construction walls

Here is a photo of the Berlin Wall being torn down in 1989 (the year I was born).

Today, Trump signed an executive order for the construction of his wall along the Mexican border. Not only are American taxpayers paying for this wall (after Trump said Mexico would pay for it), but history tells us walls *NEVER* work.

Though the circumstances are different than what occurred in Germany, our country (a nation founded by immigrants) should be in the business of building bridges; NOT walls.

“Those who don’t know history are doomed to repeat it.” ~George Santayana

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GOP said Obama’s executive orders were “king”-like, but don’t have a problem with Trump’s

  • For eight years, Republicans slammed former President Barack Obama for his use of executive orders
  • The said he was governing like a “king” instead of allowing Congress to carry out their constitutionally granted authority to make laws.
  • Yet there’s been nary a peep from GOP leadership as Trump signs his name on a bevy of executive orders that seek to circumvent laws put in place by Congress — from reducing the enforcement of the Affordable Care Act to demanding the start of construction on a border wall without congressionally appropriated funding. 
  • In a stunningly hypocritical move, Paul Ryan actually defended Trump’s use of executive orders on Thursday, twisting himself into a pretzel to claim Trump’s orders give powers back to the states while Obama’s didn’t. Read more
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The Non-German defenders of the Atlantic Wall,

In 1942 Germany began construction of the Atlantic Wall in order to defends its World War II territorial conquests from a possible Allied amphibious invasion.  The wall consisted of various fortifications, mines, tank barriers, mortars, artillery pieces, machine gun nests, pillboxes, and bunkers, and was designed to fend off any beach landing. On June 6th, 1944 Allied forces landed on the beaches of Normandy and quickly overran these defenses.  Thousands of German soldiers were captured, but surprisingly still many of those capture were not German at all.

At the very beginning of the war Germany upheld its Nazi belief in pure Arianism. However as the war dragged, that sentiment quickly gave way as casualties grew and manpower shortages worsened. Both the Wehrmacht and the SS began to accept foreign volunteers.  Many of these foreign troops were sent to man the defenses of the Atlantic Wall.  These soldiers came from all over Europe, and even the Middle East and Asia.  One notable extreme was the Indian Legion, also known as the Azad Regiment, which consisted of volunteers from India who believed that a German victory would secure India’s independence from the British Empire. 

The reasons for volunteering were varied, some political, many as a necessity for survival.  By far the most numerous foreign volunteers were those from the Soviet Union. Some volunteered because they were disgruntled with Soviet rule, for example the Russian Liberation Army, which joined the Wehrmacht to oppose communism in Russia. However most volunteered as an alternative to spending the rest of the war as a POW.  Soviet POW’s were treated terribly during the war, with 3.3 to 3.5 million dying of starvation, disease, exhaustion, and overall maltreatment. For many Soviet POW’s, service with the German Army was the only way to avoid such a horrible fate. Typically, these troops were often not very reliable in combat. Understandably, they were not very motivated to sacrifice life and limb for their conquerors. In some cases they proved to by a grave liability, such as the case of a battalion of soldiers from Georgia which manned the Atlantic Wall defenses on the Dutch island of Texel, who in 1945 openly rebelled against the Germans.

As well as many thousand foreign volunteers, there were also many thousand foreign conscripts who were forcibly made to serve in the German Army. By far the most interesting extreme in this instance were a group of Koreans who were captured by American forces during the D-Day invasion. For three decades Japan had occupied Korea, and the men were forcibly conscripted into the Japanese Imperial Army. In 1939 Japan attempted to invade the Soviet Union through Mongolia, but were badly beaten at the Battle of Khalkhin Gol. The Koreans were captured and sent to the gulags, but with the German invasion of the Soviet Union, were then forced to join the Red Army and fight on the Eastern Front.  They were then captured by the Germans, conscripted into the German Army, and forced to man the defenses of the Atlantic Wall at Normandy.

By far the most numerous conscripts were Polish.  Before World War I many parts of Poland had been a part of Prussia, and later the German Empire. When Germany re-conquered these territories they considered many of the people living there to be ethnic Germans.  As such, they were considered full citizens of the Reich and thus were subject to German draft laws.  Many still believed themselves to be German and thus were willing to fight for the German cause, however many spoke Polish, had adopted Polish customs, and believed themselves to be Poles. Regardless, refusing to obey the draft laws could result in serious consequences, not only for the individual but his family as well. Some 500,000 Poles were conscripted into the Wehrmacht, with many serving on the Atlantic Wall. Like the Soviets, the Polish also were not the best soldiers as they were often unwilling to fight for their taskmasters. Around 85,000 would defect to the Free Polish Forces in France. In addition to Polish Troops, a number of Czechs considered ethnic Germans would be conscripted as well.

