Robert E. Lee Day-

Robert E Lee’s Birthday January 19th

Glass Plate Negative, Miley Collection, Robert E. Lee, 1869

Robert E. Lee’s birthday, also known as Robert E. Lee Day, is a state holiday in some parts of the United States. In some states it is an annual shared state holiday with Martin Luther King Day on the third Monday of January.

Robert E. Lee’s birthday may not be an official public holiday in all states but there are many people who remember his life and achievements on either the third Monday of January or January 19, which is his actual birthday.

Its is a state holiday in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia and Mississippi. It is a legal day but it is not a paid holiday for state branches or agencies in Florida.

Lee’s Views On Slavery:  “There are few, I believe, in this enlightened age, who will not acknowledge that slavery as an institution is a moral and political evil. It is idle to expatiate on its disadvantages. I think it is a greater evil to the white than to the colored race. While my feelings are strongly enlisted in behalf of the latter, my sympathies are more deeply engaged for the former.”

“Is it not strange that the descendants of those Pilgrim Fathers who crossed the Atlantic to preserve their own freedom have always proved the most intolerant of the spiritual liberty of others?”


The Edmund Pettus Bridge is a bridge in Selma, Alabama. Built in 1940, it is named after Edmund Winston Pettus, a former Civil War Confederate general, a U.S. Senator from Alabama and Grand Dragon of the Alabama Ku Klux Klan.

The Pettus Bridge is widely known as the site of the conflict of Bloody Sunday on March 7, 1965, when armed white police officers brutally attacked peaceful, unarmed civil rights demonstrators attempting to march to the state capital of Montgomery. (source)

As of Martin Luther King Day 2015, the bridge remains named after a Confederate soldier and Klansman. In my opinion, in honor of all those who died fighting for basic human and civil rights, it’s past time for the bridge to be renamed. I think the Martin Luther King Bridge, or the John Lewis Bridge has a nice ring to it.

When I tell any of my friends from up north about the things that go on at my school, they think I’m telling a joke. Our school, named after the confederate general Robert E. Lee, sells merchandise with the confederate stars, flew the flag until very recently, we have a large statue of him in the main foyer, a large oil painting on display, and our old mascot was the “rebels”. There has been a petition started to try to change the name of the school but we are still very low on signatures. There is another petition that was created today in rebuttal and the hashtag #KeepLeeLee which is gaining traction among my classmates on Twitter. I really need help getting more signatures on our petition for us to even be able to bring our claim to the board so please please signal boost this and help get us enough signatures. You can sign here

Which Confederate General Should You Fight?

ROBERT E. LEE: First of all, what is wrong with you.

STONEWALL JACKSON: This one’s a tough call.  The guy’s scary in battle, but if you want to beat him one-on-one, all you have to do is pretend to be a doctor, make up a wacky disease on the spot, and tell him he has it.

JAMES LONGSTREET: If you want to fight Longstreet, just remind him of his tragic past and make him really sad, but then again why would you do that???

J.E.B. STUART: You’re going to really, really want to fight J.E.B. Stuart, but you won’t be able to catch him, since he’ll probably be running circles around you and laughing.

LEWIS ARMISTEAD: I’m guessing you also like to kick puppies in your spare time.

GEORGE PICKETT: Fight him.  Ask him where his division is, and then hit him.

JOHN BELL HOOD: I don’t know, you’d probably feel like fighting him, but the dude has one leg and one usable arm.  As much as you’d like to mess with Texas and take him on, that’s probably grossly unethical.

RICHARD EWELL: The guy’s got a bird face and peg leg.  However, he is not opposed to hitting you with his own peg leg.  I think you might as well fight him.

A.P. HILL: This dude has gonorrhea, so you shouldn’t have sex with him, but you can fight him.  When you’re fighting him, though, you won’t be able to tell if you’ve made his chest bleed or something because he always his lucky red shirt.  And this isn’t Star Trek.

JUBAL EARLY: Lewis Armistead once broke a plate over his head.  You, too, are welcome to use Jubal Early to break things.


