critical periods

life keeps on crashing

title: life keeps on crashing
relationship: pike & vax
words: 2.8k
warnings: none
summary: faith finds pike in her family shrine and finds vax years later in a tomb.
notes: hey @americankimchi B) i heard you like pike and vax’s friendship B)))

There are many years when Pike’s hands are soft; they’re kept unmarked by her years of peaceful worship. She works by Wilhand’s side, cleaning the shrine and taking care of simple offerings to Sarenrae. She scrubs and dusts but never enough to leave marks of her work.

For many years, Pike doesn’t hear what Wilhand hears. She watches him as she cleans, watches as he bows his head and clasps his holy symbol and murmurs prayers so quiet that she can’t make the words out. Sometimes he laughs out of nowhere, startling her from her work, and she wonders what sort of jokes a goddess can tell.

She asks him that question one day as they’re eating, and Wilhand simply chuckles. “Plenty of jokes. It’s like talking to an old friend, dumpling.”

“Oh,” she says, as if that makes her understand. It doesn’t.


“lets make headcanons that ‘fix’ the sexism of the sixties" 

or lets not in case they get popular and people new to the fandom confuse your headcanon for irl canon, and instead lets openly talk about the sexism, racism, homophobia, transphobia, and all the other bigotry ingrained into the show because of the time period and environment it was written in, ya know, like adults.

like, stop fucking ignoring the problems and actively address them. Especially in a show that is ABOUT moving beyond and learning from our bigotry and prejudice, actively criticizing it can help future series or movies also learn from the problems and fix them.

Count Basie’s band from Kansas City reached New York in December of 1936. Musicians took to them immediately, but the general public took a bit longer. Basie’s big break came in July 1938, when the band started broadcasting from the 52nd Street club the Famous Door. Music from those broadcasts makes up half of a new sampler of live Basie from the period. Jazz critic Kevin Whitehead says it’s choice:

“Basie specialized in the brand of blues that laughs at trouble. The music’s exceptional buoyancy stemmed from a four-piece rhythm section, with Basie on piano. Folks often say rhythm guitarist Freddie Green was more felt than heard. But sometimes his chomping beat came through loud and clear.”

Most of us can agree that we are living in a critical — if not dire — period of human history. Our immediate problems, and those that appear on the horizon, often seem overwhelming. We face extraordinary economic challenges, extraordinary geopolitical dangers, and extraordinary environmental crises. It may be that the only hope for the survival of our species is to learn how to honor our connection — in every thought and in every action.
—  John. E Welshons

Looking through the “third party candidate” tag, I’m positively horrified by the number of people saying that voting third party is like voting for Trump. For swing states, that definitely holds true. IF YOU LIVE IN A SWING STATE, DO NOT VOTE THIRD PARTY

Furthermore, I see so many people saying that the time to vote third party is when both the candidates are moderates. The problem with this logic is that there will never be a moderate republican candidate, not within the next 20 years, which is a critical period for us and our democracy. Decades of bible thumping and courting of racists, homophobes, and xenophobes has left a base of republican voters that is even farther right than the party itself.

Swing states are:  Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, Nevada, Ohio, Virginia, and Wisconsin.

However, many of these posts are completely disregarding progressives in solid red states, and conservatives in solid blue states. The way that the electoral college system is structured, voting democrat in a republican state (or vice-versa) is effectively wasting your vote, since the outcome in that state was decided before anyone even entered the polling booth. Heck, even voting Democrat in a Democrat state, or Republican in a Republican state would be wasting your vote, since there are so many other voters that your vote wouldn’t have been the vote that wins the state.

Remember, in the general election, the popular vote does not matter

To third party candidates, however, the popular vote is a big deal.

Here’s why: Third party candidates aren’t guaranteed to be on the ballot in a given state like the D or R candidates are. HOWEVER, if a third party candidate gets 5% or more of the popular vote (popular vote, not electoral college vote) their party:

  • Is able to collect federal funding: $9.5 Million from the Presidential Election Campaign Fund
  • Can collect donations through Super PACS - as much as we hate them, they’re important to raise money
  • Can participate in the debates
  • Allows that party’s candidates equal ballot access - they’ll be on the ballot in ALL states next election

For the next election cycle - the 2020 election.

