corporate history

Best Napoleonic Facts (Part 1)

- Napoleon had a great memory

-Josephine played the harp but apparently only knew one song cause it’s the only one she ever played

-Napoleon’s men called him ‘Le Petit Corporal’

-Napoleon had the Quran translated for him so he could read it ‘cause he was curious

-Josephine had bad teeth ‘cause she chewed on sugar cane too much as a child

-Napoleon’s family hated Josephine with a passion

-Napoleon’s mother, Letitia, refused to attend his coronation

-Napoleon would set his maps on the floor of his study and he and his advisors would sometimes bump heads as they crawled all over them

-Napoleon was bullied as a child by his French peers for his Corsican accent

-Josephine had very very expensive tastes

theguardian.com
Over 170 years after Engels, Britain is still a country that murders its poor | Aditya Chakrabortty
The victims of Grenfell Tower didn’t just die. Austerity, outsourcing and deregulation killed them – just as Victorian Manchester killed the poor then
By Aditya Chakrabortty

The 19th-century industrialists who resisted the factories acts would recognise a kindred spirit in Boris Johnson, who has claimed “health and safety fears are making Britain a safe place for extremely stupid people”. The next TV interviewer to face the foreign secretary should ask him either to repeat those words or apologise for them. But the deadliest rationale came from David Cameron, who as PM wrote off the legal protections given to workers and consumers as “an albatross around the neck of British businesses”. I cannot remember a more brazen recent statement of profits before people.”

Listen

On this day in 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Public Broadcasting Act. In his remarks upon signing the act, Johnson declared:

“I believe the time has come to stake another claim in the name of all the people, stake a claim based upon the combined resources of communications. I believe the time has come to enlist the computer and the satellite, as well as television and radio, and to enlist them in the cause of education…I think we must consider new ways to build a great network for knowledge-not just a broadcast system, but one that employs every means of sending and of storing information that the individual can rise.” 

At the time, “every means of sending and of storing information,” was envisioned primarily as public television, with radio advocates fighting to be included under the bill’s provisions. Fifty years later, consistent with President Johnson’s vision of a “great network for knowledge,” public media reaches the world through radio, television, podcasts, blogs, videos, social media posts and other multimedia productions.

Yoichi Okamoto/LBJ Library 

Historical Map: British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) “Transit Map” Newspaper Ad, 1947

Submitted by Jack, who says:

This is an ad for British Overseas Airways Corporation in the old Australian newspaper The Bulletin, September 17, 1947. I found it while digitizing the paper at work!


Transit Maps says:

This is a glorious find, and one that @airlinemaps would certainly be very interested in. Compositionally, the diagram is very interesting, with a dead straight line linking Britain to the Antipodes (somewhat mitigating the fact that the line represents some three days of flying), and some sweeping, elegant curves representing other “branch” routes. The striking angled typography is spoiled a little by the labels for Hong Kong and Shanghai, which look for all the world like they’ve been added at a later date, shoved in wherever they could fit.

The short-range hopping required for international passenger flight back in 1947 is clearly illustrated by the number of cities called at on the way – there are 15 stops between Sydney and Britain! The other major point of interest is some of the old place names, many of which have been changed over the course of time: Rangoon/Yangon, Salisbury/Harare, Calcutta/Kolkata, etc.

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     In 1953, Col. Scott Crossfield would don a flight suit, parachute and helmet, then be secured to an ejection seat inside the cramped cockpit of a Douglas D-558-II Skyrocket. After weeks of planning and preparation, a four chamber rocket engine would thrust Crossfield into the history books, making him the first human being to exceed twice the speed of sound. During that golden age of flight test, few could dream that we would one day sip Champagne and watch movies aboard a double sonic airliner. Concorde would make that dream a reality.

     The joint Aérospatiale / British Aircraft Corporation Concorde flew at Mach 2, allowing passengers to enjoy opulence and comfort as they traveled from New York to London in 3.5 hours, not the 8 hours of a conventional airliner. Concorde flew for more than three decades as the first supersonic transport. It truly made the world a smaller place.

     One of only 20 built, tail number F-BVFA was the first ship delivered to Air France. She would roll up 17,820 flight hours over the course of 6,966 flights, culminating in one last landing at Washington Dulles International Airport for permanent display at Smithsonian’s Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia, as the first Concorde to be permanently displayed in the United States.

