I love your blog and I constantly look to it for advice but I have a bit of an issue Can you give a few tips on forming good study habits? I've never really had to study and I've managed to keep good grades my entire life. I just started uni and I'm starting to struggle with work and keeping up with everything. Struggling academically and studying are both new things to me and I really regret being too arrogant to form good habits earlier
1. Study schedule. Before you even start studying, sit down and plan out your time. Print out some weekly templates and physically write out your time schedule. Don’t schedule studying time during unproductive hours like early in the morning or late at night. Make sure to spend an equal amount of time on all your subjects (even the ones you “know” already) and to revisit each subject as many times as possible.
2. 90 Minutes. 90 minutes is the absolute maximum that you should study without taking a break. Over 90 minutes, and your ability to retain information is lost. Don’t push yourself! Take a break and come back to it later.
3. Make flashcards. You probably already have some lying around your room, if you don’t they cost like $2 at CVS. These are absolutely necessary for finals with lots of vocabulary (like History or English). See my flashcard procedure below!
4. Neat. You’re going to be starring at this study material for a long time- you might as well make it as clean and easy to read as possible! Rewrite any notes that were scribbled hastily. Make your study notes look like Mona Lisa!
5. Colorful. Highlight only what is absolutely necessary and study that, so that you won’t waste time studying what’s not important. Also, color code everything! Your Calculus notes are blue, so that it doesn’t get mixed up with English 102, which is green.
6. Post-its. Want another way to memorize vocab? Write words and definitions on post-it notes and stick them around your apartment/house/dorm. I like to put them in my bathroom so I have to stare at them while on the toilet, on the fridge at eye level, and by light switches.
7. Separate subjects. Don’t try to cram all of your subjects into one study session, especially unrelated subjects like Art History and Accounting. Take one study session to work through Art and one for Accounting, and so on.
8. Review before going to bed. Studies have shown that studying directly before bedtime does help us memorize things better. While studying before sleeping may not be a completely conducive process for you, try to incorporate some reviewing before you close your eyes. Go over vocabulary in your head, recite formulas, etc.
9. Study over time. Don’t try to study for all of your finals in one shot! Spread your studying over as much time as possible. Go back and review subjects that you already feel confident about.
10. Avoid the anxious atmosphere. I’ve always hated that anxious atmosphere that develops around people who are about take finals. You know- one of your classmates will be crying, another rocking back and forth while listening to music, yet another pacing up and down anxiously trying to memorize last minute equations. You don’t need to be distracted by all this anxiousness- you’ve already prepared as much as you possibly can! Unless you have somebody who is calm and willing to work through flashcards with you, avoid your classmates like the plague!
Flash Cards Procedure
This is my personal favorite way to study with flash cards!
1. Learn the first flashcard, recite the answer out loud and place the flashcard down in a pile.
2. Learn the second flash card, reciting its answer out loud.
3. Before finishing with the second flash card, turn back to the first flash card and recite the first flash card’s answer out loud.
4. Put both cards down in their own pile.
Move on to the third flashcard, reciting its answer out loud.
5. Then recite the answers for both the first and second flashcard, before adding the third card to the pile.
6. Continue on this way, reviewing the answers to the previous cards before moving on to the next card.
This may seem super redundant, but it really works and got me through my History of Music 2 final which included 100 short answer vocabulary questions!
13 April 1942. Of the Pacific ocean. American bombers North American B-25 Mitchell, who will take part in the Doolittle RAID (first RAID on Tokyo), on the deck of the aircraft carrier “hornet” (USS Hornet, CV-8) on my way to Japan.
18 April 1942. U.S. aircraft carrier “hornet” (USS Hornet CV-8) during the preparation for the start of the bomber North American B-25 Mitchell during the Doolittle RAID. In the background heavy cruiser “Vincennes” (Vincennes CA-44).
18 April 1942. Bombers North American B-25 Mitchell aboard the aircraft carrier “hornet” (USS Hornet) before the Doolittle RAID
18 April 1942. The rise of the bomber North American B-25 Mitchell from the deck of the aircraft carrier “hornet” (USS Hornet) during Doolittle RAID 18 April 1942. The rise of the bomber North American B-25 Mitchell from the deck of the aircraft carrier “hornet” (USS Hornet) during Doolittle RAID
Lex, what about the time IJN planes almost landed on the American carriers
The first day of the Battle of the Coral Sea, 7 May 1942.
After nightfall, at around 1930, when most American planes have returned to their carriers, another formation of planes showed up.
Lieutenant Commander Stroop of USS Lexington (CV-2) remarked, “these planes were in very good formation.” These planes all had navigation lights on; they intended to land on the carriers. Captain Sherman of Lexington noticed something odd, however. He counted 9 planes, more than the number of American planes still in the air. Furthermore, they flew past Yorktown’s port side and took a counterclockwise approach, different from the American carrier landing routine. The planes were seen flashing their blinkers, but no Americans could understand the signal.
This caused a bit of chatter on the TBS (Talk Between Ships radio circuit):
“Have any of our planes got rounded tips?“
“Damned if those are our planes.“
The first plane in the formation attempted to land on USS Yorktown (CV-5), but it was coming in too low and Yorktown’s landing signal officer signaled him to throttle up. The plane almost crashed into Yorktown’s stern, but the pilot managed to pull up and off to port, narrowly avoided what would have been a deadly collision. Electrician’s Mate Peter Newberg, stationed on Yorktown’s flight deck, saw the plane’s wings briefly illuminated by signal lights, displaying a big red circle - the Japanese Hinomaru insignia. Lieutenant Commander Roy Hartwig, Commanding Officer of USS Russell (DD-414), recalled seeing planes with fixed landing gear, meaning the planes were most likely Aichi D3A Val divebombers.
One of the screening destroyers opened fire, sending red tracers towards the Japanese formation. A voice on the Lexington, still uncertain about the identity of the planes, ordered the task force to hold fire. The captain of the destroyer replied, “I know Japanese planes when I see them.”
All of a sudden the skies were lit up “as if it was the Fourth of July,” as nearby destroyers all opened fire on the Japanese planes. USS Minneapolis (CA-36) also unleashed her guns at the intruders. But then some American planes were still in the air - a Yorktown fighter pilot complained, “What are you shooting at me for? What have I done now?” With gunners firing at both friend and foe, some pilots who have already returned to their carrier decided to join the party as well, as SBD pilot Harold Buell recalled some of his fellow pilots on the Yorktown were shooting at Japanese aircraft with their Colt .45 pistols.
By this point all pilots in the air, both Japanese and American, have decided it would be better to stay away from the task force and its blazing guns. The planes turned off their lights and disappeared into the clouds, with the Japanese planes went looking for their carriers and the American planes waiting for their task force to stop shooting at their own pilots. None were shot down.
References: Ian W. Toll. Pacific Crucible: War at Sea in the Pacific, 1941-42. Phil Keith. Stay the Rising Sun.
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