conditions better life

Why I created Spoonie-Life-Hacks.

When my health suddenly declined and I became ‘disabled’, I went through one of the hardest phases of my life. You expect your doctors to help you here. They wanted to ‘fix’ me and make me better, but none of them would help me adjust to this new way of life. I had to learn the rules of this new world on my own. 

One day I bumped into a woman while waiting for a bus. We were both in wheelchairs so she asked me why I need mine. We both had EDS so she suggested I join some support groups on facebook. At first I didn’t think it would help much. One day facebook recommended one to me that this woman had suggested. I joined it and my life changed. 

Over 90% of my knowledge of my condition is thanks to that group. Because my condition does so much to the whole body, doctors prioritise on the worst things and often don’t bother to learn about a lot of the symptoms and issues. In this group of thousands, if one person knows and shares their knowledge, we now all know and can research it ourselves. 

Anyone who has been in that group for long enough has more knowledge of our condition than most doctors. So we discuss how to live with our set-backs. There are the default ways that our doctors suggest but as I said, doctors only focus on a few of our struggles. Here’s my inspiration. If one person figures out a new way to make a problem more manageable and posts it, thousands of people can now do it too. 

Now imagine if out of every 50 people, just 1 person discovers/invents a new way to make our lives easier and shares it in a group of over 6,000 people. That’s 120 new ways to improve our life. 6,000 people now have 120 methods for better living with a disability. 

This gave me an idea. What if I could form a group that focused on just our own inventive ways to better live with our health problems. Imagine how much we can achieve. Where people with any disability or condition could add their own solutions in exchange for many more. Imagine how many ideas there could be all in one place. 

This is what I want for spoonie life hack. This is why I ask you all to submit your ideas, no matter how small. If we work together we can all be so strong. 

targbowl tinfoil

I agree with @occupyvenus that Dany won’t be a true villain. After all, she has done a lot of good in the world. However, I think she will be an antagonist to the Stark family, the North and their goals. 

Here’s my addition to said theories:

Some of the clearest R+L=J foreshadowing was the story of Bael the Bard. Ygritte told it to Jon in A Clash of Kings. Now, I’m in the middle of re-reading ACOK, so I was thinking about this yesterday when I was reading it. Let me refresh the tale:

Bael the Bard sneaks into Winterfell and steals the only heir to the North, a Stark girl, symbolized by a blue rose. They find the girl later, with a baby in her bed.

“Bael had brought her back?”

“No. They had been in Winterfell all the time, hiding with the dead beneath the castle. The maid loved Bael so dearly she bore him a son, the song says […] what’s certain is that Bael left the child in payment for the rose that he’d plucked unasked, and that the boy grew up to be the next Lord Stark. So there it is – you have Bael’s blood in you, same as me.”

This clearly infers discovering R+L=J. Rhaegar stole Lyanna from Lord Stark and her intended, Bobby B. And this bigger truth has been there the whole time, literally in the crypts. The maid, being Lyanna, did indeed bear Rhaegar’s son, Jon. Jon has become the next King in the North, essentially Lord Stark. This is the end of the fairytale part, and the song:

“The song ends when they find the babe, but there is a darker end to the story. Thirty yeads later, when Bael was King-beyond-the-Wall and led the free folk south, it was young Lord Stark who met him at the Frozen Ford… and killed him, for Bael would not harm his own son when they met sword to sword.”

“And so the son slew the father instead,” said Jon. 

So there is something darker that’s going to happen, not something of songs, not something that is romantic and dreamy. Kinslaying. Jon beleives all of this until Ygritte tells him the rest of the darker truth, the kinslayer’s fate. Kinslaying led to the young Lord Stark’s mother dying and Lord Stark himself dying – betrayed by one of his lords and skinned (a Bolton, probably, because of the skinning). “Your Bael was a liar,” he told her, certain now. And Ygritte replies: “No, but a bard’s truth is different than yours or mine.” Which is also true in the story so far, in a way. 

After all, Jon’s mother is dead. And a young Lord Stark DID die, and his body was mutilated. Grey Wind’s head was sewn onto Robb Stark’s body, deeply humiliating. He was betrayed by a Bolton, too. So this end of it has come true in a way. And ‘in a way’ is all that matters in this theory. After all, “a bard’s truth is different than yours or mine.”

It’s also interesting to note that neither Bael the Bard (Rhaegar, but in this theory could be his sister Daenerys now that Rhaegar is dead, just as Robb fulfulled part of the young Lord Stark’s role) or Jon (the young Lord Stark) have bad aims. Neither are evil, they are just antagonists towards each other. The Starks saw themselves as defending their territory against the wildling invaders. The wildlings have been trying to get south of the wall to escape extremely dangerous conditions and for a better life. They were each other’s enemies, though, and kin. 

