[ Authors ]
F. Fuerst, K. Pottschmidt, H. Miyasaka, V. Bhalerao, M. Bachetti, S. E. Boggs, F. E. Christensen, W. W. Craig, V. Grinberg, C. J. Hailey, F. A. Harrison, J. A. Kennea, F. Rahoui, D. Stern, S. P. Tendulkar, J. A. Tomsick, D. J. Walton, J. Wilms, W. W Zhang
[ Abstract ]
We present spectral analysis of NuSTAR and Swift observations of Cep X-4 during its outburst in 2014. We observed the source once during the peak of the outburst and once during the decay, finding good agreement in the spectral shape between the observations. We describe the continuum using a powerlaw with a Fermi-Dirac cutoff at high energies. Cep X-4 has a very strong cyclotron resonant scattering feature (CRSF) around 30 keV. A simple absorption-like line with a Gaussian optical depth or a pseudo-Lorentzian profile both fail to describe the shape of the CRSF accurately, leaving significant deviations at the red side of the line. We characterize this asymmetry with a second absorption feature around 19 keV. The line energy of the CRSF, which is not influenced by the addition of this feature, shows a small but significant positive luminosity dependence. With luminosities between (1-6)e36 erg/s, Cep X-4 is below the theoretical limit where such a correlation is expected. This behavior is similar to Vela X-1 and we discuss parallels between the two systems.