Chrispin van den Broeck - The ‘Spanish Fury’, the destruction of Antwerp in 1576 by Spanish troops - 1577
The sack of Antwerp or the Spanish Fury at Antwerp was an episode of the Eighty Years’ War.
On 4 November 1576, Spanish tercios began the sack of Antwerp, leading to three days of horror among the population of the city, which was the cultural, economic and financial center of the Netherlands.
On November 4 at 11:00, the Spanish attacked. The civilian defenses were useless against the battle-hardened Spaniards, who swarmed into the city. As feared, the Walloons didn’t fight. Depending on the source, they fled or even participated in the looting. The Germans and civilians tried to resist, but were no match for the Spanish. Eberstein drowned in the Schelde when he tried to escape.
Some 7,000 lives and a great deal of property were lost. The cruelty and destruction of these three days of rage became known as the Spanish Fury.
Hendrik Hondius (1573-1649), Engaver - Crispin_van_den_Broeck, Flamish Painter an engaver - 1618
Crispin van den Broeck (1523–c. 1591) was a Flemish painter. He was born in Mechelen. He came from a family of artists, was probably trained by his father, and was the brother of Willem van den Broeck and Hendrick van den Broeck. He worked as a painter, draftsman and engraver. He was enlisted as a master in the Guild of St. Luke of Antwerp in 1555–6, where he became a citizen in 1559.
In Antwerp he was a collaborator of Frans Floris with whom he remained until the master’s death in 1570. According to Karel van Mander, Crispin van den Broeck and Frans Pourbus the elder completed an altarpiece for the Grand-Prior of Spain left incomplete at the time of Floris’s death. Van Mander also claimed that Crispin van den Broek was ‘a good inventor… clever at large nudes and just as good an architect’. Crispin van den Broek died in Antwerp sometime between 1589 and 6 February 1591.