diuretic to treat venereal disease, tuberculosis, bowel cramps, and rheumatism (Kearney and others 1951, Mabry and others 1977)

It has been used as a herbal treatment for stiff limbs, open sores, snakebites, menstrual cramps, and poxes (Bowers and Wignall 1993, Mabry and others 1977)

The Breast Cancer Research and Treatment study in 2005 showed that the antioxidant compound, nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) inhibits the IGF-1 and c-erbB2/HER2/neu receptors and suppresses growth in breast cancer cells. (Youngren, J.F., Gable, K., Penaranda, C. et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2005) 94: 37.) Of course, this would be in a professional medicinal environment with controlled injections of an extracted compound – no amount of ingesting creosote will cure cancer, though it may kill you with liver or kidney failure.

Creosote is antimicrobial and anti-fungal, it has through time been used to prevent infections due to cuts, burns, and bites, and also those internal caused by pathogens and parasites entering the body.

Creosote is used internally to inhibit the growth of fibroids.

Creosote contains lignans that are very similar to estrogen, giving it an effect on the skin similar to that of soy taken internally.

According to an ethno-botanist of field studies for the herbal program at the Southwest Institute of Healing Arts, the Pima people of central Arizona would use just an inch or so of fresh creosote dropped in water as a cleansing drink, to flush a variety of fungal or parasitic microbials from the body, as well as for its antioxidant properties.

It is a very strong liver stimulant, and so should not be used by individuals with liver disease such as cirrhosis or hepatitis.

The main way I use creosote is to help prevent and kill a number of infectious organisms. These include bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. I mix creosote with myrrh and dragon’s blood resin, for I find it is not strong enough many times on its own. I do not recommend creosote for staphylococcus aureus.  It often works okay for fungal skin infections such as athlete’s foot.

For athlete’s food and similar, if the infection is on an area you can put into wash basin (i.e., hands and feet), simply soak the infected area in a very strong hot water infusion of creosote. If it cannot be soaked, use a hot compress. Afterward, I would recommend that you alternate between remedies (see Recommended Combinations below). Apply the Larrea tincture directly on the wound and/or put it on a gauze pad which is then held in place. With these types of infections, please also consider community protection and telling the infected person that they are contagious. And you and they both need to cleanse yourselves thoroughly after handling the infected area.

Creosote can also be used to treat infectious gut organisms. I recommend seeking a medical opinion on whether it is a gut infection or a non-infectious disorder, such as irritable bowel syndrome. Also, it can be difficult to know which type of infectious organism. Giardia, for example, can infect a person who drank contaminated water, and can be treated with a combination of creosote, parsley, wormwood, and black walnut.

Aching muscles can also be treated with creosote, specifically those associated with stress and stress related nervous pain.

The dried plant when powdered has been used by many First Nation people of the Southwest as an effective deodorant. A tincture of creosote combined with a tincture of witch hazel makes a wonderful deodorant that smells like rain, but do not wear it with white clothing – it turns everything greenish yellow.

Creosote is also used to relieve itching, though obviously not in those who find it causes itching, and it provides a protective moisture barrier even after it dries.

Medicinal Preparations: The part of this plant used medicinally is the leaves, though if you have some of the flexible green branches, the yellow waxy flowers, or the fluffy seed capsules in with them it will not hurt the medicine. The leaf can be used either fresh or dried, as there is not that much water in them to begin with, but you should not use leaves that were brown and desiccated on the plant.

Due to the antioxidant properties of this plant, most of these preparations will have a longer shelf life than medicines made from other plants, but beware that for tinctures or other infusions that keep the plant in the substance being infused, too strong of an infusion is dangerous, so remove the plant matter before storing.

My favorite delivery mechanism of the medicine of creosote is also one of the easiest to prepare. A sprig in cold water, used all day, as a cleansing tonic drink is my favorite. Just refill the same bottle throughout the day.

