coral reef animals

ecosystems coral reef

diverse underwater ecosystems held together by calcium carbonate structures secreted by corals. Coral reefs are built by colonies of tiny animals found in marine waters that contain few nutrients. Most coral reefs are built from stony corals, which in turn consist of polyps that cluster in groups. The polyps belong to a group of animals known as Cnidaria, which also includes sea anemones and jellyfish.

Montipora Coral

Montipora is a genus of coral. It looks like underwater flowers or bowls. These types of corals have plates that covers the rocky sea beds.

The coral can be found in the reefs of the northern Indian ocean and the eastern Pacific.

Dinoflagella is a protozoa that lives in symbiosis with the montipora. That protozoa can produce food like plants from sunlight. Dinoflagella shares the food with the coral as a house rent. It also add to the color variations of different montipora species by supplying the green and yellow tint.

Corals are Awesome !

It is difficult to imagine corals as animals. They are colorful and immobile. They grows like fungus and sometimes looks like a strange alien plant.

The corals are cnidarians just like jellyfishes. Yes, they are closely related with the jellies !

We know that a jellyfish can sting. Like them some corals can also have mild stings. These species of corals can catch small fishes and sea invertebrates to eat by using their tiny poison spears.

Actually, a coral is a colony of thousands of small polyps. These polyps are joined with each other by exoskeletons.

There are many types of corals. All of these can be grouped into two main categories - hard and soft coral. The hard corals have a hard, rock like exoskeleton made of calcium carbonate. They are less colorful than their soft cousins. Brain coral is a type of hard coral.

The soft coral has a soft exoskeleton. They can move and is quiet flexible.

Feel free to give your opinions or ask anything regarding corals.
These scientists studying coral reefs were brought to tears -- but in a good way
As ocean warming continues to trigger widespread destruction of coral reefs, a decade-long study of remote islands in the Central Pacific suggests these biodiversity hot spots may thrive despite the threats posed by an increasingly hotter planet...
By Los Angeles Times

In a massive project spanning 56 islands, researchers examined 450 coral reef locations from Hawaii to American Samoa, with stops in the remote Line and Phoenix islands as well as the Mariana Archipelago. Their results — published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B — show that coral reefs surrounding remote islands were dramatically healthier than those in populated areas that were subject to a variety of human influences…

The craziest of bucket lists....

Check in is coming soon! Here is my DCP bucket list! (Scroll to bottom for details)


  • Resort hop to as many resorts as possible
  • Stay at any resort for at least one night (3/21/15, Art of Animation)
  • Go to a campfire
  • See a movie under the stars
  • Fantasia Gardens and Fairways Miniature Golf (Fairways, 2/14/15 Gardens, 3/8/15)

Magic Kingdom

  • Have a Dole whip (1/29/15)
  • Eat at “Be Our Guest” for dinner
  • Try the grey stuff
  • Eat at Columbia Harbor House (2/15/15)
  • Take a photo in front of Cinderella Castle (2/4/15)
  • Take a photo with a character (2/22/15)
  • Make a wish at the wishing well. (2/23/15)
  • Ride Buzz Lightyear’s Space Ranger Spin  (2/4/15)
  • Ride Haunted Mansion (2/15/15)
  • Go on Jungle Cruise (3/1/15)
  • Go on Liberty Square Riverboat
  • See Mickey’s PhilharMagic (2/15/15)
  • Go on Tomorrowland Transit Authority’s PeopleMover (2/4/15)
  • Go on Walt Disney’s Carousel of Progress (2/4/15)
  • See Walt Disney’s Enchanted Tiki Room (4/20/15)
  • See Disney Festival of Fantasy Parade (3/19/15)
  • See the Electrical Water Pageant
  • See Main Street Electrical Parade (2/22/15)
  • See Wishes (2/4/15)
  • See the Kiss Goodnight


