Conwy Castle was built by Edward I, during his conquest of Wales, between 1283 and 1289. Constructed as part of a wider project to create the walled town of Conwy, the combined defenses cost around £15,000, a huge sum for the period. Over the next few centuries, the castle played an important part in several wars. It withstood the siege of Madog ap Llywelyn in the winter of 1294–95, acted as a temporary haven for Richard II in 1399 and was held for several months by forces loyal to Owain Glyndŵr in 1401.
Following the outbreak of the English Civil War in 1642, the castle was held by forces loyal to Charles I, holding out until 1646 when it surrendered to the Parliamentary armies. In the aftermath the castle was partially slighted by Parliament to prevent it being used in any further revolt, and was finally completely ruined in 1665 when its remaining iron and lead was stripped and sold off.
Constructed between 1283 and 1289 CE, Conwy Castle is one of the largest medieval fortifications in Wales. The castle served as a Royalist stronghold during the English Civil War (1642-1651). After being captured by Parliamentary forces in 1646, the castle was slighted. It has been in ruins ever since.
Built in 1283 by Edward I, Conwy Castle has certainly stood the test of time, not to mention numerous assaults and sieges. It’s a magnificent piece of medieval history, and the castle along with the city’s walls are some of the best preserved of their kind in the world. Find out more