Overall, one in six defenders of the Atlantic Wall were not German. Nothing demonstrates the diversity of these defenders more than the photo below of a group Wehrmacht soldiers captured during D-Day

Front Row (from left to right):  a Yugoslav; an Italian; a Turk; a Pole

Back Row (from left to right): a German; a Czech; a Russian who was forced into the army when the Nazis occupied his town; and a Mongolian.

theguardian.com
Berlin mayor to Donald Trump: 'Don't build this wall'
Michael Mueller says the long-divided city ‘cannot look on without comment when a country plans to build a wall’.

The mayor of Germany’s once-divided capital, Berlin, Michael Mueller, offered some advice to Donald Trump on Friday: “Don’t build this wall!”

The US president, holding true to his campaign promise, this week ordered US officials to begin to design and construct a wall along the 2,000-mile (3,200-kilometre) US-Mexico border.

While the White House has also threatened to tax Mexican imports to cover its cost, Mexican president Enrique Peña Nieto cancelled a planned Washington protest.

Berlin’s mayor said his city – which was split by the Berlin Wall during the cold war from 1961-89 – “cannot look on without comment when a country plans to build a new wall”.

“We Berliners know best how much suffering was caused by the division of an entire continent with barbed wire and concrete,” he said in a statement, referring to Europe’s “Iron Curtain” division.

In the early 21st century, he said, “We can’t just accept it if our historical experience is disregarded by those to whom we largely owe our freedom, the Americans.”

Pointing to the continuing division of the Korean peninsula and the island of Cyprus, the Social Democrat urged Trump “not to go down this wrong path of isolation and exclusion”.

Mueller also recalled former US president Ronald Reagan’s famous 1987 challenge to then Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to “tear down this wall!”, and said in his message to Trump: “Dear Mr President, don’t build this wall!”

What Trump has done so far

This list, circulated on Facebook, is already out of date – it does not include stuff since Tuesday: restrictions on travel and immigration from seven predominately Muslim countries under attack by the U.S.; construction of border wall on the Mexican border and expansion of detention facilities; safe zones aka “no-fly zones” in Syria; plans to reopen “Black Sites” aka torture facilities in third countries; slashing food assistance to the poor; etc. But still useful for showing the scope of attacks on workers and oppressed peoples here and abroad. - redguard

*On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the DOJ’s Violence Against Women programs.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the National Endowment for the Arts.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the National Endowment for the Humanities.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Minority Business Development Agency.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Economic Development Administration.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the International Trade Administration.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Manufacturing Extension Partnership.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Legal Services Corporation.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Civil Rights Division of the DOJ

.* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Environmental and Natural Resources Division of the DOJ.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Overseas Private Investment Corporation.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Office of Electricity Deliverability and Energy Reliability.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

* On January 19th, 2017, DT said that he would cut funding for the Office of Fossil Energy.

* On January 20th, 2017, DT ordered all regulatory powers of all federal agencies frozen.

* On January 20th, 2017, DT ordered the National Parks Service to stop using social media after RTing factual, side by side photos of the crowds for the 2009 and 2017 inaugurations.

* On January 20th, 2017, roughly 230 protestors were arrested in DC and face unprecedented felony riot charges. Among them were legal observers, journalists, and medics.

* On January 20th, 2017, a member of the International Workers of the World was shot in the stomach at an anti-fascist protest in Seattle. He remains in critical condition.

* On January 21st, 2017, DT brought a group of 40 cheerleaders to a meeting with the CIA to cheer for him during a speech that consisted almost entirely of framing himself as the victim of dishonest press.

* On January 21st, 2017, White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer held a press conference largely to attack the press for accurately reporting the size of attendance at the inaugural festivities, saying that the inauguration had the largest audience of any in history, “period.”

* On January 22nd, 2017, White House advisor Kellyann Conway defended Spicer’s lies as “alternative facts” on national television news.

* On January 22nd, 2017, DT appeared to blow a kiss to director James Comey during a meeting with the FBI, and then opened his arms in a gesture of strange, paternal affection, before hugging him with a pat on the back.