 If you were to instead cast your vote to a third party candidate, like Libertarian candidate Gary Johnson or Green candidate Jill Stein, in a non-battleground state, it could end up being your vote that puts them over the 5% needed.
If you’re in a state that is probably going to vote one way or another, but is still in the margin of error, then perhaps find another reluctant supporter of the opposite candidate (i.e: if you’re a reluctant Clinton supporter, find a reluctant Trump supporter) and make an agreement with them to both vote third party - make sure that this person is trustworthy, however, as they could just as easily break their agreement when election day comes ‘round.

TL;DR: If you’re in a state that’s already guaranteed to go in a specific direction, feel free to vote third party.

If you’re in a battleground/swing state, PLEASE FOR THE LOVE OF GOD DO NOT VOTE THIRD PARTY

So, I really like those thinx period underwear. And I really love their campaign to show that some men menstruate too.

What I don’t love is their lack of ANY male styles of underwear. The only thing close is what they call their “boy short” (hip hugging underwear that is longer over the hips and isn’t actually anything like boxer briefs). I would love a fucking period brief that doesn’t have lace. Also, the only style that can handle a heavy flow, are the hip huggers with lace waistband.

They advertise that their merch is also for us trans guys, but they don’t actually have any product marketed toward us. I was so thoroughly disappointed when I checked out their store. T.T

10 Impressions after 3 weeks of my Introduction to Linguistics Course

1) I fucking love neurolinguistics - its so interesting.

2) Linguistics is really cool.

3) Like really cool.

4) Linguistic Relativity is very interesting and apparently something I’m good at understanding.

5) I am very conflicted about the idea of Universal Grammar.

6) Nim Chimpsky.

7) I am persuaded to believe that Genie couldn’t learn grammar partly due to her abuse, not simply because she missed the critical period.

8) Muthafuckin Nicaraguan Sign Language is a bamf.

9) fuck prescriptivism.

10) this is definitely the major for me.

conanima  asked:

Hello! I am currently writing a thing that revolves around a young woman who has come across a feral child and is trying to care for her. A feral child is one "who has lived isolated from human contact from a very young age where they have little or no experience of human care, behavior, or, crucially, of human language". She is roughly seven or eight, and I want to put realistic details regarding behaviour, speech, and overall growth. Could you help me with research? Thank you so much!

I’d check out these links here!

prettier-communist-than-stalin  asked:

(P2) that when an infant does not receive persistent love and affection, their future relationships are messed up, and we do sorta see this with Harry as he really struggles with his relationships with Cho and Ginny, and he doesn't really have many friends, but this does also suggest that he can recover in the future if given love and w/e, which he does! Privation, however, is very different, as this is when an infant does not receive persistent affection before the critical period, 6 months

anonymous asked:

What is "Psycholinguistics"?

Psycholinguistics is the study of the correlation between linguistic and psychological factors in regard to how we use, master and acquire a language, being your mother tongue or a foreign language (L1 or L2). For instance, the critical periods for language acquisition or how our brain processes lexical and syntactic aspects of the language in different ways, or the difference between acquiring and learning a language… I find it interesting but it’s not for everyone lmao

I really love American McGee’s two Alice games. True, they’re gory slashers, but they’re also really fun video games whose gameplay stimulates the determined struggle for agency of the protagonist, who is a snippy, traumatized mentally ill woman in Victorian England, with all the life experiences that entails.

It also blows me away how incredibly steeped the games are with references to Carroll’s text. There’s one bit where Alice walks by the posed corpses of the Lory, Eaglet, Mouse, and Duck, four characters from the Caucus-Race who no one ever remembers. The degree of love for the books is astounding.

