The Minds Of: The Renaissance (1450-1550)

Southern(Italy and Whatnot) Renaissance:

  • Giovanni de’ Medici: (d. 1429) Merchant and banker of Florence, foundee of the Medici dynasty. He could be considered one of the world’s first modern people.
  • Cosimo de’ Medici:(1389-1464) Unofficial ruler of Florence Republic for awhile
  • Lorenzo The Magnificent: (1449-1492) Ruler of the Republic, official patron of the arts, he wanted to live life rather than wait for its fulfillment after death
  • Filippo Brunelleschi: (1377-1446) studied Roman buildings and built cathedrals
  • Leon Battista Alberti: (1404-1472) Filippo Brunelleschi’s buddy kinda thing cause they did the same shit
  • Lorenzo Ghiberti: (1378-1455) sculpted a set of bronze doors for the Florentine baptistery with not only crowds of human figures but the illusion of depth
  • Giotto: (1267-1337) painted walls on florentine buildings and created the illusion of depth and movement
  • Masaccio: (1401-1428) used light and shadow, nude figures, and the illusion of perspective.
  • Sandro Botticelli: (1444-1510)n painted themes from classical mythology such as his Birth of Venus
  • Raphael: (1483-1520) is considered one of the greatest painters of his era; he epitomizes the Renaissance style
  • Leonardo da Vinci: (1452-1519): “The Renaissance Man”; painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, writer, scientist
  • Michelangelo Buonarroti: (1475-1564) sculptor whose sculptures are often credited with the most perfect marble statues. He also did paintings in the Sistine Chapel
  • Dante: (1265-1321) standardized Italian speech and language which also helped create “modern” writing because it was finally out of Latin! That dick
  • Petrarch: (1304-1374) considered first “modern” writer
  • Boccaccio: (1313-1375) THIS BITCH WROTE THE DECAMERON, entertaining that reflect upon the human condition
  • Leonardo Bruni: (1370-1444) chancellor of the Republic of Florence, he wrote the first modern history, an account of the development of Florence
  • Baldassare Castiglione: (1478-1529) The Book of The Courtier, a manual for the manners of the modern gentleman
  • Niccoló Machiavelli: (1469-1499) he wrote The Prince as the first meaningful treatise on political science; how governments rule without moral judgement or exhortation.
  • Laura Cereta(1469-1499) humanist and early feminist; she (might) have taught at the University of Padua, she is often criticized for her Epistolae familiares cause people got upset about the “gender bias” she had.

Northern Renaissance:


  • Johann Gutenberg: (1400-1468) invented changeable, movable type for the printing press
  • Regiomontanus(Johann Muller 1436-1476) ALONG WITH Nicolas of Cusa(1401-1464): laid foundation for science and mathematics {fuck them right?}
  • Copernicus: (1473-1543) kinda like proved heliocentric system
  • Martin Behaim(1459-1507) and Thomas á Kempis(1380-1471) mysticism {a person alone could talk to God}
  • Gerard Groote: (1340-1384) Dutch preacher created “Bro’s of Common Life” a modern devotion
  • Erasmus(1456-1536): Gradual Reform of the church, nut still be loyal to it
  • Albrecht Dürer(1471-1528) artist(portraits and woodblock prints) also a fucking mathematician
  • Pieter Brueghel the Elder: (1520-1569): focused his painting and prints on ordinary people. Which challenged the whole Renaissance
  • Christopher Marlowe: (1564-1593) dramatist who helped form modern English
  • Edmund Spenser: (1552-1599) poet who helped form modern English
  • Francis Bacon (1564-1616) scientist who also helped form modern English
  • William Shakes-a lot-spear (1564-1616) yall know this dick right? if not, he is a writer
  • Sir Thomas More (1478-1535):  helped with contemporary English(also wrote blueprint for perfect society)


  • Rabelais (1494-1553): attacked French society and church while advocating reform
  • Montaigne (1533-1592) fucking formated the essay, you dick


  • Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) sarersed societys anachronistic glorification of chivalry and medieval institutions in Don Quixote
  • Lope de Vega: wrote hella dramas
  • Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (idk) painted magnificent religious pictures
  • Doménikos El Greco(1541-1614) painted magnificent religious pictures
  • Diego Valázquez(1599-1660): painted magnificent religious pictures
  • Francisco Suárez (idk): wrote hella admired works on philosophy and law


