The Confederate Revolving Cannon,

An interesting artillery piece, the Pate Revolving Cannon was a pretty much like a large cap and ball revolver.  With a five shot cylinder and a two inch bore, the cannon was invented and built by attorney Henry Clay Pate during the American Civil War to aid the Confederacy.  It was fired using striker fired percussion caps and the cylinder was turned with the used of a ratchet lever.

The Pate cannon saw limited use at the siege of Petersburg.  On April 27th, 1865 it was captured by Union troops in Danville, Virginia and sent to the Army Ordnance laboratory at West Point for study. After that it’s fate is unknown.


December 20th 1860: South Carolina secedes

On this day in 1860, the US state of South Carolina declared its intent to secede from the Union by issuing the Ordinance of Secession. The government of South Carolina issued the ‘Declaration of the Immediate Causes Which Induce and Justify the Secession of South Carolina from the Federal Union’ on December 24th to justify their decision; this mostly centred around the perceived federal effort to abolish slavery. Secession was prompted by the election of anti-slavery presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln, after years of tensions over the slavery issue had heightened divisions between the Southern and Northern states. Other Southern states followed South Carolina, thus forming the Confederacy who fought and lost to the Union in the American Civil War. During the post-war Reconstruction era, South Carolina underwent drastic changes, seeing the election of many newly enfranchised African-Americans to political office. However, as elsewhere in the South, Reconstruction came to a bloody end in South Carolina after a violent ‘redemption’ by white supremacists and the Ku Klux Klan, who retaliated against the increased rights of black freedmen.

Slave States Believed Lincoln Would Bring Abolition and Equality between the Races -- and They Seceded to Prevent It

Judge Harris spoke in front of a joint session of the Georgia General Assembly on December 17th, 1860. No states had yet seceded from the Union. But Abraham Lincoln had just been officially elected president, and many state legislatures were moving quickly to leave the Union. It was widely believed that Lincoln and the new party called Republican would attempt to end slavery in the south – not just prevent its spread to the west as Lincoln promised on campaign. And from there it was a short step to believing Lincoln and the Republicans wanted equality between blacks and whites.

Mississippi had already, in November of 1860, agreed to hold a state-wide convention on the question of secession. The Mississippi legislature further ordered the governor of Mississippi to appoint “commissioners” to every slave state. They were tasked with explaining Mississippi’s actions and calling for the other slave states to support whatever came out of Mississippi’s convention.

Judge Harris was a native Georgian with a reputation as a great thinker and great debater. In fact, he had been offered a Supreme Court seat earlier in the year, but turned it down believing succession was imminent. He was chosen by Mississippi’s governor to be the commissioner to Georgia for those reasons. His speech before the Georgian legislature was very similar to the other commissioner’s speeches to the other state legislatures, and Judge Harris’ conclusion to his brief address is a good example of the entire south’s thinking at the time:

Sink or swim, live or die, survive or perish, the part of Mississippi is chosen, she will never submit to the principles and policies of this Black Republican Adminstration.

She [Mississippi] had rather see the last of her race, men, women and children, immolated in one common funeral pile [pyre], than see them subjected to the degradation of civil, political, and social equality with the negro race.

My school district refuses to remove confederate symbols from my high school campus

I am a student at Robert E. Lee high school in San Antonio, Texas. When you walk into Robert E. Lee high school, the first thing you will see is a giant statue of Robert E. Lee. Imagine being an African American student and having to walk into school every day looking at a man who fought for the enslavement of your ancestors. Robert E. Lee high school is the oldest school in the North East Independent School district. The school mascot is a “volunteer” appearing in a red and gray confederate army uniform and looking a lot like Robert himself. The school colors are red and gray which are the confederate colors. The pep squad is called the “confederettes”, The JV drill team is called the “dixie drillers” and the varsity dance team is called the “rebel rousers”.  Progress this summer was made when two confederate emblems were removed from the campus. This summer, a peer of mine, Kayla Wilson, sought to get rid of all confederate symbols from my school and change the name. At first, the district wouldn’t even put the name change up for discussion. After a long battle of board meetings and a petition with over 11,000 people, the school board voted not to change anything about my school. “Dec 11, 2015 — On Monday night NEISD Board voted NOT to rename Robert E Lee H.S . Board Trustee Wheat pleaded with fellow Board members to give the students and faculty an opportunity to voice their opinion and grievances. He requested a committee made up of teachers, administrators, and community to do surveys, obtain facts, and submit alternate names. He stated"we have not done enough to make this decision". Board Trustee White gave his testimony, as a African American the name offended him, and “we should not have to constantly defend the name of our schools for someone who is so controversial”. White reiterated Robert E Lee was the general of the confederacy, and fought to continue slavery. 

