congenital conditions

Drawing in oil of a 16 years old girl, showing effects of congenital syphilis.
The teeth are ‘pegged’ and the bridge of the nose is flattened. Both eyes are affected with interstitial keratitis and the right, which is also affected with kerato-globus, was absolutely blind. Large patches of necrosis of the cranial bones are exposed by ulceration of the scalp.

Don’t get a mini pet!

The latest fad in many circles are smaller versions of animals like dogs–some people want things to stay small and cute forever, and what easier way than getting a teacup dog, or a munchkin cat? None of that growing up and losing those cute, doe-eyed looks and soft chubby bodies that are just so picture-perfect and Instagram ready.


This is a trend born out of ignorance, and it has exploded due to people more than willing to supply that demand and promote said ignorance at the expense of an animal’s welfare. 

Miniaturisation is derived from breeding animals born with dwarfism, or breeding animals that were smaller than others of their kind to begin with. And since there’re only so many runts to be found in the world, creating a breeding stock of mini animals perpetuates a particularly insidious chain of inbreeding that often ends in an early death. 

Some of the problems that miniature animals face are:

  • hydrocephaly – lit. “water in the brain,” best described as an accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain that creates too much pressure. It causes impaired vision, incontinence, mental impairment, and seizures, among other things
  • ectrodactyly – missing digits on paws/feet
  • brachycephaly – shortened snouts that prevent air from being breathed in correctly, leading to difficulty breathing and a tell-tale sound of an animal gasping for breath
  • PSS – aka liver shunts, a congenital condition characterised by the liver’s circulatory system failure to connect properly to other veins, preventing the elimination of toxins like ammonia, and can lead to cirrhosis
  • cruciate ligament injuries – the ligaments stabilising the knees rupture and often require surgery to correct

And those are just some of the conditions that can occur. Yes, non-miniature, non inbred animals can get them, but the fact is that miniature animals have a much higher chance of being born with those conditions. 

Miniature females are most in danger, because they’re the ones used to carry future generations of these animals. Their uterus is often too small to gestate properly, and their vaginas too small to push babies out; the end result can either be death in utero for the babies, stillborn births, the mother dying during birth, or all of the above. The breeders who sell these kinds of animals don’t care about the incredibly high risk they are placing them in. The high price these babies fetch (or the premature ones they sell off as “miniature;” separating babies from their mothers too early brings another huge set of problems) works well enough for them to offset the loss. 

And in the vein of how similarly unethical white tiger breeding works, the ones that look too obviously deformed or sick are discarded. 

The people who sell and breed these kind of animals absolutely do not care that they’re condemning animals to a life of constant pain, suffering, and inability to engage in healthy animal behaviours, for the sake of profit. People who want to become pet guardians should absolutely care about their animals, and not prioritise cuteness over health. 

– Nick

anonymous asked:

My dream dog is a Newfoundlander, and I have a responsible breeder already picked out for when I have a big enough yard and a steady job, but I'm finding it hard to find much info on them. Opinions?

They are a relatively rare breed owing to their size, fur and drool, but I have known a few of them over the years.

These dogs are just… messy.

(Image Source)

They are big they seriously shed and they drool like a running tap, which essentially sticks that shed hair to every available surface like glue. This is a breed so fundamentally unsuitable for my personal lifestyle that I swiftly change the topic every time the boyfriend brings up that he wants one. Speaking of changing topics, lets look at them from a medical standpoint. You may want to make yourself a cup of tea, this will be a long post.

Hips are a major issue with this breed. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals ranks their hips, as a breed, as worse than the notorious German Shepherd. Worse again, symptoms of hip dysplasia are often aggravated by the increased size or weight of the animal, and this breeds is one of the largest ones. This causes pain and suffering. 25% of them are estimated to have dysplastic hips, with only 8% estimated to have ‘good’ hips.

Elbows are another weakness for this giant breed. Again around 20-25% of these dogs are estimated to be afflicted with elbow dysplasia. Some unfortunate individuals with have both elbow and hip dysplasia, leaving them without a good leg to stand on. Problems often develop by18 months of age, and will cause pain for the dog for the rest of its life.

