Nothing since the triumph of the Vandals in Roman North Africa has seemed so sudden, incomprehensible, and difficult to reverse as the rise of ISIS.

Ahmad Fadhil was eighteen when his father died in 1984. Photographs suggest that he was relatively short, chubby, and wore large glasses. He wasn’t a particularly poor student—he received a B grade in junior high—but he decided to leave school. There was work in the garment and leather factories in his home city of Zarqa, Jordan, but he chose instead to work in a video store, and earned enough money to pay for some tattoos. He also drank alcohol, took drugs, and got into trouble with the police. So his mother sent him to an Islamic self-help class. This sobered him up and put him on a different path. By the time Ahmad Fadhil died in 2006 he had laid the foundations of an independent Islamic state of eight million people that controlled a territory larger than Jordan itself. The rise of Ahmad Fadhil—or as he was later known in the jihad, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi—and ISIS, the movement of which he was the founder, remains almost inexplicable. The year 2003, in which he began his operations in Iraq, seemed to many part of a mundane and unheroic age of Internet start-ups and a slowly expanding system of global trade. Despite the US-led invasion of Iraq that year, the borders of Syria and Iraq were stable. Secular Arab nationalism appeared to have triumphed over the older forces of tribe and religion. Different religious communities—Yezidis, Shabaks, Christians, Kaka’is, Shias, and Sunnis—continued to live alongside one another, as they had for a millennium or more. Iraqis and Syrians had better incomes, education, health systems, and infrastructure, and an apparently more positive future, than most citizens of the developing world. Who then could have imagined that a movement founded by a man from a video store in provincial Jordan would tear off a third of the territory of Syria and Iraq, shatter all these historical institutions, and—defeating the combined militaries of a dozen of the wealthiest countries on earth—create a mini empire? ADVERTISING

The story is relatively easy to narrate, but much more difficult to understand. It begins in 1989, when Zarqawi, inspired by his Islamic self-help class, traveled from Jordan to “do jihad” in Afghanistan. Over the next decade he fought in the Afghan civil war, organized terrorist attacks in Jordan, spent years in a Jordanian jail, and returned—with al-Qaeda help—to set up a training camp in Herat in western Afghanistan. He was driven out of Afghanistan by the US-led invasion of 2001, but helped back onto his feet by the Iranian government. Then, in 2003—with the assistance of Saddam loyalists—he set up an insurgency network in Iraq. By targeting Shias and their most holy sites, he was able to turn an insurgency against US troops into a Shia–Sunni civil war. Zarqawi was killed by a US air strike in 2006. But his movement improbably survived the full force of the 170,000-strong, $100 billion a year US troop surge. In 2011, after the US withdrawal, the new leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, expanded into Syria and reestablished a presence in northwest Iraq. In June 2014 the movement took Mosul—Iraq’s second-largest city—and in May 2015 the Iraqi city of Ramadi and the Syrian city of Palmyra, and its affiliates took the airport in Sirte, Libya. Today, thirty countries, including Nigeria, Libya, and the Philippines, have groups that claim to be part of the movement. Although the movement has changed its name seven times and has had four leaders, it continues to treat Zarqawi as its founder, and to propagate most of his original beliefs and techniques of terror. The New York Times refers to it as “the Islamic State, also known as ISIS or ISIL.” Zarqawi also called it “Army of the Levant,” “Monotheism and Jihad,” “al-Qaeda in Iraq,” and “Mujihadeen Shura Council.” (A movement known for its marketing has rarely cared about consistent branding.) I will simplify the many changes of name and leadership by referring to it throughout as “ISIS,” although it has of course evolved during its fifteen years of existence.

Get this into your head: if violence were only a thing of the future, if exploitation and oppression never existed on earth, perhaps displays of nonviolence might relieve the conflict. But if the entire regime, even your nonviolent thoughts, is governed by a thousand-year old oppression, your passiveness serves no other purpose but to put you on the side of the oppressors.
—  Jean-Paul Sartre, “Preface”, The Wretched of the Earth, by Frantz Fanon

I always think about the stereotype that white people will do anything for animals. But i realized its really just a reflection of how dehumanized Black people are. It’s not that they’re doing the most for animals; it’s just never doing even the bare minimum for Black people.


Six bodies found hanged from bridges in Mexico

On December 20, 2017, the bodies of six men were found hanging from three different bridges near a Mexican tourist resort. Four bodies were found in the municipality of Los Cabos, the other two near the state capital of La Paz. Neither the identities of the deceased nor any potential suspect names have been released yet. The six cases are currently being investigated as homicides.

Mexico is notorious for its ruthless drug gangs, which regularly hang victims from bridges and highway overpasses in places like Mexico City. Over 200,000 people have been killed or have disappeared since Mexico’s government declared war on organised crime in December 2006. The first picture shows the body of a victim of the Wednesday incident being retrieved, his pictures being the only ones thus far made available to the public. The second and third show a similar incident in May 2012, in which nine men were hanged as part of the drug war.

