anonymous asked:

You said the Republican party fought against slavery.. That is true, but the Republican party around that time period have more modern Democrat beliefs. They were northerners who believed in equal rights. And the Democratic party in the 1800s had view more similar to modern Republican beliefs. The party's beliefs flip flopped around late 1800s-early 1900s.. The conservative states were always advocating for slavery and oppression. They were also the last states to give women the right to vote.

Originally posted by onemorechapter11

Let’s discuss some history then.

1791 - The Democratic-Republican Party is formed by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson against Alexander Hamilton’s Federalist Party. The Democratic-Republicans strongly opposed government overreach and expansion, the creation of a national bank, and corruption.

1804 - Andrew Jackson purchases the plantation that will become his primary source of wealth.

1824 - The Democratic-Republican Party split. The new Democrats were supported by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, and the National Republicans were supported by John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay.

1828 - Andrew Jackson is elected President of the United States.

1830 - Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, whereby the Cherokee and other native tribes were to be forcibly removed from their lands.

1831 - Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, whereby the Supreme Court ruled that Cherokee Nation was sovereign and the U.S. had no jurisdiction over Cherokee lands. Andrew Jackson had already started to enforce the removal of the Choctaw.

1832-33 - The Whig Party is formed in opposition to Jackson’s government expansion and overreach in the Nullification Crisis and the establishment of a Second National Bank. The Whig Party successfully absorbs the National Republican Party.

1838 -  Many Indian tribes had been forcibly removed. Under Jackson, General Winfield Scott and 7,000 soldiers forced the Cherokee from their land at bayonet point while their homes were pillaged. They marched the Cherokee more than 1,200 miles to the allocated Indian territory. About 5,000 Cherokee died on the journey due to starvation and disease.

1854 - The Whig Party dissolves over the question of the expansion of slavery. Anti-slavery Whigs and anti-slavery democrats form the Republican Party with their sole goal being to end slavery.

1861 -The election of President Lincoln spurs the beginning of the Civil War.

1862 - Lincoln writes a letter where he declares he wishes to preserve the union regardless of the morals on slavery. He issues the Emancipation Proclamation, whereby all slaves in Union territories had to be freed. As states came under Union control, those slaves too had to be freed.

1863 - Frederick Douglass, former slave and famous Republican abolitionist, meets with Lincoln on the suffrage of emancipated slaves.

1864 - Lincoln revised his position on slavery in a letter to Albert G. Hodges stating “If slavery is not wrong, nothing is wrong.”

1865 - Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrenders at the Appomattox Courthouse to Union victory. After Lincoln’s Assassination, Democrat President Johnson issues amnesty to rebels and pardons the slave owners of their crimes.

1865 - The 13th Amendment which ended slavery passed with 100% Republican support and 63% Democrat support in congress.

1866 - The Klu Klux Klan is formed by Confederate veterans to intimidate black and Republicans through violence, lynching, and public floggings. They gave open support to the Democrat Party.

1866 - The Civil Rights Act of 1866 is vetoed by Democratic President Andrew Johnson. Every single Republican voted and overturned the veto.

1868 - The 14th Amendment which gave citizenship to freed slaves passed with 94% Republican support and 0% Democrat support in congress. The first grand wizard of the KKK, Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest is honored at the 1968 Democratic National Convention.

1868 - Representative James Hinds who taught newly freedmen of their rights is murdered by the KKK.

1870 - The 15th Amendment which gave freed slaves the right to vote passed with 100% Republican support and 0% Democrat support in congress.

1871 - The violence of the KKK grew so savage that congress passed the Enforcement Acts to repress their influence.

1875 - Democrat Senator William Saulsbury speaks out against the Civil RIghts Act of 1875, claiming it will allow “colored men shall sit at the same table beside the white guest; that he shall enter the same parlor and take his seat beside the wife and daughter of the white man, whether the white man is willing or not, because you prohibit discrimination against him.“

1884 - A train conductor orders Ida B. Wells, a black Republican woman, to give up her seat and move to the smoking car. Wells was an investigative journalist who worked for a Republican journal to expose the horror of lynching. She advocated for the 2nd amendment rights for blacks so that they could protect themselves, and she denounced the Democratic Party for treating blacks as property unequal to whites.