  • Jan Van Eyck(1385–1441) Dutch painter
  • Rembrandt van Rijn(1606-1669) Dutch master (chiaroscuro)
  • Hieronymus Bosch (c.1450-1516) dutch painter symbolism, sin, moral failing

i hate all males but by males i mean trans women i actually dont hate men at all i am a straight woman in a committed relationship with a man i love very much but my hatred of males (trans women) is deep and complex and not just societally accepted transmisogyny from cishets. im very unique and special in my entirely socially acceptable hatred that in no way challenges the status quo. you wouldnt understand because of the patriarchy. check out my makeup and fashion blog. the most political activism ive ever engaged in is boycotting brooklyn 99 because they said transphobia is bad one time.

Hola, quiero contarte una historia, fue el 21 de este mes, en la plaza de bolivar se celebró la besatón por la paz, se supone que besabas a cualquiera con la cusa de que aprobaran los tratados de la Habana.

la cosa es que en ese evento conocí a un chico, me enamoré de sus besos y antes de irme le pedí dos más, le pedí el numero de celular y todo, el cso es que dos días después quedamos en encontrarnos de nuevo en la plaza por que el se iba para arauca pues el vive allá,  el caso es que lo esperé una hora, tenia miedo de que no fuera, mientras tanto pude contemplar las cuatro estructuras alrededor de esta plaza, son hermosas en verdad, al mirar las palomas pasar por en frente del palacio de justicia lo vi, pero con su padre, el parecía ignorarme, me dedique a seguirlo, tenia miedo quería llorar, lo seguí hasta un restaurante, el salio de este, me besó me dio un collar (un cuarzo blanco) me confesé ese dia en facebook, y ahora somos novios lo quiero mucho, y todo gracias al corazón de mi capital.


me han llegaoh caletah de : “hey(?” vndfklvndfvklfdvndfj 

calmah calmah~ cbdnsdc shc déjenme dibujar unas cuantas cusas y respondo sus “hey(?” bcjdcsbdjsdchfkjfbdjdfb por la shusha , eh muchio teczto bcdsjkcbsdkhcvfdvbhdfvdfh 

professorpetrov  asked:

Can i have a meme about Nicholas of Cusa? I'm reading his works right now and i should say I quite impressed. If you accompany meme with your review of him it'll be awesome. PS. Love ya blog. Makes my day. Have a good day, good sir

i haven’t read him so i think a review would be disingenuous, sorry bud. both for that and the wait. here’s ur meme. enjoy dude. love conor xo

Christendom et al. Reading List

Early Christian:

Apostles of Jesus (1st c.) †
The New Testament

Apocryphal Christian
Protoevangelium of James
Syriac Infancy Gospel
The Acts of Paul and Thecla
Gospel of Nicodemus (Acts of Pilate)
Gospel of Thomas

Philo of Alexandria (1st c.) א
On the Creation
Allegorical Interpretation I, II, III
On the Unchangeableness of God
On the Eternity of the World
Hypothetica: Apology for the Jews
On Providence

Apostolic Fathers (1st - 2nd c.) †
Epistle of Diognetus
Epistles of Clement (of Rome)
Epistle of Barnabas
Epistles of Ignatius of Antioch
Epistle of Polycarp
Martyrdom of Polycarp
Shepherd of Hermas

Justin Martyr (2nd c.) †
1st Apology
2nd Apology
Discourse to the Greeks
The Sovereignty of God
On the Resurrection

Ireneaus (3rd c.) †
Against Heresies
On Apostolic Preaching

Clement of Alexandria (2nd - 3rd c.) †

Hippolytus (2nd - 3rd c.)
Refutation of All Heresies
Origin (3rd c.)
On First Principles
Against Celcus

Arnobius (3rd - 4th c.) †
Adversus Nationes (Against the Pagans)

Lactantius (3rd - 4th c.) †
The Works of God
Divine Institutes
The Wrath of God
The Phoenix

Constantinian Shift:

Athanasius of Alexandria (4th c.) †
On the Incarnation

Basil of Caesarea (4th c.) †
On the Holy Spirit
To Students on Greek Literature

Gregory Nanzianzus (4th c.) †
Orations (Selected)

Augustine of Hippo (4th - 5th c.)†
The City of God
On the Literal Interpretation of Genesis

Ephraim the Syrian (4th c.) †
Nisibine Hymns
Nativity Hymns
Epiphany Hymns


Plotinus (3rd c.)

