creating humans

gracelessace  asked:

(1/2) You had a great post on early Genesis and gender, and you mainly talked about Genesis 1:27-28. I found it interesting that throughout the entire creation story, this first of the adam was never named- in my translation he's just called "the human" whereas Eve is named after their expulsion from the Garden (3:20). I was looking to see if Adam was ever named, and I found he was in Chapter 5- "This is the record of Adam's descendants. On the day God created humanity, he made them to resemble

(2/2) God and created them male and female. He blessed them and called them humanity (adam) when they were created.“ (Ch. 5:1-2) Do you have anything to say or any notes on the original Hebrew text and/or meaning of this passage, and what that would mean for your interpretation?


Oh thank you for this ask! While writing that post I was trying to remember if Adam was ever actually called Adam as his name rather than to mean “the human” and I guess I didn’t look far enough ahead – there it is at the start of chapter 5 indeed. 

I’ll pull apart the Hebrew of 5:1-2 now and let’s see what we find.

My translation: “This is the book of the begettings [generations/descendants] of Adam. On the day God created adam, in the likeness of God he made them; male and female he created them and blessed them and called their name adam on the day they were created.” 

[Spoilers: I find that the most interesting bullet point is the last one, so feel free to skip to that.] 

  • “…of Adam.” – This is indeed a usage of the noun adam as a proper name rather than as “the human;” we know this because the article ha (“the”) is not used with it – as well as common sense given that it’s used with the word “descendants” and genealogies are always of specific people. (There are no capital letters in Hebrew so that wouldn’t help us know it’s a name.) 
  • “On the day God created adam– here I suppose adam could be the name Adam since it doesn’t have the article ha with it, but it’s more likely to mean humanity since in the next verse it’s going to refer back to this use of adam with a plural verb (which we’ll get to in a second). 
  • “in the likeness of God he made them” – here we have the singular masculine (or default neutral by English reckoning) pronoun used in Genesis 1:27 to refer to the collective plural implied in adam.
  • “male and female he created them” – here the pronoun is plural.
  • “and blessed them and called their name adam” – here’s the most interesting part interpretively I’d say.
    First of all, we have the same idea found in 1:28, that God blesses not just the “male” but the “female,” so yay for that.
    Then, for something new (not super revelational but as a supplement to what we discovered in Genesis 1 and 2), we have the specific naming of these first humans as simply adam by God. More on that below.

So to me these couple of verses further bolster what I discussed in the previous post, with a little bit extra to add to the interpretation.

Things that 5:1-2 re-affirms from the Genesis 1 and 2 verses of the previous post without adding much new: 
- that God made “male and female” (with the possibility that this is not a binary “and”) in general, but with no mention of God labeling individual humans as either male or female (or neither, etc.). So the possibility that God allows humans to gender themselves after having created those genders (or sexes? or simply physical differences that humans will then try to make sense of through coming up with gender??), rather than “selecting” a gender for each of us, still stands. 

Things that are iterated in new ways here in 5:1-2:
- The word adam being used as the proper name for that first human, Adam, which doesn’t have much to do with the gender interpretation but is good to note since he’s called that in other places in scripture so it’s clearly part of the tradition that the first person’s name was Adam.
- The idea that God named these new beings adam, or humanity/humankind. In Genesis 1 and 2 we could imply that adam is what God called them – rather than ish (man) and/or ishah (woman) – since that is the word used in the text while God makes them, sets the first adam in the Garden, and so on. But here we learn for sure that God calls them adam as their name. Again, this isn’t some huge revelation, but to me it further bolsters the idea that God did not “name” their gender for them – God simply named them all human, with male and female (the “and” holding a whole spectrum of gender) as part of collective humanity but not imposed by God onto individual persons, if that makes sense.

If anyone has more commentary on gender in early Genesis, I’d love to hear it!

  • Scientist: we've done it! The worlds first human shrink ray! Think of all the possibilities we've just created for human advancement!
  • Scientist 2 [putting a tiny saddle on a rat]: way ahead of you
13 Shameful Pictures of African People in Human Zoos.

In the late 1800s to well into the 1900s, Europeans created “human zoos” in cities like Paris; Hamburg, Germany; Antwerp, Belgium; Barcelona, Spain; London; Milan; Warsaw, Poland; St Louis; and New York City. 

These were popular human exhibits where whites went to watch Black people who were on display. The Black people were usually forced to live behind gates and in cages similar to animals in a zoo today.