P.G.T. BEAUREGARD: His name is silly and French.  You should probably fight him.  Actually, no, just do.  Fight his silly French ass.

LAFAYETTE MCLAWS: His first name makes him sound like a lovable French marquis, but his last name makes him sound like a grumpy crab.  In any case, you should fight him. Unless you’re a peach tree or Dan Sickles’s leg, you should be okay.

Rare, civil war-era photo shows confederate general Robert E. Lee’s slave, Selina Gray, the pic (with two of her eight children), surfaced on eBay. 

Mary Lee (Robert’s wife) fled Arlington House in Arlington, Virginia, at the start of the Civil War. She gave Gray the keys to the mansion, and responsibility for the grand house the Lees had lived in for 30 years.

Gray is famously credited with saving numerous heirlooms from marauding Union soldiers belonging to George Washington that were stored in the house.Now the National Park Service, which administers Arlington House, has acquired what it says is a rare and previously unknown photograph of Gray and, apparently, two of her eight children. The photograph was spotted on the Internet auction site eBay by Park Service volunteer Dean DeRosa. The seller, in England, had found the photo in a box of “unwanted” pictures at a British version of a yard sale.

A Park Service statement said that its nonprofit partner, Save Historic Arlington House, bid on the photograph and, “against stiff competition,” won.

The Private Thoughts of Robert E. Lee

What were Lee’s real feelings about the Confederacy and slavery?

For her newly published biography, Reading the Man: A Portrait of Robert E. Lee Through His Private Letters, historian Elizabeth Brown Pryor draws on a cache of previously unknown Lee family papers, discovered in 2002 in two sturdy wooden trunks that Lee’s daughter stored in a Virginia bank about a century ago.

How he treated his father-in-law’s slaves-Lee’s wife inherited 196 slaves upon her father’s death in 1857. The will stated that the slaves were to be freed within five years, and at the same time large legacies—raised from selling property—should be given to the Lee children. But as the executor of the will, Lee decided that instead of freeing the slaves right away—as they expected—he could continue to own and work them for five years in an effort to make the estates profitable and not have to sell the property.

What happened after that?-Lee was considered a hard taskmaster. He also started hiring slaves to other families, sending them away, and breaking up families that had been together on the estate for generations. The slaves resented him, were terrified they would never be freed, and they lost all respect for him. There were many runaways, and at one point several slaves jumped him, claiming they were as free as he. Lee ordered these men to be severely whipped. He also petitioned the court to extend their servitude, but the court ruled against him and Lee did grant them their freedom on Jan. 1, 1863—ironically, the same day that Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation went into effect.

It’s time for the state of Alabama to remove a KKK leader’s name from the historic Selma bridge.

Edmund Pettus was a Confederate General, KKK Grand Dragon and his name adorns the Historic Civil Rights Landmark

Fifty years ago, the Voting Rights Movement marched through Selma and over the Edmund Pettus Bridge. The marches across the bridge led to the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act, and today the bridge is a symbol of nonviolent victory for change!

Unfortunately, the bridge is STILL named after a man who served as Grand Dragon of the Alabama Ku Klux Klan, was a Confederate General, and was later elected as a United States Senator. The bridge was the site of “Bloody Sunday”. On March 7, 1965, hundreds of nonviolent protesters attempted to march from Selma to Montgomery for their right to vote. But as they crossed the Edmund Pettus Bridge, they were met by Alabama state troopers and deputized civilians who were armed with billy clubs, tear gas, and cattle prods and attacked the marchers and drove them back to Brown Chapel Church.

How could a landmark that holds so much significance for the civil rights movement be named after a man who not only supported slavery, but held one of the highest positions within the Ku Klux Klan?



