crash course art


What are an artist’s moral obligations? And why do people LIKE to cry at movies?

I (really) need you.” (Sam x Reader, fluff, requested drabble)

Happy New Year’s everyone!!! Here’s to a healthy & lively 2017! Haven’t written anything fictional in a while let alone for Sam, but hope you enjoy reading it as much as I enjoyed writing it! Somethin’ short and sweet and calm to start off the new year. Inspired by Mumford & Sons’ Red Rocks performance of ‘Lovers’ Eyes’, if anyone’s so inclined to listen while reading/interested :) Requested by @nataliarmnov xx

P.S. Put the “really” in brackets since I omitted it from the text.

Word Count: 1,951


Despite the fact that it had taken several attempts to persuade you and a promise of no pirate puns for a whole month, you had to admit that spending your summer exploring Avery’s ruins in Scotland wasn’t always the worst.

Keep reading


Hi! So I’m going on a social media hiatus for a while starting today. (There will still be a new vlogbrothers video from me every Tuesday and a new episode of our podcast Dear Hank and John each week.) 

There are a lot of reasons for the break, but it boils down to this: For both professional and personal reasons, I want and need to write a book, and so I want to direct all my energy toward the story.

I’ve also had a difficult few months in terms of dealing with my mental illness, which is a chronic (but treatable!) part of my life, and I’m hopeful that taking a step back from online life will help me regain some equilibrium. 

How long will this last? I don’t know. Rosianna will keep things updated around here on the crash course/art assignment/public health/AFC Wimbledon/etc. fronts. If she’s posting, you’ll know because she’ll put RHR in tags.

I made a post earlier today with lots of updates on various endeavors, so if you’re curious about any of our ongoing projects you can find and/or follow them here.

Thanks for everything. DFTBA.

Lesson 17 - Viking Crafts.

Note: [If you have not done so already, check out last week’s lesson. Visit “Viking History” on my blog to view all of the lessons.]

Komiði sæl og blessuð, vinir,

I have mentioned craft and production quite a bit now, as we have talked about Viking towns and commerce. The Vikings did not only trade things they stole, nor did they only have raw materials to offer. If not already convinced by their ships, the Vikings were tremendously skilled when it came to their art and crafts. However, as we will discuss next week, their art was more practical than the art of “great” civilizations. This lesson is essentially an introduction to the brief Art and Weaponry segment that we are now beginning.

1. Who Crafted?
2. Crafting as a Profession
3. Crafting like a “Viking”
4. Textiles

Who Crafted?

Even before towns, most people knew how to craft, at least to some extent. Items for everyday life were generally made in the home, which was, before towns, the major source for production. If not just at home, crafters would be local or traveling experts, either offering their service to farmsteads nearby or providing a sort of “wandering” service.

When I said everyone crafted, that included women. However, that does not mean it was free from gendered restrictions. Certain crafts were often associated with certain sexes. For example, woodworking and blacksmithing were viewed as male tasks, while weaving and textile production were female tasks. This trend is evident in burials, for the grave goods most often reflect this distinction. Textile production was very time consuming though, so it gave women a way to participate in production and in the “economy.”

Crafting as a Profession

Once towns emerged in Scandinavia, crafting gravitated towards a new center. This center moved from the household and into the town, thus providing a spot for year-round production, rather than part-time or even seasonal work. Yet, even those who travelled represented the motion towards crafting as a profession. The Mästermyr Chest from Gotland, Sweden provides interesting insight into the traveling craftsman:

The chest dates to around the year 900 and features a wide variety of tools. It was truly an essential kit for a craftsman. It does not only indicate that these craftsman were traveling, but also gives some potential insight into the types of crafts that these Scandinavians partook in.

Crafting like a “Viking”

So, what did they craft? Well, when they weren’t carving intricate art onto ships and axes, they utilized a variety of materials in order to create pretty “basic” items. By basic, I mean that these items were not typically luxurious, rather they would be used for everyday purposes. Yet, production was still sophisticated, making use of imported materials to use in production. Some crafts, especially amber, was highly desired in regions south of Germany. Here are some of the materials they used to craft with:

Iron (…forges and metal pits were on the outskirts of towns, and so metals were most often provided from outside the center of production.)
Gold (…not manufactured in Scandinavia. Gold was often important and them melted so that they could mold it into other objects. Gold was rare, of course, and used for decoration.)
Beads (…this was a big craft, along with glass, which often was used to make beads.)
Glass (…this was a specialist craft, not just anyone did glasswork. There were various types: Russian Carnelian, Rock Crystal-imported, and Amber-locally available.)