1892 - Democrat Benjamin Tillman is re-elected to the Senate. He was a white supremacist who boasted his participation in lynchings. He is quoted saying that “as long as the Negroes continue to ravish white women we will continue to lynch them.”

1915 - Democrat President Woodrow Wilson screens KKK promotion film Birth of a Nation. The film pictured blacks as ignorant and violent savages, and the Klu Klux Klan as rescuers and protectors of the civilized world. The popularity of the movie revived the Klu Klux Klan which had previously gone extinct. Reportedly Wilson said about the film that “[it] is like writing history with lightning, and my only regret is that it is all so terribly true.”

1919 - The 19th Amendment which officially gave women the right to vote passed with 82% Republican support and 54% Democrat support in congress.

1924 - Thousands of Klansmen attend the 1924 Democratic National Convention.

1933 -  The chief Nazi newspaper, Volkischer Beobachter, praised “Roosevelt’s adoption of National Socialist strains of thought in his economic and social policies” and “the development toward an authoritarian state.”

1933 - Democrat President Franklin Delano Roosevelt passes the Agricultural Adjustment Act with the well-meaning goal to help farmers and sharecroppers. Instead, though it aided white farmers, it resulted in increased unemployment and displacement of black farmers.

1933 -  FDR established the National Recovery Administration to stimulate business recovery by forcing employers to pay higher wages for less work. This relief program was enforced on a local level and allowed Jim Crow racism to flourish, resulting in many blacks being fired to be replaced by whites. 

1934 -  The Federal Housing Administration is introduced under FDR. The FHA made homeownership accessible for whites, but explicitly refused to back loans to black people or even other people who lived near black people.

1936 - The Roosevelt Administration finally begins vying for the black vote. Though the relief programs neglected blacks, their communities were bombarded with advertisements. FDR began to garner black support though the vast majority remained economically unchanged and locked into poverty.

1942 - FDR orders American citizens of Japanese ancestry from their homes into interment camps without due process after the bombings at Pearl Harbor.

1953 - Senator Robert Byrd is elected into congress and remains a staunch Democrat until his death in 2010. He was a prominent member in the KKK and praised by Bill Clinton, Barack Obama, and Hillary Clinton.

1955 - Democrat Richard Daley is elected mayor of Chicago. He resisted residential desegregation, defended public school segregation, and used urban renewal funds to build massive public housing projects that kept blacks within existing ghettos.

1957 - The Civil Rights Act of 1957 is passes with 93% Republican support and 59% Democrat support.

1963 - After the assassination of JFK, Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn into office. LBJ was a Democrat remembered by a famous quote: “I’ll have them niggers voting Democrat for the next 200 years.”

1965 - The Voting Rights Act of 1965 passes with 94% Republican support and 73% Democrat support.

1968 - Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated. MLK voted Republican.

1960-70s - A total of 24 Democratic members of congress switched to become Republican over a 20 year period. The majority of democrats in that time period remained democrats.

1995 - Dreams from My Father by Barack Obama is published. Obama discusses how the urban cities would become the new plantation for blacks under Democrat political bosses: “The plantation, the blacks have the worst jobs, the worst housing, police brutality rampant; but when the so-called black committee man come around election time, we’d all line up and vote the straight Democratic ticket. Sell our souls for a Christmas turkey. White folks spit in our faces, and we reward them with the vote.“

2009 - Hillary Clinton lauds Margaret Sanger, KKK advocate, white supremacist, and eugenicist at the 2009 Planned Parenthood Honors Gala: “I admire Margaret Sanger enormously, her courage, her tenacity, her vision. I am really in awe of her, there are a lot of lessons we can learn from her life.”

Me: 1
History revisionism: 0

Originally posted by whiteangelxoxo

Mary Ijams holding a mounted passenger pigeon, Tennessee, 1928. The bird was collected by Confederate General Benjamin Cheatham about 1856 near Nashville.

