Martin Bryant (b. 7 May 1967) was an Australian mass murderer who perpetrated the Port Arthur massacre in Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia on 28 April 1996. He shot and killed 35 men, women, and children in the vicinity and injured 23 more before his arrest. The following morning, Bryant was captured by police officers, and on 22 November 1996, Bryant was sentenced to 35 life sentences for the fatalities plus 1,035 years for the charges of attempted murder and grievous bodily harm for those who were shot but not killed. He is currently housed in the maximum-security portion of the medium to maxiumum-security Risdon Prison Complex near Hobart, Tasmania. He is never to be released, as he has no possibility of parole.
Preceding Bryant’s guilty plea at his November 1996 hearing, a court-appointed psychiatrist named Ian Sale analyzed Bryant and diagnosed him with Asperger’s syndrome, as well as a mix of conduct disorder and attention-deficit hyperactive disorder. It was also noted that he was socially and intellectual impaired and that his full-scale IQ was tested at a low 66, placing him at a mental age of 11 years in the 10th percentile, meaning that about 90% of 11 year old children would score higher than Bryant.
Following the most deadly mass murder in Australia’s history, and one of the deadliest mass murders in modern history, Australia placed restrictions on access to semi-automatic center-fire assault rifles such as the Colt AR-15 and automatic weapons such as the L1A1 Self-Loading Rifle, both of which were utilized by Bryant during his killing spree.