ON THIS DAY - King of England Richard III died in 1485 at the Battle of Bosworth in Leicestershire.

The divisive king adopted the boar as his symbol in 1472, and court records show that thousands of small boar-shaped badges were produced for his coronation in 1483. Most were made of cheap bronze or pewter, but this one is silver and was once gilded. It was found in Chiddingly in the south of England, and may have belonged to a nobleman who supported the king. more

anonymous asked:

I've heard it said that medieval society was a lot more violent than the modern day, not just on a geopolitical level, but all the way down to the level of street violence. Is that true?

There’s a whole scholarly debate about this, in part because we don’t have anything close to minimally decent statistics from that period, so it all comes down to these academic bank shots where you’re looking at court records or burial records in a given area and then everyone argues about how representative the samples are. 

Steven Pinker and those who agree with him argue that murder rates were way higher in premodern levels, there are plenty of people who disagree.

Personally, I’m unsure. On the one hand, premodern societies had much weaker police and judicial systems, so potentially there was less disinhibition for just hauling off and killing someone who pisses you off. On the other hand, various technological advances (the invention of the gun, the invention of modern industrial poisons) makes killing people way easier than the messy business of having to do it by hand, and rising urbanization means people are bumping into strangers more often who they might want to kill and makes it easier to disappear them or vanish yourself.
Thousands of ICE detainees claim they were forced into labor, a violation of anti-slavery laws - The Washington Post

GEO Group has strongly denied the lawsuit’s allegations and argued in court records that pay of $1 a day does not violate any laws.

“We intend to continue to vigorously defend our company against these claims,” GEO Group spokesman Pablo Paez said in a statement. “The volunteer work program at immigration facilities as well as the wage rates and standards associated with the program are set by the Federal government. Our facilities, including the Aurora, Colo. Facility, are highly rated and provide high-quality services in safe, secure, and humane residential environments pursuant to the Federal Government’s national standards.”

Jennifer D. Elzea, acting press sectrary for ICE, said she couldn’t comment on the litigation because “ICE is not specifically a party in this suit.”

Under ICE’s Voluntary Work Program, detainees sign up to work and are paid $1 a day. The nationwide program, ICE says, “provides detainees opportunities to work and earn money while confined, subject to the number of work opportunities available and within the constraints of the safety, security and good order of the facility.”

Detainees work for up to eight hours a day, 40 hours a week, cleaning bathrooms, showers, toilets, windows, patient rooms and staff offices, waxing floors, and preparing and serving meals. ICE says detainees “shall be able to volunteer for work assignments but otherwise shall not be required to work, except to do personal housekeeping.”

Jacqueline Stevens, who runs Northwestern University’s Deportation Research Clinic, said the program does not meet the criteria for what qualifies as volunteer work under labor laws.

“Just slapping the word ‘volunteer’ in front of ‘work program’ doesn’t exempt the prison firm from paying legally mandated wages any more than McDonald’s can use ‘volunteer’ senior citizens and pay them Big Macs,” said Stevens, whose research about the volunteer work program prompted the lawsuit.

Being stubborn and unreasonable is a good way to make your business fail with me...

(long story. tl;dr at the end)

So I own a few residential properties, I used to maintain them myself but I have a small business that needs my constant attention so I hired a property management company to maintain the properties. Property management companies handle everything, fix anything broken, screen the tenants before moving in, evict them if they don’t pay rent etc, while I just collect my rent money minus their little reasonable fee they take every month. When I chose this company, who I’ll call SPM for shitty property management company, they seemed to be a very good company. Local, been established for awhile, nice people, etc. I needed help marketing my properties and getting good tenants moved in, so I chose them.

While most of my properties we’re vacant at the time, I did have a few occupied, and 1 tenant living in my higher-end condo property and he was my favorite tenant, who we’ll call FT. I screened him and approved him myself before I hired SPM. He was a very good tenant and he rented from me for 3 years which is a long time and a great thing for landlords. Paid rent on time, made repairs himself without deducting rent, didn’t smoke etc. I ended up getting to know him because he wanted to buy the condo and he was a great tenant, so we became very good friends.

