GERMANY. Nordhausen. April 1945. Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp. A series of posts for all the Nazi apologists and Holocaust revisionists/negationists. [Part 1 of 5]
(1) (2) (3) Hundreds of bodies clad in grey and white striped prison uniforms are laid out in rows at Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp. This is what US troops found after they took control of the camp.
A Polish boy and his father bury the corpse of the boy’s grandmother who died at Nordhausen.
(6) National Archives description: “These two staring, emaciated men are liberated inmates of Lager Nordhausen, a Gestapo concentration camp. The camp had from 3,000 to 4,000 inmates. All were maltreated, beaten and starved”. April 12, 1945.
(7) (8) (9) Supervised by American soldiers, German civilians from the town of Nordhausen bury the corpses of prisoners found at the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp in mass graves. The Allies insisted that the male citizens of Nordhausen bury the dead. Although the German civilians denied knowledge of the conditions in the camps, the Allies suspected they were fully aware of the situation. The camps and tunnels were less than two miles from the town of Nordhausen.
Photographs: United States Army Signal Corps/Library of Congress/United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Mittelbau-Dora (aka Dora-Mittelbau, Nordhausen and Nordhausen-Dora) was a German Nazi concentration camp located near Nordhausen in Germany. It was established in late summer 1943 as a subcamp of Buchenwald concentration camp, supplying labour for extending the nearby tunnels in the Kohnstein and for manufacturing the V-2 rocket and the V-1 flying bomb. In the summer of 1944, Mittelbau became an independent concentration camp with numerous subcamps of its own.
There were no sanitary facilities except for barrels that served as latrines. Inmates (the majority of them from the Soviet Union, Poland or France) died from hunger, thirst, cold and overwork. The prisoners were subject to extreme cruelty. As a result they often suffered injuries, including permanent disability and disfigurement, and death. Severe beatings were routine, as was deliberate starvation, torture and summary executions. Common causes of death also included tuberculosis, pneumonia, starvation, dysentery, and trauma.
In early April 1945, as US troops were advancing, the SS decided to evacuate most of the Mittelbau camps. In great haste and with considerable brutality, the inmates were forced to board box cars. Several trains, each with thousands of prisoners, left the area through 6 April for Bergen-Belsen, Sachsenhausen and Ravensbrück (other concentration camps). Others were forced to walk through the Harz hills towards the northeast. Those unable to keep up with these death marches were summarily shot by the guards. The worst atrocity occurred at Gardelegen, known as the Gardelegen massacre. More than 1,000 prisoners from Mittelbau and Neuengamme subcamps were murdered in a barn that was set on fire. Those who were not burned alive were shot by SS, Wehrmacht and men of the Volkssturm.
Overall, although no reliable statistics on the number of deaths on these transports exist, estimates put the number of prisoners killed at up to 8,000.
As most of the camps of the Mittelbau system were completely evacuated, there were not many prisoners left alive to be liberated by the Allies. Only some small subcamps, mostly containing Italian POWs were not evacuated. The SS also left several hundred sick prisoners at Dora and in the Boelcke-Kaserne. They were freed when US troops reached Nordhausen on 11 April 1945. There were also around 1,300 dead prisoners at the barracks.
War correspondents took pictures and made films of the dead and dying prisoners at Dora. Like the documentation of Nazi atrocities at Bergen-Belsen, these were published around the globe and became some of the best-known testimonies of Nazi crimes.
The protective-custody camp leader, SS-Obersturmfuhrer Hans Karl Moeser, was sentenced to death by hanging. In his trial statement he said:
“The same way, with the same pleasure, as you shoot deer, I shoot a human being. When I came to the SS and had to shoot the first three persons, my food didn’t taste good for three days, but today it is a pleasure. It is a joy for me.”
In total, even conservative estimates put the number of people who did not survive being sent to Mittelbau-Dora at over 20,000. Thus, around one in three of those confined here did not survive.
April 13, 1985, Växjö, Sweden. Danuta Danielsson, 38, the daughter of a concentration camp survivor, strikes a marching Neo-Nazi with her handbag. This photo was taken by Hans Runesson, and was named “Picture of the Century” by the Photographic Historical Society of Sweden.
Auschwitz survivor Miroslaw Celka walks out the gate with the sign saying “Work makes you free” after paying tribute to fallen comrades at the “death wall” execution spot in the former Auschwitz concentration camp in Oswiecim, Poland, on the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi death camp on January 27, 2015. Seventy years after the liberation of Auschwitz, ageing survivors and dignitaries gather at the site synonymous with the Holocaust to honour victims and sound the alarm over a fresh wave of anti-Semitism. AFP PHOTO / ODD ANDERSEN
I’m finally beginning unpack what happened to me in the Mormon cult. I’m not capable of talking about what happened yet. I’m reading a book about captivity experiences: concentration camp survivors, domestic abuse survivors, political prisoners, religious cult survivors.
So much of what I’m reading is so relatable. I cried, wailing, for an hour and half while I was reading. I’ve been crying like that every day since last Wednesday.
