csmromi

8

Dissertation!

Somehow in a very natural way I only had one subject in mind and even when I tried really hard to think about other directions- Hebrew typography stayed the main passion.

I find it unique, special, unheard of (well, heard of, but not THAT much).

It’s not simple to find material about it here, and it only makes me want to do my dissertation on it even more. Exposure that is slim to none is the reason I want to make people aware of this beautifully made language.

These examples are a few from only a few found in the CSM library.

I’ll upload some scans later on.

Other places to get info (except from the web):

St Brides?
Phil Baine’s private collection? seen some before.
Jewish museum?
CJL maybe? I’ve seen some books and encyclopedias over there.
HOME: since the project is going to be over 6 months, and I’ll be visiting home, it’ll be the perfect time to go get some info. And what’s better than to find info about HebType than Israel? Libraries, people, Israeli typographers, and so on and so on.

I’m in for a funky ride.

Final Notebook.

I am very pleased with how it turned out.
(reflection) This project started with me having a lot of ideas and having trouble focusing on one good one. Every week for every crit I changed my idea thinking I can do better than the previous one, or having a too ambitious idea for the time we had.

So, I finished them all on the same day we had to submit them (stupid, stupid bank holiday screws everything up), got good feedback from people.


Some of the comments I got on the notebooks were:
It feels nice to hold it, has a nice weight to it.
Well crafted
Looks interesting / cool / innovative
Some said they don’t use the grid when using a cutting mat, just the surface. Interesting.

So Basically, instructions:
You buy it (This weekend at London Graphic Center Covent Garden)
Whether you’re an architect, designer, DIY enthusiast etc, take it with you wherever you want or need.
It’s handy, you get 2-in-1 instead of carrying the always-awkward-and-huge-cutting-mat (raise your hand if you took the tube and your cutting mat was in people’s faces, I know I have)
Need something to get cut? Don’t want to ruin someone else’s table? This is perfect for you.
Open it right in the middle (black paper to save you time and effort) to get the most possible leveled surface.. start cutting!
Fits in your bag, just like a normal notebook, only 15X15cms.

Now, if your notebook is finished, and you’re left with the cutting mat as a cover, what you CAN DO is slowly but surely cut the cover out (only if you really want to, sustainability and all that) and then you have a small folding cutting mat you can still carry around. SWEET!

How was it made? Reminder

Snowden 130gsm paper
Coptic binding the paper together
Black paper was letterpressed with silver ink
Packaging was a stamp.

The book is 100% handmade, no use of any kind of software, computers were not a part of it in any way (except from research ;))

If you have any questions, queries, requests, maybe you want a customized one, or one with more pages in it? Feel free to email me, at rominicole@gmail.com

I think that’s about it, I have said enough, time to see the photos.

For more info about the pop up shop sale (open only THIS weekend 31 May - 1 June) visit http://csmpopupshop.com/

Some info about Hebrew lettering history.

Hebrew

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The Hebrew alphabet is a descendant of the Aramaic alphabet, which is itself a descendant of the Phoenician alphabet. Like Arabic, the Hebrew alphabet is an abjad in its traditional form (i.e. an alphabet consisting only of consonants), written from right to left. It has 22 letters, 5 of which have different forms at the end of a word (called “sofit”). The Hebrew alphabet has only one case, so capitalization is not used, and it is often called the “alefbet” because of its first two letters.

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DIACRITICS

Again like Arabic, modern Hebrew orthography includes several types of diacritics as aids to pronunciation. These are written above, below or inside the letter, in ways that do not alter the spacing of the line. Text containing these markings is referred to as “pointed” text and contains three types of marks:

  • The niqqud (points) are used most. They represent vowels or are used to distinguish between alternative pronunciations of several letters of the alphabet.
  • The geresh (indicating initialisms) and the gershayim (indicating acronyms) are diacritics that affect pronunciation. They are also used to denote Hebrew numerals but are not considered part of the niqqud.
  • The cantillation are accents that show how Biblical passages should be chanted and that sometimes function as punctuation.

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Letters are in black, points in red and cantillation in blue.

FONTS

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The Hebrew letter ה (hei) in four fonts (from right to left): modern Hebrew block, modern Hebrew handwriting, Torah scroll writing, “Rashi” script.

Hebrew can be written in three main scripts:

  • Cursive Hebrew
    Used almost exclusively when handwriting in modern Hebrew, because it is faster to write than traditional Hebrew.

  • Rashi
    A semi-cursive script used in books for editorial insertions or biblical commentary. (Named after Rashi, one of the great medieval Jewish scholars and biblical commentators.)


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  • Block
    Used mostly in books. A stylized form of the Aramaic script.


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GEMATRIA

In Hebrew, each letter is also used to denote numbers. One interesting thing about Hebrew is “Gematria,” the system of assigning numerical value to a word or phrase, in the belief that words or phrases with identical numerical values bear some relation to each other. The best-known example is the Hebrew word “Chai” (meaning “life”), which is composed of two letters that add up to 18. For this reason, 18 is a spiritual number in Judaism, and many Jews give gifts of money in multiples of 18.

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The word “Chai” is composed of the two letters: Chet (ח) and Yod (י).

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There are 22 solid figures composed of regular polygons (5 Platonic solids, 4 Kepler-Poinsot solids and 13 Archimedean solids). Because the Hebrew alphabet has 22 letters, we can infer a correspondence between these two seemingly unrelated categories. The art of gematria is knowing which solid to associate with which letter.

This system is used to gain insight into related concepts and to find correspondence between words and concepts. According to most practitioners, there are several methods of calculating the numerical value of individual words and phrases. When converted to a number, a word or phrase can then be compared to another word or phrase, from which a similarity can be identified.

CALLIGRAPHY

Over 150 laws govern how the Hebrew alphabet can be written by a Jewish scribe. Needless to say, we won’t list them all here, but a few are below, including the standard for writing the letter “tsadi,” which consists of the letters Yud and Nun. For more information, this website is quite extensive.

Thanks to Smashing Magazine.

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