In 2017, Arkansas decides to no longer honor Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert E. Lee on the same day

  • Arkansas Gov. Asa Hutchinson signed legislation Tuesday ending the state’s controversial practice of celebrating Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Gen. Robert E. Lee on the same day.
  • The bill marks the end of a decades-long tradition, wherein Arkansans commemorated King — one of the most influential black civil rights leaders in United States history — on the same day as Lee, a white Confederate general who quite literally fought a war to make sure black people remained enslaved.
  • Both men were born in January — King on Jan. 15, 1929, and Lee on Jan. 19, 1807. The bill will keep King’s holiday as is, but create a memorial day to commemorate Lee on the second Saturday in October, according to the Associated Press. Read more (3/22/17 11 AM)

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We don’t know how much you’ve been paying attention to the news about Jefferson Beauregard Sessions III (who is incidentally named after a Confederate general), but he’s a man with few prejudices, provided you aren’t a member of the black or LGBTQ community. But we’re sure that wanting to undermine the civil rights of just about everyone he hasn’t gone golfing with won’t have a negative impact on him being Attorney General, the position for which Trump has tapped him.

When he was a district attorney in Alabama in the 1980s, Sessions prosecuted three people for the crime of dropping the absentee ballots of elderly black voters off at the post office, charging them with mail fraud and conspiracy, for which they faced over 100 years in prison. Clearly, he was trying to send a message to someone, and we’re guessing that someone was “black people trying to vote in Alabama.” During a confirmation hearing for his appointment to a Reagan judgeship, several people testified that he had made racist comments in front of them, including calling a black man “boy,” declaring a white civil-rights lawyer a race traitor, and liberally using the n-word in private. The testimony ultimately kept him from a federal judgeship. That’s right: he was too racist for 1980s Congress, but not for the 2017 White House.

5 Huge (And Under-Reported) Problems With Trump’s Cabinet

“What General Lee’s feelings were I do not know. As he was a man of much dignity, with an impassible face, it was impossible to say whether he felt inwardly glad that the end had finally come, or felt sad over the result, and was too manly to show it. Whatever his feelings, they were entirely concealed from my observation; but my own feelings, which had been quite jubilant on the receipt of his letter, were sad and depressed. I felt like anything rather than rejoicing at the downfall of a foe who had fought so long and valiantly, and had suffered so much for a cause, though that cause was, I believe, one of the worst for which a people ever fought, and one for which there was the least excuse. I do not question, however, the sincerity of the great mass of those who were opposed to us.”

– Ulysses S. Grant, As Quoted in Personal Memoirs of General U. S. Grant    

Brigadier General Sterling Alexander Martin Wood and staff, C.S.A.

– Before his appointment to brigadier general, Wood had been a colonel of the 7th Alabama Infantry, C. S. A. Wood is seated on the right in the front row.

Commonly referred to as S.A.M. Wood, was an American lawyer and newspaper editor from Alabama. He served as a Confederate general during the American Civil War until 1863, and resumed practicing law, served as a state legislator, and later taught law. Photo: Credit Alabama Pioneers

‘bizi, çocukların anababaları tarafından sömürülmesine son vermeyi istemekle mi suçluyorsunuz? bu suçu kabulleniyoruz.’

Karl Marx - Friedrich Engels -  Komünist Manifesto

Görsel :  A student sitting on the stairs at the entrance of the Sorbonne. A portrait of Karl Marx and a banner of the proletarian group against the General Confederation of Labour (CGT – Confédération générale du travail, the trade union collaborating with the communist party) are to be seen on the column behind her. Paris (France), May 30, 1968.

It’s 2015. Why is the Selma bridge still named after a KKK leader? 

Edmund Pettus was an Alabama Senator, a Confederate general and, most disturbingly, a Grand Dragon of the state’s Ku Klux Klan chapter. His name still adorns the bridge where, in 1965, Civil Rights demonstrators marched (and were attacked by police) for voting rights. Now, 60,000 people are fighting back.