This is a form of “hardcore” reinvention that I actually like, because despite all appearances it’s not actually grimdark. The storyline is actually pretty optimistic, because the goal is for Alice to work through her trauma using the Wonderland fantasy and emerge a healthier person. The games are not dismissive of Alice’s substantial issues and inability to actually deal with real life, they’re incredibly critical of the time period and culture in which the Alice books are situated. Carroll’s mockery of values in dictatorial children’s literature translates into Alice’s cynical sniping about her gin-addicted nurse and the toxic quality of fish in the Thames.

I think it’s really cool that we have a medium that can DO all these things at once: sequel beloved novels from a century and a half ago with an interactive, computer-animated game that stimulates the mental illness of the protagonist whose survival the player is motivated to work towards.

Preschool years are not only optimal for children to learn through play, but also a critical developmental period. If children are not given enough natural movement and play experiences, they start their academic careers with a disadvantage. They are more likely to be clumsy, have difficulty paying attention, trouble controlling their emotions, utilize poor problem-solving methods, and demonstrate difficulties with social interactions. We are consistently seeing sensory, motor, and cognitive issues pop up more and more  in later childhood, partly because of inadequate opportunities to move and play at an early age.
Infantile Memory Study Points to Critical Periods in Early-Life Learning for Brain Development

A new study on infantile memory formation in rats points to the importance of critical periods in early-life learning on functional development of the brain. The research, conducted by scientists at New York University’s Center for Neural Science, reveals the significance of learning experiences over the first two to four years of human life; this is when memories are believed to be quickly forgotten—a phenomenon known as infantile amnesia.

“What our findings tell us is that children’s brains need to get enough and healthy activation even before they enter pre-school,” explains Cristina Alberini, a professor in NYU’s Center for Neural Science, who led the study. “Without this, the neurological system runs the risk of not properly developing learning and memory functions.”

The other authors of the study, conducted in collaboration with the Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai, included: Alessio Travaglia, a post-doctoral researcher at NYU; Reto Bisaz, an NYU research scientist at the time of the study; Eric Sweet, a post-doctoral fellow at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai; and Robert Blitzer, a professor at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai.

In their study, which appears in the journal Nature Neuroscience, the researchers examined the mechanisms of infantile memory in rats—i.e., memories created 17 days after birth. This is the equivalent of humans under the age of three and when memories of who, what, when, and where–known as episodic memories–are rapidly forgotten. The phenomenon, referred as to “infantile or childhood amnesia,” is in fact the inability of adults to retrieve episodic memories that took place during the first two to four years of life.

In addressing this matter, Alberini and her colleagues compared rats’ infantile memory with that when they reached 24 days old—that is, when they are capable of forming and retaining long-term memories and at an age that roughly corresponds to humans at six to nine years old.

The episodic memory tested in the rodents was the memory of an aversive experience: a mild foot shock received upon entering in a new place. Adult rats, like humans, remember unpleasant or painful experiences that they had in specific places, and then avoid returning to them.  

To do so, rodents were placed in a box divided into two compartments: a “safe” compartment and a “shock” compartment. During the experiment, each rat was placed in the safe compartment with its head facing away from the door. After 10 seconds, the door separating the compartments was automatically opened, allowing the rat access to the shock compartment. If the rat entered the shock compartment, it received a mild foot shock.

The first set of results was not surprising. The authors found infantile amnesia for the 17 day-old rats, which showed avoidance of the “shock” compartment right after the experience, but lost this memory very rapidly: a day later these rats quickly returned to this compartment. In contrast, the rats exposed to the shock compartment at 24 days of life learned and retained the memory for a long time and avoided this place—revealing a memory similar to that of adult rats.

However, remarkably, the younger rats, which had apparently forgotten the initial experience, subsequently showed they actually had kept a trace of the memory. When, later in life, these rats were prompted with reminders—i.e., they were presented with recollections of the context and the foot shock—they indicated having a specific memory, which was revealed by their avoidance of the specific context in which they received a shock at day 17 of life. These findings show how early life experience, although not expressed or remembered, can influence adult life behavior.  