  • Eat one thing from each county (France, 2/17/15, China 3/2/15 America, 3/27/15, Italy 4/18/15)
  • Take a photo in front of Spaceship Earth (3/1/15)
  • Take a photo with a character (2/17/15)
  • See Coral Reefs Disney Animals (2/17/15)
  • Participate in Disney Phineas and Ferb: Agent P’s World Showcase Adventure
  • See IllumiNations (4/18/15)

Disney’s Hollywood Studios

  • Visit the park! (I’ve never been) (2/24/15)
  • Sing in the rain (photo)
  • Take a photo with a character (2/24/15)
  • Eat at The Writer’s Stop (2/24/15)
  • Eat at 50’s Prime Time Café  (3/28/15)
  • Go on The Great Movie Ride (2/24/15)
  • See The Magic of Disney Animation
  • Draw at the Animation Station (2/24/15)
  • Go on Toy Story Midway Mania! (3/28/15)
  • See Beauty and the Beast - Live on Stage (2/24/15)
  • See Indiana Jones Epic Stunt Spectacular! (4/18/15)
  • See Lights, Motors, Action! Extreme Stunt Show (3/28/15)
  • See Voyage of The Little Mermaid (2/24/15)
  • See Fantasmic! (3/28/15)

Disney’s Animal Kingdom

  • Take a photo in front of the Tree of Life (2/5/14)
  • Take a photo with a character (2/5/15)
  • Eat at Yak & Yeti Local Food Cafes
  • Go to Conservation Station (3/1/15)
  • Go on DINOSAUR (2/5/15)
  • Walk the Discovery Island Trails  (3/1/15)
  • See It’s Tough to Be a Bug (2/5/15)
  • Go on Kali River Rapids
  • Go on Kilimanjaro Safaris (2/5/15)
  • Take the Maharajah Jungle Trek
  • Walk the Pangani Forest Exploration Trail
  • Go on the Wildlife Express Train (3/1/15)
  • See Festival of the Lion King (3/1/15)
  • See Finding Nemo - The Musical 
  • See Flights of Wonder

Downtown Disney

  • Eat at Earl of Sandwich

Disney’s BoardWalk

  • Visit! (I’ve never been) (1/31/15)
  • Eat at BoardWalk Bakery

Typhoon Lagoon

  • Go the the park! (I’ve never been)

Blizzard Beach

  • Go to the park!
  • Winter Summerland Miniature Golf

DCP Opportunities

  • Go to housing events (First one, 2/5/15)
  • Go to Company D (3/1/15)
  • Go to Cast Connection (4/13/15)
  • Go to Mickey’s Retreat
  • Do a backstage tour
  • Go to a networking event (3/24/15)
  • Create a magical moment (2/14/15)


  • Any pin (1/26/15)
  • A new pillow pet (2/3/15)
  • Sorcerers of the Magic Kingdom Cards (Magic Kingdom) (2/24/15)


  • Go to any park once alone  (2/17/15, Magic Kingdom)
  • Ride a roller coaster in any park. (I never have) (2/4/15, Space Mountain)
  • Disney bound (2/24/15)
  • Get a button (2/11/15)

Items that are italicized are ones that are at the top of my list! 


Crown Jewel of Cuba’s Coral Reefs:

Jardines de la Reina, a vibrant marine preserve, is thriving even as other ocean habitats decline.


The six-foot Caribbean reef shark came out of the water thrashing, and Fabián Pina Amargós and his crew quickly pulled it into the research boat.

A team set to work, immobilizing the shark’s mouth and tail, pouring water over it to keep it breathing and inserting a yellow plastic tag into a small hole punched in its dorsal fin.

“What is its condition?” Dr. Pina’s wife, Tamara Figueredo Martín, asked.

“Excellent, the condition is excellent,” Dr. Pina said, before the team pulled out the hook, carefully lifted the shark up and tossed it back into the ocean.

A marine biologist and director of Cuba’s Center for Coastal Ecosystem Research, Dr. Pina has spent much of his career studying the abundance of fish and other wildlife in this archipelago 50 miles off the country’s south coast, a region so fecund it has been called the Galápagos of the Caribbean…

(read more: NY Times)

photographs by Todd Heisler/NY Times