SLAVERY UNDER THE OTTOMANS

This is an excerpt from my post: OTTOMAN MILITARY: JANISSARIES, SLAVE ARMY.

Before you judge the Ottomans too harshly you must first keep in mind that at this time slavery was quite common and even prevalent in some places. The Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine) was well known for its great quantity of slaves. Most of their slaves were Muslims (Arabs and Turks) and those who inhabited the Balkans, mainly Serbians and Bulgars. The holy crusaders known as the Hospitallers were known to simply kill Turkish prisoners and the Catalan company (mercenaries) were known to have killed all Turks over the age of 10.

The Turks followed the Islamic practice of not harming any prisoners of war who were under the age of 20 but this didn’t prevent them from enslaving them. The Turks instituted the Islamic practice of ‘Khums’ (“tax of a fifth”) which allotted the Sultan one fifth of all profit. After the conquest of Gallipoli in 1354 CE, Candarli Kara Halil proposed to the Sultan the pencik: the Sultan’s claim to one fifth of all human captives and/or a tax of one fifth of each slave sold.

All members of the Birum were known as kul (“slave, servant”) though in reality many were free and could rise to very high ranks within the government as well as being allowed to marry and have children. Zakat (“that which purifies”), one of the five pillars of Islam, is a charity tax which would go towards those in need and the worthy of charitable support (the poor, those who were in debt and the freeing of slaves).

Zakat expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect (zakāt) and for bringing hearts together and for freeing captives (or slaves) and for those in debt (or bonded labor) and for the cause of Allah and for the (stranded) traveler - an obligation ordained by Allah. and Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.” – Surat At-Tawbah, 9:60.

DEVŞIRME

Murad’s grand vizier Kara Khalil Candarli instituted the devşirme (“collecting”)  a system in which Christian subjects were made to give their children to the Ottomans to be converted to Islam and trained for civic or military positions within the Ottoman Empire. At first these would be made up primarily of slaves and prisoners of war but as time passed and more Balkan nations were subdued this came to cover youths given as tribute by vassal realms. One could become part of the famed military infantry corps known as the Janissaries (“new corps”) or the mounted Kapikulu.

The conquered are the responsibility of the conqueror, who is the lawful ruler of them, of their lands, of their goods, of their wives, and of their children. We have a right to do, same as what we do with our own; and the treatment which I propose is not only lawful, but benevolent. By enforcing the enrolling them in the ranks of the army, we consult both their temporal and eternal interests, as they will be educated and given better life conditions.”

It is said by some that this was instituted to counteract the power of the Turkish nobility which had grown in strength, renown, and unreliability in the eyes of the Ottomans. Other Muslims were against this, seeing it as a gross violation of rights of the sultan’s non-Muslim subjects. Ottoman legal experts tried to justify the devşirme on the grounds that those recruited were not ‘protected people’ because their ancestors were conquered.

^

Osprey – ‘Elite’ series, issue 58 – Janissary by David Nicolle and Christa Hook (Illustrator).Front Center - Acemi Oglan Trainee, Left - Sergeant of Janissary recruits, Right – Falakaci Bashi (‘head of punishment’).

On average every five years the Ottomans would be given one youth out of every 40 households which throughout the entirety of its use it is believed that between hundreds of thousands to 5 million children were taken into the devşirme system. Aged between 8 to 18/20, the youths chosen would’ve been from rural peasant families in Rumelia (the Balkans); they wanted these recruits to be both healthy and relatively uneducated which is why they avoided recruiting most Greeks being that a good portion dwelt in either cities, ports or islands. Those with certain occupations were granted immunity, like miners and those living on strategic routes or passes being that they served a purpose and could also provide defensive protection over the general area. Families with only one son were excused, as were Jews and orphans.

The most skilled youths were taught Islam, languages, music, science, literature (Arabic, Persian and Turkish), horse riding, javelin throwing, archery, wrestling and an art of their choosing, They would attain high administrative, religious or military positions; the best of these Ic Oglan (Ic Oglanis, ‘pages’) were sent to the Sultan’s palace and the others were sent to become a part of the Kapikulu cavalry.

The other youths who didn’t become Ic Oglans became Acemi Oglans (apprentice, beginner, rookie, recruit). Taught Islam, to speak Turkish, mathematics and most of all, received military training. The most skilled would eventually become Bostanci (gardeners), Baltaci (woodcutters), armorers, gunners, marines or Janissaries. Although this may seem barbaric and cruel, the devşirme provided the lower classes with a way to progress in the ranks. Peasant families are reported to have openly volunteered their children and went as far as bribing recruiters.