There are scarier things than death. Like… having someone hollow you out like a mannequin, taking your autonomy and mind and heart and values and beliefs and dignity and morals and even your personality away from you. Being turned into a thing, where not even your body belongs to you. Being totally powerless to stop it and knowing that not even death is an escape.
I go back and forth between being shocked and horrified that it really happened and then in the next minute feeling like I’m just making it up and I am not allowed to talk about it. I’m far enough along to know that’s just their conditioning; I mean, they did surprise me in a temple ceremony by unexpectedly giving me a new name and forcing me to take a vow of total secrecy, after all.
Can you redesign your icon? The pink triangle is holocaust imagery
“By the end of the 1970s, the pink triangle was adopted as a symbol for gay rights protest. Some academics have linked the reclamation of the symbol with the publication, in the early 1970s, of gay concentration camp survivor Heinz Heger’s memoir, The Men with the Pink Triangle.
The AIDS Coalition To Unleash Power (ACT UP) adopted an inverted pink triangle along with the slogan “SILENCE = DEATH” as its logo shortly after its formation by six gay activists in New York City in 1987.”
So writing for my Stucky / Walking Dead AU has stalled out. I feel like a lost touch with the characters’ individual points of view. I need to sit on that one for a bit.
I have a Jewish Avengers WW2 historical fanfic in the works. It’s mostly plotted but I’m dealing with the Holocaust and concentration camp survivors and the resistance against the Nazis. I feel like I can’t mess up the historical details; it’s not exactly something you can make up as you go along. I’ve been doing a ton of research for the past few months and barely any writing but I think I’m getting closer to the point where I’m familiar enough to start writing scenes. Bouncing ideas off of @thelittleblackfox and getting their knowledge / insight has been so helpful to keep me encouraged about this project.
For no reason, this weekend I started writing a one-shot Shameless AU with Steve, Bucky, and the crew. I’ve actually been breezing through it and I think I can finish that one pretty quickly.
I have 2 Doctor Who one-shots I wrote forever ago. I’m not crazy proud of them but I like them. Between those two and the Shameless AU, I think I might finally start posting my writing on Ao3. 🤞
Defendant number 9 in this image is Irma Grese, who was also known as the “Hyena of Auschwitz” for the atrocities she committed against the prisoners. She worked in various concentration camps. During her trial, survivors of the concentration camps provided testimony of the murders, torture, and other brutalities towards prisoners, mainly women, that Grese enjoyed inflicting. She was known to carry a whip and had no qualms when using against prisoners. She also was reported to beat prisoners to death as well as shooting them dead in cold blood. She was only 22-years-old when she was executed.
I’ve been taught stuff about the Holocaust since before I can remember and not once was this mentioned. I’m going into my freshman year of college come mid-august. ?????? Education system, what’re you doing?
So you know what, here, have some information on the pink triangle:
“Every prisoner had to wear a downward-pointing triangle on their jacket, the colour of which was to categorise them by “kind”. Other colors identified Jewish people (two triangles superimposed as a yellow star), political prisoners, Jehovah’s Witnesses, “anti-social” prisoners, and others the Nazis deemed undesirable. Pink and yellow triangles could be combined if a prisoner was deemed to be gay and Jewish.”
Between the years of 1933 and 1944, it’s rumored that approximately 50,000 to 63,000 homosexual men were convicted of homosexuality and sent to concentration camps.
Then, around the end of the 1970s, the [pink] triangle was adopted as a symbol for gay rights protest.
“Some academics have linked the reclamation of the symbol with the publication, in the early 1970s, of gay concentration camp survivor Heinz Heger’s memoir, The Men with the Pink Triangle.”
“In 1995, after a decade of campaigning, a pink triangle plaque was installed at the Dachau Memorial Museum to commemorate the suffering of gay men and lesbians.”
The day will soon come when North Koreans are finally free, and liberated concentration camp survivors will have to learn that the world was more interested in the oddities of the oppressors than the torment of the oppressed.
Today in history: April 11, 1945 - Prisoners at the Nazis’ Buchenwald concentration camp rise up inside the camp and liberate the camp.
Led by the communists imprisoned there, they forced the Nazis who ran the camp to flee. This was the only Nazi concentration camp where the prisoners liberated the camp themselves. When U.S. troops arrived shortly thereafter, they found the communist concentration camp survivors in control of the camp. For years leading up to that time, communist prisoners and other prisoners from many countries formed an underground resistance inside the camp that was united into a Popular Front Committee.
(image: Sculpture erected in 1958 by East Germany at Buchenwald commemorating the resistance to the Nazis inside the concentration camp.)
Via Freedom Road Socialist Organization (Fight Back!)
Since it’s Holocaust Memorial Day and all, did you know there’s a non-profit organization in Norway called “De Hvite Busser” (The White Busses) whose purpose is to educate people about the holocaust? It’s a popular class field trip to take, and they go and visit different concentration camps to educate people about the atrocities.
My class took this trip in 9th grade, and visited Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrück, Auschwitz, and Auschwitz Birkenau. We got to meet a concentration camp survivor as well who told us avout his experiences, - it was heartwrecking.