I also like making salves with the infused oil. For this either fresh or dried plant can be used, but if you have access to the fresh, it is much preferable. It relieves stinging and itching of cuts and seals them with a protective barrier. It is also quite useful topically as a treatment for the herpes viruses, including cold sores, herpes simplex, and chicken pox.

Tincture: Prepare the tincture with 180 proof food grade clear alcohol at about 1:2, or as close to this as you can get while still having the leaves covered by the menstruum and ideally to a few inches above it. Infuse in the cool alcohol in a dark, cool place for one week, then strain the plant matter and discard it or compost it.

Dosage with Tincture: When treating an acute infection or parasitic infestation, as with something brought on by ‘bad’ food or water (such as drinking water in the mountains) use a large loading dose, then taper down. A 110 pound person can start with about 4 ml in their first dosage, then taper down to about 2.5 ml every four to six hours for approximately 48 hours, then to about 1.25 ml for the next 48 hours. I recommend combining this with activated charcoal, and for serious infectious gut parasites (like giardia) with wormwood, parsley, and black walnut as well.

Infused oil: Add the green, fresh leaves or lightly dried leaves to good extra virgin olive oil (I recommend the stuff coming out of California right now). Cover the leaves with the oil, ideally to a few inches above them. Lett this sit in a cool, dark place for at least two weeks.  Since they resist mold, you can let the leaves stay in the oil for a longer period of time than most plants. The oil alone, or combined with other plants, can be applied directly to wounds as an antiseptic. Creosote is also naturally antioxidant, so the constituents stabilize the infused oil, so by adding the creosote oil into other oils or salves, it will slow down their rate of rancidity and give them a longer shelf life. It will be strongly scented, however, so if you don’t want the damp rain and earth smell of creosote in your other oils, you may wish to refrain and find another method of giving them added longevity.

Salves: Solidify the infused oil by adding beeswax or cocoa butter, or your preferred combination of the two, in a double boiler, then decant into a sterile salve container.

Tea: For creosote, I recommend a hot water infusion (hot water poured over the plant) rather than a decoction (plant matter cooked in the hot water). Remember that if this is for drinking, an inch long section of the plant is plenty for an entire day, and may be too much, as it is very strong tasting.

Honey: I recommend using raw honey, as non-raw honey is less helpful for anti-microbial uses. To get the honey to extract the volatile constituents from the creosote, warm the honey til it is liquid enough to allow movement, but do not simmer it, as then it is no longer raw. Cover the plant matter with warm honey to the point where the honey is a few inches above the plant matter. Allow to sit for one week, then strain the plant matter out and discard or compost it. This is better as a burn or skin infection medicine for external use than it is for internal use, for which I would not recommend it.

Compress: A compress comes from dipping a clean cloth (preferably cotton or silk) in a water infusion of the plant matter – the infusion in this case is a slightly stronger hot water infusion than the one described above for internal use tea. I would recommend the compresses for athletes foot and other minor skin infections. Creosote compresses are especially helpful when you cannot directly soak the affected area. You can also soak a bandage with the tea (or tincture), though I do not recommend keeping an open wound damp for very long. I do not use creosote as a poultice, where the plant matter is macerated and then applied directly to a wound, as it is so very strong and can cause skin irritation.

Soak: Simply add creosote to hot water. For something the size of a foot or hand, you can add a few inches of the plant. Do not scale up past a five inch by one inch bundle for the entire body, especially as it can be absorbed through mucous membranes and cause irritation.

Common Combinations:


Echinacea (Echinacea spp.)

Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)

Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)

Black Walnut (Juglans nigra)

Willow (Salix spp.) (good for pain as well)

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Dragon’s Blood (Daemonorops draco or Dracaena cinnabari or Croton lechleri)

Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza spp.)


Arnica (Arnica spp.)

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Willow (Salix spp.)

Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza spp.)


Anemopsis californica (Yerba mansa)

Oak (Quercus spp.)

Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

Geranium root (Geranium maculatum)

Black Horehound (Ballota nigra)


Calendula (Calendula officinalis)

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

St. Johnswort (Hypericum perforatum)

Extracting the Essential Oil: I recommend the enfleurage method to get the oils out of the leaves without destroying them.