April 12th 1864: Fort Pillow Massacre

On this day in 1864, during the American Civil War, Confederate troops massacred over 300 black Union soldiers. Fort Pillow was a Confederate garisson in Tennessee, just north of Memphis, but was captured by Union forces in 1862. Two years later, as the Confederate war effort floundered, a Confederate cavalry unit under the command of Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest launched raids in Tennessee and Kentucky. They aimed to destroy Union supply lines and retake Confederate forts, disrupting Union General Sherman’s plans for his ‘march to the sea’. The 2,000 strong army set their sights on Fort Pillow, then defended by around 600 soldiers, most of whom were unionist southerners, Confederate deserters, or African-Americans. On April 12th, the Confederates quickly sieged and overran the fort; once the attackers were inside the walls, bloody chaos ensued. Many Union defenders were killed in battle, and others fled the fort. Hundreds more surrendered and thus should have been taken as prisoners of war. However, under the command of Forrest - future Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan - 300 Union troops, most of whom were black, were massacred. The open violation of the conventions of war caused outrage in the North, who responded by refusing to participate in prisoner exchanges.

Texas Rangers- Rangers Photographs Taken Prior To 1870 Are Rare. Pictured Here Are James Thomas Bird And John J. Haynes In 1868 

EIGHTH TEXAS CAVALRY [TERRY’S TEXAS RANGERS]. The Eighth Texas Cavalry, a group of Texas volunteers for the Confederate Army popularly known as Terry’s Texas Rangers, was assembled by Benjamin Franklin Terry in August 1861. Each man was required to furnish a shotgun or carbine, a Colt revolver, a Bowie knife and a saddle, bridle, and blanket. The army would provide the mounts. 

The Terry Rangers distinguished themselves at the battles of Shiloh (April 6–8, 1862), Perryville (October 8, 1862), Murfreesboro (December 31, 1862–January 2, 1863), Chickamauga (September 19–20, 1863), and Chattanooga (November 24–25, 1863); in the Atlanta campaign (May 1–September 2, 1864); and as raiders in Kentucky and Tennessee under Lt. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest. The rangers were also part of the inadequate force under Gen. Joseph E. Johnston that attempted to slow Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s inexorable “march to the sea” during the final months of the war.

Terry’s Rangers delivered what was probably the last charge of the Army of Tennessee at the battle of Bentonville (March 19–20, 1865). Rather than surrender with the rest of Johnston’s army at Durham Station, North Carolina, on April 26, 1865, 158 of the reported 248 survivors of the regiment slipped through Union lines to join other Confederates yet in the field. With the total collapse of the Southern cause, however, the Terry Rangers drifted home as individuals and in small groups, having never officially surrendered. With the exception of Hood’s Texas Brigade, the Eighth Texas Cavalry was probably the best-known Texas unit to serve in the  Civil War. It earned a reputation that ranked it among the most effective mounted regiments in the western theater of operations.

Photo Source: Home of the Plainsmen -1830 to 1885-

Thomas W. Cutrer, “EIGHTH TEXAS CAVALRY [TERRY’S TEXAS RANGERS]," Handbook of Texas Online.  (

Emily Todd was Mary Todd Lincoln’s half-sister. In 1856 she married Benjamin Helm, a Confederate general. After Helm’s death in 1863 Emily Helm passed through Union Lines to visit her sister in the White House. This caused great consternation in the Northern newspapers. Emily Helm took an oath of loyalty to the Union and was granted amnesty

(via Emilie Todd Helm)

i don’t know what i should be more concerned about: the fact that there is a halloween costume of confederate army general robert e. lee for little boys, or the fact that the costume is sold out 

“What General Lee’s feelings were I do not know. As he was a man of much dignity, with an impassible face, it was impossible to say whether he felt inwardly glad that the end had finally come, or felt sad over the result, and was too manly to show it. Whatever his feelings, they were entirely concealed from my observation; but my own feelings, which had been quite jubilant on the receipt of his letter, were sad and depressed. I felt like anything rather than rejoicing at the downfall of a foe who had fought so long and valiantly, and had suffered so much for a cause, though that cause was, I believe, one of the worst for which a people ever fought, and one for which there was the least excuse. I do not question, however, the sincerity of the great mass of those who were opposed to us.”

– Ulysses S. Grant, As Quoted in Personal Memoirs of General U. S. Grant