ROYAL JEWELLERY || The Danish Ruby Parure TiaraAlong with its accompanying parure, this magnificent tiara was commissioned in 1804 by Jean Baptiste Bernadotte for his wife Désirée Clary on the occasion of Napoléon Bonaparte’s coronation as Emperor of France. Bernadotte and Clary would later become King Carl XIV Johan and Queen Desideria of Sweden and the tiara passed from Désirée to her daughter-in-law, Joséphine of Leuchtenberg. When Joséphine’s granddaughter, Princess Lovisa of Sweden, married Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark in 1869, she received the parure because the rubies and diamonds echoed the Danish red and white flag. Lovisa herself gave the tiara as a wedding gift to her son Crown Prince Christian’s bride, Princess Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and likewise, Alexandrine gave the parure to her own daughter-in-law, Princess Ingrid of Sweden, upon her marriage to Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark in 1935. The parure would eventually become one of Ingrid’s signature pieces and to this day, it is affectionately called “Ingrid’s rubies”. When Queen Ingrid died in 2000, she specifically left it for her grandson, Crown Prince Frederik, to give to his future bride and when he married Mary Elizabeth Donaldson it found its current bearer. The tiara consists of a necklace, a set of earrings, a brooch and a bracelet all consisting of diamonds and rubies. Through the time, the tiara has undergone two massive changes: In 1947, the then Crown Princess Ingrid took two of the accompanying brooches and added them to the otherwise quite small wreath – thereby turning it into a more proper tiara while still retaining the wreath structure. In 2010, Crown Princess Mary altered the look of the tiara as well by rearranging the leaves and added a new frame customised to her own head shape. She also added a ring and a hairpin out of the leftover pieces.