Monte Alban, Oaxaca, Mexico. Zapotec. 6th century AD
Ceramic urns were often deposited as funerary offerings at the site of Monte Alban in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca. The vessels are typically cylindrical and decorated on one side with an applied anthropomorphic figure modeled in clay. The figures often display elaborate headdresses, masks, and distinctive clothing, symbols, or hieroglyphs. Many of the urns have masks with serpent fangs on the lower face and maize vegetation in the headdress that link them to a group of Oaxacan deities. The incised swirling lines around this figure’s eyes might represent tattoos or scarification, both common in ancient Mesoamerica.
Although the US Army used the Gatling gun sparingly during the American Civil War, it was after the Civil War that officers began to warm up to the new “proto” machine gun. The later half of the 1860′s saw the first large scale purchases of gatling guns and similar devices by the military. One of the more interesting designs was the 1 inch gatling gun designed by Cooper Firearms Company of Philadelphia. More like a cannon, the gun fired a 1 inch caliber bullet at a rate of 80-100 rounds per minute. While having a large caliber gun with such firepower may seem deadly, it was the buck and ball cartridge that most impressed ordnance officials. The buck and ball cartridge came in three variants. The first had a regular 1 inch caliber bullet with six .57 caliber balls loaded behind it. The second was a canister round consisting of 21 lead balls of .41 caliber each. The third was loaded with 18 cylindrical slugs.
Essentially what Cooper Firearms Company had created was a hand cranked rapid fire shotgun. In fact when the weapon was first tested in 1866, it was compared to the 24 pounder howitzer firing canister shot. The gun was also demonstrated to President Grant himself, who believed the weapon would be excellent for close up defense against enemy assaults involving large masses of men. The US Army adopted the 1 Inch Gatling in 1867, with 50 being produced by Colt in that year. Despite the advantages the Gatling had to offer, few saw any combat with American forces until the Spanish American War.
Oscypek cheese from Podhale (Poland’s sounthernmost region)
“Oscypek cheese used to be made by Vlach shepherds who pastured their sheep on mountain clearings. The cheese has a very long tradition. It arrived in Podhale region as an element of Vlach culture. The method of its production was written down and regulated in the 18th century.
Oscypek is made from sheep milk. Its colour is usually light cream, darker at the skin; it may also be nearly white. The skin is straw-coloured and shiny. Oscypek cheese is hard, with an elastic inside. Smoking adds distinct flavour to oscypek, it is also a bit salty. The cheese may have various shapes, usually it is shaped as a butterball, a double cone or a spindle. The middle part is cylindrical, decorated with concave or convex moulded ornaments which are the identification marks of the manufacturer. Water content ranges between 42% and 50% of water, fat content in dry mass is between 40% and 60%. The length of oscypek cheese is 17–23 cm, with 6–10 cm in diameter in the widest part.” [text via expo.gov.pl]
At a typical slaughter facility, cattle are led through a chute into a knocking box — usually a large cylindrical hold through which the head pokes. The stun operator, or “knocker,” presses a large pneumatic gun between the cow’s eyes. A steel bolt shoots into the cow’s skull and then retracts back into the gun, usually rendering the animal unconscious or causing death. Sometimes the bolt only dazes the animal, which either remains conscious or later wakes up as it is being “processed.” The effectiveness of the knocking gun depends on its manufacture and maintenance, and the skill of its application — a small hose leak or firing the gun before pressure sufficiently builds up again can reduce the force with which the bolt is released and leave animals grotesquely punctured but painfully conscious.
The effectiveness of knocking is also reduced because some plant managers believe that animals can become “too dead” and therefore, because their hearts are not pumping, bleed out too slowly or insufficiently. (It’s “important” for plants to have a quick bleed-out time for basic efficiency and because blood left in the meat promotes bacterial growth and reduces shelf life.) As a result, some plants deliberately choose less-effective knocking methods. The side effect is that a higher percentage of animals require multiple knocks, remain conscious, or wake up in processing.