Tears of the cranial cruciate ligament are also fairly common, due to sheer size and probably other orthopedic dodginess. If not treated surgically this will cause severe lameness and arthritis in the joint.

By the way, if you were wondering about the costs of these surgeries to patch up a Newfoundland skeleton, you’ll probably spend $2.5-3k on the dysplastic elbows, $2.5-3.5k per cruciate tear, and between $1.4k and $7k each side for the dysplasitc hips, depending whether they are diagnosed young, or so late that only a total hip replacement will help. Just so you know.

The consequences of leaving these conditions untreated is arthritis far sooner in the dog’s life than is fair. Some dogs will be unable to walk without daily medication from 4 years of age. Many will be put to sleep simply because their  mobility has become so impaired that they can no longer to doggy things.

Do you need a break? Because we’re not even halfway through yet.

Originally posted by sternenpalast

Personally, I have a thing against bad eyes. I can’t stand eyes that look painful, it gives me the heebie-jeebies. These poor dogs, as you probably have guessed, are prone to multiple eye conditions.

While they do get cataracts, 3rd eyelid gland prolapse and ectropion, the biggest one that concerns me is entropion. This means that the eyelids rolls inwards towards the eye. This means that instead of lovely, soft, moist conjunctiva touching the eyeball, you have prickly eyelashes or haired skin. These prickly hairs rub against the eyeball, constantly, and will cause pain, inflammation, corneal ulcers and secondary effects of healing them.

That’s just constant irritation and pain. It requires surgery to fix, again.

They also get subaortic stenosis (SAS) far too frequently.This heart condition is congenital, it’s present at birth but is often not apparent until 4+ months of age, just long enough to get that puppy well loved in a new home. While it can be managed with medication or heart surgery, only 25% of affected dogs live for more than 4 years. It can cause fainting and sudden death.

(Thanks Richard for picture)

That’s not a great disease to have running through the breed. If they don’t succumb to that heart disease young, they may also get dilated cardiomyopathy when they’re older. You know, because one heart disease wasn’t enough.

Also located under that shaggy mess of drool covered fur is another genetic disorder that can cause them to excrete cystine into their urine, resulting in urinary crystals or great big bladder stones that may require more surgery.

And of course these big, deep cheted dogs are a classic breed that gets Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (GDV aka Bloat) which can happen without warning, leaving you with a choice of either major, expensive surgery or euthanasia.

Working towards the outside of this giant breed, their thick fur might look cute, it it takes maintenance. Prepare for everything you own to be liberally coated in dog hair.

They are also profuse droolers. Their flappy jowls produce some of the most drooly dogs I’ve been, often soaking their own chest fur.

Which brings me back to Hot Spots, (aka moist dermatitis). Persistently wet skin, especially on a thick coated breed that loves water like the newfoundland, A hot spot can be huge and they spread rapidly, sometimes affecting the whole neck. Because these dogs often have some degree of skin folding there, that makes the problem even worse. The same issue happens at the other end if they have diarrhea. And being in Australia, in Summer, when more people than usual take their dogs swimming, there is also a high risk of flystrike in that constantly wet fur with infected skin. Don’t think about that too much.

These dogs are far from being an ‘easy keeper’ and in my experience the estimates lifespan of 10-12 years that one often sees on the internet s a bit optimistic. I do know people who are addicted to this breed and just can’t live without one, but it’s important to know what you’re getting into and I would strongly recommend looking into pet insurance for this breed.

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Mother and daughter from London and one of the most impressive stories that I ever heard.

When she was a baby, Emily(the daughter) was diagnosed with a rare congenital condition called Septo Optic Dysplasia, a condition that affects her endocrine system and her vision.

“I have no sight in my right eye and about 10% vision in my left. I spent a lot of my childhood in hospitals. My mom was always my greatest support.”

Emma, her mother, continues: “I was 19 when I gave birth. We grew up together. Emily went to a mainstream school. I wanted to make her integrate in the society like any other child. In the beginning, they didn’t know how to teach her. I bought books, learned a lot and started to teach her at home too.”

