cultural minority

Image: “Speak French, be clean”, written on the wall of an old school in Aiguatèbia i Talau, Northern Catalonia. These messages were part of France’s policies to eliminate all languages native to the territory and replace them with French carried out during the 19th and 20th century.

The policies also included punishing the children who were heard speaking their mother language by hitting them or humiliating them. One of the most used humiliation was having a symbol around the child who had said a word in their native tongue. This symols included clogs, horseshoes, shingles, slates, wooden plates with a message, coins with a cross on them, and others.

More about the Linguistic Genocide of France, known by the Occitan word Vergonha (meaning “shame”), here.

why some teens believe everything the light of their internet-capable device touches is their kingdom

(‘what about that shadowy place over there?’

‘that’s pornhub, simba. you must never go there.’)

we all see plenty of posts about how adults on the internet need to remember that ‘kids’ (read: teens) are around and we must bear that in mind. and these posts are not entirely without merit. It’s important to keep conversations being held with teens carefully teen-friendly and appropriately distant. but the entirety of tumblr and twitter aren’t designed to cater to the safety of minors, and all the adult self-policing in the world won’t make all the kid-unfriendly content go away.

not all teens believe the internet should have gutter bumpers for them, either. but those that do have mystified me for a while … until I started to understand just how pervasive ‘helicopter parenting’ is in parts of American (and UK) culture, and how that affects the adolescents and young adults of today.

anonymous asked:

a thing worth noting re anyone who pulls the ‘you can’t blacklist on mobile, minors can still see it’ thing to say even tagged content isn’t okay: even if washboard didn’t exist, the tumblr app is rated 17/18+ in app stores. if people under that age get on the app and see things they shouldn’t, that’s on them and their parents/guardians, because they shouldn’t actually have been using the app in the first place.


Honestly, though, the argument has moved past this in some ways. It’s not so much about whether or not teenagers are allowed to see this thing or that thing; it’s a well-known fact that most teenagers will break rules if it suits them and they can get away with it, and internet time is a prime space wherein they can do so.

What’s happened is that some adolescents - teens with parents that are overly protective and crowd their schedules with supervised activities, usually - have been taught by their life experience that:

  • all adults in their vicinity are there to protect them. and no wonder: the large majority of their contact with adults will have been as supervisors. Teachers, teacher assistants, instructors, daycare employees, and coaches are all adults who are paid to watch their activity and will be held responsible for the teen’s wellbeing by their guardians. when have they ever spent time with adults who aren’t in charge of making sure they’re safe?
  • any space they are in will be designed and maintained with their safety and comfort in mind (no matter how they obtained access). all spaces they enter are specifically meant to revolve around them: schools, sports, playgrounds, etc. The few occasions that they have to enter spaces not meant specifically for them (stores, etc) they are closely watched by adults and any harm they experience will be blamed on adults as a result.
  • if they can get access, it must be a space that’s safe for them. Having spent very little of their lives unsupervised, they have always been actively prevented from entering spaces that are not meant for them. They’ve never had to learn to set boundaries for themselves, so they naturally reason that if a boundary is not actively enforced, it must actually be a space they’re meant to enter.
  • they are not responsible for themselves. adults around them are responsible for them. if they come to harm, it’s because an adult wasn’t doing their job properly.

for teens of this mindset, ‘18+ ONLY’ warnings are merely a suggestion. Nobody is stopping them, after all, and it has never been their job to stop themselves. and if they can get access, the space is now theirs - because all spaces they are in are theirs. they couldn’t get there unless it was meant for them; that’s how it works, right?

This is why some teens are utterly flabbergasted by the idea that adults on the internet want to interact with fellow adults on an adult level in a space the teen can access. They’re here! That means the space is specifically meant to cater to them! The adults are automatically tasked with their safety! If teens do get into trouble, it’s because the adults weren’t responsible enough! that’s how this has always worked.

And when adults say ‘no, I do not take responsibility for your actions, the internet is full of things that may frighten or harm you and you must set your own boundaries,’ it’s distressing and scary all at once.

(no wonder so many people in their late teens/early 20′s want to still be considered as children.)

EDIT (10/9/2017, 4 days after originally posting): if you’re seeing this post in its original form, I hope you’ll read some of the excellent reblogs disagreeing with it. I think that this post kind of misses the point, which is: some of it may be emotionally invaded teens, but some is just that teens who grew up around this kind of behavior from their parents and adults have learned that they can use their minor status as a kind of power play and thus stand up to demand coddling in fandom spaces.

the culprit that I still maintain is the heart of the problem is the structure of sites like tumblr and twitter, which knocked down all barriers and moderation in fandom and made fandom feel chaotic and uncontrollable. we’re all looking for ways to control our experience in an environment of this kind; some find it by demanding others change what they produce, and others do it by curating what what they see of the production of others. this post doesn’t reflect that well, however, and I apologize for talking down to teenagers who have the agency to think for themselves no matter how their parents behaved. 


British weatherman Liam Dutton EFFORTLESSLY pronouncing the seemingly near-impossible name of a Welsh town: Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch.

Y’all. This might seem just like a fun moment where a weatherman pronounced an impressively long word. But it’s so much more than that.

