Top Left: Typical 14th and 15 C Italian panel, grain vertical; Cracks on 15th C Italian panels can have two distinct generations or widths, tend to be jagged and have a predominant direction perpendicular to the wood grain.
Top Right: Typical 16th C Flemish panel, grain vertical; Cracks on 16th C Flemish panels tend to be small, orderly, of uniform width, and parallel to the wood grain.
Bottom Left: Typical 17th C Dutch canvas, warp horizontal; Cracks on 17th C Dutch canvas paintings may be straight, jagged, and perpendicular to the warp.
Bottom Right: Typical 18th C French canvas, warp horizontal; Cracks on 18th C French canvas paintings are more random, curved, large, and are usually connected.
None of these statements are always true, but can be used as a general guideline; many characteristics depend on the artist’s individual methods and materials.
Source: directly quoted from Conservation of Easel Paintings, Joyce Hill Stoner and Rebecca Rushfield, 2012.
Remember when the media painted michelebachmann as a loon in the 2012 campaign for daring to suggest that it was possible for gas prices to ever fall below $2 a gallon again? Remember how vile the media was in those attacks against her character? I do. I hate the media.
so some people are arguing that people placed on the terrorist watchlist//no fly list should not be able to own a gun , which is bad.
the constitution allows for due process of law, which basically means that the government can’t deny you any of your rights without going through court and letting you have all the rights of the accused, which is the problem with the terrorist watchlist- people get added without the government even telling them or giving them a chance to protest. several congressmen have not been allowed to fly temporarily because they were accidentally added to the terrorist watchlist. this is the definition of not having due process- it wasn’t a court decision they had the right to challenge, it was a government official deciding, for whatever reason, that they were suspect of terrorist activity. preventing people on this list from getting guns is getting rid of due process. If you’re too dangerous to own a gun, are you too dangerous to have freedom of speech? right to an attorney? freedom from cruel and unusual punishment?
one of the main concerns is that whoever is in charge of the terrorist watchlist will abuse it to prevent people from getting guns, eg just add them to the terrorist watchlist and they can’t get a gun. and this concern isn’t unfounded at all, considering the IRS targeted conservative groups from 2010-2012 applying for tax exempt status, granting only one conservative group tax exempt status due to the extreme scrutiny placed on them, whereas almost every liberal group that applied got tax exempt status in the same time frame (see: IRS scandal, lois lerner)