The findings raised the following question: what is occurring—neurologically—that explains why memories are retained by the younger rats only in a latent form but are stored and expressed long-term by older ones? Or, more specifically, what occurs during development that enhances the ability to form lasting memories?

To address this, the scientists focused on the brain’s hippocampus, which previous scholarship has shown is necessary for encoding new episodic memories. Here, in a series of experiments similar to the box tests, they found that if the hippocampus was inactive, the ability of younger rats to form latent memories and recall them later by reminders as they got older was diminished. They then found that mechanisms of “critical periods” are fundamental for establishing these infantile memories.  

A critical period is a developmental stage during which the nervous system is especially sensitive to environmental stimuli. If, during this period, the organism does not receive the appropriate stimuli required to develop a given function, it may be difficult or even impossible to develop that function later in life. Well-known examples of critical period-based functions are sensory functions, like vision, and language acquisition.

The study shows that there is a critical period for episodic learning and that during this period the hippocampus learns to become able to efficiently process and store memories long-term.

“Early in life, while the brain cannot efficiently form long-term memories, it is ‘learning’ how to do so, making it possible to establish the abilities to memorize long-term,” explains Alberini. “However, the brain needs stimulation through learning so that it can get in the practice of memory formation—without these experiences, the ability of the neurological system to learn will be impaired.”  

These studies, the researchers observe, suggest that using learning and environmental interventions during a critical period may significantly help to address learning disabilities.
This Company Is Trying To Change The Way That Trans Men Experience Their Periods
"We thought, if our goal is to break this taboo and eliminate the shame associated with periods globally, we've gotta do that for everyone."

Here’s a great example of dealing well with criticism. 

THINX, which had the tagline “underwear for women with periods,” got criticism for it being cissexist. So instead of spending a lot of time with fauxpologies and protesting, they designed underwear for men with periods. 


Microfilming in a Digital Era

Even now in the digital era microfilm remains an important component of preservation because it is a format that, when properly created and stored, has a life expectancy of 500 years. Once microfilm is produced, it can be digitized more rapidly and less expensively than paper records.

St. Louis is currently mid-way into a microfilming project:  the QMD Collection (Quartermaster Discharge). These U.S. Army & Air Force separation and discharge records are used in reconstructing service information lost in the 1973 fire that affected military personnel files for the critical periods of 1942 to 1959. Due to the intensive use of the original paper documents and their rapidly deteriorating physical condition, these records were identified approximately 5 years ago as being highly at risk, and were approved for preservation microfilming in accordance with Preservation’s Work Plan.

Once the silver master film is produced, technicians in St. Louis produce  reference copies for administrative and research use. The silver master rolls are then shipped to permanent storage in NARA’s cave facility at Lenexa.

[Burr] has no pretensions to the Station from services. He acted in different capacities in the last war finally with the rank of Lt. Col in a Regiment, and gave indications of being a good officer; but without having had the opportunity of performing any distinguished action. At a critical period of the War, he resigned his commission, assigning for cause ill-health, and went to reside at Paramus in the State of New Jersey. If his health was bad he might without difficulty have obtained a furlough and was not obliged to resign. He was afterwards seen in his usual health. The circumstance excited much jealousy of his motives.

Alexander Hamilton to John Rutledge, Junior, 4 January 1801: “Opinions on Aaron Burr”

this reminds me of that time when Jefferson wrote to Madison in 1793 saying that ‘yeah, Hamilton is sick, but he’s probably just faking it for attention’

“ Hamilton is ill of the fever as is said. He had two physicians out at his house the night before last. His family think him in danger, and he puts himself so by his excessive alarm. He had been miserable several days before from a firm persuasion he should catch it. A man as timid as he is on the water, as timid on horseback, as timid in sickness, would be a phaenomenon if the courage of which he has the reputation in military occasions were genuine. His friends, who have not seen him, suspect it is only an autumnal fever he has. ”

like, could these guys get any pettier