The daughter continues: “Because of my medical condition I had to take steroids most of my life and gaining weight was a common side effect. When I was 14 I started to hate my body and developed Anorexia.”

“Emily stopped eating. She used to hide her lunch under her bed.” remembers her mother.

Emily continues: “Many colleagues were making fun on my weight, on my vision impairment and sometimes even on my red hair. It was a very difficult time but I focused on reading and learning for school and that gave me confidence.

I remember that there was a group of girls that used to bully me. After a while, they were struggling for an exam, trying to revise. They needed help and I offered my support. We reconciled, worked together and they passed the exam.

On the last night, when we had the prom, we danced together and we had a great time.”

Her lovely personality helped Emily to stay optimistic and make the most of her life in the following years. The second part of this amazing story, in the future.

Part Two, Chapter Three: Sisters.

Claire, Brianna and Roger have just witnessed Gillian/Geillis go back in time. Brianna now believes her mother’s words. The two are having breakfast in the parsonage kitchen.

You can find previous chapters here.

October 1968; Wakefield Residence.

“There’s someone else I haven’t told you about, Bree.”

“Please tell me I have fairy godmother,” I winked at Mama over the rim of my mug of hot cocoa. The corners of her mouth tugged upwards, so I continued, “Or my cousin’s uncle’s niece’s sister is Queen Elizabeth.

“You haven’t a fairy godmother,” She responded, the hint of a smile disappearing.

That pensive, almost hesitant, look crossed her face again. She’d been wearing it often since our run-in with Gillian Edgars at Craigh na Dun the night before. I was only beginning to see the reason why my mother had always seemed aloof to me and, now that I knew the truth and believed it, I didn’t want to do or say anything that would make her withdraw more.

I mentally kicked myself, it seemed my second jest had.

I tried to come up with something to say to fill the silence, something neutral, but she went on before I could think of anything worthwhile.

“Jamie and I… we… had another child.” She didn’t look at me as she spoke, her eyes fixed on the tea leaves at the bottom of her cup. “Her name was Julia.”

A sister? I had a sister?

Had. Was. Words of the past. What happened? Where was she?

Mama continued haltingly, “She had a heart condition, a congenital defect. She died just before I came back thru the stones.”

My mind reeled at the thought of what my mother had gone thru, losing a husband and a child all in one day?

An older sister. I had an older sister. I had always wanted siblings and now, it seemed, I had one.

“Do you remember Christine Johnson?” Mama looked up at me, her eyes wet with unshed tears.

I nodded.

Christy had lived two houses over from ours when I was growing up. She was a couple years older than me and I had adored her. Blonde and petite, we were about as different as different could be, but she was always willing to include me in her fun. We had sleep-overs at each other’s houses often as we reached middle and high school.

“She and Julia would have been the same age.”

The grandfather clock in Reverend Wakefield’s study chimed nine o’clock, the hours reverberating thru the room like someone pounding nails into a coffin.

The silence thickened.  

What was there to say?

Choosing actions over words, I got up from my chair and rounded the table. I wrapped my arms about her shoulders, her hands clinging to me tightly. She rested her head against me and I could feel a warm tear slide down her cheek and onto mine. “She would have loved you,” she whispered.

“And I her,” I replied, gently placing a kiss on Mama’s temple.

When you’ve got a congenital heart condition it’s not unlikely that your cardiologist will be based at the children’s hospital.

Why? Because people like me never used to grow up. The specialists were for children because there weren’t adult patients.

My best friend with type 1 diabetes and I used to joke we were living on borrowed time.

Now, I’m mostly just happy for the level of care I receive. The contents of this letter are not the best news. An MRI revealed a growth in one of my aneurysms and I need to see a vascular specialist. It’s not happy news but I know I’ll be alright.

anonymous asked:

What are your thoughts on Irish Setters? (Do you see many over there in Oz? I live in Ireland, so obviously they're pretty popular, I kinda wonder if they're as common elsewhere). As for the question tax, came for the vet posts, stayed for the dog breed analysis!