Wales is a part of the United Kingdom that seldom gets the same attention, especially internationally, as other parts of the UK (ex., England, Scotalnd or Northern Ireland). The people of Wales have their own distinct language and culture – both of which ahve often been looked down upon historically by other British peoples. In particular, the English-speaking politicians of old and new sought to make the UK an English-speaking country – leading to the decline and death of many of Britain’s languages. Languages are deeply tied to cultural heritage, and this could be said to be part of a greater effort to reduce cultural pride in minority ethnic groups in the UK. As such, over the past 200 years, Welsh as a language has been nearing language death. 

The Welsh people were not okay with this Anglicization of their nation. Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch intentionally gave their town this long name in the 1860s – making it the longest name of any railroad post in Britain – as an effort to raise awareness about the Welsh language, which was beginning to die out. Today, Welsh is even closer to language death, but is slowly making a comeback. People like Liam Dutton, who are raising awareness of the Welsh language and culture in their everyday life, are helping to make that happen.

TL;DR: Liam Dutton is a badass, and this might seem minor, but this sort of visibility for an oft-forgotten British language and culture is absolutely amazing. 


Minoritized languages moodboard: Arbëresh

Arbëresh is a dialect of Albanian spoken by the Arbëreshë people who live in southern Italy. They are the descendants of Albanians who fled between the 15th and 18th centuries as a result of the Ottoman Empire’s invasion.

can we acknowledge that having children is not a human right but a privilege very few should be allowed

Royalty AU - Princess Alya of the Césaire Kingdom

Read the fic here

(Marinette, Adrien, Nino, Chloé, Sabrina, Juleka, Rose, Nathaniel, Alix, Kim) (other classmates coming soon)


Minoritized languages moodboard: Ainu

Ainu (アィヌ・イタㇰ, Aynu itak) is a language isolate spoken by the Ainu ethnic group in the Hokkaidō island, north of Japan. Until the 20th century, dialects of Ainu were spoken in the Kuril Islands and the southern tip of the Kamchatka Peninsula (Russia). Hokkaidō Ainu is critically endangered.


Malcolm X speaking at a boycott rally against the New York City Board of Education on March 16, 1964.

In one of the largest demonstrations of the Civil Rights movement, hundreds of thousands of parents, students and civil rights advocates took part in a citywide boycott of the New York City public school system to demonstrate their support for the full integration of the city’s public schools and an end to de facto segregation. After years of unsuccessful lobbying, the Parents’ Workshop for Equality decided to take direct action against the school board and called upon Bayard Rustin to organize a one-day protest and boycott of the city’s public school system on February 3, 1964. The organization’s sole objective was to render the racial imbalance of African American and Puerto Rican schools by persuading the New York City Board of Education to implement integration timetables. Response from the African American and Puerto Rican communities was overwhelming as more than 450,000 students refused to attend their respective schools on the day of the boycott. In addition, thousands of demonstrators staged peaceful rallies at the Board of Education, City Hall and the Manhattan office of Governor Nelson Rockefeller. Despite enjoying broad support, the boycott failed to force the city’s school board to undertake immediate reform. Another boycott was held on March 16, over 250,000 students participated in the second boycott.

Stop accessorizing Korean language 2k17

“Oppa,” “jinjja,” “sarang,” “gomawoyo,” “unnie,” “oetteoke,” and every single other single word that you know in Korean and use entirely outside the context of the rest of the Korean language is a total bastardizaton of it. There are subtleties and nuances to the language which you neglect and essentially illustrate are unimportant to you when you use these words because you want to sound cute or use the language as a fad. This applies to the addition of “-eu” at the ends of words to mock Korean pronunciation. Asian ethnicities in general (and many others) have been historically and contemporarily mocked and ridiculed for their pronunciation, while English speakers are praised for speaking one sentence improperly and with poor pronunciation. It’s Eurocentric and it’s bullshit and accessorizing other languages just contributes to it. It’s treating the language and culture half-heartedly, as something unimportant, at least not important enough to you to actually invest time in properly understanding. It is disrespectful and cursory. It’s the same shit that happens with Japanese language. Either take the time to learn the language or use your own. You don’t get to pick random words you don’t fully understand, nor do you, as non-Koreans, get to use relationship words such as “oppa” and “unnie” which denote cultural relationship stratifications which you are just not a part of if you are not Korean. Please respect the language and the culture and stop reducing it to some sort of commodity.

“Cultural appropriation is the adoption or use of elements of one culture by members of another culture. Cultural appropriation is seen as controversial, even harmful, notably when the cultural property of a minority group is used by members of the dominant culture without the consent of the members of the originating culture; this is seen as misappropriation and a violation of intellectual property rights. According to critics of the practice, cultural (mis)appropriation differs from acculturation, assimilation, or cultural exchange in that the “appropriation” or “misappropriation” refers to the adoption of these cultural elements in a colonial manner: elements are copied from a minority culture by members of the dominant culture, and these elements are used outside of their original cultural context—sometimes even against the expressed, stated wishes of representatives of the originating culture.”

This is the difference between telling a non-English speaker to learn English or leave the country and telling an English speaker to bother to learn whichever language it is they want to participate in beyond a casual, single word usage that misappropriates what the word means or intends.


Minoritized languages moodboard: Basque

Basque (Euskara) is a language isolate (not related to any other living language) spoken by the Basque people, who live in the Basque Country (Euskal Herria) which nowadays is administratively divided in the states of Spain and France.

For @thewickedandthehufflepuff