Textiles normally do not survive, since they easily break down over time. They are usually only found in two particular situations: metal attachments and anaerobic environments. For reasons I am not going into, metal actually helps prevent a textile from fully “decomposing.” This can be observed in Birka graves. Brooches and swords often helped preserve the clothing of women and men alike. Though, such preservation would still be poor at best. As for anaerobic environments, these are special conditions that help preservation. Thick clay as well as boggy land help seal objects from the elements that cause them to break apart. This can be observed with bog bodies and even the Oseburg ship itself.

Textiles were often lavishly decorated. One such example, that we actually have  been able to “reproduce” is the tapestries of Oseburg. I have posted about this in the past (literally only after two weeks of starting this blog). You can view that post here (Oseburg Tapestry Post). At the very least, you will see what it was thought to look like.

Textiles reflected the long-distant trade networks that formed alongside towns. The Birka graves show textiles from China, Syria, and even Arabia. Nordic textile styles actually take on some inspiration from foreign styles as well. As a result of their growing internationality, textiles also conveyed status. Textiles, especially women’s clothing, was often enhanced with precious metals, beads, gems, and dyes. There was even selective breeding to produce whiter, brighter wool. 


As I stated previously, this is only the beginning of “Viking” crafts. Crafts in medieval Scandinavia were more focused on the creation for useful items, yet, as towns and international trade began to flourish, crafts began to convey a new kind of status: command of resources and networks. This, of course, was not entirely new, but definitely on an expanding level. Next week we shall talk about proper “Viking” art styles as we make our way into weaponry and raids.

Skál og ferð vel.

Next Week’s Lesson: Lesson 18 - Viking Art: Decorating Useful Objects.

Sources and Notations:

[Gen.] Jennifer Dukes-Knight, “Crafts, Art, and Weaponry,” Lecture, Viking History, University of South Florida, 2015. || I had little extra input to make this lesson, so there are clearly a lack of notations this time. If there is any aspect of this lesson that you would like more detail, send me an ask and I shall research it for you.

[Fig 1.] Image of the Mästermyr Chest, provided by the Swedish History Museum via Flickr. (link)

[Fig 2.] This image depicts a more wealthy medieval Scandinavian woman’s attire: an apron dress with brooches and beads. (link)

roguerands92  asked:

Dearest Duke, Do you have any tips that you used to get your agent? Did you have your book finished before you started looking or an agent? And congrats :) that's so exciting!!!

OMFG YES you need to have your book finished before you start looking for an agent. You don’t just need to have it finished, you need to have it finished, you need to have done twelve different drafts and had five beta readers and made sure that it is as close to perfect as you can possibly make it without professional help.

Alright we’re going to do a quick crash course in traditional publishing and how it works because I feel like this is like a big black hole of missing information for all the hopeful writers on Tumblr (for some reason; you guys CAN look this stuff up online and it’s a really good idea to do that). Anyway this is not meant to be a substitute for doing your own research, but here are the bare-bones basics of what you need to know before you even think about approaching an agent:

  1. FINISH THE BOOK. Better yet, finish three or four books because the odds that your truly ‘first’ book is ready for publication are hilariously, abysmally low. If I get the book my agent made her original offer on published it’ll say on the dust jacket that it’s my ‘first book,’ but that’s not really true. This is the seventh novel I’ve written. It’s just the first one that was remotely ready to actually be seen by an agent (or anyone else). This is part of the process. You have to write shit that will never see the light of day if you want to have any prayer of writing things that will.
  2. Revise like your life depends on it. Under no circumstances should you submit anything to an agent that you’ve done less than ten drafts of. Get beta readers. Revise again. Revising is just as important as writing, if not more so. It should take you at least as long to revise as it took you to write the fucking book. Way too many writers think they don’t need to revise or think that revising consists of surgically removing typos. You, my friend, are sorely mistaken. 
  3. Repeat Step 2 until you are absolutely positive that there is literally nothing you can do, not a single comma you can remove, to make it better before you start querying agents.
  4. Write a query letter. 
  5. Revise said query letter like your life depends on it. Because it kind of does, if writing is what you want to do with your life, and if it isn’t you shouldn’t be doing this. Writing can’t be a casual hobby if you really want to make something out of it.
  6. Repeat Step 5 until there’s nothing more you can do.
  7. Research different agents and what they want/represent. Do not just fire off your query letter to every agent listed in Writer’s Marketplace. Who specifically is your book going to appeal to? Better yet, who do you want to be representing your book? This is important shit to consider. 
  8. Send out query letters. Personalize them if you can but don’t try too hard. Keep track of where and when you sent them so you can follow up if need be.
  9. Hopefully hear back from an agent. They may ask for revisions. They may make you an offer right away. At this point it could go a million different ways and I won’t get into that right now. 
  10. Hopefully sign a contract. Once you and a prospective agent can agree on revisions, etc. you can sign a contract and congratulations, you now have authorial representation. 