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Here’s the history of undocumented immigrants working for President Trump’s companies

  • According to court records, back in 1980, Trump employed undocumented Polish workers to demolish the building that occupied the site where he would erect Trump Tower.
  • According to Time:
    • “The men were putting in 12-hour shifts with inadequate safety equipment at subpar wages that their contractor paid sporadically, if at all. A lawyer for many of the Poles demanded that the workers be paid or else he would serve Trump with a lien on the property.”
  • Trump has long acknowledged that undocumented workers helped build Trump Tower, but he continues to deny he knew about it at the time.
  • According to testimony and depositions, Trump was personally involved in hiring the workers and paying (or, more accurately, not paying) them. Read more (2/13/17 5:20 PM)

Hot on the heels of last week’s trailer, and with the game’s release just three weeks out, Famitsu brings us another DGS2 scoop!

The magazine introduces coroners Courtney Sithe and Maria Goulloyne.  Sithe is the head coroner of Scotland Yard - a position that was only recently created - and works at the forefront of forensic science with her daughter Maria; Ryuunosuke meets them when the case he’s investigating calls for more detailed investigation, including fingerprint work.  Though Sithe can seem blunt, she also makes it clear that she sees her job as her own way of fighting criminals.

Next, the magazine introduces a waxworks “kidnapping” case.  In a somewhat off-the-beaten-path corner of the World’s Fair, a waxworks museum has been erected, featuring the works of the Rozaic family.  Unfortunately, one of the major figures from the museum’s House of Horrors, which collects London’s major criminals, has gone missing - and Holmes is intrigued by Rozaic referring to it as a “kidnapping”.  It’s not long after he gets there that another bout of Joint Reasoning crops up.   Later, at the trial, Rozaic testifies that the criminal was using the theft to demand a fortune for the figure’s safe return.  She also notes that the wax figures of the museum are created by taking a cast of the person’s face directly from their corpse.

Lastly, we’re given brief introductions to the pre-order bonus Asinine Attorney mini-cases.  In the first, Asougi takes on a special trial as part of his preparations for studying abroad, going up against a still-angry Payne; in the second, Holmes takes to the defense bench when Iris is arrested, with Ryuunosuke as his ‘assistant’.

the story so far

bb Phoenix nervous about giving his valentine to Edgeworth

“I must change my career path entirely to save the one I love because I know he’s no demon”

it’s totally unrequited


where did you get this Edgeworth

oh that’s where

^as pointed out by phoenixwrongg … they shared a bed after this festival. apparently without clothes

i rest my case

Andrew is at least one child's favourite athlete (Andrew and Kids Part Two)


 A young girl with leukemia, Coach Kinzie tells Andrew sombrely, wants to meet her favourite sports star. For a brief moment, Andrew assumes she’s talking about Kevin, or maybe Neil, or really any of the other players on the Olympic-gold-winning team, but a second later he realises Kinzie is looking at him expectantly, itinerary in hand. Andrew doesn’t agree outright but when he leaves, he takes the itinerary with him. He thinks it’s more than the Coach expected. 

 "What did Kinzie want?“ asks Neil later, glancing up from his phone as Andrew walks through the door of their apartment, trying to shake off a damp autumn leaf that has adhered itself to the toe of his shoe. 

 He gives up, kicking his shoes aside aggressively before handing the Make-A-Wish itinerary to Neil, who scans it and passes it back with a smile. "Well, you’re no Disney World.”

 Andrew gives him a flat look. Neil hadn’t even known what Disney World was until a couple of years ago, when Matt and Dan had organised a Foxes reunion there for their twins’ fifth birthday. 

 "I think I’m a bit old now to really appreciate all the things I missed out on as a child,“ Neil had told Andrew when they got back. "But I wouldn’t mind going back one day. It was fun, I guess." 

 Andrew had hummed noncommittally as he closed the window in which he’d been researching US adoption law on his laptop and deleted the search from his history. 

 "Kidding,” says Neil now, standing and holding his hand a centimetre from Andrew’s. “Disney World is a wasted wish, apparently. You’re the best goalkeeper in the league, Andrew. I’m not surprised you’re some kids’ idol.”

 "One kid,“ grumbles Andrew, clasping Neil’s hand briefly before retreating to the kitchen to feed the cats. Neil won’t have remembered. "And I’m questioning her taste in athletes." 