* On January 23rd, 2017, DT reinstated the global gag order, which defunds international organizations that even mention abortion as a medical option.

* On January 23rd, 2017, Spicer said that the US will not tolerate China’s expansion onto islands in the South China Sea, essentially threatening war with China.

* On January 23rd, 2017, DT repeated the lie that 3-5 million people voted “illegally” thus costing him the popular vote.

* On January 23rd, 2017, it was announced that the man who shot the anti-fascist protester in Seattle was released without charges, despite turning himself in.

* On January 24th, 2017, Spicer reiterated the lie that 3-5 million people voted “illegally” thus costing DT the popular vote.

* On January 24th, 2017, DT tweeted a picture from his personal Twitter account of a photo he says depicts the crowd at his inauguration and will hang in the White House press room. The photo is of the 2009 inauguration of 44th President Barack Obama, and is curiously dated January 21st, 2017, the day AFTER the inauguration and the day of the Women’s March, the largest inauguration related protest in history.

* On January 24th, 2017, the EPA was ordered to stop communicating with the public through social media or the press and to freeze all grants and contracts.

* On January 24th, 2017, the USDA was ordered to stop communicating with the public through social media or the press and to stop publishing any papers or research. All communication with the press would also have to be authorized and vetted by the White House.

* On January 24th, 2017, HR7, a bill that would prohibit federal funding not only to abortion service providers, but to any insurance coverage, including Medicaid, that provides abortion coverage, went to the floor of the House for a vote.

* On January 24th, 2017, Director of the Department of Health and Human Service nominee Tom Price characterized federal guidelines on transgender equality as “absurd.”

* On January 24th, 2017, DT ordered the resumption of construction on the Dakota Access Pipeline, while the North Dakota state congress considers a bill that would legalize hitting and killing protestors with cars if they are on roadways.

* On January 24th, 2017, it was discovered that police officers had used confiscated cell phones to search the emails and messages of the 230 demonstrators now facing felony riot charges for protesting on January 20th, including lawyers and journalists whose email accounts contain privileged information of clients and sources.

buzzfeed.com
Mexico's President Canceled His Meeting With Trump Rather Than Pay For The Wall
"I lament and reject the decision of the United States to continue building a wall that for years does not unite us, but divides us," Enrique Peña Nieto said.
By Karla Zabludovsky

MEXICO CITY — Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto on Thursday said he would not attend a meeting with US President Donald Trump’s after the latter signed an executive order to extend a wall along the USA’s southern border and said Mexico would pay for it.

“We informed the White House this morning that I will not attend the work meeting scheduled for next Tuesday,” he said via Twitter.

The move came after a tense day during which Peña Nieto came under intense pressure from the Mexican public to cancel the meeting. “Mexico does not believe in walls,” he said in an address to the Mexican public Wednesday night. “I’ve said it once and I’ll say it again, Mexico will not pay for any wall.”

Trump ordered the construction of a border wall Wednesday, inching closer toward a campaign promise that threatens to fracture an already tense relationship with Mexico.

“We’ve been talking about this right from the beginning,” Trump said as he signed an executive order launching the process of “immediately” building a physical wall between the United States and Mexico.

The action, taken less than a week before Peña Nieto was scheduled to visit his US counterpart, quickly drew calls for the meeting between the two to be canceled.

A person familiar with the matter said Peña Nieto was “considering” canceling the visit as of Wednesday afternoon, but spoke on condition of anonymity because plans had not been finalized.

In an interview Wednesday night with ABC News, Trump insisted Mexico would pay for the wall, saying, “there will be a payment. It will be in a form,
perhaps a complicated form.”

And on Thursday morning, he tweeted about the planned Peña Nieto meeting, saying, “If Mexico is unwilling to pay for the badly needed wall, then it would be better to cancel the upcoming meeting.”

In a message to Mexico, Peña Nieto criticized Trump’s decision to continue construction of a wall but did not address whether or not he would follow through on his visit Tuesday.

He criticized the executive order, which he said only brought distance between the two nations.

In response, he said he was asking his secretary of state to enact protections for immigrants abroad. In effect, Peña Nieto said, the 50 consulates in the US will be become immigrant rights centers to protect their rights.

“Where there is a Mexican at risk that needs our backing, we should be there,” he said. “His country should be there.”

