congressional salary

In 1982, Gregory Watson was a sophomore at the University of Texas, and he opted to write a term paper about constitutional amendments for a class. As part of his research, Watson discovered that an amendment proposed way back in 1789 limited congresspeople’s ability to raise their own salary. But it had never been ratified, partly because it had been more or less forgotten about, and partly because Congress likes money.

Watson wrote his paper about the proposed amendment, noting that nobody had ever put a time limit on it, so technically, after nearly two centuries, it could still be ratified. The class TA gave him a C, insisting that nobody cared about an obscure old amendment proposal about congressional salaries and that the idea that it could still be ratified was crazy, no matter how much “evidence” he dug up. Watson appealed to his professor, who told him the same thing.

Now, a C grade is the kind of mark most of us aspire to see one day, but Watson took it as an insult. There was only one way to prove that he was right, and that was to ratify the hell out of that amendment.

The 5 Most Satisfying ‘Told You So’ Moments Of All Time

anonymous asked:

Facts about John F. Kennedy?

  • The Army medically disqualified Kennedy from service.
  • He won a Pulitzer Prize.
  • He donated his congressional and presidential salaries to charity.
  • Kennedy installed a secret taping system in the White House.
  • Kennedy proposed a joint Soviet mission to the moon.
  • President Kennedy was the richest president ever.
  • Joseph Kennedy (his father) escaped the infamous 1920 Wall Street bombing.
  • President Kennedy played the role of movie producer.
  • He was the only president to win a Purple Heart.
  • Kennedy wasn’t the youngest president ever as everyone thinks. 
  • Kennedy almost died twice before he became president.
  • JFK died younger than any other U.S. president to date.
  • JFK’s application to Harvard was just 5 sentences long.
  • JFK has been the only Roman Catholic U.S. president.
  • JFK bought 1,200 cuban cigars just hours before signing the embargo against Cuba.
  • John F. Kennedy, had he lived, would have inherited a fortune from his father estimated at US$1 billion in today’s dollars, adjusted for inflation.
  • Larry King crashed into John F. Kennedy’s car in 1958. JFK said he’d forget the whole thing if King promised to vote for him when he ran for president.
  • The White House Correspondent’s Dinner was men-only until 1962, when JFK refused to attend unless women did.
  • C.S. Lewis, Aldous Huxley, and John F. Kennedy died on the same day.
  • As Senator, JFK had been opposed to the Apollo space program and wanted to terminate it.
  • As one of his first presidential acts, JFK asked Congress to create the Peace Corps.
  • Aspiring actor Leonard Nimoy once gave a cab ride to future president John F Kennedy.
  • After John F. Kennedy’s WW2 PT boat was sunk, he wrote a message on a coconutasking for help. It worked. Kennedy kept the coconut and it became a Presidential paperweight.
  • In 1961, a little girl wrote a letter to JFKasking if Santa Claus was OK during the Soviet’s nuclear testing at the North Pole. Kennedy wrote back to her saying that he spoke with Santa and that he’s okay.
  • JFK was the first President to have been a Boy Scout. 

Sources: (x) (x) (x)

Unpopular opinion re: shutdown

Of all the concerns surrounding the government shutdown, the question of who in Congress is still keeping their pay versus who is deferring or donating is really fairly low on my list.

I can certainly understand why it doesn’t look good, but it’s also a by-product of the media-driven false equivalence that tries to blame both parties when the real reason we’re in the shutdown has everything to do with the House GOP using it and the debt-ceiling battle as leverage for obscene austerity measures, an attack on the ACA and sneaking in the employer conscience clause for birth control. Why should Democrats who had nothing to do with that, who voted for a clean continuing resolution and against the House GOP’s ransom note be held to the same standard in this regard as the obvious perpetrators of the shutdown?

At worst, keeping vs. deferring or donating pay is an exacerbating factor against the Republicans responsible for the shutdown, especially if they were already well-off enough to choose to defer or donate. Which leads into this: The members of Congress choosing to defer/donate can already afford to do so, for the most part, and for some (namely the Republicans voting to take the economy hostage) it’s pretty obviously a sleazy publicity stunt.

anonymous asked:

has Hillary said anything specific about police brutality, raising the minimum wage or lowering rising tuition costs? To me she seems like a fine candidate for a white dem but fails to show any passion for the lives of poor people or people in poverty.

Just by going on her campaign website, you will be prompted to sign up and join if you support being in an era that stops mass incarceration, so I can say with certainty this is at the forefront of her campaign.

She has said:

“Black lives matter. Everyone in this country should stand firmly behind that. … Since this campaign started, I’ve been talking about the work we must do to address the systemic inequities that persist in education, in economic opportunity, in our justice system. But we have to do more than talk—we have to take action.”

If you read through her plan you’ll see among the main points are: ending mass incarceration, making body cameras available to every police department nationwide, ending racial profiling, creating nationwide guidelines for use of force, reforming mandatory minimum sentencing, ending private prisons, and helping former prisoners reintegrate into society.

Hillary’s first job out of law school was for the newly-formed Children’s Defense Fund, an organization she would later chair. The CDF has“partnered with numerous organizations and worked with policy makers to build bipartisan support to enact laws that have helped millions of children fulfill their potential and escape poverty because they received the health care, child care, nurturing, proper nutrition and education they deserve.

She has gone on the record saying we should raise the federal minimum wage to $12 an hour.


  • She was an original cosponsor of the Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007, and authored the 2006 and 2007 Standing with Minimum Wage Earners Act to tie Congressional salary increases to an increase in the minimum wage.
  • She worked to extend unemployment benefits for Americans who were out of work, cosponsoring amendments and bills to extend benefits through the end of 2003 and into 2004, and voting to provide emergency unemployment benefits during the 2008 financial crisis.
  • The Paycheck Fairness Act, which Hillary Clinton introduced in 2005 and 2007, would have amended the Fair Labor Standards Act to prevent employer retaliation against workers who claim wage discrimination, or workers who inquire about or discuss their wages. This concept was adopted, in part, by President Obama’s April 2014 Executive Order prohibiting federal contractors from retaliating against employees who discuss their wages. 
  • She cosponsored the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009, which became the first law signed by President Obama. The Act, which expanded workers’ rights to take pay discrimination issues to court, was also introduced in 2007 and was cosponsored by Clinton.
  • As a Senator she opposed the Bush tax cuts for millionaires in 2001 and 2003 and she supported a variety of middle-class tax cuts, including tax credits for student loan recipients, and keeping in place the tax cuts for those who make under $250,000 a year.
  • She has consistently voted against repealing the estate tax on millionaires, doing so in 2001, 2002, and 2006.
  • As a senator she strengthened the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, introducing bills to allow states to expand the program that she helped create as First Lady. The program, created in 1997, has increased health coverage for millions of children in low-income and working families.