We don’t see very many Irish Setters down here in Australia, but they’re certainly worth talking about because although they’re uncommon they do have a few notable quirks.

But first, as usual, please note the disclaimer. These posts are about the breed from a veterinary viewpoint as seen in clinical practice, i.e. the problems we are faced with. It’s not the be-all and end-all of the breed and is not to make a judgement about whether the breed is right for you. If you are asking for an opinion about these animals in a veterinary setting, that is what you will get. It’s not going to be all sunshine and cupcakes, and is not intended as a personal insult against your favorite breed. This is general advice for what is common, often with a scientific consensus but sometimes based on personal experiences, and is not a guarantee of what your dog is going to encounter in their life. 

(Image Source  RX-Guru )

For all the noise that gets made about ‘grain-free’ diets, the Irish Setter is the only breed where it might really matter. Irish Setters are the only breed, to my knowledge, which have actually been diagnosed with Celiac Disease, or at least something very similar to it. The symptoms are not as severe as in humans (although admittedly these dogs don’t live as long as humans do, so are only exposed to gluten for 10-15 years instead of 20+), so sometimes it’s called Gluten-sensitive enteropathy. Either way, it’s responsive to dietary control.

Hip Dysplasia is present in the breed, and these dogs are actually on the large side, which is easy to forget looking at pictures. They also get Progressive Retinal Atrophy and breeding dogs should be screened for both.

In terms of congenital conditions, these dogs should have neat eyes, but they can suffer from Entropion which needs surgical correction.

The breed is also over-represented among dogs with Patent Ductus Ateriosis, which is a unfortunate congenital heart defect where the aorta and pulmonary artery connect. It can be treated with heart surgery on an implant, but us obviously not desirable.

These dogs are deep chested enough to get Gastric Dilatation Volvulus, where the stomach twists upon itself, cutting off blood supply and requiring either emergency surgery or death.

The breed has a reputation for various cancers, including Osteosarcoma, and therefore delayed desexing may be of benefit in this breed. I haven’t seen enough of them to say whether other particular types of cancers are more common than others.

The breed must have an interesting immune system, given they are prone to a few conditions which either definitely have an immune mediated component, or are thought to, including Hypothyroidism and Megaoesophagus.

Immune Mediated Haemolytic Anaemia obviously has an immune mediated component, but approximately 50% of IMHA cases have a cancer somewhere which has set it off.

And Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency is a genetic immune deficiency. There is a genetic test available for this now. 


This is sirenomelia. The term comes from “siren” or “mermaid” because of the characteristic fusion of the lower extremities that results from a failure in the development of a normal vascular supply to lower extremities from the lower aorta in utero.

It couldn’t be. It was impossible. Perhaps it was an impersonation, sent to distract him, and if it was, it was a very poor one; they hadn’t even got the hair right. Because, certainly, the 5′6″ man standing in the back, caneless, in a plain, unobtrusive suit, could not have been Oswald Cobblepot.

But he couldn’t help staring at him. “Ghosts aren’t real!” His own words echoed back at him, meanly. And, of course they weren’t, but then… Ed had to know. If this was a plot, a con, a trick, he had to unravel it. Because who would be stupid enough to throw the likeness of his dead best friend in front of him? Who would try something so patently, obviously fake, that they fooled themselves into thinking it just might work on shock value? Whoever it was was a high contender for his next victim.

He wasn’t doing a very good job of distracting him even. He was just standing there. Well, standing and screaming as the glass ceiling collapsed on everyone’s heads. But he was just doing what everyone else was doing, no more, no less, as if he were designed to blend in with the crowd. This made no sense as a ploy: the ceiling was already crashed, the bank robbed. If this mock-Penguin was supposed to distract him then he had failed. What was this about?

Ed followed him, deliberately keeping in eye-sight in case he did something, anything. Even if it was a bad, delayed plan, it would be a relief to know there was one. Practically standing in front of him though, there was no reaction, just panicked hurrying past, like everyone else. This was getting ridiculous. He finally grabbed him, the imposter gasping and staring up at him, wide-eyed with fear.