You will need:

Only the freshest, newest leaves, from a period in the harvest season where the leaves are green and have an oily sheen that coats the fingers

Organic vegetable fat

A sterilized glass plate

Plastic wrap

A spoon

Sterilized mason jars

Strong, clear alcohol of 180 proof or higher (everclear, moonshine, etc)


Spread a thin coat of new, organic vegetable fat on the sterilized glass plate and lay the leaves on the fat. Cover the combination with plastic wrap to make the plate air tight. Then store this in a cool, dark location for 48 to 72 hours. The oils will infuse the fat.

Strain the leaves from the fat and discard or compost. Spoon the infused fat into the sterilized mason jars and spread it out on the inside, exposing as much surface area of the fat as possible.

Pour the clear, strong alcohol into the jars, covering the fat. Cover and seal the jars.

Let the jars stand in the refrigerator for 24 to 48 hours - this extracts the oil from the fat (pouring vodka directly on the leaves will destroy them and will not extract the oils)

move the liquid to another steralized jar

allow that to rest for 24 hours, refrigerated - this will allow the oil to separate from the alcohol

siphon the separated oil from the alcohol

bottle in sterilized, air-tight, dark glass bottles - the oil should last you at least five years, unless, of course, you use it all first or it turns sour due to some contaminant

Other Uses:


The waxy sap from the bush can be released by simmering the stalks, including the woody ones, in water. The resin is then applied to wooden tools, like arrows or bowls, for water-proofing. Do not waterproof using creosote anything intended for food storage or ingestion, as ingestion of the oils is toxic in large enough amounts.


Creosote branches were stored by First Nations persons in grain bins and other food storage areas to keep the moisture out and preserving the food. Sometimes, the leaves from the bush were mixed in with the grains to further the process.

Magickal Uses: Creosote has traditionally been used for cleansing ritual fires that have a psychotropic affect, including dizziness, lightheadedness, mild euphoria, and loss of consciousness. Do not burn the leaves or branches unless you are outdoors or in a very well ventilated area, as too much of the fumes being inhaled can be toxic and deadly.

It can be used for pre-ritual or post-ritual cleansing and grounding baths.

It is excellent for spells of survival, permanence, and stability, as it is one of the oldest known plant forms – ancient beyond even the redwood. It survives in some of the harshest environmental conditions on the planet: below freezing temperatures in the winter, temperatures about 100 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer, and less than 10 inches of rain per year in extremely nutrient deficient sandy soil.

It is also an excellent warding plant. Note that not much else grows around it in the desert, even when it grows where water flows. It defends its territory well, in colonies that are self-supporting.

Creosote can also be used in spells to connect people who live far away from each other. As the colonies grow in cloning rings, distant but still connected, so bundles can be used as a connecting force.

Please note that Haven Craft teaches the traditional uses of herbs. Statements made by Haven Craft regarding the benefits of an herb have not been evaluated by the food and drug administration, as the FDA does not evaluate or test herbs. This information has not been evaluated by the US Food and Drug Administration, nor has it gone through the rigorous double-blind studies required before a particular product can be deemed truly beneficial or potentially dangerous and prescribed in the treatment of any condition or disease.

The information presented by Haven Craft is provided for informational purposes only, it is not meant to substitute for medical advice or diagnosis provided by your physician or other medical professional. Do not use this information to diagnose, treat or cure any illness or health condition. If you have, or suspect that you have a medical problem, contact your physician or health care provider.

how talon created widowmaker, a medical perspective

According to the devs, Widowmaker had the speed of her heart slowed which resulted in the blue colour of her skin.

OKAY, so Widowmaker has induced (probably through medication) bradycardia with cardiogenic shock, apparent through her profound central cyanosis. Altered mental state is pretty much a given.

So what if keeping Widowmaker in a state of clinical shock is how Talon keeps her reconditioned?

