✧ Empress Elisabeth of Austria and her family Spam [28/50] ✧
In 1858 Sisi fulfilled her most important duty as Empress: after two daughters, Sophie and Gisela, she gave birth to the longed-for Crown Prince Rudolf. All three children were taken from the supervision of her mother and given into the care of Archduchess Sophie, who wanted to give them an adequate educational background. But Sisi’s relationship with her mother-in-law thereby deteriorated noticeably. And all her life she had complicated relationships with Gisela and Rudolf.
Crown Prince Rudolf, the only son of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth of Austria, was born on 21 August 1858. In 1889, he died in a alleged suicide pact with his mistress, Baroness Mary Vetsera at the Mayerling hunting lodge. His death had a devastating effect on the already compromised marriage of the Imperial couple and interrupted the security inherent in the immediate line of Habsburg dynastic succession. As Rudolf had no sons, his cousin Archduke Franz Ferdinand eventually became the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. The assassination of Franz Ferdinand lead to Austria-Hungary’s declaration of war against Serbia, starting World War I.
Dear Stephanie, you are now rid of my presence and annoyance; be happy in your own way. Take care of the poor wee one, she is all that remains of me. To all acquaintances, especially Bombelles [Count Karl Bombelles, head of his household], Spindler [Head Secretary Heinrich Ritter von Spindler], Latour [Count Josepf Latour von Thurmburg, Rudolf’s childhood governor], Wowo [Rudolf’s childhood nickname for his nurse, Baroness Von Welden], Gisela [his sister], Leopold [Gisela’s husband], etc., etc., say my last greetings. I go quietly to my death, which alone can save my good name. I embrace you affectionately. Your loving Rudolf.
1889; Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera
In 1887, Rudolf of Austria bought Mayerling hunting lodge. In late 1888, the 30-year-old crown prince met the 17-year-old Baroness Marie Vetsera, known by the more fashionable Anglophile name Mary and began an affair with her. According to official reports their deaths were a result of Franz Joseph’s demand that the couple end the relationship: the Crown Prince, as part of a suicide pact, first shot his mistress in the head and then himself. Rudolf was officially declared to have been in a state of “mental unbalance” in order to enable Christian burial in the Imperial Crypt (Kapuzinergruft) of the Capuchin Church in Vienna. Mary’s body was smuggled out of Mayerling in the middle of the night and secretly buried in the village cemetery at Heiligenkreuz. After the deaths, the Emperor had Mayerling converted into a penitential convent of Carmelite nuns. Today prayers are still said daily by the nuns for the repose of Rudolf’s soul.
The Rudolfinum is a music auditorium in Prague, Czech Republic, home of the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra since 1946.The building was designed in the neo-renaissance style by architect Josef Zítek and his student Josef Schulz, and was opened 8 February 1885. It is named in honour of Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, who presided over the opening. The Rudolfinum’s Dvořák Hall is one of the oldest concert halls in Europe and is noted for its excellent acoustics. On 4 January 1896 Antonín Dvořák himself conducted the Czech Philharmonic in the hall in its first ever concert. The building also contains the Galerie Rudolfinum, an art gallery that focuses mainly on contemporary art. (x)
I’m sorry this is all I personally know about the politics he was involved in >_>. I hope it’s sufficient.
Mayerling: it is a place where the Crown Prince Rudolf met his death on January 30, 1889 with his mistress, Maria Vetsera. Often a taboo subject for many years and shrouded in controversy, Mayerling was said to be the hunting lodge where Rudolf killed his mistress and then himself. However, theories have hinted that both were a target of assassins – because of Rudolf’s liberal political views – or were eliminated on the orders of Emperor Francis Joseph, Rudolf’s father, because of the threat Rudolf placed.
Born on August 21 1858 Rudolf was the third child and only son of Emperor Francis Joseph and Empress Elisabeth.
The Crown Prince had been educated with Gisela, whom he was close to. However, at the age of six, Rudolf was separated from his sister to be educated traditionally and taught the skills needed to become Emperor. By then, his mother, Empress Elizabeth, had taken charge of his education and ordered that he be taught with more liberal instructors.
This lead to Crown prince Rudolf of Austria becoming a patron of literature and the arts. He was constantly frustrated by his reactionary father. He collaborated with noted prominent Austrian scholars in writing the definitive history Austro-Hungarian monarchy.