April 9th 1865: The American Civil War ends

On this day in 1865, 150 years ago, Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union general Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia, thus ending the civil war that had ravaged America since 1861. Sectional tensions over slavery, which had existed since the nation’s founding, came to boiling point with the election of the anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860. The outraged Southern states feared the government would attempt to emancipate their slaves, whose labour provided the basis for the Southern economy, and thus seceded to form the Confederate States of America. Hopes for peace were dashed when shots were fired upon the Union Fort Sumter in April 1861, and the nation descended into civil war. The Confederacy, largely led by General Lee, initially had great success and defeated the Union in key battles including at Manassas and Fredericksburg. However, the Union’s superior resources and infrastructure ultimately turned the tide of war in their favour, crushing the Confederates at Gettysburg and with the destruction of Sherman’s march to the sea. Lee surrendered to Grant when hope of Confederate victory was lost, though Grant - out of respect for Lee and his desire for peaceful reconciliation -  defied military tradition and allowed Lee to keep his sword and horse. While more armies and generals had yet to surrender, Lee’s surrender essentially marked the end of the deadliest war in American history, which left around 750,000 dead. Union victory ensured the abolition of slavery, opening up questions about what was to be the fate of the four million freedpeople. These debates, as well as how to treat the seceded states and how to negotiate their readmission into the Union, defined the challenges of the postwar Reconstruction era. The Civil War remains a pivotal moment in American history and in many ways, 150 years later, the nation is still struggling to unite the sections and cope with the legacy of slavery. 

“The Confederates were now our countrymen, and we did not want to exult over their downfall.”
- Grant upon Lee’s surrender

150 years ago


“Dixie” / “Dixieland” were names given to the Confederacy’s geographical area and eventually simply came to mean “the South.” 

The popular Confederate battle song was “Dixieland” which is still very familiar to most Southerners, and it’s most famously known by the fact that its first few bars are the General Lee’s horn (The General Lee being the car from show Dukes of Hazzard, named after the Confederate general Robert E. Lee)

As a result, today the name Dixie is generally associated with the Redneck Pride / Good Ol Boy archetype and thus, racism and/or pro-Confederacy thought / “The South Will Rise Again” motifs. All of these are heavily associated with racism, as during the Civil Rights era and a little later, during the desegregation of schools and a little later, forced bussing to compensate for gerrymandered school districts, the “Dixie” motif was brought back into the spotlight. In fact, much of the “Rebel pride” concept in the South grew out of race tensions between black and white people, Hollywood’s aggrandizement and whitewashing of Southern culture, and Southern aggression at federal pressures.

The famous “rebel flag” (actually somewhat imperfectly called the Confederat Battle Flag) was brought back out again during the formation of the “Dixiecrat” party, whcih was created as a pushback against Civil Rights. From 

“The so-called “Dixiecrat” Party formed in protest to the Democratic Party convention’s adoption of a civil rights plank. The Confederate flag became a symbol of protest against civil rights and in support of Jim Crow segregation. It also became the object of a high-profile, youth-driven nationwide phenomenon that the media dubbed the “flag fad.” Many pundits suspected that underlying the fad was a lingering “Dixiecrat” sentiment. African-American news-papers decried the flag’s unprecedented popularity within the Armed Forces as a source of dangerous division at a time when America needed to be united against Communism. But most observers concluded that the flag fad was another manifestation of youth-driven material culture. Confederate heritage organizations correctly perceived the Dixiecrat movement and the flag fad as a profound threat to their ownership of the Confederate flag. The UDC in November 1948 condemned use of the flag “in certain demonstrations of college groups and some political groups” and launched a formal effort to protect the flag from “misuse.” Several Southern states subsequently passed laws to punish “desecration” of the Confederate flag. All those efforts proved futile. In the decades after the flag fad, the Confederate flag became, as one Southern editor wrote, “confetti in careless hands.” Instead of being used almost exclusively for memorializing the Confederacy and its soldiers, the flag became fodder for beach towels, t-shirts, bikinis, diapers and baubles of every description. While the UDC continued to condemn the proliferation of such kitsch, it became so commonplace that, over time, others subtly changed their definition of “protecting” the flag to defending the right to wear and display the very items that they once defined as desecration. As the dam burst on Confederate flag material culture and heritage groups lost control of the flag, it acquired a new identity as a symbol of “rebellion” divorced from the historical context of the Confederacy. Truckers, motorcycle riders and “good ol’ boys” (most famously depicted in the popular television show The Dukes of Hazzard) gave the flag a new meaning that transcends the South and even the United States.”