Daenerys and her understanding of history

I am sorry, if I tread on anybody’s toes with this rant, but as a historian Daenerys’ absolute ignorance regarding history really bugs me. I don’t even know if this is an Anti-Daenerys post. If you use historical precedents they should fit, and her understanding of history and the dynamics which result from history are close to non-existent. And I’m talking about the history of Westeros here.

1. Torrhen, the king who knelt: That was not an alliance; Torrhen decided to kneel because he wanted to prevent a ‘field of fire’ for the North and thought that kneeling would save his people. That was not an alliance, but simple subjugation out of necessity. Imagine telling the French about the great time of the German - French alliance of 1940… I doubt that would make any French favour the alliance you suggest!

2. This so-called 'alliance’ of Starks and Targaryens was not directed against any enemy and it did not result in peace. The Targaryen rule after Aegon saw succession crisis several times.

3. The last King in the North was ROBB Stark and he wanted independence. Very clever move to brush that aside - in front of the man who happens to be not only the successor elected to further ensure independence, but also ROBB’s brother. Imagine telling the Scots to abolish their regional parliament and then everything will be just 'great’ again?

4. 'If the crimes of my father do not define me, neither do the crimes of your father define you.’ - That would have been a basis for a new start, not : Don’t judge me by my father’s actions, but your father was a 'traitor’. (When it was Aerys who practically drove Ned into rebellion, for Ned it was a decision of rebellion or death). Tit for tat. If I’m not to be judged by my ancestors neither are you. And I’m all for not judging people by their ancestors’ crimes.

5. And the last has bugged me since season 3: The Valyrians were the greatest slavers of all time. It doesn’t make sense to try to abolish slavery and be proud of the blood of Valyria. Now, if she would cite as her motivation that she wants to redeem the crimes of her ancestors, but she doesn’t. It’s really like someone who is descended from a confederate general who decides to work against the discrimination of poc, and who still has her ancestor’s pictures all over the house. Wouldn’t that be strange somehow, to say the least?

Sorry for this rant. By this time I don’t even know, if this hypocrisy and inconsistency is intentional on the writers’ part. Do they want us to realise that? Do they want us to see Dany as as a shallow, stupid person who speaks as her whim takes her? Do they want us to see her as somebody who tries to get attention by speaking seemingly grand speeches that nevertheless make no sense in the framework of Westeros’ history and probably won’t serve to get her allies if these supposed allies think for even a moment? Or do they just want her to say 'cool’ lines and everything falls into line for her? The last option would mean that everybody who talks with Dany automatically loses his or her ability to think. On the other hand perhaps Dany is not the only one who doesn’t know her history. Although in the last episode the Northern Bannermen were very much aware of history…

Poor Tyrion, next time he should just invent a person from history to back up his council and his witticisms. Dany probably couldn’t tell the difference.
The Confederate General Who Was Erased
There's a reason you won't find many monuments in the South to one of Robert E. Lee's most able deputies.

General William Mahone has not been forgotten entirely. Rather, he has been selectively remembered. There is a Mahone Monument, for example, erected by the Daughters of the Confederacy, at the Crater Battlefield in Petersburg, and Civil War scholars have treated Mahone’s military career with respect.  There is an able biography. The problems posed by William Mahone for many Virginians in the past — and what makes it worthwhile for us to think about him in the present — lie in his postwar career.

Senator William Mahone was one of the most maligned political leaders in post-Civil War America. He was also one of the most capable. Compared to the Roman traitor Cataline (by Virginia Democrats), to Moses (by African American congressman John Mercer Langston), and to Napoleon (by himself), Mahone organized and led the most successful interracial political alliance in the post-emancipation South. Mahone’s Readjuster Party, an independent coalition of black and white Republicans and white Democrats that was named for its policy of downwardly “readjusting” Virginia’s state debt, governed the state from 1879 to 1883.