“I must say, whatever ruse you’re putting on is miserable stuff. Tell me, who do you work for?”

“Wh-what?” The small man trembled in his grasp. 

“Oh, don’t play dumb!” Ed spat, “The jig is up! You’re clearly NOT Penguin, how could you be, so make my life and yours easier and just tell me who you work for. I promise to give your bosses the reward they deserve for this performance.”

“I- I- I don’t know what you’re talking about, Mr. Riddler. I work for Finestein’s, the insurance company. Have they… angered you in some way?” the imposter gulped.

Ed’s eyes widened, his grip tightening. “Do you think I’m an idiot or do you just have a congenital condition of idiocy? WHAT could you possibly stand to gain by lying? Tell me who you work for and, I promise, you go free! Not a hair touched on your mediocre wig.”

The man frowned in confusion. “This isn’t a wig, it’s my hair.”

Ed grabbed it, his patience snapping. “Ouch!” The man pulled his hand off his… hair.

“You mean… to tell me you dyed and cut your hair to look like Oswald Cobblepot just to get my attention?” The gears in Ed’s mind sputtered.

“I didn’t do anything of the sort, it’s my hair,” the man insisted, scratching the place Ed pulled at, “And who’s Oswald Cobblepot?”

Ed stared. Then before he knew what he was doing, he ripped open the man’s shirt and lo… a bullet wound. Below the rib cage. Right where he’d put one in Oswald.

Ed released him as if he’d been burned, reeling. “O-Oswald?” Ed gasped, not daring to believe it.

The man whipped his shirt closed, rapidly doing the buttons. “WHO is Oswald?! I’m NOT him!” The man glared at him, tucking his shirt and storming off as quickly as his limping feet could carry him.

“Oswald!” Ed screamed after him helplessly. He’d stood before him, looked right through him, and didn’t know him. The blue eyes that accused him every night in his sleep, the face behind him in every mirror, the voice that whispered his every thought… could no longer recognize him.

If there was a fate worse than death, Ed imagined he was now suffering it.


AU where Oswald comes back, but has no idea who he is

anonymous asked:

does the existence of intersex people disprove the existence of a sexual dichotomy, or prove a sexual spectrum? Why or why not? asking as a very new radfem undoing libfem ideology internally


Intersex people have congenital conditions that cause various different deformations in their physical sex development. In general an intersex person is still male or female, just with an abnormality that causes health issues.

And that’s the key here: causes health issues. They don’t “prove” that biological sex is a spectrum or not binary because they’re not a third sex. They don’t produce a unique gamete, they aren’t some other consistent structure that is neither male or female. 

The fact that the SJW/queer/trans community makes this argument at all is actually harmful to intersex people. They’ve also appropriated their medical language. Only an intersex person who was given surgery as an infant against their will to make their genitals more congruous one way or another can be said to have been “assigned” a sex.

anonymous asked:

have you ever delivered or treated an animal with some sort of congenital physical deformation? How are these things usually treated in the vet world? Like, do you immediately jump to euthanasia, or just keep the animal comfortable? How minor or severe can they be? qt: my headcanon of you is that you have relatively small hands? I don't know why, but like, that's a headcanon I have.

To be perfectly fair, there are entire breeds based around ‘congenital or physical deformations’- brachycephaly, assorted types of dwarfism, Scottish folds, alopecia, etc.

If a trait isn’t immediately lethal, even if it is abnormal, there is a human tendency to breed for it sine it’s ‘novel’. Whether or not that was a good idea.

But if you mean physical abnormalities that are not deliberately selected for, the most common one in small animal practice is cryptorchidism, where male animals have a retained testicle on the inside. Generally they’re castrated and go on to live normal lives.

There is a huge range of congenital conditions that an animal can have, and they vary in how compatible with life they are. If an owner is willing and able to provide the care that animal needs, then we can give it a go, but if they are unwilling or unable, then palliative treatments or euthanasia s often indicated, especially for newborns which are very labor intensive.


