Coal has always cursed the land in which it lies. When men begin to wrest it from the earth it leaves a legacy of foul streams, hideous slag heaps and polluted air. It peoples this transformed land with blind and crippled men and with widows and orphans. It is an extractive industry which takes all away and restores nothing. It mars but never beautifies. It corrupts but never purifies.
Harry M. Caudill, Night Comes to the Cumberlands: A Biography of a Depressed Area.
This well-known classical piece, See The Conquering Hero Comes, was written by Handel for the Duke of Cumberland, celebrating his victory at Culloden in 1746, and the end of the final Jacobite Rebellion. Handel was a great admirer of Britain’s Hanoverian monarchy.
Christopher Sexton’s map of Westmorland and Cumberland (1576). When I was little, my dad gave me a beautiful collection of prints of Sexton’s maps of the counties of England and Wales. I still treasure them.