The Janissaries began to decline as admittance into the devşirme became more open and it was eventually abolished completely, pretty much allowing any one to join regardless of religion, ethnicity or nationality. Officially the only Muslims that were allowed into the Janissaries were subjugated Balkan converts but after 1582 even free men joined the Janissary corps. From 1568 CE and onward the sons of Janissaries were allowed admittance and soon the majority of the corps were made up primarily of these families. By 1594 CE recruitment was open to all Muslims, even those of non-Balkan descent were allowed to join. The Janissary corps became filled with men who bought their way in, known by now as an army of corrupt, militarily inexperienced and untrained youths.

If there are any errors please privately inbox me so I can update it. As always, if you’d like to read or learn about any specific historical subjects just let me know what they are and I will take note of them.

See Also:

  • Ottoman Military: Akinci and Deli, Light Cavalry Raiders – LINK.
  • Ottoman Military: Bashi-Bazouk, Infamous Mercenaries – LINK.
  • Ottoman Military: Janissaries, Slave Army – LINK.
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Slavic Mythos  [8/?] >> Stribog

The Lord of the Winds >> The god and spirit of the winds, sky and air; he is said to be the grandfather of the winds of the eight directions. Stribog is also a protector of Vesna, together with Jarilo. Stribog, as a god of wind and air, brings Vesna every spring on the wings of an easy spring gale. Together they defeat Morana every spring and bring spring and better life conditions to the earthly  world.

My Conversion/Reversion Story


I grew up in a religious catholic family, my dad is a deacon actually (he is the main reason why I haven’t told my family yet). We attend church every single Sunday, as well as Sunday school for at least 10 school years (I’ve finished it just before converting, at the age of 16).

 

Since 2008 my family had been going through very serious and endless problems. I converted in 2012, the worst year at my life sofar,  at the age of 16. After the death of my great-grandparents, with whom I lived during most of my life, some of my closest relatives and best friends moved to foreign countries in search for better life conditions. I felt miserable, devastated and lonely, and even though I was introduced to the catholic religious practices since I was born, I felt the need to get to know God, to get closer to Him. I started reading the Bible and I started realizing many contradictions between the ‘’Old Testament’s God’’ and the ‘’New Testament’s God’’; I could not understand the concept of trinity, so I began asking questions to my dad, mom and priests, but the answers were always something like ‘’You can only understand it if you have a pure and humble heart’’ or ‘’You cannot understand it because you’re human, but you have to believe it, because salvation comes through belief’’.  I gave up on understanding the Bible’s contradictions and different versions and began talking to the God of Abraham (that’s what I called Him) every night. I cried a lot asking for His forgiveness, mercy and guidance. My family’s problems didn’t go away, but I developed a beautiful relationship with my Creator; I was not looking for a religion, I was looking for this relationship with God. After some months, a Muslim girl messaged me on Facebook after reading a comment I wrote on some page’s post. She then started talking about religion, about my beliefs, etc…I wasn’t very open at the beginning, but then I became curious and started googling about Islam. It was summer, so I had plenty of free time which I spent reading several articles, books, etc about Islam. This religion was so perfect, so complete…and most important: it was the religion of Abraham! The One and Only God I had been praying and crying to for guidance was there, telling me about His perfect religion through the Muslim girl.

I was amazed by Islam in every aspect…but for a couple of months I was too afraid of my family’s reaction to even think about converting. I actually tried to stop reading about Islam and forget about what I had learned and believed…but my heart was Muslim already and after a couple of weeks I took my shahada at home with the help of Chat Islam Online (em português). After a while I contacted some people from the nearest Islamic community and met with a couple of sisters during the Christmas break. For the past 2 years I’ve managed to join the Arabic (with my parents’ permission) and Islamic classes and pray regularly at the mosque, since my university is located in the same neighbourhood as the local mosque (Alhamdulillah).

I haven’t told my family about my reversion yet, because I know that it would make practicing Islam even more difficult, if not impossible, since I’m an 18-year-old student still living with my parents.
To be honest, I’m really scared of being disowned by my parents when I tell them, but insha Allah, things will get better with time :)

ORIGIN AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TOOLS OF THE ORISHA - Part 1.

[Español:http://101.myyoruba.com/origen-significados-herramientas-orisha/?lang=es]

Inside the original concept of the Religion Yoruba , The so called Tools of the Orisha that accompany the Otans where never present. For this one must think that in Cuba they where incorporated in the rituals of the religion for the conditions the salves where living in Cuba.

What is true in the end of century XIX and the beginning of the century XX, Santeria suffered a important restructure and organization, the years in where the name Regla de Ocha was founded. This incorporated the Tools and formed the Definition of tools of Ocha as a basic to all houses.

Below I mention the tools and a bit about their use and meanings. Now , I dont claim to know everything.. SO ask your ILE and Rama if these apply to your house before you go changing or doubting what you have been given or recieved BY your madrina or Padrino.