Hear me out: medical shock (which is very serious condition where your tissues are not getting enough oxygen and suffering injury from that) causes you to be disoriented and not be able to think clearly. It’s hard to figure out what’s real and happening. You are either profoundly agitated or highly suggestible. Shock has different degrees of severity, so I theorise that Talon induce shock to stop Widowmaker from shaking off her reconditioning.

Shock is no joke: it’s dangerous and life-threatening. To keep someone in just enough shock to not think clearly and not enough shock to damage organs permanently would be a very, very precarious balancing game. The patient definitely wouldn’t be able to perform the type of athleticism required of ordinary fighters.  

Perhaps that’s why Talon made Widowmaker a sniper rather than any other sort of fighter: because snipers typically lie/sit in one position for a long time just waiting. That would not actually be a difficult thing for someone in shock to do. Some movement and very short periods of activity would potentially be possible, but very painful due to her body’s inability to move lactic acid that would build up in the muscles from the activity.

To be kept alive in this state of shock, Widowmaker would require constant medical vigilance. Bradycardia is pretty hard to maintain long term in an otherwise healthy person because bodies are pretty good at fighting back against unmet oxygen demand, which would mean the dosage of whatever they’re giving her would need to be very carefully monitored. The balance between ‘altered state of reality’-level of shock and ‘end-stage organ-damage shock’ would require specialist attention around the clock.

It’s also not something that could be maintained 24/7 without serious organ damage (specifically skin and peripheral tissue damage, potentially also kidney damage), so it’s quite possible that when Widowmaker returns to Talon HQ, she’s put in an induced sleep where her body is allowed to return to ordinary oxygen saturation to limit the damage done by periods of shock. Her electrolytes, pH and other blood levels impacted by the periods of low perfusion could be managed and corrected at this point, too. 

Widowmaker would be irritable and confused as a result of this treatment. She would have a limited sense of self and feel like she’s not real and that she doesn’t really understand what’s going on. She would be highly suggestible (prone to believing what people tell her), and, at times, unexpectedly violent.

Imagining this hammers home the feeling I have that Widowmaker is every bit as much of a victim of Talon as Gerard was—if he’s actually dead.

Collected on this Day in 1993

Collected on June 23, 1993, this specimen was found by Fred Utech near the Loyalhanna Creek in Salem Township, Pennsylvania.

Do not let the common name affect your opinion of this plant! Butterfly weed (Aclepias tuberosa) is a beautiful plant, and the pollinators love the bright orange flowers. Native to eastern North America, it can be found in dry, full sun conditions. It is a great plant to add to your garden!  

Like other milkweeds (butterfly weed is in the milkweed genus), butterfly weed flower clusters mature into seed pods, which eventual dry up to release airborne seeds in the late summer. The long, silk-like hairs (called pappi) have been used by Native Americans to make textiles.

Despite its looks, butterfly weed is poisonous to ingest. Like other milkweeds, this plant contains defensive chemicals called cardiac glycosides, which are poisonous to humans, livestock, and pets.  Milkweeds vary in their toxicity depending on species and age of plant. Symptoms can include weakness, difficulty breathing, kidney damage, cardiac distress, pupil dilation, loss of muscle control, and respiratory paralysis.

Botanists at Carnegie Museum of Natural History share pieces of the herbarium’s historical hidden collection on the dates they were discovered or collected. Check back for more!

You Promised - Will Halstead

About the song: I like this cover better

This is highly medically inaccurate, but Will doesn’t get enough love even though he’s problematic as hell. I also would like to apologize for making you cry.  

Originally posted by halstuds

Keep reading

anonymous asked:

Do you talk dirty?