Construction of the concrete wall dividing the two countries, which Trump has said will be as high as 55 feet, was indeed one of Trump’s first promises on the campaign trail. Further rousing the ire of his southern neighbors, Trump, in the same speech where he announced he was running for president, accused Mexico of sending criminals and “rapists” across the border and promised to deport millions of undocumented immigrants, the majority of them Mexican.

But of all his pledges, the wall has become the most controversial in Mexico. After a visit to Mexico two months before the election, Trump and Peña Nieto engaged in a Twitter tit-for-tat over who would pay for the colossal project — Trump repeatedly insisted that Mexico would bear the financial burden — which is seen by many as an affront to Mexico’s dignity.

The executive branch will “develop long-term funding requirements for the wall, including preparing Congressional budget requests for the current and upcoming fiscal years,” according to the executive order signed by Trump.

Trump and Peña Nieto were scheduled to meet next Tuesday. But some people said that Wednesday’s announcement should make the Mexican leader reconsider his tone and perhaps even the encounter.

“There shouldn’t even be an intention [on the part of Peña Nieto] to sit down and have a formal talk,” Armando Ríos Piter, a senator who has campaigned against Mexico paying for the wall, told BuzzFeed News, echoing dozens of Mexicans on Twitter.

The construction of the wall is “an act of enmity, a hostile act,” Ríos Piter said. “Let’s not get lost in minutiae,” he added, speaking about who would finance the wall. Ríos Piter has proposed instituting roadblocks in legislation so that no public funds go toward building the wall.

Andrés Manuel López Obrador, the frontrunner for next year’s presidential election in Mexico — a left-wing populist — said Mexico will take the case of Trump’s border wall to an international tribunal.

After his electoral triumph, Trump modified his initial stance, saying that he would use federal funds to pay for the wall and have Mexico reimburse the US later. One option he has suggested is through a tax on remittances, which totaled $24.8 billion in 2015.

“It’s a commonsense first step to really securing our porous border,” said White House secretary Sean Spicer Tuesday. “This will stem the flow of drugs, crime, illegal immigration into the United States.”

There are, in fact, long stretches of fence across the border already. In Ciudad Juarez on Inauguration Day, women stood on the bridge connecting the city to El Paso, Texas, their hair braided together, to protest the wall.

Peña Nieto had tried to soothe relations with the US for months, first inviting Trump to Mexico for a formal meeting in August and then naming Luis Videgaray as foreign minister. Videgaray reportedly orchestrated Trump’s visit to Mexico and, following criticism from Mexicans, was forced to resign before making his way back into the cabinet.

This week, in an apparent attempt to ease fears that he was pandering to Trump by appointing Videgaray, who is believed to have close ties with Trump’s son-in-law and close adviser Jared Kushner, Peña Nieto said the relationship between the two countries must be based on respect and aim toward integration.

“No confrontation and no submission,” said Peña Nieto. “The solution is dialogue and negotiation.”

On Monday, Peña Nieto outlined 10 objectives that will guide Mexico’s negotiations with the US. Among them are respect toward Mexican migrants, dignified deportations of them, and a joint effort to promote the the development of Central American nations, where unemployment and gang-related homicides have pushed thousands of people up through Mexico and into the US.

Shortly after Trump’s inauguration, the peso, which lost about 20% of its value last year — the second-worst performing currency in the world post-Brexit UK — plummeted to a record low. Fear over the US pulling out of the North American Free Trade Agreement, or NAFTA, which Trump has threatened to do as part of his promise to “Make America Great Again,” has been a key factor in the currency’s decline.

Meanwhile, Videgaray and Minister of Economy Ildefonso Guajardo are scheduled to meet Wednesday and Thursday with Kushner, White House adviser Stephen Bannon, Chief of Staff Reince Priebus, and National Security Adviser Michael Flynn, among other top US advisers, to speak about security, migration, and commerce.

“There are very clear red lines that must be drawn from the start,” said Guajardo during an interview with the Televisa network Tuesday. Mexico is prepared to walk away from NAFTA if the terms are unfavorable during a possible renegotiation, he added.

But according to Politico, the delegation was caught unaware of the executive order, which was due to be signed during the same day they would engage in talks with the White House.

Characters can have barriers. Those carefully-constructed walls that are built deep inside their own heads, hiding certain parts of their being from others and even themselves. These barriers are not easy to break down. They need to be torn down, ripped apart, or – much more rarely – you need to ask for a glimpse. It is not easy to see through them. You will not immediately be the one exception to the rule; you’ll need to earn that title. Please keep this in mind. 