During this period, a Readjuster governor occupied the statehouse, two Readjusters represented Virginia in the United States Senate, and Readjusters represented six of Virginia’s ten congressional districts. Under Mahone’s leadership, his coalition controlled the state legislature and the courts, and held and distributed the state’s many coveted federal offices. A black-majority party, the Readjusters legitimated and promoted African American citizenship and political power by supporting black suffrage, office-holding, and jury service.  To a degree previously unseen in Virginia, and unmatched anywhere else in the nineteenth-century South, the Readjusters became an institutional force for the protection and advancement of black rights and interests.

At the state level, the Readjusters separated payment of the school tax from the suffrage, thereby enfranchising thousands of Virginia’s poorest voters.  They restored and reinvigorated public education in the state, and they lowered real estate and personal property taxes.  They banned the chain gang and the whipping post.  At the municipal level, Readjuster governments paved streets, added sidewalks, and modernized water systems.

The Readjusters lost power in 1883 through a Democratic campaign of violence, electoral fraud, and appeals to white solidarity. While Democrats suppressed progressive politics in the state, other groups of elite white Virginians worked fast to eradicate the memory of Virginia’s experiment in interracial democracy. These were mutually reinforcing projects. Convinced that black enfranchisement was “the greatest curse that ever befell this country,” members of the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities (APVA), founded in 1889, equated the Readjuster’ rule with “mobocracy” and called for radical pruning of the electorate. After 1900, William Mahone was characterized by whites in Virginia as a demagogic race traitor with autocratic tendencies. This representation was so powerful that as late as the 1940s the worst charge that could be brought against an anti-Democratic opposition candidate was that he had been associated with Mahone and the Readjusters.

So in the past 30 minutes, Donald Trump:

-Brought up the “why not tear down George Washington statues?” argument in regards to Robert E. Lee (equivocating the Father of Our Country with a Confederate General)

-Refused to label the Charlottesville attack “terrorism”

-Said that job creation will fix race relations

-Desperately pleaded for someone to give him a question about infrastructure

-Equivocated the far left with Neo-Nazis (and seemed far more determined to condemn the far-left than the WHITE NATIONALISTS)

-Bandied the term “fake news” about

-Stood up for Steve Bannon

-Interrupted someone who was citing John McCain to say “John McCain? The same John McCain who voted against the healthcare bill?”


-Said, and I (maybe?) quote: “…there to protest changing the name of Robert E. Lee Park to a different park” (I screamed “EMANCIPATION PARK!” here because IT’S NOT HARD! “EMANCIPATION” IS AN AMERICAN KEYWORD! IT MIGHT BE OUR BEST WORD!)

-Doubled down on his ORIGINAL STATEMENT FROM SATURDAY instead of the patch-job he gave yesterday.

…I think a lot more happened but. Yeah. What an unfit leader.


MTV Video Music Awards 2017: The winners list (CNN) [x]:

[…]  Rev. Robert Wright Lee IV, a 24-year-old pastor and a descendent Confederate general Robert E. Lee, appeared to speak out against racial injustice.

“We have made my ancestor an idol of white supremacy, racism and hate,” Lee said. “As a pastor it is my moral duty to speak out against racism, America’s original sin.”

He called on “all of us with privilege and power to answer God’s call to confront racism and white supremacy head-on.”

Lee then introduced Susan Bro, mother of Heather Heyer, who was killed in Charlottesville while marching as a counter-protestor against a white supremacist rally seeking to stop the removal of the statue of General Robert E. Lee.

Bro spoke of missing her daughter and announced the launch of a foundation named in honor of Heyer.

“I want people to know Heather never marched alone,” Bro said. “She was always joined by people from every race and every background in this country.”

In that spirit, Bro said, MTV decided to honor all six of the videos nominated for the new category of best fight against the system.


