conservative destruction

anonymous asked:

what is your opinion of taking the last of the species in the wild and putting them into zoos with the goal of eventually reintroducing there future offspring back into the wild

Very interesting question, theres examples where this worked but also some where this didnt worked

Where it worked

Przewalski’s horse (Equus ferus

After 1945 only two captive populations of the Prezwalki’s horse in zoos remained, in Munich and in Prague. By the end of the 1950s, only 12 individual Przewalski’s horses were left in the world. In 1977, the Foundation for the Preservation and Protection of the Przewalski horse was founded in Rotterda, the Foundation started a program of exchange between captive populations in zoos throughout the world to reduce inbreeding, and later began a breeding program of its own. As a result of such efforts, the extant herd has retained a far greater genetic diversity than its genetic bottleneck made likely.

In 1992, sixteen horses were released into the wild in Mongolia, followed by additional animals later on. One of the areas to which they were reintroduced became Khustain Nuruu National Park in 1998. Another reintroduction site is Great Gobi B Strictly Protected Area, located at the fringes of the Gobi desert. Lastly, in 2004 and 2005, 22 horses were released by the Association Takh to a third reintroduction site in the buffer zone of the Khar Us Nuur National Park, in the northern edge of the Gobi ecoregion.

Since 2011, Prague Zoo has transported twelve horses to Mongolia in three rounds and it plans to continue to return horses to the wild in the future. The Zoo has the longest uninterrupted history of breeding of Przewalski’s horses in the world and keeps the studbook of this species.

The reintroduced horses successfully reproduced, and the status of the animal was changed from “extinct in the wild” to “endangered” in 2005. On the IUCN Red List, they were reclassified from “extinct in the wild” to “critically endangered” after a reassessment in 2008 and from “critically endangered” to “endangered” after a 2011 reassessment.

California condor (Gymnogyps californianus

Condor numbers dramatically declined in the 20th century due to poaching, lead poisoning, and habitat destruction. A conservation plan was put in place by the United States government that led to the capture of all the remaining wild condors which was completed in 1987, with a total population of 27 individuals. These surviving birds were bred at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park and the Los Angeles Zoo. Numbers rose through captive breeding and, beginning in 1991, condors were reintroduced into the wild. The California condor is one of the world’s rarest bird species: as of December 2015 there are 435 condors living wild or in captivity.

Arabian oryx (Oryx leucoryx

The Phoenix Zoo and the Fauna and Flora Preservation Society of London are credited with saving the Arabian oryx from extinction. In 1962, these groups started the first captive-breeding herd in any zoo, at the Phoenix Zoo, sometimes referred to as “Operation Oryx”. Starting with 9 animals, the Phoenix Zoo has had over 240 successful births. From Phoenix, oryx were sent to other zoos and parks to start new herds.

Arabian oryx were hunted to extinction in the wild by 1972. By 1980, the number of Arabian oryx in captivity had increased to the point that reintroduction to the wild was started. The first release, to Oman, was attempted with oryx from the San Diego Wild Animal Park. Although numbers in Oman have declined, there are now wild populations in Saudi Arabia and Israel, as well. One of the largest populations is found in Mahazat as-Sayd Protected Area, a large, fenced reserve in Saudi Arabia, covering more than 2000 km2.

In June 2011, the Arabian oryx was relisted as vulnerable by the IUCN Red List. The IUCN estimated more than 1,000 Arabian oryx in the wild, with 6,000–7,000 held in captivity worldwide in zoos, preserves, and private collections.

Where it didnt work

Thylacin (Thylacinus cynocephalus)

The Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus) was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times. It is commonly known as the Tasmanian tiger or the Tasmanian wolf. Native to continental Australia, Tasmania and New Guinea, it is believed to have become extinct in the 20th century

The last captive thylacine, later referred to as “Benjamin”, was trapped in the Florentine Valley by Elias Churchill in 1933, and sent to the Hobart Zoo where it lived for three years. The thylacine died on 7 September 1936. It is believed to have died as the result of neglect—locked out of its sheltered sleeping quarters, it was exposed to a rare occurrence of extreme Tasmanian weather: extreme heat during the day and freezing temperatures at night.