A 5 month old girl with alobar holoprosenceohaly. This condition was diagnosed prenatally in utero and understandably resulted in severe enlargement of the child’s head. The child was oriented to sound, able to move all extremities and responded to external stimuli, however the long term prognosis for this condition is poor as it is typically fatal in the neonatal period.

Because I feel like talking about this again– 

Emori as disabled rep is amazing and beautiful and so needed, and the fact that characters (mostly Murphy but Clarke twiceish) find her valuable and worth protecting is immensely important. But the fact that the show shies away from showing the institutionalized ableism within grounder culture weakens the point they’re trying to make. 

Emori’s entire character depends on the extremely grim idea that an entire culture considers human life worthless when it’s connected to physical flaw. This deeply-ingrained mindset is the reason behind her chaotic neutral out-for-herself perspective, for her aggressively ruthless streak, for her incredibly clever criminality. This mindset is also one of the reasons her relationship with Murphy is so important. While her rejection from society echoes his a little bit, it also echoes a greater rejection of disabled people that still exists in varying levels in every single contemporary society. Showing her in a respectful, wholesome (ish) relationship with someone who thinks her disability is actually kinda cool is such a spit in the face to everyone who devalues people because of disabilities and congenital conditions. And of course her relationship with Murphy isn’t the only significant thing about her character (as much as some fans think of her that way :’( ), but my point is that her nuanced, uncomfortable background is important both to her character and to her relationship with another character. 

But. For some reason, with the exception of Emori being occasionally treated as an outsider, the show likes to talk about the mistreatment Emori has experienced without actually showing it. This probably comes down to a combination of two factors: 

-Not wanting the unpleasantness of blatant ableism to be expressed on the show (ex. a clan leader condemning a baby to death for being a frikdreina) 

-Not wanting the unpleasantness of an established and well-liked character expressing blatant ableism on the show (e. Lexa or Roan condemning a baby to death for being a frikdreina)

There are a lot of important grounder characters on the 100 (mostly dead now but eh) that the audience values and identifies with. Anya, Indra, Gaia, Lexa, Roan. People even liked Ontari for some reason that I cannot fathom. Emori’s entire situation depends on a completely immoral system that would only logically be enforced by cultural leadership (unless it’s just an intense, vicious social taboo in which case every grounder character would enforce this attitude, not just leadership). And yeah, I don’t want to see people being dicks to my girl! Ableism is uncomfortable and shitty and even just the internalized ableism I experience with a passing congenital defect sucks all kinds of suck! 

But without it, the audience (which contains a high-percentage of able-bodied peeps) sees Emori talk about her difficult experiences and make harsh, cold-hearted decisions based on them without having any realistic point of reference concerning what this character (and disabled people in general) actually have to deal with in terms of social taboo and deeply-ingrained aversion. (Yeah, we heard Roan call her ‘the frikdreina’ one time– and he was shut down by Raven, bless– but unfortunately that probably doesn’t even brush the surface of what Emori has experienced?)

Basically, when you throw a character into a situation where they have to act really ruthlessly and tell instead of show their reasons for being the way they are, it can really make the audience hate the character? And it kind of does a disservice to disabled rep too?

And it basically comes down to the fact that the show’s writers don’t want the audience to dislike already-established characters for showing ableism it would make sense within the narrative for them to show.

Could it– dare I say– reflect a hesitance to acknowledge that average, everyday people have established and difficult to unlearn ableist tendencies? 

It’s a weak storytelling choice and does a disservice to a character who provides the show with crazy important and rare representation. Is all I’m saying. 

Three girls came into my ER last night, I have no idea what they are

by reddit user somenurse193433

So I’ve been working at the same hospital for years now as a nurse in the ER. I’ve seen a lot of things, all kinds of horrific shit, blood and gore and just about every household item you can think of inserted into some guy’s rectum. I’ve seen limbs ripped off, I’ve seen intestines coming out… almost ten years working in an ER and you’re going to see a lot. You’re going to be hard to shake.

But last night something happened, some girls came in, and I’ve never been scared like this. I’ve never had that feeling of I have no fucking idea what’s going on with this patient the way I have with these three girls.

