crimean wars

What My Friends Think I Learned From Writing Fanfiction:

  • Human anatomy

What I Actually Learned From Writing Fanfiction:

  • How to build a flamethrower
  • Tajikistani geography
  • Proper cravat tying
  • How to convert from warp factor to mph
  • 17 synonyms for “pining”
  • Sindarin verb formation
  • How to start a fire with laboratory solutions
  • Every poisonous plant found in Jamaica
  • Minor battles of the Crimean War
  • How to play the sousaphone
  • What a jabot is
  • How long it takes to fly from Jakarta to Bern
  • How to spot a forged painting
  • How to perform CPR on a dragon
  • Angst-written rivalries of 20th century British writers
  • 22 French curse words
  • How to clear your search history so the NSA won’t think you’re a crazy terrorist who needs to perform CPR on a sousaphone-playing French dragon wounded in a chemically-induced explosion during the Crimean War

French 2nd Hussar regiment Vivandiere

c.1854 - Crimean war.
Vivandière or Cantinière were women in the military attached to regiments to provide wine, tobacco, paper, ink and other commodities to the soldiers. They achieved a particularly romanticized status during the Second French Empire due to the increase of their number and the many military campaigns on foreign soil during that era.


March 13th 1881: Alexander II assassinated

On this day in 1881, the Russian Tsar Alexander II was assassinated in St. Petersburg aged 62. He had ascended to the Russian throne in 1855 after the death of his father Tsar Nicholas I during the Crimean War.  Decades before the Bolshevik communist revolution would successfully overthrow the Russian monarchy under Alexander’s grandson Nicholas II, there was already a significant anti-tsarist movement in Russia. While Alexander had initiated some liberal and modernising reforms - including the abolition of serfdom in 1861 and the expansion of the nation’s railroads - he had brutally repressed political dissidents. In 1879, a group called the People’s Will was organised and began their attempts to violently overthrow the Tsar. After waging a prolonged campaign in which they assassinated government officials and made attempts on the Tsar’s life, the movement was finally successful in killing Alexander in 1881. The Tsar was killed in St. Petersburg after two bombs were thrown at his carriage by Nikolai Rysakov and Ignacy Hryniewiecki, who were members of the People’s Will. He was succeeded by his son Tsar Alexander III, who punished the people and group behind his father’s assassination. In 1883, work began on the Church of the Savior on Blood, which was built on the spot of Alexander’s assassination and dedicated to his memory.

“Amid the smoke and snowy fog, I heard His Majesty’s weak voice cry, ‘Help!’ Gathering what strength I had, I jumped up and rushed to the emperor. His Majesty was half-lying, half-sitting, leaning on his right arm. Thinking he was merely wounded heavily, I tried to lift him but the czar’s legs were shattered, and the blood poured out of them“
- Police chief Dvorzhitsky’s account of the assassination

Foul Weather Food

Ireland in the Spring. Rain. Wind. Frost. More rain. Cold. More wind. Bored with rain? Have some sleet.

So we rummaged about in the kitchen to see what was lurking, and assembled the necessaries for Boston Baked Beans, using the recipe from Jocasta Innes’s “Pauper’s Cookbook”, which I inherited from Mum.

We made a few adaptations based on what wasn’t lurking, like using cubed smoked back bacon instead of salt pork; the result was a different flavour and mouthfeel, very pleasant, but the way well-marbled pork turns to savoury chunks of near-butter is better. It didn’t stop the level in the pot being noticeably reduced before D thought to say, “take a photo”…

That salt-glazed beanpot is another inheritance from Mum, who got it from her Mum, who got it from her Mum…

Except for D’s genuine late-medieval Venetian trade bead (1480-1500) on the braid of her replica netsuke rat, and a book about the Crimean war written while it was still going on (1855), this is the oldest thing in the house, about 150 years if I’ve got the figures right.

And it still works perfectly.


Russian pioneers sword and small percussion pistol belonging to Andrew Drummond of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders on display at their regimental museum in Stirling Castle

Drummond recovered the sword while serving in the Crimea and unusually for a private in the army he carried this pistol as well as his rifle.

