Habitat Found mainly in lower montane wet forest, cloud forest, & high montane forest; most common in undisturbed habitats. Found at 1,100-2,400 m elevation or higher. Limited to both slopes of the central cordillera of Costa Rica & western Panama.
Activity and Behavior Mainly nocturnal, mainly arboreal; usually not aggressive & remains quietly coiled in vegetation, but will strike if disturbed. Ovoviviparous w/ usually 4-8 young/ litter. Preys mainly on small mammals, & sometimes frogs or birds.
Venom Characteristics Mainly hemotoxic, w/ possible cytotoxic & neurotoxic factors. Has been implicated in human fatalities; envenomation reportedly results in intense pain, nausea, & asphyxia. Currently no specific antivenoms to this species.
THE FACES OF THE PHILIPPINES SERIES | x | the cordillera, the highlands of Luzon
From the Central Cordillera Mountain Range, the largest in the Philippines, six provinces and one chartered city make up the Cordillera Administrative Region—Apayao, Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, Mountain Province, and Baguio City.
The Cordillera region is the ancestral home of several ethnic groups, the Kalinga, Ibaloi, Ifugao, Isneg (Apayao), Bontoc, & Kankana-ey, each with their own languages and cultures.