Long story short, “Dixie” or “Dixieland” (and therefore by association the song “Dixie”) has some pretty damn racist connotations and, like the Confederate Battle Flag, was whipped out and put more intensely into public consciousness of the South during the Civil Rights era.    


ARC-77 (Clone Captain Fordo):

ARC-77, known as “Fordo,” was an Advanced Recon Commando captain in the Grand Army of the Republic. In 22 BBY, he was assigned to a task force led by the Jedi Knight General Obi-Wan Kenobi, to take the Confederate-held world of Muunilinst. Together with a group of clone troopers that would later come to be known as The Muunilinst 10, Fordo proved instrumental in the Battle of Muunilinst, leading his troops to destroy an enemy artillery emplacement, and then helping Kenobi capture the enemy leader, San Hill.

Immediately after the battle was over, Fordo was dispatched to the planet Hypori, where a group of Jedi Knights had been trapped by the Confederate General Grievous. Making their way to the Jedi’s location, Fordo and his men battled Grievous, but were unable to kill him. They were, however, able to recover three survivors: Ki-Adi-Mundi, Aayla Secura, and Shaak Ti. 

In 19 BBY, Fordo was on Coruscant when the planet was attacked by the Confederacy. Despite facing overwhelming numbers, Fordo and his men were able to beat back a portion of the attacking force with the help of the Jedi Masters Mace Windu and Yoda.

Which Confederate General Should You Fight?

ROBERT E. LEE: First of all, what is wrong with you.

STONEWALL JACKSON: This one’s a tough call.  The guy’s scary in battle, but if you want to beat him one-on-one, all you have to do is pretend to be a doctor, make up a wacky disease on the spot, and tell him he has it.

JAMES LONGSTREET: If you want to fight Longstreet, just remind him of his tragic past and make him really sad, but then again why would you do that???

J.E.B. STUART: You’re going to really, really want to fight J.E.B. Stuart, but you won’t be able to catch him, since he’ll probably be running circles around you and laughing.

LEWIS ARMISTEAD: I’m guessing you also like to kick puppies in your spare time.

GEORGE PICKETT: Fight him.  Ask him where his division is, and then hit him.

JOHN BELL HOOD: I don’t know, you’d probably feel like fighting him, but the dude has one leg and one usable arm.  As much as you’d like to mess with Texas and take him on, that’s probably grossly unethical.

RICHARD EWELL: The guy’s got a bird face and peg leg.  However, he is not opposed to hitting you with his own peg leg.  I think you might as well fight him.

A.P. HILL: This dude has gonorrhea, so you shouldn’t have sex with him, but you can fight him.  When you’re fighting him, though, you won’t be able to tell if you’ve made his chest bleed or something because he always his lucky red shirt.  And this isn’t Star Trek.

JUBAL EARLY: Lewis Armistead once broke a plate over his head.  You, too, are welcome to use Jubal Early to break things.


P.G.T. BEAUREGARD: His name is silly and French.  You should probably fight him.  Actually, no, just do.  Fight his silly French ass.

LAFAYETTE MCLAWS: His first name makes him sound like a lovable French marquis, but his last name makes him sound like a grumpy crab.  In any case, you should fight him. Unless you’re a peach tree or Dan Sickles’s leg, you should be okay.


April 12th 1864: Fort Pillow Massacre

On this day in 1864, during the American Civil War, Confederate troops massacred over 300 black Union soldiers. Fort Pillow was a Confederate garisson in Tennessee, just north of Memphis, but was captured by Union forces in 1862. Two years later, as the Confederate war effort floundered, a Confederate cavalry unit under the command of Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest launched raids in Tennessee and Kentucky. They aimed to destroy Union supply lines and retake Confederate forts, disrupting Union General Sherman’s plans for his ‘march to the sea’. The 2,000 strong army set their sights on Fort Pillow, then defended by around 600 soldiers, most of whom were unionist southerners, Confederate deserters, or African-Americans. On April 12th, the Confederates quickly sieged and overran the fort; once the attackers were inside the walls, bloody chaos ensued. Many Union defenders were killed in battle, and others fled the fort. Hundreds more surrendered and thus should have been taken as prisoners of war. However, under the command of Forrest - future Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan - 300 Union troops, most of whom were black, were massacred. The open violation of the conventions of war caused outrage in the North, who responded by refusing to participate in prisoner exchanges.