Ogun : Is the God of metals; the protector of Labor work on the earth. His is represented by a caldron of Iron, inside the caldron in a Yunque (awl) on the yunque metals can be transformed and in his hands metals can be converted into Utensils to help mankind. He also has a Rake, a hoe and a machete and other tools representing the work of man on the earth. These tools represent the constant activity of being human, Looking for the constant better conditions of Life for himself. When this orisha is re-enforced one puts more instruments inside the cauldron Like a Iron chain, Train tracks, nails of the line of train, horse shoes, knives, cannonballs, and including instruments of a surgical doctor, and scissors. and lastly a arrow that is the representation of Ochosi.

Ochosi : Is the hunter of this Religion. When one receive’s him , his tools are two antlers of a Deer , representing the future of who receive’s him . Three lances, Three arrows , three machetes, three bow and arrows , Armour, and two dogs that represent his group of hunters. And a Trident that points upward , that represents the force and power of being human on the earth and the justice that Ochosi to shoot his arrows. Of course this santo also has Otans and a hand of caracoles .

Shango : God of the Lighting Bolt and of Battle. Of course he can not be without his tools. These are decorated from cedar wood, his favorite tree. These are 6 tools .. A axe, a double axe, a Lance, a dagger, a machete , and a arrow. These tools symbol his condition of warrior and invincible. With these tools Shango could battle anyone under any circumstances.

Agallu : Originally this orisha had no tools, Because he represents the force that is invincible against all the elements of the earth. Only had to have his Otans, That at one time was only taken from a Lava stone. Later three tools where given to him a baston , a arrow and a Lance. With the baston he could carry the weight of those that needed him that he would carry them through the hardest times and could count on him. The other two tools where to show his power over the earth. There are houses where Agallu is born with 7 tools that symbolize more or less the same.

Ochun: Goddess of the river and of laughter and honey. Only has her crown and oars as her tools. The crown symbolizes she is a Queen , from her crown there are five Lances to remind one that not only she is the sweetest but also a warrior and will not hesitate to fight for her children. Her Oars represent the balance of Good and Evil, and the balance in the path we should take in life.

Yemaya : Goddess of the ocean mother of the Orisa’s . Her tools should be made of Lead since salt water will not destroy them over time. The moon , symbol of the character of mother of the orisha . A half moon , representing happiness that she brings in her character, The presence of the two moons reminds us of the balance and how it influences the ocean. A sun , to remind us the flame of a fire of which eater can put out. But without the sun there is no life on the earth. Also a life jacket of a boat, that she will save us before we drowned. A pair of Oars to remind us again of Good and Evil and maintain balance, A mermaid , that has no real significance but to remind of us her beauty. A Anchor to remind us to have stability in life.And, Seven bracelets that is her mark or Vibrating number (7) Odi where our religion was born. Besides being a Queen Yemaya does not have a crown unless specifically ask for in Ita with (4-4) Iroso melli or (4-8) Iroso Umbo . This Odu asks for a crown. The reason is to remind one with Odu that their head is to carry a crown keep it high and never pass needing things in their life. Yemaya Okunte, that made a pact with Ogun to only use his tools on her crown.

Source:101.myyoruba.com

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Don’t wait for the world to get better. You’re gonna waste the time you have.

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Conditions - Better Life

when I play too hard and break my bones
depress myself to the lowest lows
I’m the only one to blame
cause the choice is mine and mine alone
and I choose to learn as I go, clarity will come from pain

so don’t wait for the world to get better
you’re gonna waste the time you have & you won’t get it back
when you fall, when you break, when you wish you didn’t feel
keep your head, don’t forget, it’s the pain that makes us real
I know most of the time, it’s hard to keep in mind,
from lessons learned comes better life.

"The Oppressiveness of Capitalism".

Some  writers  have attempted to show that Capitalism is as oppressive  as political authoritarianism by arguing that just as state law under authoritarianism serves to subjugate the average citizen, the  drive to acquire the basic necessities of life serves  as the force that subjugates lower class workers under a Capitalist system. The obvious problem with this claim is that the free market system did not create the human need for the necessities of life, nor did it introduce the perpetual struggle and hardship that  men face in attempting to acquire these necessities. It is a part of nature. Mankind for most of  history has lived hand to mouth in scarcity and uncertainty, dependent upon simple agricultural skills and subject to drought, famine, pandemic disease etc. It was Industrialism spurred by Capitalism that lifted him far above this mode of life,  making  the quality of life known in the modern world a possibility.  The fact that many men must struggle to acquire the necessities of life is not the doing of Capitalism, but the fact that they do so now under profoundly better conditions of life, and with a wider range of options than they have ever had throughout history is indeed the work of Capitalism.