dacia

4

Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, Hunedoara, Romania.

The largest, and capital city of Roman Dacia, this city was founded by Terentius Scaurianus about 108-110, during the reign of Roman emperor Hadrian.

Situated less than 50km away from the former capital of the Dacians, Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa was built on a strategic point  between where the battle of the Dacian troops and Roman legions took place. This site is on the ground of what was a camp of the Fifth Macedonian Legion, and was settled by veterans of the Dacian wars.

Later destroyed by the Goths, this large cosmopolitan centre remains in ruins today. The site features temples, gladiator schools, a large forum, and an amphitheater.

While researching I also found these virtual reconstructions of what features of this site would have once looked like:

Photos taken by Codrinb.

FOR 2016 I AM GOING TO:

1. Work on establishing a relationship with God.
2. Invest in sexier, more expensive panties and bras.
3. Clean out my closet and draws to make space for more high end expensive designer clothing and shoes.
4. Travel as much as I can.
5. LIVE and not just exist.

3

The rock sculpture of Decebal/Decebalus is a 40-m high carving in rock, representing the face of Decebal/Decebalus, the last king of Dacia, who fought against the Roman emperors Domitian and Trajan to preserve the independence of his country, which corresponded to modern Romania. 

The sculpture was made between 1994 and 2004, on a rocky outcrop on the river Danube, at the Iron Gates, which form the border between Romania and Serbia. It is located near the city of Orşova in Romania.

It is the tallest rock sculpture in Europe.

How Things Have Changed...Justification for War, Then and Now

Now: Russian President Vladimir Putin, 2014 

“We must take military action against Ukraine to protect ethnic Russians from violence.”

Then: US President George W. Bush, 2003

“Saddam Hussein has weapons of mass destruction and supports terrorism.”

Then: US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1941

“We must defend democracy from fascism.”

Then: Roman Emperor Trajan, 101AD

“Dacia has a lot of gold!  I’m talking about a crap load of gold, enough gold to make every Roman filthy rich!  Let’s conquer Dacia and take all of their gold!

Ulmetum, Romania

Ulmetum (Latin: forest of elms) was a military camp in the ancient Roman province of Moesia. It was settled under Trajan in the 2nd century AD with an ethnically mixed population of Bessi, Romans and Greeks.

The great advantage of the settlement was given its strategic position , being at the crossroads of three trade routes crossing the whole of Moesia Inferior . For this reason, the Empire decided to add a fort in the 4th century.

The city was neglected at times, becoming a nest of criminal activity. According to the Roman historian Eusebius of Caesarea (c. 260/265 – 339/340), barbarians terrorized the region, robbing anyone that passed the crossroads. Huns eventually sacked Ulmetum in the late 5th century.

Justinian sent a significant military force c. 527-565 to restore peace in the area but by then the Roman Empire was in financial trouble and could not maintain their outposts as well as they used to. Maurice (r. 582 to 602) attempted to rebuild the city but it was sacked soon after by Slavs.

The site is located at the the eastern edge of the village of Pantelimon in Constanta County, Romania.

8

Escenas de las Guerras Dacias, cuyo resultado fue la anexión de la Dacia al Imperio Romano por parte de Trajano.

Los dacios utilizaban un arma de hoja larga y curva llamada falx, muy temida por las graves heridas que causaba y que podía penetrar con facilidad la lorica segmentata romana. Como respuesta, y durante la misma campaña, los romanos debieron cambiar y mejorar su armadura, especialmente incorporando protección adicional al brazo derecho (que era el brazo descubierto), así como al casco y reemplazando la segmentata por lorica hamata o lorica squamata, mucho más útiles contra el golpe de la falx.

The Dacian Draco [draˈko] was the standard and ensign of troops of the ancient Eastern European Dacian people, which can be seen in the hands of the soldiers of Decebalus in several scenes depicted on Trajan’s Column in Rome, Italy. It has the form of a dragon with open wolf-like jaws containing several metal tongues. The hollow dragon’s head was mounted on a pole with a fabric tube affixed at the rear. In use, the draco was held up into the wind, or above the head of a horseman, where it filled with air and gave the impression it was alive while making a shrill sound as the wind passed through its strips of material.

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dacian_Draco