Keep reading

On the Trans service debate

You obviously know nothing about the military if you’re upset or surprised that Trans individuals are not deemed acceptable for service. Many trans people suffer from dysphoria, require medication, take estrogen/testosterone, some may feel the need to bind or have other habits that can impede in physical service. And don’t forget, the military still aren’t fully accommodating towards women, how do you expect the armed forces to magically sort out the entire mess that would come with Trans individuals. We haven’t even sorted out how we’re going about all this with public bathrooms. But yeah its a great idea to just throw them all into service and war, we can just figure it out later right?
I hate trump too but seriously, its not a good idea, at least at this time, and hey there’s a lot larger groups who have been barred from enlistment.

“Enlistment standards for joining the military include:

-Citizenship. You must be a US citizen or be a permanent immigrant with a green card.Age. No one younger than 17 and older than 42 may enlist. Each section of the military also has its own specific guidelines.
-Credit and finances. You must not have serious amounts of debt or have a history of credit issues.
-Single parents and applicants with dependents are usually disqualified. If you have dependents at all, you will need to show adequate support for them.
-If you are married to a military member and have children, you will be unable to join.
-Education. Applicants generally must have a high school diploma. In some cases a GED is accepted, and in very rare cases people without schooling are accepted.
-Drug and alcohol dependency, use or involvement can disqualify you.
-Medical disqualifications. Any serious mental or physical illness or trait can disqualify you from joining.
-You must be physically fit.
-Criminal history. Any offense that results in conviction is usually disqualifying.
-Sexual conduct. Deviant sexual behavior will disqualify you from joining.
-Height standards. You must be between 60-80 inches tall for men and 58-72 inches tall for women.

The military can also reject you for any other reason not listed above. Remember: serving is a privilege; not a right.”

“Miscellaneous Disqualifying Conditions

Frequent motion sickness
Being an organ transplant recipient


History of large benign tumors anywhere in the body
Auditory canal
Bone, if trauma prone
Anywhere in nervous system

Any malignant tumor (present or removed).
Any tumor that affects duty performance ability


Chronic hives (urticaria)
Scarring, if it interferes with ability to use equipment or wear uniform
Extensive, resistant fungus
Chronic, resistance eczema
Severe acne


Suicidal behavior
Any history of psychosis
Anything beyond mild stuttering/stammering
Frequent and persistent sleepwalking
Frequent and/or recurring encounters with law enforcement
Personality disorders manifest by drug or alcohol addiction
Inability to adjust in work, school, or home environments
History of drug/alcohol dependence

Neurological Disorders

Sleeping disorders
Meningitis associated head injury (within five years)
Epilepsy (after age of five)
Multiple sclerosis
Intellectual deficit
Head injury resulting in unconsciousness/amnesia
Congenital malformations
Brain hemorrhage


Chronic rhinitis (allergies)
Uncontrolled hay fever
Deviated/perforated septum


Perforated hard palate

Chest and Lungs

Acute, chronic beyond mild disease (pneumonia, bronchitis, etc.)
Asthma (any age)
Removal of any part of lung
Mastectomy (females)
Tuberculosis (within 2 years or two or more times)

Heart, Vascular Conditions

High blood pressure if requiring medication or dietary regulation
Heart disease

Head and Neck

Depressed skull fracture/s
Loss or removal of any part of skull


Bed wetting
Missing a kidney
Kidney stones (within one year or occurring more than twice, or current)

Genitourinary (Females)

Congenital absence of uterus
Acute or recurring infections
Vulva, condyloma accuminatum, dystrophic conditions
Vagina, congenital abnormalities that interfere with physical activity
Painful periods
Surgery induced menopausal symptoms
Irregular, or no periods
Genitourinary (Males)

Missing both testicles
Undescended testicles
Urethritis, if chronic or acute


Absence of lens
Lens implant
Scarred cornea
Double vision
Requirement of contact lenses
Opacity of cornea or lens
Night blindness

Back and Spine

Symptomatic (healed) fractures
Ruptured disc
Recurring back pain
Scoliosis (curving of the spine), if severe
Congenital deformities

