confederate-states

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CSS Palmetto State (1862-1865)

CSS Palmetto State, a Richmond class ironclad ram built at Charleston, South Carolina, was commissioned in September 1862. On 31 January 1863, in one of the Confederate Navy’s few successful efforts against Union blockading forces, she joined her sister ship Chicora in an attack that disabled USS Keystone State and USS Mercedita. Though the blockade was not broken, it was clearly endangered by the two Confederate ironclads, neither of which was much injured in the action.

When U.S. Navy ironclads attacked Fort Sumter on 7 April 1863, and when some of Charleston’s defending batteries had to be evacuated on 6-7 September of that year, Palmetto State assisted in the successful Confederate operations. For most of the rest of the Civil War, she remained active in the Charleston vicinity. CSS Palmetto State was destroyed on 18 February 1865, when the city was evacuated.

anonymous asked:

Re: John Valone, I also heard - in the trivia section of a Les Mis hidden object game, so noooot the most reliable source - that "The novel was a success with the Confederates in the United States during the Civil War. In tribute to the novel, the Confederates nicknamed themselves 'Lee's Miserables'." ...was that... a thing?

It WAS a Thing! The Confederate states had their own highly censored edition of the book, and it was very popular! I’ll reblog a good writeup on it, just give me a second! 

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Lefaucheux military revolver

Designed by Eugène Lefaucheux c.1854 and subsequently manufactured in Saint-Etienne, France for the Confederate States of America c.1860′s - serial number 11.
9mm pinfire six-round cylinder, double action, side loading gate and manual ejector rod, brass barrel, frame, loading gate, trigger guard and grip strap.

That one’s a fucking looker, hot damn. Note the cyan oxidation where the corrosive powder burned the metal.

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December 20th 1860: South Carolina secedes

On this day in 1860, the US state of South Carolina declared its intent to secede from the Union by issuing the Ordinance of Secession. The government of South Carolina issued the ‘Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union’ on December 24th to justify their decision; this mostly centred around the perceived federal effort to abolish slavery. Secession was prompted by the election of anti-slavery presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln, after years of tensions over the slavery issue had heightened divisions between the Southern and Northern states. Other Southern states followed South Carolina, thus forming the Confederacy who fought and lost to the Union in the American Civil War. During the post-war Reconstruction era, South Carolina underwent drastic changes, seeing the election of many newly enfranchised African-Americans to political office. However, as elsewhere in the South, Reconstruction came to a bloody end in South Carolina after a violent ‘redemption’ by white supremacists and the Ku Klux Klan, who retaliated against the increased rights of black freedmen.

Slave States Believed Lincoln Would Bring Abolition and Equality between the Races -- and They Seceded to Prevent It

Judge Harris spoke in front of a joint session of the Georgia General Assembly on December 17th, 1860. No states had yet seceded from the Union. But Abraham Lincoln had just been officially elected president, and many state legislatures were moving quickly to leave the Union. It was widely believed that Lincoln and the new party called Republican would attempt to end slavery in the south – not just prevent its spread to the west as Lincoln promised on campaign. And from there it was a short step to believing Lincoln and the Republicans wanted equality between blacks and whites.

Mississippi had already, in November of 1860, agreed to hold a state-wide convention on the question of secession. The Mississippi legislature further ordered the governor of Mississippi to appoint “commissioners” to every slave state. They were tasked with explaining Mississippi’s actions and calling for the other slave states to support whatever came out of Mississippi’s convention.

Judge Harris was a native Georgian with a reputation as a great thinker and great debater. In fact, he had been offered a Supreme Court seat earlier in the year, but turned it down believing succession was imminent. He was chosen by Mississippi’s governor to be the commissioner to Georgia for those reasons. His speech before the Georgian legislature was very similar to the other commissioner’s speeches to the other state legislatures, and Judge Harris’ conclusion to his brief address is a good example of the entire south’s thinking at the time:

Sink or swim, live or die, survive or perish, the part of Mississippi is chosen, she will never submit to the principles and policies of this Black Republican Adminstration.

She [Mississippi] had rather see the last of her race, men, women and children, immolated in one common funeral pile [pyre], than see them subjected to the degradation of civil, political, and social equality with the negro race.

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Lefaucheux M1858 pinfire revolver

Manufactured in France in the late 1850′s or early 1860′s and imported by the Confederates States during the American Civil War, serial number 247404.
12mm pinfire, double action, six-rounds cylinder loaded through a loading gate, manual extractor rod.

The M1858 was simply Eugène Lefaucheux’s 1854 revolver design, with few modifications like the grip for its French Navy service. The gun would go on to be an iconic design in Western Europe and be copied by various French and Belgian gunsmiths well into the 1870′s. The power of its 12mm cartridge is roughly equivalent to that of a .25ACP round today, cause black powder and all that.
Note the ledge protecting the back of the cylinder to prevent accidental discharges from hitting the cartridges’ exposed pins.

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🇺🇸 This is America. Where we are free because we have fought for it. The home of the free because of the brave. I will not take down my flag, and never stop supporting my flag. Pride is something everyone has no matter what it is in. I’m proud of being Southern, and that will never change. The flag means different things to different people. How can you judge everyone on the actions of few people? That makes you worse than me. 🇺🇸 Southern and Proud 🇺🇸

Share if you agree $ use #keepourflagflying

IN WAR A TOWER OF STRENGTH

Virginia Military Institute Cadets
New Market, Virginia - May 15, 1864

The year was 1864, and for three years the Federal Army had tried everything to defeat the Confederate forces. Many battles had been fought with both sides winning and losing. Casualty counts were far beyond what anyone had considered possible. General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia had lost a major battle at Gettysburg, but the South’s willingness to fight for their independence had not diminished.

Federal strategy began to focus on destroying the South’s infrastructure which supplied Confederate forces in the field. In May, Federal General Franz Sigel’s army began its march from Winchester, intent on destroying the Virginia Central Railroad located in Staunton. If successful, General Lee’s Army would no longer receive the rich stores and supplies from the Shenandoah Valley.

To stop the Federal advance, the sparse Confederate forces under the command of General John C. Breckinridge and General John D. Imboden gathered all the troops they could muster. The Virginia Military Institute’s Superintendent Francis Smith was asked if his “School Boy Soldiers” would fall in. Taught from the very beginning at VMI the principles of duty and honor, the young men were eager to prove their worth as soldiers. The cadets marched for 4 days covering 80 muddy miles from Lexington to New Market in the drenching rain.

The battle of New Market began in earnest on the stormy morning of the 15th with lightning, thunder, and cannon fire echoing across the valley. General Breckinridge had not wanted to deploy his 250 young VMI cadets, and held them in a reserve position on the battlefield. But when a large gap opened in the center line of battle, Breckinridge with tears in his eyes said, “Put the boys in, and may God forgive me for the order.”

As the boys moved forward behind their colors the storm greatly intensified, with lightning, thunder and driving rain. Now in the eye of the storm, under heavy cannon and musket fire the cadets began taking casualties. Undeterred, they fought forward through a low section of the field with standing water and deep mud, with a number of the boys losing their socks and shoes. A 12 pound Napoleon cannon was abandoned in the face of the cadet’s charge, which the cheering boys captured. A Confederate officer watching the cadets said their charge “surpassed anything that I witnessed during the war.”

General Breckinridge would later ride to their position and say “Young gentlemen, I have you to thank for the result of today’s operations. Well done, Virginians…well done men!”

The actions of those brave cadets fulfilled the motto of VMI, and would be remembered daily from that day forward. “In Bellō Praesidium - In War A Tower Of Strength”.

Art by John Paul Strain