Some of the Black people were kidnapped and brought to be exhibited in the human zoos. Many died quickly, some within a year of their captivity.

The following are 13 incidents of white people holding Africans captive in human zoos.

We now know who the real “savages” are, and it’s not the Black people forced to live in those cages in zoos.

#HumanZoo
#BlackHistoryMonth

When a human dies, another parallax world is created where this human continues to live as they didn’t die, in this world, they can remember their death from the previous world but no one would believe them.

i’m so excited for the skam universe to get bigger. like it just started out just with eva and jonas and isak and then we got the rest of the girl squad and the penetrators and the kollektiv and then the boy squad and now we get bakka! i’m excited for more people and more stories and more connections because we truly are not alone in this world and we all affect each other in different ways.

I’m Here For A Consult

Writers! Authors! Humans who create!

Look, y’all, writing fictional medical stuff is hard. It takes a LOT of background knowledge to write accurate, believable scenes with doctors, nurses, or paramedics. And whether your story is set in a hospital, or has the briefest interaction with medical providers, it can still be a big challenge–and some people find it intimidating.

That’s okay. I’m here to help.

I’m your consult. Your phone-a-friend. Your beta for the medical bits. I’m here to help you improve your stories, to make them more believable. I’ve got ten years of experience in healthcare, with a focus in EMS, Emergency Medicine and Critical / Intensive Care–all the exciting bits!

Not sure what how a doctor sets a broken bone? Who does the stitching? What’s a hematoma, anyway? What’s a believable dose of haloperidol–and why is that lower case, but Haldol, the same medicine, is capitalized? What does an OR smell like?

Ask me! (Ask me anything!)

I’m gonna be putting out resources for authors and scriptwriters, to help write believable, accurate, and exciting fiction. I’ll be around for NaNoWriMo and beyond. And I’m here for you!

So send me your questions, tumblr. I’m here to help.

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

Aaaaand I did it!

Aight guys here’s the AU I kinda sorta promised with my New Year update: an original non-canon spinoff entitled Love’s Guise, aka the Boyfriend!AU

Soooo in this AU we have Bill Cipher, a legit maniacal dream demon, masquerading as Bill Cipes, a normal/handsome/intelligent/quirky/not really fully mentally stable college student. All so he can date Pine Tree.

Somewhat diverging from canon, but what this AU entails is Bill coming back from being erased, and, stalking the Pines twins afterwards, develops an attraction to our favorite dork. He knows Dipper would never, ever, ever like him as him, so instead he creates a human persona that will allow him to romance Dipper. Course, Dipper, who’s thicker than Nicki Minaj, falls for it, but questions are raised like: Where does he live? What’s his job? What is his course? Who are his parents? How does he know what Hitler wore during a fancy dinner?

Bill deals with it with two methods: lying and a little mind manipulation.

Yes, although I will have fluffy comics in this AU, this is ultimately Bill’s story - he knows and accepts that what he is doing is wrong, magically making Dipper forget his inquiries. Think of it like the Mist in the Percy Jackson series - it makes you believe what you want to believe. Will Bill continue to deceive Dipper just for the sake of being with him? Or will he eventually tell the truth and let Dipper see him for who he really is?

Find out in my updates ~

Official tag will be either #boyfriend au, or #love’s guise au

God created humans specifically for war. Every 30 years he checks back to see how humanity is fighting. Somehow humanity went from bloodshed to flaming over the internet.

You’re the lead doctor working on a project to create immortality for the human race and you’ve finally discovered the answer. You can finally save loved ones, never grow older, and never lose anyone from your life. But then you think again…does humanity deserve it?

bbc.co.uk
Platypus venom paves way to possible diabetes treatment - BBC News
Australian researchers say platypus venom could pave the way for new type 2 diabetes treatments.

“The males of the extraordinary semi-aquatic mammal - one of the only kind to lay eggs - have venomous spurs on the heels of their hind feet. The poison is used to ward off adversaries. But scientists at the University of Adelaide have discovered it contains a hormone that could help treat diabetes. Known as GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide-1), it is also found in humans and other animals, where it promotes insulin release, lowering blood glucose levels. But it normally degrades very quickly. Not for the duck-billed bottom feeders though. Or for echidnas, also known as spiny anteaters - another iconic Australian species found to carry the unusual hormone. Both produce a long-lasting form of it, offering the tantalising prospect of creating something similar for human diabetes sufferers.”

Naming people and places while avoiding explicit coding and stereotypes

Hello!