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ace attorney psa

i’m not the first person to say this, but if someone sends u THIS message

then u should really know that. like. its very blatantly jmariofan7′s very very very specific kink. like they’ve spammed this copy-paste message to soooooo many aa fanartist’s on both tumblr and even court records at this point and no matter how many people fill it they keep….requesting……

anyway uhh stay safe out there people on the internet are weird. 

anonymous asked:

what conspiracy theories about hephaestion...?

something really weird starts to happen when you get balls deep in alexander source criticism like moi, which is that in the royal tradition – ptolemy’s history – hephaestion simply isn’t… there.

this wouldn’t be weird in the study of ancient history, where a lot of the field is theorizing and extrapolation, but it’s weird that we know more about second-fiddle generals than we know about hephaestion. why? well, hephaestion died the chiliarch of the biggest empire in the known world, with a hero cult devoted to him, statues and temples in his name from babylon to alexandria to athens; he commanded a huge body of men both persian and greek, flew his own standard, handled diplomacy, handled logistics, handled propaganda, married a princess, kept up a lifelong correspondence with aristotle and xenocrates, answered the king’s personal mail to his infamously politically intelligent mother… and we have no idea where he came from, only theories; we only have some idea of what he looked like; we can barely even corroborate his whereabouts at any given time between the vulgate and royal traditions.

a good example of this, though there are many: arrian, whose primary source was ptolemy, does not report ptolemy’s presence or hephaestion’s during the mallian campaign, where refugees were slaughtered. arrian and others who followed ptolemy’s tradition also omit hephaestion’s influence on some other shady shit – a big one is whatever the fuck he was up to with demosthenes in athens – and philotas’s torture? erased entirely. the vulgate – historians whose sources were based more in oral history and writings of the court historian – does, however, record these things, and they’re widely accepted as factual. ptolemy didn’t forget that hephaestion tortured their friend. he didn’t forget that they killed refugees together. it wasn’t an accident.

but why would ptolemy try to scrub hephaestion out? 

hephaestion was hated contemporarily: his initial rise to power happened because he tortured and killed one of his friends on false charges and conveniently took his job; one guy apollodorus is literally quoted as saying he was afraid of hephaestion; eumenes was afraid of hephaestion’s shade after he died; craterus hated him too, and not because he was fucking the king, but because he literally absorbed half of his job overnight. even hyperides, a statesman back in athens, mentioned in an oration how much hephaestion was despised. hephaestion was immensely powerful and probably cruel; not only was he willing to push for things other people weren’t – torturing philotas, the proskynesis, probably killing callisthenes, slaughtering refugees – he was actually willing to personally carry these actions out. and that’s just the shit that ended up on the record. can you imagine the kinds of things that didn’t? 

ptolemy was writing a history – writing propaganda – to set the record straight on alexander to a world that hated him: to frame alexander’s career as something incredible, noble, entirely above-board; something worth inheriting. there’s no room for a man like hephaestion in a narrative like ptolemy’s. so the question isn’t why we know so little about hephaestion. the question isn’t even why ptolemy would erase hephaestion. the question is, why wouldn’t he? 

wouldn’t you? 

tbh the only reason that the anti discourse on this site bothers me- no matter what books or whatever it’s about- is that it often assumes that readers who enjoy certain books have somehow missed all the reasons it needs to be criticized. And haven’t “recognized” the abuse or lack of diversity or whatever.

And I’m like…..I have….a master’s degree from oxford…where I was trained to do textual analysis in multiple languages and i know im a baby academic so…not to be arrogant but…I am capable of critically reading something, identifying the problems, and not giving a shit because at the end of an emotionally and mentally challenging 10 hour day spent pouring over latin and middle french court records about rape victims, if all I want to read are books about vampire sex and fae mating bonds than I am damn well going to do that regardless of whether of not these books check all the boxes on tumblr’s “list of ways a book need to check out before i deem it worthy literature.” 

i just want to….read books….and not feel as if other people think Im stupid for my reading choices….and as a reader of romance, which is like the most denigrated area of fiction…I am always being made to feel like this. But! some of the most intelligent, successful, and aware women I know are romance readers! 

Also like I cannot deal with this notion that the relationships featured in romance are somehow bad for women when the entire genre is about women choosing, but like, okay.