I hope this is less of a mystery. Sorry if this is way more than you asked for but it seems like something a lot of people on here might be curious to know. If you’re serious enough about writing to be thinking about trying to get (traditionally) published someday, you need to know that writing is not just fun and games and stringing pretty words together and shipping your own characters. Writing is an iceberg kind of art form. Only 10% of it is actually writing. The rest is editing and revising and networking and research and if you are not hella fucking dedicated and hella fucking determined you’re already at a huge disadvantage. We toss around the word ‘writer’ pretty casually on Tumblr—which is totally valid, if you write, you’re a writer—but it does lead people to have a very romantic notion of what it’s like to write professionally. It’s kind of like acting. It might look glamorous, but in reality it’s being sore and bruised and fucking broke and exhausted all the time. So why do it? Simply put, because it’s worth it. To me anyway. If you’re thinking, it’s probably not worth all that, it’s probably not the career for you. 

Art is hard. Don’t let anyone tell you otherwise.


            John Green, I have been subscribed to the Vlogbrothers channel for two years. I’ve watched MentalFloss, Crash Course, and The Art Assignment. I’ve read all of your books, several of them more than once, and I’ve recommended them to all of my friends. And I am officially sick of your BS.

            Currently in production is a movie adaptation of your novel Paper Towns. I really liked Paper Towns when I read it. The story is interesting, I like your writing style, and I thought the message was good. But honestly, the most important thing to me, the part of the book I remember the best, was the character it was based around. She was something of a rare bird in comparison to the many other YA books I’d read, and I treasured her. She was like me! Her name was Margo Roth Speigleman—Speigleman, for G-d’s sake—she had a little sister named Ruthie, she was short and chubby with dark hair, and she talked about spending her Bat Mitzvah money.

            A Jewish girl in a story not about the Holocaust?! This was a momentous occasion!

            So imagine my surprise, Mr. Green—John, can I call you John?—Imagine my surprise when the actress playing Margo (in the movie that you are EXECUTIVE PRODUCING) was announced. Her name is Cara Delevingne. She is a 5’10, blonde, British supermodel.

            John, you talk a big game about equality. You talk a big game about media representation. But now that you had the power—and you have a lot of power, John—to do something about it? Kaput. Nothing.

            You lack integrity. I believed in you. I trusted you, John, I took your word as gospel.

            Now I ask you, as I have asked you on Twitter and in Youtube comments, why isn’t Margo Roth Speigleman being portrayed by a Jewish actress?

            Here’s the thing, John. There are very few Jewish characters in the media. Where they do exist, they are gross, shallow, anti-Semitic stereotypes and almost invariably men. There are very few Jewish women in the shows and movies I watch or the books I read. When they do exist, they are almost always side characters, and they fit in one of two categories. 1. There is nothing Jewish about this person. The only time their Jewishness is mentioned, it is when they say “I celebrate Chanukah” in the Christmas episode to please the PC police. 2. This character is a joke, and their Jewishness is the punchline every single time.

            I almost feel silly for thinking there was ever a chance that Margo would look Jewish. I mean, leading ladies have to be pretty, right? And if the media has taught me anything, it’s that Jewish ain’t pretty. “You don’t look Jewish” is considered a high compliment. Half my friends want nose jobs for their 18th birthdays. For years I hated my height, my body, by skin and my hair. I felt othered and separate and ugly next to my tall blonde friends.

            And it’s not just in the looks. Because Margo is deep. The whole story is centered on discovering her depth, and as I previously told you, John, Jewish women in the media aren’t deep, or intelligent, or interesting. They’re jokes. Am I a joke to you, John? Do I only exist as the silly side character without a Christmas tree on a sitcom? The desperate beauty who needs saving in a Holocaust movie? Or am I, like Margo, “a girl”?

            You tell me, John. Practice what you preach. I’m waiting.


Schizophrenia & Dissociative Disorders: Crash Course Psychology #32

Did you know that Schizophrenia and Multiple Personality Disorder aren’t the same thing? Did you know that we don’t call it Multiple Personality Disorder anymore? In this episode of Crash Course Psychology, Hank takes us down the road of some very misunderstood psychological disorders.