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Nerd to Punk!Peter au, but not a makeover thing (kinda, cause he does change his looks, like gets a _septum piercing_, several earrings, etc) and his moral compass stays the same.

He just gets fed up about the bullying he was going through after he gets his powers and uncle Ben’s death, so he just snaps, but in a good way? Like, he stands up for himself and other bullying victims without the irrational fear of being outed as Spider-Man, like lmao he just won’t use his powers as a civilian and everything is gonna be a-okay, it won’t hurt using a little bit of confidence and a liiiiittle tiny winy bit of super strength so to not get beat up by the bullyies, right?

Then he just becomes some kind of activist student, creates an anti-bullying club, supports the LGBTQ+ club, starts campaigns to create awareness about mental illnesses and this kind of attitude stays with him over the years.

Peter gets into college and gets the Stark intership (yep, he stuck with science after all) but tries to do things for the people, affordable stuff like prosthetic parts, things linked with bio med, etc.

So when Deadpool stumbles upon Spider-Man he can’t help but feel infatuated with the hero upon the first meeting when the guy didn’t punch him in the face, you know, the normal reaction when people meet Deadpool and he doesn’t stfu.

After that they roll trhu the friendshipland and Wade starts knowing about all of Spidey’s bad ass mo fucker shenanigans as a civie and sees himself falling deeper for the hero.



peter who is just sick and fucking tired of the world beating him down and just fucking taking it, he snaps, starts fighting back, starts shouting when people won’t listen, starts throwing the first punch when people won’t leave him alone

and he gets in trouble for it, he’s got all these teachers and administrators telling him he’s not doing himself any favors acting up like this, how he should go back to how he was before, complacent with the abuse he had to go through every day at school without “making a scene”, and peter just is beyond caring, tells them they can shove it up their asses and gets suspended a couple times

he gets piercings and torn jeans and jackets with too many zippers, because the teachers all stop pretending they’re on his side when he looks like that, they stop trying to “help him” and that’s just the way he likes it, nobody expects anything of him anymore and it’s great

peter joins the school’s pride club, because he’s beyond caring what people will do to him, he stands up for the only other five kids that are sorta out and gets in fights on their behalf, or just because some jerkwad is shouting slurs in his direction, he always wins his fights, even if he always lets himself come away with a black eye or a couple of bruises

he starts getting into mental health advocacy and gets informed on what’s wrong with the school system, he keeps getting suspended for showing up to school board meetings with other kids to protest things like workloads, lack of disability accommodation, low pay for teachers, standardized testing, poor lunch food standards, not providing free meals to students, and the rampant bullying and queerphobia in the school

aunt may always comes in to shame his principle when peter gets expelled for expressing his right to free speech and to protest, they usually have to drop the suspension

peter kicks it up a notch in college, he attends every protest and even organizes a few of his own, he got pepper sprayed in the face during the one at the trump world tower, he’s vice president of the pride club and will still fight anyone that tries to give him or anyone else shit for being queer, the dean knows him by name and not for any good reason

he gets the stark internship and just about dies, tony stark doesn’t have a dress code, the only rule is anything you wear has to fit under a lab coat, also no open toed shoes

peter still has to take off the bridge piercing to use the microscopes in the lab, it just gets in the way, tony’s impressed with the work he brings to the lab, he actually called up bruce when peter brought him a proposal for bio engineered organic machines that were supposed to artificially stimulate nerves in the body that have stopped responding to commands from the brain, peter doesn’t even finish his internship before he gets hired

he gets to work on bucky’s arm when tony introduces him to stark prosthetics, he tries not to nerd out

and when he meets wade, well wade thinks their bromance is off to a great start when peter doesn’t punch him in the face two minutes in, they work together surprisingly well, and spidey doesn’t even seem to mind when wade starts looking for him to team up more

wade’s favorite kind of team ups are when peter gets especially pissed off and gets a little lax on the no maiming rule, on those days peter will tell wade to go for the kneecaps and start breaking bones himself

peter finds wade when he’s having an episode on a rooftop, peter catches him before wade walks right off, they have a heart to heart and wade tells peter about his schizophrenia and the flashbacks and the ptsd, just all the fun stuff

peter stays up all night reading up on drugs and super immunity, he doesn’t bring his plan to stark until he did some testing on himself, since his enhanced immunity and healing was a start at least

wade and peter just become best friends, it happens before peter even realizes, and before wade can wonder what he did to not scare the guy off yet, peter knows that wade has already shared a lot with him, and he wanted to show wade that he really trusted him, so peter took off the mask for wade, who said holy shit you have a lip ring, peter just grinned and asked wade if he wanted to find out if he’s got a tongue ring to match

peter invites wade to his protests, wade jumped right in when peter got in a fist fight with three burly dudes with nazi flags, they have to run when peter accidentally punches a cop

wade starts thinking civilian peter might be even more badass than spiderman