Quagga (Equus quagga quagga

The Quagga was an extinct subspecies of plains zebra that lived in South Africa until the 19th century.

After the Dutch settlement of South Africa began, the quagga was heavily hunted as it competed with domesticated animals for forage. While some individuals were taken to zoos in Europe, breeding programs were unsuccessful. The last wild population lived in the Orange Free State, and the quagga was extinct in the wild by 1878. The last captive specimen died in Amsterdam on 12 August 1883.

So you see this can go either way but i would say overall if it helps the species im for it because nature conservation is very important to me

Reaching up to 4ft in length the Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle (Chitra chitra) is one of the largest fresh water turtles in the world, but also one of the most endangered. Listed as number 12 of the top 25 most endangered turtles and tortoises. This species has been heavily affected by poaching and habitat destruction, and could be lost without our protection.

The Ecosystem That Is Disappearing Faster Than Any Other on Earth

Mangroves–the uniquely salt-adapted trees and shrubs that line our tropical and subtropical coasts, the critical membrane between land and sea–are disappearing at faster rates than virtually any other ecosystem on Earth.

Mangroves are some of the most productive, complex, and beneficial natural wonders of our planet. They act as filters for our water supply, reduce erosion, serve as nurseries for commercial fisheries, provide opportunities for recreation, nurture vital marine biodiversity, and can act as “carbon sinks,” which reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The destruction and degradation of these natural systems–because of factors such as climate change, development, tourism, wood extraction, and non-sustainable farming–bring about tremendous ecological, social, and economic losses, the extent of which we are only now just realizing.

But there is hope for mangroves. The world is starting to notice just how important they are and is beginning to take steps to prevent further loss.

Read more here.

Text credit: Tundi Agardy and Ann Clark Espuelas

Trumpsters feel ‘their country’ died when equality was given to groups they hate.

Trump hating on LGBTQ citizens, even a draft-dodger picking on the military, is all part of the conservatives’ destruction of progressive, reality-based America.

Only part of the reason we need to be more proactive about recycling, reducing post consumer waste, and adapting more sustainable, responsible, and ethical business practices. This impacts not just the whales and marine life, but entire ecosystems and our world too. There is only one earth.

thanks john mccain! your one common sense vote yesterday doesnt do anything close to undoing years of blind support for destructive conservative policies, but its still nice!

My Personal Thoughts on Tom Bombadil

I’m probably going to bum some people out, but I personally don’t really like Tom Bombadil. He’s just not my type of character. Something about his weird balance of power and silliness just.. I don’t know, it just doesn’t do it for me. And it’s not like I hate him or anything. But, when I’m watching Fellowship of the Ring, I’m never one of those fans that goes “man, I wish they’d put Tom Bombadil in the movie”, cause I’m honestly really fine without him.

I think my main problem, I guess, is that I don’t feel like Tom Bombadil fits in Middle Earth. Part of this is, I know, because Tolkien had created Tom Bombadil long before he wrote Lord of the Rings (he appeared in a poem published in the Oxford Magazine in the 1930s), and so of course he was not designed for this world - he is, at the fundamental part of his character - an outsider. But even as he exists in Middle Earth, it just bothers me that I can’t classify him. Again, I realize that the mystery was a huge part of the point of Tom Bombadil’s character (Tolkien said “Even in a mythical Age there must be some enigmas, as there always are. Tom Bombadil is one (intentionally)”), but it’s just not to my personal taste, I guess.