Subbable Message

To: Margarete
From: Toni

Your sister thinks you are the best! Here’s hoping Crash Course does an Art History season just for you. :)

embeebe  asked:

Why does your "company" seem to have so many names? Sometimes you call it Vlogbrothers Enterprises, sometimes it seems like DFTBA Records is the over arching umbrella. John posted an editing position the other day that said it was working for EcoGeek, but I'm pretty sure it was crash course related. Could you explain or make a flow chart explaining the hierarchy of all your business/names. I think that'd be neat. Thanks!

OK…this is surprisingly complicated…full explanation!

When EcoGeek (my environmental technology blog) started making enough money for it to be a business, I incorporated it into an LLC* called “EcoGeek LLC.” Then, when YouTube told us that it was possible for Vlogbothers to start serving advertisements, we just linked it with EcoGeek’s Adsense account thus, by default, making it part of that company. 

So Vlogbrothers has always been “owned” by EcoGeek LLC which was, in turn, owned by me. Eventually, as Vlogbrothers grew to be much bigger than EcoGeek, I just gave John half of that company and it became the joint venture of Hank and John.

However, we’ve also started several other LLCs, including DFTBA Records, Subbable, and VidCon. Those are different entities because they’re pretty different things and also because they have different ownership structures (John was not initially an owner of DFTBA Records (though he is now) and I own more of VidCon than John does.)

EcoGeek LLC remains the thing that “owns” Vlogbrothers, SciShow, Crash Course, and The Art Assignment. The deals we have with partners for Mental Floss, How to Adult, The Brain Scoop, Sexplanations, and Health Care Triage are also between those partners and “EcoGeek.”

But I don’t really think of it this way…I think of all of our companies as projects of Vlogbrothers…or even maybe projects of Nerdfighteria. It’s like our production arm (EcoGeek) our events arm (VidCon) our fundraising arm (Subbable) our merch arm (DFTBA) and our philanthropy arm (The Foundation to Decrease WorldSuck) are all branches off the same tree.

Legally we can’t do this (for a number of reasons). So when we have someone who usually works for VidCon doing work for Subbable, we actually have to draw up a contract between VidCon and Subbable so that Subbable pays VidCon for the time that employee spends working on Subbable. It’s weird.

But when we hire people, we want them to feel like all of these companies are part of a greater thing (though we have to be clear that, legally, if you do work for one of the companies, we need to know so that we can have that company pay for it.) And it doesn’t really make sense for that greater thing to be called “EcoGeek” because that name is literally just there because I didn’t want to do an hour of extra work setting up a different Adsense account in 2008. So I often call the whole shebang “Vlogbrothers Industries” in my head and…apparently…sometimes I do it out loud.

* LLCs are a way of having a legal entity that is not a human own things, which is mostly to make sure the company can then go bankrupt without the human being on the line for the debts of the company.



New video! WIth a slight change of pace – this week we talk about the top 10 ideas that led to the creation of The Art Assignment.

We look at how ideas are cyclical - informed by ideas that precede them AND informing those that follow. And we talk about how everything from planking and meme culture to Sports Racers and Yoko Ono got us to this point.


‘Nerdfighteria Island’

Done with acrylic paints, watercolours and some design stuff on a word document (i’m not very informed about designing)

I haven’t painted anything for a while- hope you guys like it!


Edit: I added some close up images of the map because the  upload isn’t very good quality :)

Vidcon is in 4 days! Have you had your schedule planned for weeks? Are you just going to wing it when you get there? 

Either way, come hang out with jtotheizzoe, mikerugnetta, wheezytumblr, theartassignment, braincraft and grossscience on Saturday. There’ll be beanbag chairs involved, so you won’t want to miss it. 

stottl  asked:

Thank you so much for Crashcourse. As a high school history teacher, it's often hard to find resources for students that are high quality AND that the students enjoy, particularly my AP level students. Have you gotten feedback from teachers? Have they shared how they are using the videos? Ps- please thank Sarah for the art Assignment. It made for a wonderful prompt in my Humanities course!

That’s all so great to hear! We have a group of teachers we work with periodically to get feedback, especially now that we’re developing resource materials around the videos—essays, collections of primary sources, worksheets, and so on. (Those should start debuting at the beginning of next year.) We’re able to invest in non-video resources thanks to Crash Course’s Subbable subscribers, so thanks!

If you’re an educator who’d like to be on that list, you can email us with the subject line TEACHER at hankandjohn-at-gmail. 

Thanks for watching Crash Course and The Art Assignment!