On the bustrip, our guide also told us about holocaust deniers, and debunked a ton of the popular claims they make. It was an extremely heartbreaking and difficult trip in many ways, but very educational as well.
All extra income the organization makes, is used for purposes like documantary films and the like, and earning profit from it isn’t allowed (though I’m guessing they’re paying their guides, but I’m actually not sure, it might be volunteer work).
Hey I was bored and was looking up mental illnesses and came across complex ptsd and I was reading it but I don't really get it do you get it like I know that it's from childhood but would emotional abuse count? (part 1)
Sorry could you maybe explain if you know anything you were the only one I could think of that might know something about this or where I could get info so thanks (part 2)
I actually hadn’t heard of this term before, but wow, this is pretty fascinating stuff and it could really apply to a ton of people. Since I don’t know anything about it, I’m going to cite a lot from the Wikipedia article and I think that will educate all of us.
Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD)
is a psychological injury that results from protracted exposure to prolonged social and/or interpersonal trauma in the context of dependence, captivity or entrapment (a situation lacking a viable escape route for the victim), which results in the lack or loss of control, helplessness, and deformations of identity and sense of self. Examples include people who have experienced chronic maltreatment, neglect or abuse in a care-giving relationship, hostages, prisoners of war, concentration camp survivors, and survivors of some religious cults.
The diagnosis of PTSD was originally developed for adults who had suffered from a single event trauma, such as rape, or a traumatic experience during a war.
However, the situation for many children is quite different. Children can suffer chronic trauma such as maltreatment, family violence, and a disruption in attachment to their primary caregiver.
The diagnosis of PTSD does not take into account how the developmental stages of children may affect their symptoms and how trauma can affect a child’s development.
This developmental form of trauma places children at risk for developing psychiatric and medical disorders.
Some of the symptoms and behavioral characteristics:
Attachment - “problems with relationship boundaries, lack of trust, social isolation, difficulty perceiving and responding to other’s emotional states, and lack of empathy”
Biology - “sensory-motor developmental dysfunction, sensory-integration difficulties, somatization, and increased medical problems”
Affect or emotional regulation - “poor affect regulation, difficulty identifying and expressing emotions and internal states, and difficulties communicating needs, wants, and wishes”
Dissociation - “amnesia, depersonalization, discrete states of consciousness with discrete memories, affect, and functioning, and impaired memory for state-based events”
Behavioral control - “problems with impulse control, aggression, pathological self-soothing, and sleep problems”
Cognition - “difficulty regulating attention, problems with a variety of “executive functions” such as planning, judgement, initiation, use of materials, and self-monitoring, difficulty processing new information, difficulty focusing and completing tasks, poor object constancy, problems with “cause-effect” thinking, and language developmental problems such as a gap between receptive and expressive communication abilities.“
Self-concept -"fragmented and disconnected autobiographical narrative, disturbed body image, low self-esteem, excessive shame, and negative internal working models of self”.
Adults with C-PTSD have sometimes experienced prolonged interpersonal traumatization as children as well as prolonged trauma as adults. This early injury interrupts the development of a robust sense of self and of others. Because physical and emotional pain or neglect was often inflicted by attachment figures such as caregivers or older siblings, these individuals may develop a sense that they are fundamentally flawed and that others cannot be relied upon.
Six clusters of symptoms have been suggested for diagnosis of C-PTSD.
These are (1) alterations in regulation of affect and impulses; (2) alterations in attention or consciousness; (3) alterations in self-perception; (4) alterations in relations with others; (5) somatization, and (6) alterations in systems of meaning.
Experiences in these areas may include:
Difficulties regulating emotions, including symptoms such as persistent dysphoria, chronic suicidal preoccupation, self injury, explosive or extremely inhibited anger (may alternate), or compulsive or extremely inhibited sexuality (may alternate).
Variations in consciousness, including forgetting traumatic events (i.e., psychogenic amnesia), reliving experiences (either in the form of intrusive PTSD symptoms or in ruminative preoccupation), or having episodes of dissociation.
Changes in self-perception, such as a chronic and pervasive sense of helplessness, paralysis of initiative, shame, guilt, self-blame, a sense of defilement or stigma, and a sense of being completely different from other human beings
Varied changes in the perception of the perpetrator, such as attributing total power to the perpetrator (caution: victim’s assessment of power realities may be more realistic than clinician’s), becoming preoccupied with the relationship to the perpetrator, including a preoccupation with revenge, idealization or paradoxical gratitude, a sense of a special relationship with the perpetrator or acceptance of the perpetrator’s belief system or rationalizations.
Alterations in relations with others, including isolation and withdrawal, persistent distrust, a repeated search for a rescuer, disruption in intimate relationships and repeated failures of self-protection.
Loss of, or changes in, one’s system of meanings, which may include a loss of sustaining faith or a sense of hopelessness and despair.
If you or someone you love have experienced C-PTSD, you should go to the Treatment portion of the article and read about some of the suggested therapies for recovery.