Exposure to sewage or its products may result in a number of illnesses. These include: ■ gastroenteritis, characterised by cramping stomach pains, diarrhoea and vomiting; ■ Weil’s disease, a u-like illness with persistent and severe headache, transmitted by rat urine. Damage to liver, kidneys and blood may occur and the condition can be fatal; ■ hepatitis, characterised by in ammation of the liver, and jaundice; ■ occupational asthma, resulting in attacks of breathlessness, chest tightness and wheezing, and produced by the inhalation of living or dead organisms; ■ infection of skin or eyes; and/or ■ rarely, allergic alveolitis (in ammation of the lung) with fever, breathlessness, dry cough, and aching muscles and joints. How do micro-organisms enter the body? ■ The most common way is by hand-to-mouth contact during eating, drinking and smoking, or by wiping the face with contaminated hands or gloves, or by licking splashes from the skin. ■ By skin contact, through cuts, scratches, or penetrating wounds, ie from discarded hypodermic needles. Certain organisms can enter the body through the surfaces of the eyes, nose and mouth. ■ By breathing them in, as either dust, aerosol or mist.

anonymous asked:

If someone attempts suicide and is sent to the hospital what happens? Do they get referred to a therapist or? And how long do they have to stay in the hospital?

Hi anon!

You ask three very distinct questions, but they’ll sort of overlap as I answer them, please bear with me!

1) How long does a person stay hospitalized after a suicide attempt: It depends on a couple things. If they were physically injured, the time it takes to stabilize the medical injuries will have to be factored into the stay. If it is strictly for an attempt that did not result in physical injuries, it will vary across US states and countries. Some have things like 72 hour holds, for example, which can be placed by different certified personnel such as psychiatrists. It depends on the hospital as well, whether they are a certified psychiatric treatment facility, whether the patient will need to be at or transferred to a psychiatric treatment facility, that will depend on the psychiatrists and the patient as they begin to work together.

2) Do they get referred to a therapist? Either a psychiatry team will be consulted and follow them while they are in the hospital OR the psychiatry team will be the primary physicians caring for the patient. This will again depend on what types of other injuries or medical/surgical issues the patient also has. For example, if a patient ingested something toxic or overdosed on medications, the physicians who will take the role of medical quarterback, so to speak, will be the ICU physicians and the psychiatrists will begin to work with the patient once they are able to begin speaking or communicating in some fashion. However, whether they get referred to a therapist afterwards may depend on their insurance, the hospital they were hospitalized at, and whether they may have already had a therapist in mind. 

3) What happens when someone is hospitalized for a suicide attempt? As you can see, it’s not straightforward. People usually (for my hospital) come through the ER first. They are first evaluated for emergent/life-threatening physical injuries (wounds, heart arrhythmias, confusion/unconsciousness, life-threatening kidney damage, life-threatening liver damage, etc.). They are also interviewed and if there are family, friends or witnesses present they will be interviewed too. The patient will usually have a sitter (a person who will literally sit in front or to the side of the patient) present at their bedside to watch them lest they try to hurt themselves again. If they have medically life-threatening issues going on when they arrive to the ER, they usually get admitted to a medicine or surgical service first, depending on the nature of the issue. If not, my hospital’s ER will then have our psychiatry team paged down soon after their initial evaluation to begin seeing the patient and talking to them. A decision is then made as to whether or not the patient needs to be placed on a psychiatric hold for one, two, or all reasons: danger to self, danger to others, grave disability (inability to describe a plan of self-care or has demonstrated an inability to care for oneself if they were sent home). A decision also then needs to be made as to where the patient should go: a psychiatric treatment facility, the hospital first for medical/surgical treatment and then psychiatric treatment facility, or just the hospital with continued evaluation and treatment with the psychiatry team. 

**of note, what happens after hospitalization is based strictly on my training location and note that I am not an ER resident or a psychiatry resident, so who I usually see, if they have attempted suicide, are usually those with associated-medical issues, so I see them in ICUs or on the medicine ward. As such, a bit skewed. Those with more information, experience, and insight, please weigh in! I’ll learn along the way, too!

♚ masterlist of bad habits ♚

Below the cut you will a masterlist of 40+ bad habits for your character to have. Some of these bad habits are bad etiquette while some of them are bad speaking habits. Some of them are incredibly bad for your health and others are just unprofessional. Please like or reblog this post if it has helped you in any way!  

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