Best Fight Against the System
Logic ft. Damian Lemar Hudson - “Black SpiderMan” - WINNER
The Hamilton Mixtape - “Immigrants (We Get the Job Done)” - WINNER
Big Sean - “Light” - WINNER
Alessia Cara - “Scars To Your Beautiful” - WINNER
Taboo ft. Shailene Woodley - “Stand Up / Stand N Rock #NoDAPL” - WINNER
John Legend - “Surefire” - WINNER

mattykinsel  asked:

So I'm Canadian n i wanna make sure I got this right: the civil war was about slavery but in a roundabout way both sides are correct but the anti confederate side is a bit more so.Because wasn't it about states rights, when the feds wanted to outlaw slavery and the state's were like like lol that's our job. So they fought over it but it was an awful hill to die on bc obvi slavery and rich folk who ran the state's (not everyone else) wanted to keep slavery. And nuance bc Lincoln was sketch too

Nah, it was pretty firmly about slavery and the expansion of it. The Confederate narrative about “state’s rights” is completely ahistorical. It only gained ground years after the war, when Jim Crow laws (laws specifically targeting black people) were getting passed all over the South. It’s part of a “lost cause” myth that was basically crafted from whole cloth to make neo-confederates feel better about themselves. Here’s a very basic rundown of what actually happened:

In the United States Constitution, slavery was explicitly protected and defended, but the slave trade was scheduled to be stopped in 1808. Some of the Constitution signers that were morally opposed to slavery thought it was a good enough compromise, and they figured that ending the slave trade would end slavery. The Southern plantation owners knew otherwise, since the slave population was large enough to replicate itself by that time (plus slave owners notoriously raped their own slaves and then enslaved their own children). So the Atlantic slave trade “officially” stopped in 1808, but slavery persisted, especially in the Southern States.

In 1820, the US congress passed a law called the “Missouri Compromise,” that basically said that for every new free state added to the Union, a slave state also had to be added. This persisted for a while, until you had a flood of new states and territories coming in after the (genocidal and expansionist) Mexican-American war, which ended in 1848.

Many northern white settlers wanted those new states and territories free of slavery, because they didn’t want to compete with plantation owners, and the abolitionist movement was gaining ground in the North. Southern states wanted the Missouri compromise to continue unabated. This resulted in the Kansas-Nebraska act of 1854, which basically said that the people moving into the new territories get to decide whether or not those territories allow slavery. This resulted in bloody contests between free states and slave states sending people to the new territories in an attempt to vote them “free” or “slave,” resulting in events like what is called “Bleeding Kansas,” where tons of people killed each other over whether or not Kansas would be a free or slave state.

All of these events became marquee issues for the 1860 presidential election, which was ultimately won by Abraham Lincoln, who advocated for the entire newly acquired west to be free states and to stop the expansion of slavery entirely. He won the election without a single southern vote (in most cases, he didn’t even appear on the ballot in the south.) So after Abraham Lincoln’s inauguration, South Carolina seceded from the Union, followed by a bunch of other states, with the sole purpose of maintaining the expansion of slavery. (Remember - at this point, Abraham Lincoln only vowed to stop the expansion of slavery - he didn’t campaign on ending slavery all together. In his first inaugural address, he even says that the slave states are protected under the constitution and that slavery, where it exists, should be protected).

But Lincoln’s attempts to reunify by promising he’d protect slavery where it already existed weren’t good enough, because the Southern states didn’t think slavery could survive unless it expanded west. So that’s what started the Civil War. After 2 years of fighting ended in something of a stalemate, Lincoln realized that if he made the war about ENDING slavery all together, he would get a flood of newly freed slaves ready to fight for the Union. Many slaves had already done heroic and badass acts against the confederacy (like Robert Smalls, a slave that hijacked a confederate ship and sailed it behind Union lines and gave it to the Union navy), so Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 that said that any new state captured by the Union would become a free state automatically. This led to a bunch of new excitement on the ground for the Union, and tons of black people joined Union lines and fought for their own freedom. (the Emancipation Proclamation remains controversial, however, because there were still states loyal to the Union that maintained slavery (namely Maryland and West Viriginia), and the Emancipation Proclamation didn’t free those slaves. It was a military strategy of Lincoln’s, not a moral statement, which makes it controversial).