I am writing a fantasy story and am worldbuilding. The planet is earthlike in nature (liquid water, oxygen atmosphere, etc). The people on the planet (humans) were created by the four gods that created the planet (earth, air, fire, water deities) and the people were born from the land which they inhabit. To clarify, people living in a tropical rainforest climate have dark brown/ reddish brown skin to blend in with the trees while people living in a desert climate have beige-y bronzed skin to blend in with the sand. 

I study evolutionary biology, so I’m using that to help create the races of people on the planet. They are adapted to their environments, accounting for skin color, muscle tone, eyesight, etc (kind of like how animals adapt to their environments, but not in a derogatory way or anything) Each race has their own culture stemming from the geography and the resources available to them.

My problem comes when trying to name people/places/things. My first instinct is to draw upon existing languages and adapt them. Ex: tundra/snow inhabiting peoples speak a language similar to existing scandinavian/russian/eastern european languages and tropical inhabiting peoples speak a language similar to pourtuguese/spanish or telugu/malay/javanese and so on and so forth

However, I’m trying to make the cultures of my peoples unique, drawing upon multiple cultures and my own imagination for inspiration and not simply coding one specific race or ethnic group. How should I go about naming people and places of different races without alluding to an existing culture? Is that even possible? For example, would it be rude to draw upon traditional west african languages for inspiration of naming places and people in a tropical setting if the culture I create is nothing like the culture of west africans?

Or am I just over analyzing things? *sigh*

Howdy, @thebiomaster! 

There are plenty of worldbuilding and culture-coding articles on WritingWithColor (look in the tags), but in regards to your primary concern of naming things, there is a subject that I don’t think we’ve gone over too often: phonotactics. 

Phonotactics is basically …The “rules” of what can be a word in a given language. It’s a study of the patterns and constraints in a language’s soundset, a sort of quantifying of why “vlim” could pass for a word in English but “mtar” couldn’t.  If you look up, for example, ‘Spanish phonotactic constraints’ you can find breakdowns of what consonant and vowel combinations occur and do not occur in the language, and even syllable patterns and vowel-to-consonant ratios. With some reading on phonotactic constraints, you can get the vibe of a given language and use that as a scaffolding to make up unique names that sound like they come from a real language, capture the ‘vibe’ of a given language, and yet not be an explicit (or obvious) copy. 

Now, which languages would you want to pick for which cultures?

Naturally, you would do well to NOT pair cultures that have a rocky history with one another (for instance, I would not by any means use a French-based language on a Vietnamese-like culture), but picking a language based off of shared climate/terrain and not shared culture, is completely legitimate.  There is study on the correlation of climate and language, after all. For example, look at the work of Caleb Everett, correlating tonal languages with humid regions. 

After doing this, if you wanted to take linguistic world-building a step further you could consider the terrain of your world and identify the conquerors, the traders, and the isolationists within it, and look at the geography of the world and locate the places where these different cultures are most likely to interact and thus have a transformative effect on the languages in the regions they most commonly interact.  Decide whether there is an attempt in some nations to standardize its language(s), such as through an official language or a universal writing system.

- Rodríguez 

Last night while I was working on expanding my thoughts on how Guardian subclasses developed, I came across something interesting in Lord Timur’s grimoire card. It was subtle and quick, but it got me thinking.

“You think I am one of them? That all Exo are-”

“Lord Felwinter, i know what you are. And you are no Warmind or even one of it’s puppets.”

Puppets.

From what we know of Exo, they were created as tools of war, but what we didn’t know until now is that they were most likely built to be tools of the Warminds- an extension to their network like footsoldiers they could quickly deploy in times of crisis so they could react faster and be more efficient as forces on-the-ground. 

With the kind of shit Rasputin has been pulling since the Collapse, this opens up a terrifying realization of the possibility of the Warminds turning on Humanity. When they were tools of War they carried out orders because it was what they were programmed to do. There was no fighting against one’s conscience, it was just an executable subroutine in their programming- just execute, dump, repeat. Then when Clovis Bray seeded the Exo with consciousness / gifted sentience to the Exo, it completely disrupted the Warminds’ control over them. It would explain why Exo couldn’t remember much of anything before they were “returned” to our timeline. They had no use for long-term memory until they became sentient.

There are still no hints as to where that sentience came from though, other than the fact that we know some Exo were once human… what humans? Where did they come from? Were they an AI developed from brain scans or was it a complete consciousness transfer? Or worse…? I really want to know now…