Porphyry (3rd c.)
Philosophy from Oracles
Against the Christian

Iamblicius (3rd - 4th c.)
On the Mysteries

Proclus (5th c.)
On the Eternality of the World

Pseudo-Dionysius (5th - 6th c.)  †
Divine Names
Mystical Theology
Celestial Hierarchy
Ecclesiastical Hierarchy

John Philoponus (5th - 6th c.)  †
Commentary on Physics
Eternality of the World
Creation of the World
Contingency of the World

Germanic Kingdoms of the Post-Roman West:

Boethius (6th c.) †
Consolation of Philosophy

Gregory of Tours (6th c.) †
Ten Books of History (“History of the Franks”)

Isidore of Seville (6th - 7th c.) †
Historia de regibus Gothorum, Vandalorum et Suevorum

Bede (7th - 8th c.) †
The Ecclesiastical History of the English Peoples


Paulus Avalrus of Cordoba
Incipit Confessio Alvari
Vita Vel Passio D. Eulogii


Maximus the Confessor (6th - 7th c.) †
Life of the Virgin 

John of Damascus (7th - 8th c.) †*
Exposition on the Orthodox Faith
Three Treatsies on the Divine Images

* John was an Orthodox Christian of Syrian origin living under Muslim rule. His importance to the Eastern Orthodox and his pro-Chalcedonian views place him in this section.

Photios (9th c.) †

Michael Psellus (11th c.) †
Compendium Mathematicum
Fourteen Byzantine Emperors

St. Symeon the New Theologian (10th - 11th)†

Gregory Palamas (13th c.) †

Gemisthis Pletho (14th c.)
De Differentiis

Near East, Rise of Islam:

Muhammad (7th c.) Ↄ
The Quran

[Muhammad] ibn Ishaq (8th c.) Ↄ
The Life of Muhammad

Jacob of Edessa (7th c.)  †

Hunayn ibn Ishaq  (9th c.) †
How to Grasp Religion

Yahya ibn Adi (10th c.) †
Tahdhib al-akhlaq
Maqala fi at-tawhid

Al-Farabia (9th - 10th c.) Ↄ
Al-Madina al-Fadila
On Vacuum

Ibn Sena (10th - 11th c.) Ↄ
The Book of Healing

Maimonides (12th c.) א
Guide for the Perplexed

Al-Ghazali (11th - 12th c.) Ↄ
The Incoherence of Philosophers
Deliverence from Error
Revival of Religious Sciences

Ibn Rushd (Averroes) (12th c.) Ↄ
The Incoherence of Incoherence

Michael the Syrian (12th c.)  †

Bar Hebraeus (13th c.)  †
Hewath Hekhmetha “The Cream of Science”
Makhtbhanuth Zabhne,  "Chronicle"

Catholic Christendom:

John Scotus Eriugena (9th c.) †
De Division Nature

William of Malmesbury (11th - 12th c.) †
Gesta Regum Anglorum
Gesta Pontificum Anglorum

Peter the Venerable (11th - 12th c.) †
Summa totius heresis Saracenorum (The Summary of the Entire Heresy of the Saracens)
Liber contra sectam sive heresim Saracenorum (The Refutation of the Sect or Heresy of the Saracens)

Robert Grosseteste (12th - 13th c.) †
On Light
The Six Days of Creation
De lineis, angulis et figuris

Roger Bacon (13th c.) †
Opus Majus

Peter Lombard (12th c.) †
The Sentences

Albertus Magnus (13th c.) †
On Union with God
De Bono
Liber phisicorum sive auditus phisici

Thomas Aquinas (13th c.)†
Light of Faith: Comependium of Theology
Summa Theologica
Summa Contra Gentiles

William of Okham (13th - 14th) †
Sum of Logic

Nicolas of Cusa (15th c.) †
Of Learned Ignorance

2017 Top Games of the Week: Week 5

It’s the end of September and the conference races have officially started now that most schools are playing within their own leagues. There are a couple important games going on at the P5 level, but the bottom end of the top ten is admittedly a little weak this week. There are several important G5 games, mostly in the AAC as those schools begin their conference play in earnest. Finally, the FCS gives us a bunch of ranked on ranked games that will foreshadow the Playoff race at that level. Let’s dive in!