In 1865, the Confederacy surrendered to the Union, and the 13th Amendment to the Constitution was passed, which finally outlawed chattel slavery in the United States (but noticeably not for prison labor, which is what makes this amendment so controversial today).  This started a period known as Reconstruction, where the North basically occupied the South militarily, and for the first time, black people could vote and run for political office. Many black people were elected into Congress during this time (including Robert Smalls). But the military occupation of the South turned a ton of white southerners off, and the KKK also started at this time as basically a militant anti-North rebellion force that terrorized black people and tried to get the US military out of the south. This came to a head in 1877, when Rutherford B. Hayes lost the popular vote in the presidential election, but neither candidate won enough electoral votes, and the opposing party, which didn’t have good enough representation in Congress, occupied the White House. This group promised Rutherford B. Hayes they would stand down and allow him to assume the office of the presidency if he promised to take the military out of the South, which he did, and that allowed for the KKK to basically take over the South.

During this time, tons of anti-black laws started getting passed all over the south, and a new myth about the Civil War started getting spread as well. The myth basically said that the war was actually about “state’s rights,” and that the south was trying to preserve their “heritage” from “northern aggression.” They avoided talking about slavery as much as possible. That myth still persists in the United States - but it’s total and complete bullshit. If you went back in time and asked a confederate general what he was fighting for, he’d say “the preservation of slavery” without blinking an eye. That’s just the historical facts.

Ta-Nehisi Coates: Don’t Give HBO’s ‘Confederate’ the Benefit of the Doubt

… while the Confederacy, as a political entity, was certainly defeated, and chattel slavery outlawed, the racist hierarchy which Lee and Davis sought to erect, lives on. It had to. The terms of the white South’s defeat were gentle. Having inaugurated a war which killed more Americans than all other American wars combined, the Confederacy’s leaders were back in the country’s political leadership within a decade. Within two, they had effectively retaken control of the South.

Knowing this, we do not have to wait to point out that comparisons between Confederate and The Man in the High Castle are fatuous. Nazi Germany was also defeated. But while its surviving leadership was put on trial before the world, not one author of the Confederacy was convicted of treason. Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop was hanged at Nuremberg. Confederate General John B. Gordon became a senator. Germany has spent the decades since World War II in national penance for Nazi crimes. America spent the decades after the Civil War transforming Confederate crimes into virtues. It is illegal to fly the Nazi flag in Germany. The Confederate flag is enmeshed in the state flag of Mississippi.

The symbols point to something Confederate’s creators don’t seem to understand—the war is over for them, not for us.

It’s not just not over for black people. The Confederacy and its fellow travelers put Donald Trump in the White House and the Republican Party in control of the US government and most state governments.

As a friend says, I’m not interested in an alternate history where the South won the Civil War. I’m interested in an alternate history where the North won.

anonymous asked:

Imagine... A Sci-Fi AU where a relatively human-looking alien race has long since conquered earth and integrated it into their vast empire. While humans, like all subservient races, are second class citizens, they are also considered to be the most attractive of the 'lesser' races (probably because they look similar to the conquerors) and so are often hired on as servants. As the alien son of the alien general Enji, Shouto naturally has one such servant, the clever and adorable Izuku.

At first Shouto thinks Izuku is cute but stupid (because the ‘lesser’ races are clearly less intelligent, right?) but in time he finds out the kid is actually super smart. Most humans struggle with the alien language (since they cannot hear the same range of tones the aliens can) and writing (since its pictographic and the aliens don’t teach it to them obviously). But clever Izuku has somehow figured them out and Shouto is floored (and kinda in love).

Izuku ends up giving Shouto lesson on the disadvantages and abuses suffered by the ‘lesser species’ and so Shouto quietly becomes what Enji hates most, a ‘sub-species’ rights activist. His father is like the major force in opposing said rights, so Shouto uses his position as his son to secretly feed info to the more vocal pro-rights factions, while also trying to hide the fact he’s kinda completely smitten with Izuku (which would make his betrayal obvious). 

Basically this idea is a sci-fi spy thriller / alien romance where Izuku inadvertently turns Shouto into a double agent by making Shouto fall in love with him. (Izuku fell for Shouto too eventually, once Shouto stopped being patronizingly speciesist). They both pine for each other like crazy but don’t dare show much affection lest they ruin Shouto’s cover as loyal son who would never ever feed information to the pro-rights faction to help them rise in power. 