Superintendent Gottardy and Board Trustees Grona, Bresnahan, Hughey, and Perkins stated they had done enough research to make this decision and felt burdened to continue any additional effort. Board Trustee Perkins mocked Trustee Wheat attempt to add the voices of the students , teachers, and PTA.

The board meeting ended with an item being place on the Agenda to look into all symbol, icons, and songs tied to the confederacy. This Agenda item will be reviewed in the spring.

Please review the video below and review the response of the Board members. Unlike other communities like , Houston, Austin, Princeton, UT and even Robert E Lee’s Washington and Lee University recommended a discussion.

San Antonio NEISD refused discussion. Board Trustees did not feel the voice of its students or faculty matter for this decision.

Please email your Board Members why community matters. Why facts are important. Please tell them ALL are children voices’ matter.”

Robert E Lee was a confederate who fought for the enslavement of black people in the United States. He fought to maintain the continued subjugation of Blacks in America’s south. My school district perpetuates a racist culture by keeping racist symbols on my campus. 

The dance team and cheerleader coach threatened to their students that if the name change was posted about on social media or talked about at school, girls would be kicked off the team immediately. 

Faculty members were fired for talking about it on social media as well. 

The petition didn’t make a difference. The school board meeting didn’t make a difference. Very few individuals in San Antonio, Texas want to change the school name to make African American students comfortable. 



Happy birthday General William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891)

“He took the little child of my friend in his arms, and patted her rosy cheeks, calling her a ‘poor little exile,’ and saying he was sorry to have to drive her away from her comfortable home, but that war was a cruel and inexorable thing, and its necessities compelled him to do many things which he heartily regretted.” -George McDonnell

“War is the remedy our enemies have chosen. Other simple remedies were within their choice. You know it and they know it, but they wanted war, and I say let us give them all they want.-W.T. Sherman

“Even though you were my enemy, my dear, I would ever love and protect you.” -W.T. Sherman to Cecilia Stovall, 1836

“You once said that I would crush an enemy and you pitied my foe. Do you recall my reply? Although many years have passed, my answer is the same. I would ever shield and protect you. That I have done. Forgive all else. I am only a soldier.-W.T. Sherman to Cecilia Stovall, 1864

“War is hell.” -William Tecumseh Sherman


The Civil War Confederate Bio-Terror Plot,

In the summer of 1864 Bermuda was experiencing a terrible yellow fever epidemic, most likely spread by passing sailors.  There to help with the epidemic was Dr. Luke Blackburn, a physician from Kentucky.  While Blackburn helped many patients during his stay in Bermuda, he had ulterior motives for his actions. Dr. Luke Blackburn was a Confederate supporter, and at the time the American Civil War was going badly for the Confederacy.  Dr. Blackburn’s goal was to spread yellow fever throughout northern cities, hopefully causing enough death and chaos to hinder the Union war effort.

Dr. Blackburn gathered the clothing of dead victims, all of which were in good enough condition to pass as brand new clothing, and gathered them up in trunks.  He then had them shipped to Halifax, where they were then to be shipped to clothing merchants in New York, Philadelphia, Boston, Norfolk, and Washington D.C.  Another trunk was also to be sent directly to Abraham Lincoln as a gift. The plot failed when authorities discovered the plot, Dr. Blackburn was arrested in Montreal, and the clothing confiscated and burned.  Nurses in Bermuda became suspicious of Dr. Blackburn and alerted the constabulary.  In addition, Blackburn’s accomplice, Edward Swan, alerted the US Consul in Toronto when Blackburn couldn’t pay him upfront to deliver the trunks of infected clothing.

Amazingly, Dr. Blackburn was only charged with violating Canadian neutrality law, but was acquitted and allowed to return to the US.  He served one term as Governor of Kentucky, passing away in 1883.

As its turns out, yellow fever cannot be spread from contaminated items, only through mosquito bites and contact with bodily fluids. So the plot would have failed anyway.


Civil War Mercenaries in Egypt, 1870’s

In 1869 a representative of the Khedive of Egypt met with Gen. William T. Sherman for advice in hiring three experienced American officers to serve in the Egyptian Army.  The Khedive of Egypt was Isma'il Pasha, son of the Ottoman Emperor and a man who was on a quest to modernize the Egyptian military.  Sherman recommended to Pasha three names, all of whom were experienced Civil War officers; Maj. Gen. William Loring (Confederate, pictured top left), Brig. Gen. Charles Pommeroy Stone (Union, bottom left), and Brigadier Gen. Henry Hopkins Sibley (Confederate, top right).  The three men in turn recruited another 50 officers and NCO’s, all of whom served either the Union or Confederacy during the Civil War.  Once in Egypt they were met by another American, a former Union Colonel named Thaddeus P. Mott (pictured bottom right).  An adventurer, globetrotter, and soldier of fortune who was a veteran of wars in Italy and Mexico, Mott had been recruited by Pasha earlier in the year.