Our $20 trillion debt is almost entirely made up of war spending and economy-collapse-fixing. The military industrial complex coupled with a psychotic banking system that is undeniably too big to fail have milked our tax base for decades. If we stopped occupying and bombing countries that pissed off millions of people and necessitated future bombings and occupations, think about how much less debt we’d have. If the destruction from derivative banking wasn’t entirely put on the government’s credit card because conservatives always pretend that sociopathically greedy bankers are capable of responsibly regulating themselves, think about how much less debt we’d have. Big banking and military contracting in America is the biggest corporate welfare in the history of human civilization.
—  Levi Olson

Ron Moran. Cleaners at work on the prototype supersonic airliner Concorde 002 at the British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) works at Filton, Bristol. 30th January 1967

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This Day in Black History

February 3, 1956 

Autherine J. Lucy becomes the first Black student to attend the University of Alabama. She was expelled three days later “for her own safety” in response to threats from a mob. In 1992 Autherine Lucy Foster graduated from the University with a master’s degree in education. The same day, her daughter, Grazia Foster, graduated with a bachelor’s degree in corporate finance.

Portrait of Union soldiers Charles M. McKnight and Corporal Dorman Conner who served with Company H of the 13th Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War, 1862.

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In October of 1859 Thomas Hopley was hired as a private tutor for a young teen named Reginald Channell Cancellor in Eastbourne, England. Reginald needed special care that regular schools couldn’t provide. He was considered to be a bit on the slow side, big for his age and unfortunately he had been tossed aside by the education system. He was the son of John Henry Cancellor who was a man of fair position in high society. John Henry was able to provide double the yearly salary to Hopley to teach his son. Hopley considered Reginald to just be a stubborn boy who refused to listen to anyone. On April 16, 1860 he asked John Henry for permission to use severe corporal punishment. The dad said yes a few days later and on April 21st Hopley beat Reginald with a skipping rope and a walking stick. The next morning the boy was found in bed, dead and covered in tight clothing leaving only his face visible. When he was examined by a doctor friend of Hopley’s it was announced he died of natural causes, Hopley adding he might have died of heart disease. He asked John Henry to bury the body immediately, and the grieving man agreed. When Reginald’s older brother arrived from Surrey he demanded an autopsy as the tutor’s words just weren’t ringing true to him. Sure enough, after a Cancellor family friend who was a doctor to the Queen named Sir Charles Locock examined the body he found it to be covered in wounds. Bruises and cuts including two inch long holes deep enough that the examiner could touch bone, his thighs were “reduced to perfect jelly” according to the new doctor who pronounced his death not of natural causes. Suspicion fell to Hopley whose actions after the boy’s death were suspicious. A maid also came forward and claimed to have heard Reginald screaming and being beaten from 10 to 12 that night. John Henry would soon die of a “broken heart", never learning the exact cause of Reginald’s death. The authorities arrested Hopley but he was released on a £2000 bail. On July 23, 1860 his trial began and he was confident he would be found not guilty. The defence did what it could but with the testimony of the boy’s condition and witnesses who heard the crime, Hopley began to sweat the verdict. In the end Thomas Hopley was convicted of manslaughter because his position as a tutor endowed him with parental authority. According to the law, if the child deserved the beating and it was by a parent or someone with the authority then the beating was acceptable. He was sentenced to a mere four years at Millbank prison in London. He did his time, was released, got divorced and went back into private tutoring, dying at University College Hospital on June 24 1876. During the trial the medical examiner revealed that Reginald had a lot of liquid in his brain leading doctors to believe he had hydrocephalus, an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. This has many potential symptoms including mental disability, which Reginald was thought to have had. Now it can be treated, but back then the best they could have done was give Reginald extra treatment and extra understanding. This case was used as the standard for legal commentaries about corporal punishment until it was finally banned in Britain 100 years later. The murder of Reginald Cancellor would become known as the Eastbourne Manslaughter. Pictured above: a newspaper clipping about the case, a caricature of Hopley’s lawyer William Ballantine, the man who gave him only 4 years Chief Justice Alexander Cockburn, Sir Charles Locock who re examined Reginald’s body for the Cancellor family, Millbank prison in the 1820s, a CT scan of a hydrocephalus on the brain (the black part is fluid) and lastly a depiction of a baby’s skull from the 1800s who was hydrocephalic.

medium.com
What the DEC?!? – Computer History Museum – Medium
Discover the story of Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the largest and most complete set of DEC records in existence, dating from 1947 through 2002. The collection is a comprehensive technical history of every major computing innovation at DEC, as well as its nontraditional business culture, which still serves as an industry model—nearly every contemporary company strives for a “culture of innovation.”
By Computer History Museum