(I realize the whole alien AU thing might be confusing, so think of it as Shouto being the son of a confederate general who falls for his African-American slave, is rudely informed by said slave how shitty being a slave is and so decides to spy for the union for the sake of abolition. The differences being they are literally different species, Izuku technically isn’t enslaved (he just has next to no rights), and the battle for said rights is a political one.)   

i honestly feel like shouto wouldn’t feel really superior to the other races?? i feel like his mother would ingrain morals into shouto (assuming she was still there until he was at least five), and shouto would not in any shape or form want to be like his father. he probably sees his dad treat the servants like shit all the time, and would have automatically been like nope fuck this fuck you i’m not following your lead.

izuku would be fascinated by shouto’s attitude, b/c shouto treats him like an equal, and izuku would help shouto learn more about his people, b/c i bet enji would have done all he could to isolate shouto from the human race’s culture. 

don’t worry my dude!!! you were pretty clear :D


April 12th 1864: Fort Pillow Massacre

On this day in 1864, during the American Civil War, Confederate troops massacred over 300 black Union soldiers. Fort Pillow was a Confederate garisson in Tennessee, just north of Memphis, but was captured by Union forces in 1862. Two years later, as the Confederate war effort floundered, a Confederate cavalry unit under the command of Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest launched raids in Tennessee and Kentucky. They aimed to destroy Union supply lines and retake Confederate forts, disrupting Union General Sherman’s plans for his ‘march to the sea’. The 2,000 strong army set their sights on Fort Pillow, then defended by around 600 soldiers, most of whom were unionist southerners, Confederate deserters, or African-Americans. On April 12th, the Confederates quickly sieged and overran the fort; once the attackers were inside the walls, bloody chaos ensued. Many Union defenders were killed in battle, and others fled the fort. Hundreds more surrendered and thus should have been taken as prisoners of war. However, under the command of Forrest - future Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan - 300 Union troops, most of whom were black, were massacred. The open violation of the conventions of war caused outrage in the North, who responded by refusing to participate in prisoner exchanges.

July 4, 2017
Today in U.S. Civil War History

1861 - U.S. President Lincoln, in a speech to Congress, stated the war is…“a People’s contest… a struggle for maintaining in the world, that form, and substance of government, whose leading object is, to elevate the condition of men…”

1861 - The U.S. Congress authorized a call for 500,000 men.

1863 - In Vicksburg, the Confederates surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant and the Army of the West after a six week siege. The Union victory brought control of the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in two.

1863 - General Lee began to withdraw his forces to Virginia. Lee did not threaten Northern territory again.

Ellen Clapsaddle Postcard - Ellen was born January 8, 1865 in South Columbia, New York, about 200 miles from New York City.

Today in History: July 3rd 1863, the last day of Gettysburg. 

Confederate General Robert E Lee’s has a last attempt at breaking the Union line and it ends in a disastrous failure. 

This third day of Gettysburg, Lee, having failed on the right and the left, planned an assault Meade’s center. 15,000 men under General George Pickett was organized, and Lee ordered a massive bombardment of the Union positions. As Pickett’s force attempted to cross the mile distance to Cemetery Ridge, Union artillery blew great holes in their lines. Yankee infantry flanked them and cut down the Confederates. Only a few hundred reached the Union line, and within minutes they all were dead, dying, or captured. In less than an hour, more than 7,000 Confederate troops had been killed or wounded.

It wasn’t until the night of July 4, when Lee withdrew. 

The History of Wonder Woman

Hey kid, wanna know the history of Wonder Woman? The whole messy lot of it, not just the very start?

Wanna know HOW her books ended up the biggest mess in the entire comics industry? Big clues as to why her movie took so long to make?

It has feminism, racism, sexism, blasphemy, infanticide, and bees…

Wonder Woman was created by Dr. William Moulton Marston, noted psychologist, inventor of the lie detector, writer, and feminist.  He secretly lived in a polyamorous relationship with two women who helped him come up with Wonder Woman: his wife, Elizabeth Marston, and Olive Byrne, daughter of the major women’s rights crusader Ethel Byrne (known for helping her sister, Margaret Sanger, to create Planned Parenthood). He was heavily influenced by early-twentieth-century suffragists,  birth-control advocates, and feminists.