No jokes here, and no turning away. Let’s say what we mean: animals are bled, skinned, and dismembered while conscious. It happens all the time, and the industry and the government know it.
Built in 1965 in downtown Des Moines, the American Republic Insurance Building signaled the future in more ways than one. By integrating the building’s structural and mechanical elements, SOM’s design expresses clarity and efficiency through just a few elegant moves. This approach is perhaps most visible in the ceiling system, where exposed cylindrical ducts pass through concrete structural tees, concealing the lighting system that bathes the interiors with an indirect glow. Not long after its completion, the project earned a 1967 Merit Award from the American Institute of Architects. Newly renovated, this Modernist marvel is back in the spotlight: the AIA recently awarded the meticulous rehab of the building, which was sensitive to SOM’s “sublimely simple” original design.
This cylindrical vessel framed by red bands contains a hieroglyphic text around its rim and shows two seated gods. It is painted in the ‘codex-style’, and the artist used simple shading to emphasize the two figures. The deities could be a version of K’awiil, the Maya god of lightning, as evidenced by the smoking scrolls emerging from their foreheads.
‘Codex-style’ pots are so-called for the style of painting which bears a close resemblance to the four extant screen-fold Maya books, known as codices, located in Madrid, Paris, Dresden, and Mexico City. These books date to the Postclassic Period (ca. a.d. 1000–1492). The characteristics of the codex-style are a cream or yellowish slipped background, often framed by red bands above and below, and a black calligraphic line outlining figures and hieroglyphic texts. Sometimes the painters applied a gray wash to shade figures or other features. In contrast to the richly polychromed vases and bowls from the large corpus of Maya vessels, codex-style pots stand apart in their grayscale, which is almost certainly a reflection of their development vis-à-vis calligraphic books.
So I noticed that in the background of Clarke’s cell there is a building that closely resembles the building that is in Polis in season 3. Do you guys think there is any correlation? -
You’re right, that slightly does resemble the tower in Polis! And I actually found a higher(-ish) quality picture of the drawing!
From the looks of it though, I think it’s just the Empire State Building. And the Polis tower has a cylindrical shape too.
But she drew a ton of other things on the walls and other more famous sites so I assume she saw those in books or some videos they managed to save? I’m going to include those pictures under the cut if your’e interested!
Imagine a polymer with removable parts that can deliver something to the environment and then be chemically regenerated to function again. Or a polymer that can lift weights, contracting and expanding the way muscles do.
These functions require polymers with both rigid and soft nano-sized compartments with extremely different properties that are organized in specific ways.
Covalent and supramolecular polymers are two distinct forms of soft matter, composed of long chains of covalently and noncovalently linked structural units, respectively. We report a hybrid system formed by simultaneous covalent and supramolecular polymerizations of monomers. The process yields cylindrical fibers of uniform diameter that contain covalent and supramolecular compartments, a morphology not observed when the two polymers are formed independently. The covalent polymer has a rigid aromatic imine backbone with helicoidal conformation, and its alkylated peptide side chains are structurally identical to the monomer molecules of supramolecular polymers. In the hybrid system, covalent chains grow to higher average molar mass relative to chains formed via the same polymerization in the absence of a supramolecular compartment. The supramolecular compartments can be reversibly removed and re-formed to reconstitute the hybrid structure, suggesting soft materials with novel delivery or repair functions.
The Chaine Tower is a cylindrical stone lighthouse at the entrance to
Belfast Lough at Larne, County Antrim, with a bit of 1914 gun running
history Most people think it’s just a memorial tower for James
Chaine who developed the sea route from Larne to Scotland as well as
establishing the port, but it is also a really beautiful lighthouse
originally built to represent an old Irish Round Tower. When I was shooting there the Keeper of the Lighthouse arrived to turn the light on and invited me in!