He was awarded a medal for distinguished conduct during the war.

“The Valley of the Shadow of Death” by Roger Fenton, one of the earliest well-known photographs of war, was taken in Sevastopol, Russia, in 1855 during the Crimean War. Later research has led some scholars to question the authenticity of the photo. Some think that Fenton deliberately placed the cannonballs in the road; another version of the photo has been found without the cannonballs. 

Ivan Aivazovsky (1817-1900)
“The Battle of Sinop” (1853)
Oil on canvas

The Battle of Sinop was a naval battle that occured on November 30, 1853, at Sinop, a sea port in northern Anatolia. A squadron of Imperial Russian warships struck and destroyed a squadron of Ottoman ships anchored in the harbor. The battle was part of the Crimean War, and a contributory factor in bringing France and Great Britain into the conflict. This was also the last major battle between fleets of sailing ships. The battle is commemorated in Russia as a Day of Military Honour.


British Pattern 1845 Infantry Officer’s Sword

A tidy example of an 1845 pattern infantry officer’s sword, by quality retailer Hamburger, Rogers & Co. Unfortunately missing the scabbard, but otherwise all present and correct. There are a few dark patches with very minor pitting on the blade, but generally the blade is bright and clean, with clear and good quality etching. The leather washer is in place and the hilt is solid on the tang. The brass is in good shape and I have left the age patina as is - though it could be polished bright easily. The grip is in equally good condition, with all the shagreen and wire. A nice example of the model, dating to 1845-1860ish, so around the Sikh Wars, Crimean War, Indian Mutiny, Taku Forts etc.

This is Timothy the tortoise in the garden of Powderham Castle in 1993. Despite the name, Timothy was actually a lady - and a rather special one. Her little tag reads: ‘My name is Timothy. I am very old – please do not pick me up.’ She was indeed very old, in fact a veteran of the Crimean War where she found herself the mascot of HMS Queen during the first bombardment of Sevastopol in 1854. She had been found aboard a Portuguese privateer the same year by Captain John Courtenay Everard, of the Royal Navy. Later she sailed aboard HMS Princess Charlotte and HMS Nankin, exploring the East Indies and China from 1857-60.

She retired from naval service in 1892 and found herself in the care of the Courtenay family, taken in by the Earl of Devon. From then until her death in April 2004, she lived at Powderham Castle. On her underside was etched the family motto, ‘Where have I fallen? What have I done?’ This little veteran was approximately 165 years old at the time of her death. She was the last survivor of the Crimean War.


Colt M1822/54 conversion rifled musket

Manufactured c.1816-1820′s at the Harpers Ferry and Springfield arsenals as flintlock smoothbore muskets based on the Charleville Mle1777, bought and converted by Samuel Colt during the Crimean war - multiple serial numbers.
.69 ball, single shot caplock muzzle loader, leaf rear sight.

One of the rifles ordered by the Russians at the beginning of the Crimean war, provided by Colt’s 1854 patent caplock conversion. 

Many cultures have had some form of a gun-blade combination due to the fact that they are extremely versatile out on the battlefield. The most famous form would be the bayonet that was used during the Crimean War and the American Civil War. The Germans were also known for their axe guns and a lot of these are preserved in the Historisches Museum in Dresden, as seen above.

The Objective Individual’ is a musical horror-dramedy starring Patti LuPone as Ayn Rand, famed creator of Objectivism, and her struggles with her life as an individual, a woman, a writer, a philosopher, a capitalist, and a brunette. 

Mandy Patinkin will star as the ghost of Karl Marx, pestering Ayn with arguments against capitalism; with Aaron Lazar as the personification of Rand’s character in her first novel ‘The Fountainhead’, Howard Roark, who is oddly strutting about while shirtless; Glenn Close, as the ghost of Aristoteles, whom Ayn Rand mistakably summons from a bust and tries her best to impress; and Carol Channing, as the ghost Rand’s Great Babushka, who forces her to eat borscht and tells stories of when she was an entertainer/bublitchki peddler in the Crimean War. 