Even putting aside how jaw-droppingly progressive his woman superhero was, the comics still stand out for how whimsical they were.  Wonder Woman/Diana had an invisible plane and a telepathic radio. She jousted on a giant battle-kangaroo, and, like all Amazons, enjoyed deflecting bullets with her bracelets.  She fought Nazis, mad scientists, valkyries, mole-men, tiger-ape hybrids, flying mer-sharks, a subatomic army, and her arch-enemy: Mars, the god of war. She regularly battled aliens well before it became common for her peers (including Superman, who in those days was usually taking on gangsters and corrupt politicians). When not kicking back with her mother and sister Amazons she hung out with a short and stout firecracker of a girl called Etta Candy, a slew of college girls, and an Air Force pilot named Steve Trevor that was as disaster-prone as Lois Lane. And while later writers said that gods gave her superpowers  under Marston everything she could do was just from training real hard.

Analysis often puts attention on some elements that are – let’s not beat around the bush – kinky as hell (like the “bondage” aspect of Wonder Woman typing people up and getting tied up), but just focusing on that is a massive disservice to Marston.  Early Wonder Woman comics were far ahead of the curve in sheer quirkiness and how progressive they were in their depiction of women (even stating there would be a woman President one day).  It certainly helped that s Marston was often helped by his assistant, 19-year old Joye Hummel (I’ll come back to her in a moment), particularly when his health began deteriorating.

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For while the Confederacy, as a political entity, was certainly defeated, and chattel slavery outlawed, the racist hierarchy which Lee and Davis sought to erect, lives on. It had to. The terms of the white South’s defeat were gentle. Having inaugurated a war which killed more Americans than all other American wars combined, the Confederacy’s leaders were back in the country’s political leadership within a decade. Within two, they had effectively retaken control of the South. …

Nazi Germany was also defeated. But while its surviving leadership was put on trial before the world, not one author of the Confederacy was convicted of treason. Nazi Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop was hanged at Nuremberg. Confederate General John B. Gordon became a senator. Germany has spent the decades since World War II in national penance for Nazi crimes. America spent the decades after the Civil War transforming Confederate crimes into virtues. It is illegal to fly the Nazi flag in Germany. The Confederate flag is enmeshed in the state flag of Mississippi.

—  Ta-Nehisi Coates, “The Lost Cause Rides Again”

anonymous asked:

How'd you find out you're related to James Monroe :) that's so awesome!!

It is really a weird story. But when I was about… five I believe, my father got his genealogy tracked through DNA and if I am aware my great-aunts and my grandparents did theirs as well. Anyways, my father got his DNA thing for both his paternal and maternal side. From that information, they had a historian link back all of the people and wrote up an entire fifty-four page brief about my paternal grandfathers family line all the way to the 12th century. My aunt shared it with me about a year ago and it was fascinating to read because we’ve got some interesting characters in my family. 

Anyways, I am not related to Monroe via my father. I do not know when my mother got her DNA tracked but it was sometime when my great-grandmother was alive (she died about three years ago). My mother, all her brothers, my grandmother and my great-grandmother got their DNA read up. All I knew was that my father got his tracked but I knew my mother’s brothers did it (they brag about having a confederate general in the family… yikes) but I didn’t know my mother got hers done too. 

But yeah, here we go, I got my cat and wanted to name him James Monroe, my mother mentioned that we are from the Monroe clan in Scotland while driving home (the one Monroe was from) and I lost my shit because I was so excited just to be in the same clan. It got even more exciting when over the weekend a days ago my mother mentioned in the car her great-grandmother’s maiden name was Monroe and I thought that was cool but then she casually mentioned James Monroe is either her great something uncle or her great something grandfather. Yeah, you can believe I got my shit. I asked her how she knew and she mentioned her DNA geanology thing… idk I am still shook. So until I ask my grandmother when I get the chance or get my own DNA checked up then I am stuck with not knowing if he is my great something uncle or my great something grandfather.