The purpose of hiring these men was very clear.  In the 19th century the mighty Ottoman Empire had declined significantly.  Isma'il Pasha believed that in order to survive the empire and Khedive of Egypt had to modernize its military, which was decades behind the West in terms of doctrine, tactics, and technology.  Pasha believed that outside help was needed.  He chose Americans because after the American Civil War, there were many unemployed veterans who were experienced in modern warfare.  Furthermore, the United States had little interest in the empire, and thus were a neutral party.  It was Pasha’s intention as Khedive (viceroy) to use these men to modernize the military forces under his command in Egypt.

Once in Egypt the American mercenaries set to work supervising the reformation of the Egyptian military.  This included the construction of new coastal fortifications, training of the army, and the founding of an officers school headed by American officers.  During the years the American advisers made great strides in reforming the Egyptian military, however progress was often shaky at best.  Many Egyptian officers and soldiers were offended by the American’s arrogant and/or racist attitudes towards them.  Many of the Americans refused to learn Arabic, creating a linguistic barrier between themselves and the men they commanded.  Finally Union and Confederate rivalries also flared up resulting in fist fights, brawls, and even duels among the mercenaries.

By 1874 Isma'il Pasha began to have dreams of conquest and glory with his new army.  In 1875 he annexed Darfur, then he turned his attention towards the conquest of Ethiopia.  The Americans expected Pasha to give command of the expedition to William Loring, who held the rank of fareek pasha (Major General).  However command was given to Ratib Pasha, an ex-slave who served the former Khedive of Egypt.  The was an incredibly foolish move as Ratib had little military qualifications.  The Ethiopians, however, were fully prepared for war and had raised a massive army.  After purchasing modern weapons and receiving military training from British military advisers, the Ethiopians were ready to do battle.   At the Battle of Gurwa the poor leadership of Ratib Pasha caused the outnumbered Egyptian Army to be slaughtered.  Many Egyptians pointed the blame at the Americans despite the inept leadership of Ratib.  Eventually the disillusioned Americans returned home.  Those who remained were eventually dismissed due to budget cuts.  Only Thaddeus P. Mott remained.  He moved to Turkey and served in the Ottoman Army, fighting against the Serbians and distinguishing himself at the Battle of Shipka Pass during the Russo Turkish War.

in case Jeb Stuart wasn’t already one of your favorite historical figures in existence:

“[During the war] Stuart captured a Union officer’s trunk and found touching letters from a wife, and obscene ones from a mistress, reveling in the wife’s ignorance of the affair. Stuart sent all to the officer’s wife. ‘There’ll be a fuss in that family.’


Kids Share Some F**ked Up Facts About The Confederate Flag

These kids are decrying the Confederate flag in the best way ever: by telling us all the horrible stuff it represents. In a video posted to YouTube Tuesday, a group of young boys and girls get together to express how fed up they are “with this whitewashing of America’s dark past.”

Watch the full video for all five f**ked up facts.


What the Rebel Yell Sounded Like

anonymous asked:

You still haven't explained how hummus and falafel are "Israeli food", though. I mean, those dishes have been around for centuries, whereas the illegitimate settler-colonialist apartheid state of Israel has only been around for less than seventy. Wasn't it enough for you to steal the Palestinians' land? Why must you also steal their culture?

Oh sweetie, when you get caught in a lie like “Iraqis don’t eat hummus,” amidst the inconvenient fact that Iraq is about a whole entire 20 years older than Israel, maybe it’s time for you to find a new hobby.  Your current one is turning you into a clumsy and obvious liar for the sake of your racism.  It’s unhealthy.  Though with your attitude you could probably get a nice gig in the Trump Administration.   

Palestiners have constructed a chauvinist Confederate-styled dreamworld where there was never a Temple in Jerusalem, it was always always allllwaaaaaaays a Muslim site for thousands of years before Mohammed was even born. They have settler-colonized time itself, so, I guess, why not also say “ALL FOODS IN ALL OF THE MIDDLE EAST WERE INVENTED BY MAHMOUD ABBAS, JUST LIKE HOW BIG BROTHER INVENTED THE AIRPLANE.”  And whenever they want some contradictory history books to be burned, people like you will just follow orders.

This “who owns hummus” mass psychosis is the most intellectually worthless, self-disqualifying bullshit I have ever seen.  Every single person who has ever advanced it has been an uneducated lying racist with no understanding of Middle Eastern history whatsoever.  I didn’t let myself hope too much that you would turn out to be different - thank you, I suppose, for reassuring me that I was right. 

(p.s. how is the weather in uppsala)