On this day, 5 July 1886, James McKechnie VC passed away. He was born in June 1826 in Paisley to Colin McKechnie and Jane McKechnie (nee McGregor) and was married to Elizabeth (nee McLean).

He was 28 years old and a Sergeant in the Scots Fusilier Guards (today called the Scots Guards), when on the 20 September 1854, at the Battle of the Alma, Crimea, his battalion came under assault and was thrown out of formation and into confusion.

The Queen’s Colours had fallen and Sergeant McKechnie dashed forward to rescue it, successfully rallying his fighting men around it in order that they might advance and ultimately win the day. He was wounded in the action but thankfully survived.

He is buried in the Eastern Necropolis, in Glasgow.

Painting: The Colours, Advance of the Scots Guards at the Alma, Crimea. Artist: Elizabeth Thompson, Lady Butler (1846 - 1933). 1899.

The Crimean war (1853-1856)

The Crimean war was the first media driven war. The international community was subjected to the horror of war. This inspired people like florence nightingale to journey to eastern europe and save lives. 

the wars roots can be traced back to the Napoleonic wars. After the empire collasped the great powers met in vienna to dicuss the balance of power and even out borders. They formed the “Concert of Europe” which was a continental system and alliance between the main powers of europe. However the growing economic and nationalistic pressures had led the Ottoman empire to be nicknamed the “Sick man of Europe”. The Ottomans empire slow decline from a superpower to a middle power was siezed upon by the russians who planned to carve the empire up to expand russian dominance. All they needed was the shit to hit the fan. 

Did someone say christianity?

The main issue was the treatment of christians in the Ottoman controlled holy land. The french wanted more rights for Catholics and the russians stepped in and wanted more rights for orthodox christians. The Turks gave way to both and hoped the issue would go away. 

But the Russians pushed for every orthodox christian to be under russian protection and issued the Ottomans an utlimatum for war. The Ottomans demanded changes and negotiation. The French and british promised the Ottomans support as niether the French or British wanted to see the Russian empire even bigger than it was. The Ottomans declared war before the Russians had the chance in 1853. 

There was little for the allies to do in the first weeks. The Ottoman General Omar Pasha led the attack and the Russian bear romped through the Balkans. The British and french thought their effots were being wasted and they attacked the heart of the russian forces at sevastapool. Tricky nicky soon put a damper on their morale by counterattacking and pushed them back while only just south of the city of sevastapool. Omar Pasha led a counter-counterattack and defeated the russian forces. This became and siege and things went from bad to worse. 

The conditions were terrible. Shoulder wounds would turn fatal as infection crept in. The nurses weren’t properly trained and the effects of artillery and industrialised warfare proved devastating. Coupled with the incompotence of the British and French officers. Where promotions were literally sold to the highest bidder. Casualties were high. 

This was embodied in the “charge of the light brigade” where 700 horses charged into russian cannon and rifle fire. A famous British poet. Lord Tennyson captured the butchery of the battle

Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon behind them
   Volley’d and thunder’d;
Storm’d at with shot and shell,
While horse and hero fell,
They that had fought so well
Came thro’ the jaws of Death
Back from the mouth of Hell,
All that was left of them,
   Left of six hundred.
When can their glory fade?
O the wild charge they made!
   All the world wondered.
Honour the charge they made,
Honour the Light Brigade,
   Noble six hundred.

This inspired volunteer nurses like florence nightingale and mary seacole to train the british nurses and improve the conditions of the war. 

The war came to a close and the italians joined in but at that point the situation was kinda…

Originally posted by mochasaiyan

With Europe ganging up on them and the City of sevastapool lost. The russians sued for peace in 1856. The war cost the lives of 350,000 men. 

Hi everyone,
I know that for many of you it will not be a big surprise, but … I wanted to present the fourth faction from ‘Scythe’ game - Tatars, Crimean Khanate!
Their ‘mechs’ are very outdated and still remember the nineteenth century…
but their real strength is frightful cavalry and archers using exploding & poisoned arrows! :) This faction is full of mysticism, exotics and faith in supernatural powers. I hope you like them!