The Mohawk band council of Akwesasne has introduced what is
considered the first Indigenous legal system in Canada outside a federal
While First Nations band councils have been passing and enforcing
legislation on reserves across the country for decades, those bylaws are
either tied to the Indian Act or within a self-governance agreement
with the federal government.
What’s special about the new court law passed by the council of
Akwesasne — a reserve that straddles the Quebec, Ontario and New York
state borders — is that it was drafted by the community and
independently of Ottawa.
“We did it and our community is behind us,” said Joyce King,
director of justice in Akwesasne. “It’s a historical moment. It’s the
first in Canada.”
Justices and prosecutors must enforce 32 laws that cover civil
matters including tobacco regulations, sanitation, elections, property
and wildlife conservation. Criminal matters are still settled outside
the territory, in federal or provincial courts.
Canadian justice combined with Mohawk principles
Akwesasne’s council decided to mix aspects of Canada’s justice system
with Mohawk values and principles such as considering the talents of
the offending party and using them to benefit the community.
For example, if someone spraypaints graffiti on a school wall and the
offender is a great lacrosse player, the law stipulates the person can
be ordered to teach students how to play the sport.
“It’s not just looking at penalizing,” said Bonnie Cole, Akwesasne’s
sole permanent prosecutor. “That’s old thinking — that’s outside
"This law looks at the person, what offence they committed and how
they can restore balance between the (offender), the victim, and the
community as well.”
Women also play a big role: the director, public prosecutor and the territory’s two justices are women.
The plan had been to drive back to the apartment separately, and by the time Neil fights his way free of the stadium the Maserati is long gone. The second Neil shuts the door of the A5 behind himself he’s dialling Andrew’s number.
The first time it cuts directly to Andrew’s answer phone, which is still the factory-set robot. The same thing happens the second time.
The third time, it rings. On the second, Andrew answers just long enough to snarl, “fuck off,” before he hangs up.
stop saying my son neil abram josten is gay. he’s the embodiment of demisexual/demiromantic and i will fight seriously everyone on this. he literally doesn’t start to become attracted to andrew until the second book and doesn’t realize it until the third, when he completely trusts him and their relationship develops beyond “i hate you” and “andrew is a psycho”. also he’s clueless af when people flirt with him (bless), which i’m not saying happens with every demi but got yam it sure as hell says a lot.