Bring Me Back {Carl Grimes x Reader}

Originally posted by chatnoirs-baton

Synopsis: After Glenn and Abraham’s death, you seek comfort in your best friend Carl.

A/N: It’s kind of bad because I have not wrote in a while, but I felt an insane urge to write about Carl today. Anyways, enjoy!


Many things in the new world were no longer constant. There was no constant source of food, no constant source of safety, and no constant source of hope. What consistently proved to be a loyal factor in your life was the mental turmoil you underwent. It was different for a while though, you had fooled yourself into believing Alexandria was an oasis, shielded from the horrors of the world; it seemed untouchable, indestructible with its steel walls towering below the treeline.

   You thought the walls would keep you safe, they were much like the walls you had constructed around yourself. Walls could save you from the walkers, you knew that, but what they couldn’t save you from was the people who would tear them down, obliterating and burning down the haven you and your family had cried, longed, and killed for.

Each night, after the darkness consumed the room you were able to call your own, your wounded and weary eyes were forcibly clamped shut by the flashes in your head. You were quick to realize that even the gentle lull of sleep was not enough to give you the inner peace you so desperately craved, as the memories vividly replayed in your head, only to be rewound over and over again and again.

Keep reading

ok LMAO

my brother was drunk and came into my flat to talk to me, and we were talking about Gracie & he told me about this one time he was in the kitchen and he could hear my dad saying “NO. I PUT UP A WALL. NOT TODAY. NOPE. YOU STAY ON YOUR SIDE OF THE WALL. THE WALL IS UP. I’M NOT DOING THIS TODAY” and so he peeks his head out of the kitchen into the living room and sees my dad on the couch trying to eat his food with a wall of pillows next to him and Gracie’s little head peering over the pillows at the plate of food.

I can’t stop thinking about it and laughing. She was such a funny cat.

flickr

Cleaning made it worse by Djaron van Beek
Via Flickr:
Cleaning made it worse

Roger Waters before a concert in Montreal, part of the “In the Flesh tour”, July 1977. On that night, irritated by a noisy group of fans near the stage, he spat on one of them. Disgusted by his own behaviour, Waters started to feel alienated on the tour, and the incident led to his desire of constructing a wall between the performers and the audience. This was the starting point of the concept for one of the greatest albums in the history of rock, “The Wall”.     

Double Trouble

MOVIE : MAZE RUNNER 
COUPLE : NEWT X READER X MINHO
RATING : DIRTY DIRTY SMUT

Keep reading

there has been an eclipse that I did not know about
pop! everything has gone dark.
who put the fire out?
Picasso found stars in his darkest time 
but the innovators are a dying breed 
everything comes with a formula, right or wrong! 
all these critics and not enough constructive critique,
museum walls hang empty and people stare 
trying to see Gallifrey, a planet that is not there
it is so dark, where has the spark gone?
art is meant to be devoured without needing a recipe
—  11 lines || prompt || O.L. 
Hadrian’s Wall facts
  • The construction of the wall began in 122 CE, under the reign of Roman Emperor Hadrian. It was 80 Roman miles (73 miles) long. Its width and height depended on the availability of the materials then.
  • Apparently a frontier, it was designed to be permeable, to supervise not to deny movement.
  • As time passed the job of guarding the surrounding countryside then gradually fell to men who were recruited from the local population. Manning Hadrians Wall was eventually viewed as a good job by the local population and the job of manning it was passed from father to son, much as with any other occupations of the era.
  • Initially, it was built in two parts, with the west side of the wall built first with turfs, so as to quicken the process of construction. Once the Wall was built, it is assumed to be covered in plaster, then white-washed to reflect the sunbeams which could be visible from far away.
  • Camps of people would accompany each regiment of soldiers at the wall, although little is known of these communities and they weren’t permitted to settle between the Wall and the ditch (or Vallum) that ran along its length.
  • The barrier was the first of two “great walls” created by the Romans in Northern Britain. Years later, on AD 142, the construction of the “Antonine Wall” started at the order of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius 
  • 16 Roman forts were built along the wall - these forts could house up to 800 Roman troops and afforded even greater control across the boundary.
  • On the north side a deep defensive ditch was dug - ensuring that it could only be crossed through the Roman controlled Milecastles or Forts.
  • In 1987, Hadrian’s Wall was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.