Orthopedic, extremities

Soft/softening of bones, osteoporosis
Scars, if problematic, adherent, painful
Plantar fasciitis, resistant to treatment
Weakness of or paralysis of muscles

Amputation of big toe, hand, arm, foot, leg, more than 1/3 or distal part of thumb, one joint on 2+ fingers (except little finger), two joints on index, middle, or ring fingers
Fractures of any ‘major’ bone within 6 months
Improperly healed fracture
Metal implants for fracture repair
Beyond moderate arthritis
Knee cartilage torn (unless surgically corrected more than 6 months prior)
Unstable, deranged joints
Knee ligament surgery

Endocrine/Metabolic Conditions

Most of em, other than low thyroid that’s medically controllable.

Ears and Auditory

Acute, chronic canal infection
Missing an (or both) ears
Acute mastoiditis
Acute or chronic middle ear infections
Perforated eardrums
Hearing loss caused by eardrum scarring (+20dB loss)
Canal tumors
Smallness or closing of eardrums
Meniere’s syndrome


Braces or other ortho gear, acceptable in DEP (Delayed Entry Program) but must be removed prior to active duty.
Inability to eat ordinary food

Blood, Blood-Forming Tissue Disease

Anemia, unless correctable
Bleeding or clotting disease
Enlarged spleen
Immunodeficiency disease
Low white blood cell count


Hay fever, skin allergies
Asthma, reactive airway disease, exercise induced spasms, asthmatic bronchitis (any age)
Allergic manifestations, history of life-threatening responses to stinging insects, history of moderate to severe reactions to foods, spices, or food additives.

Abdominal, Digestive Sytem

Splenectomy (unless due to trauma)
Scars showing bulging or herniation, interfering with ability to perform, or causes pain
Resection of any part of digestive tract
Prolapse or stricture of rectum
Acute or chronic pancreas disease
Hernia, if present
Hepatitis within 6 months
Symptomatic hemorrhoids
Current gallstones
Fistula in anus
Abdominal surgery within two months”

But please, lets allow the minuteTrans community to push themselves into the spotlight again. They come first.

lonetravelertheory  asked:

I've be stalk... Erm following you for a while and love all the dmmd stuff but where can I go to experience it myself. Is it a game, manga, anime?

Okay, allow me to enlighten everyone who doesn’t know what dmmd is. Although if you follow me I assume you know :U

DRAMAtical Murder, aka DMMD, aka Gay Murder Island is a PC visual novel/game by the studio Nitro+Chiral that was released in 2012. (You may know them from other such titles as Togainu no Chi, Sweet Pool, or Lamento). It is an R18+ yaoi game- which means everyone is gay and has a lot of sex during the course of the story. You play as Aoba Seragaki and elect to make choices throughout the course of the story that will determine which bachelor he ends up with. The game has several endings, both good and bad, depending on which guy you pick and how you interact with them, including a ‘true ending’, that is unlockable once you complete all the others. It features an all-star cast including Hino Satoshi (as heard as Ashe in Black Butler, Sai in Naruto), Hiroki Takahashi (Japan in Hetalia, Ryu in Street Fighter), and Kenta Miyake (Giovanni in Pokemon, the official Japanese dub voice for Thor in all the Marvel movies)

DMMD, unlike many of its likenesses, is about 10% gay porn and 90% actual plot. So, a year after DRAMAtical Murder came out, a fandisk (or sequel) was released entitled DRAMAtical Murder: Re:connect. Re:connect is basically a continuation of each plot line established in the original game. So basically, it’s how Aoba’s life is going with each of his 7 boyfriends. There are good endings and bad endings to choose from. This game is about 90% porn and 10% plot. :I

A DRAMAtical Murder anime is currently airing (you can catch it every Sunday on Crunchyroll). It stars all the same characters, has basically the same plot, and features all the same voice actors (save for Mink’s). It’s rated PG-13- there will be no porn in it, as it’s airing on live Japanese TV. Also, a cleaner, PG-13 rated version of the original DRAMAtical Murder will be available for the PS Vita this fall called DRAMAtical Murder: Re:code.

Spoilers below the cut!

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