All that said, I do like some things about Tom Bombadil. In a weird twist of fate, the chapters in which he appears are actually my favorite chapters in the books. I love his relation to everything in the Old Forest, and his house, and Goldberry. I love his part in the story as the sort of neutral pacifist, which Tolkien talks about here:

The story is cast in terms of a good side, and a bad side, beauty against ruthless ugliness, tyranny against kingship, moderated freedom with consent against compulsion that has long lost any object save mere power, and so on; but both sides in some degree, conservative or destructive, want a measure of control. but if you have, as it were taken ‘a vow of poverty’, renounced control, and take your delight in things for themselves without reference to yourself, watching, observing, and to some extent knowing, then the question of the rights and wrongs of power and control might become utterly meaningless to you, and the means of power quite valueless. It is a natural pacifist view, which always arises in the mind when there is a war.“ - #144

And, as much as I don’t personally enjoy the mystery of Tom Bombadil’s character, I do enjoy all the theorizing that fans do to try and explain his character. My personal favorite is km_515’s theory that Tom Bombadil was actually the most evil character in Middle Earth (I talk about that theory in this post, if interested, and other more conventional theories in this post.) I think theories like this are extremely entertaining, though I don’t really take any of them to be "true.” Tolkien clearly intended for Tom Bombadil to be a good - if strange - character, and that’s what I believe about him, whether I like it or not.

SOURCES: LOTR, Tolkien’s Letters #144, #153

i want more
something else
something extra
not me
become me
new me
not enough
never enough
hate it
hate me
hurt me
want more
not addiction
not salvation
something else
something new
inspire me
i’ll inspire you
corrupt you
new life
new bliss
new sufferings
stagnation ugh
conservation no
creation yes
destruction hell yea

D.Gray-Man AU

Hey everyone !

I promised you all a whole explanation on my D.Gray-Man AU (which I previously called modern!gangster!AU), in which were set two drawings of Emilia and Tyki I made (here & here). As said in a previous post, the purpose of this AU is mostly aesthetic, but in spite of myself it has grown into my imagination as something bigger than that, so that’s why I wanted to explain it to you. (And that would help you understand potential future drawings I’ll make about it). Furthermore, the AU is mostly centered on my rarepair, which is Emilia Galmar/Tyki Mikk, but I developped the other characters and the main story a bit aswell. I’d like to thank @pouzingarou for helping me on developping the story during very late conversations (haha). @badlydrawntykimikk I’ve seen that you were particularly interested in it, so here it is !

Keep reading

Do not be deceived by the way men of bad faith misuse words and names …Things are set up as contraries that are not even in the same category. Listen to me: the opposite of radical is superficial, the opposite of liberal is stingy; the opposite of conservative is destructive. Thus I will describe myself as a radical conservative liberal; but certain of the tainted red fish will swear that there can be no such fish as that. Beware of those who use words to mean their opposites. At the same time have pity on them, for usually this trick is their only stock in trade.
—  R. A. Lafferty

how you never think of life as unpredictable, and how you are faced with that everyday- in this readiness to be alone, how i have found a love irreplaceable, like the moon has finally set in my sea. how we were far still, but together. together. together, and how we have touched in this moment. how perfection is defined. how my bones have finally settled, and made a home. how i am not cold this winter // how every change is shock, and i am faced with it; scared of my branches being barren again. scared of every falling leaf, and how things might never be the same again. scared of the sun in my belly, and how it might burn me whole; how we could be lit on a flame, and exhausted in less than a second- how i am scared of losing myself in this destruction- conservation of self, and how we swallowed the heat together. how am i to let go of myself. how am i to let go of that part of you, and be okay with the void that it will leave in me // how there is no choice to make in my hands, and how i am shaking at the thought of it; how i have to make the choice anyway, and live with it // how am i to live with it ? how am i to know what to leave in the fire. how am i to be sure of what is right in all this // how i am probably destroying myself. how there is only selfishness in this. how i am fighting with myself, and the heat, and the cold, and how i am afraid that no one is winning. how there is only losing in this.