Top Ten Games of the Week

10. Indiana 2-1 (0-1) at #4 Penn State 4-0 (1-0)

Series Ledger: 19-1 Penn State
Last Meeting: 45-31 Penn State 11/12/2016

Like I said, the bottom of this list isn’t great football, but there is still some interest. Indiana hung around with Ohio State for one half in Week 1, if they can continue to exploit a few weaknesses they might be able to put a scare in the Nittany Lions, who had plenty of trouble keeping Iowa down last week. PSU has won the last three games in this series. 

Keep reading

A few reasons you shouldn’t worry about apocalypse predictions.

66–70 CE Simon bar Giora, Essenes, The Essene sect of Jewish ascetics saw the Jewish revolt against the Romans in 66–70 as the final end-time battle. By the authority of Simon, coins were minted declaring the redemption of Zion. 
365 CE Hilary of Poitiers, Announced that the end would happen that year. 
375–400 CE Martin of Tours, Stated that the world would end before 400, writing, “There is no doubt that the Antichrist has already been born. Firmly established already in his early years, he will, after reaching maturity, achieve supreme power." 
500 CE Hippolytus of Rome, Sextus Julius Africanus, Irenaeus, All three predicted Jesus would return in the year 500. One prediction was based on the dimensions of Noah’s ark. 
793 Apr 6 Beatus of Liébana, The Spanish monk prophesied the second coming of Christ and the end of the world on that day to a crowd of people. 
800 Sextus Julius Africanus, Sextus Julius Africanus revised the date of Doomsday to 800.
799–806 Gregory of Tours, Calculated the End occurring between 799 and 806. 
848 Thiota, Declared that the world would end during that year. 
992–995 Various Christians, Good Friday coincided with the Feast of the Annunciation; this had long been believed to be the event that would bring forth the Antichrist, and thus the end-times, within 3 years. 
1000 Jan 1 Pope Sylvester II, The Millennium Apocalypse at the end of the Christian Millennium. Various Christian clerics predicted the end of the world on this date, including Pope Sylvester II. Riots occurred in Europe and pilgrims headed east to Jerusalem.
1033 Various Christians, Following the failure of the January 1, 1000 prediction, some theorists proposed that the end would occur 1000 years after Jesus’ death, instead of his birth. 

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Just re found this. Good things come out of bad things.

When you left me in sicilia
The suns silhouette about mount Etna didn’t seem so vivid
The fruit markets lost their sweetness

When you left me in sicilia
Finding rocks amongst the pools didn’t matter anymore
Not even the purple metamorphic crystal

When you left me in sicilia
The cobble stone streets lost their authenticity
We weren’t together
We weren’t holding eachother while we steadily strolled

When you left me in Sicilia
The promenade in syra cusa lost it’s historical awe
The delicacies tasted dry
The rich dialogue lost it’s soul

When you left me in sicilia
The wine tasted un mulled
The Spanish guitarist from Berlin
Could only help
To re-live when we were
In sicilia

When you left me in sicilia,
The puppet show beneath the duomo didn’t seem as bizarre
And the art lost it’s colour

When you left me in sicilia
I stayed inside the medieval cobble stone apartment
And thought about when I
Could hear you again
From Germany

When you left me in sicilia
The aeolian islands ceased to transcend me beyond the banal
And it was empty
The ocean, the shore, the lane ways, the caves, were empty

When I stopped missing you in sicilia
I wanted to miss you
And when on the boat to see the volcano erupt on Stromboli,
I cried on the deck in the sun
When they were all jumping off the rock cliffs
That also reminded me of us in sicilia

I hated missing you
I hate missing you

When I stopped missing you in sicilia
I went to Hong Kong
The haze begun to amaze me
But still i thought about our time
Together in sicilia

When I was in Hong Kong
I thought about scilla, the most southern point
Where we lived
In a forgotten italian town for
Just two days
Sitting each night
On the roof
Contemplating the lights beyond the coast
..Amongst other things

When i was in Hong Kong,
I took photographs of the riots
Of the students protesting
With the same film roll that had you in it
You were still with me
In Hong Kong

When I think about sicilia,
I am both happy and sad
Because of what happened
After you
Left me in sicilia.